Stop and Frisk

The Use and Abuse of a Controversial Policing Tactic

Author: Michael D. White,Henry F. Fradella

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479835889

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 6482

No policing tactic has been more controversial than “stop and frisk,” whereby police officers stop, question and frisk ordinary citizens, who they may view as potential suspects, on the streets. As Michael White and Hank Fradella show in Stop and Frisk, the first authoritative history and analysis of this tactic, there is a disconnect between our everyday understanding and the historical and legal foundations for this policing strategy. First ruled constitutional in 1968, stop and frisk would go on to become a central tactic of modern day policing, particularly by the New York City Police Department. By 2011 the NYPD recorded 685,000 ‘stop-question-and-frisk’ interactions with citizens; yet, in 2013, a landmark decision ruled that the police had over- and mis-used this tactic. Stop and Frisk tells the story of how and why this happened, and offers ways that police departments can better serve their citizens. They also offer a convincing argument that stop and frisk did not contribute as greatly to the drop in New York’s crime rates as many proponents, like former NYPD Police Commissioner Ray Kelly and Mayor Michael Bloomberg, have argued. While much of the book focuses on the NYPD’s use of stop and frisk, examples are also shown from police departments around the country, including Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, Newark and Detroit. White and Fradella argue that not only does stop and frisk have a legal place in 21st-century policing but also that it can be judiciously used to help deter crime in a way that respects the rights and needs of citizens. They also offer insight into the history of racial injustice that has all too often been a feature of American policing’s history and propose concrete strategies that every police department can follow to improve the way they police. A hard-hitting yet nuanced analysis, Stop and Frisk shows how the tactic can be a just act of policing and, in turn, shows how to police in the best interest of citizens.
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The New World of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel E. Walker,Carol A. Archbold

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544339208

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3711

Completely revised to cover recent events and research, the Third Edition of The New World of Police Accountability provides an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in police accountability and reform strategies. With a keen and incisive perspective, esteemed authors and policing researchers, Samuel Walker and Carol Archbold, address the most recent developments and provide an analysis of what works, what reforms are promising, and what has proven unsuccessful. The book’s analysis draws on current research, as well as the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing and the reforms embodied in Justice Department consent decrees. New to the Third Edition: The national crisis over police legitimacy and use of force is put into context through extensive discussions of recent police shootings and the response to this national crisis, providing readers a valuable perspective on the positive steps that have been taken and the limits of those steps. Coverage of the issues related to police officer uses of force is now the prevailing topic in Chapter 3 and includes detailed discussion of the topic, including de-escalation, tactical decision making, and the important changes in training related to these issues. An updated examination of the impact of technology on policing, including citizens’ use of recording devices, body-worn cameras, open data provided by police agencies, and use of social media, explores how technology contributes to police accountability in the United States. A complete, up-to-date discussion of citizen oversight of the police provides details on the work of selected oversight agencies, including the positive developments and their limitations, enabling readers to have an informed discussion of the subject. Detailed coverage of routine police activities that often generate public controversy now includes such topics as responding to mental health calls, domestic violence calls, and police "stop and frisk" practices. Issues related to policing and race relations are addressed head-on through a careful examination of the data, as well as the impact of recent reforms that have attempted to achieve professional, bias-free policing.
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Criminal Procedure

Author: Matthew Lippman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544334761

Category: Social Science

Page: 704

View: 7413

This contemporary, comprehensive, case-driven book from award-winning teacher Matthew Lippman covers the constitutional foundation of criminal procedure and includes numerous cases selected for their appeal to today’s students. Organized around the challenge of striking a balance between rights and liberties, Criminal Procedure, Fourth Edition emphasizes diversity and its impact on how laws are enforced. Built-in learning aids, including You Decide scenarios, Legal Equations, and Criminal Procedure in the News features, engage students and help them master key concepts. Fully updated throughout, the Fourth Edition includes today’s most recent legal developments and decisions. Features and Benefits A chapter-opening vignette drawn from a case in the chapter gets students immediately involved in the content that follows. Test Your Knowledge questions at the beginning of each chapter help students activate prior knowledge read with purpose for topics they don't yet know. Edited cases introduced by clear and accessible descriptions provide students with concrete examples and illustrations and expose them to the actual documents that have shaped the American criminal justice system. Additional edited cases are available on the student study website. Legal Equations offer visual overviews of the laws and concepts discussed in the text. Questions after each case reinforce learning and help students uncover the key points. Criminal Procedure in the News excerpts expose students to contemporary developments in the law through current events. Chapter Summaries and Chapter Review Questions help students prepare for exams. A chapter-ending Legal Terminology section with corresponding Glossary helps students master the vocabulary of the criminal justice system. New to this Edition A number of significant, new U.S. Supreme Court decisions are now cases discussed in the book, such as United States v. Carpenter, which raised important questions around police use of new technology. Other new cases address important issues including privacy, racial discrimination, and effective assistance of counsel, search and seizure, juries, plea bargaining, the exclusionary rule, pretrial motions, and habeas corpus. Features. The content includes a new Test Your Knowledge feature and a number of new You Decide and Criminal Procedure in the News features that explore crucial topics such as police use of deadly force, the second amendment and gun control, a defendant’s right to a bail, racial bias in jury deliberations, searches of electronic devices, and much more. Topics. Several new topics have been added or expanded to reflect their growing impact on criminal procedure. These topics include technology and the home, police use of cell-site location information and body cameras, patterns and trends of Terry stops in major cities across the US, individuals being arrested for “Walking While Black,” racial bias in the judiciary, and the impact of the policies of the Trump administration on the use of drones, the detention of undocumented immigrants, and the continued operation of the detention facilities at Guantanamo.
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Fight the Power

African Americans and the Long History of Police Brutality in New York City

Author: Clarence Taylor

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479822353

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 5505

A story of resistance, power and politics as revealed through New York City’s complex history of police brutality The 2014 killing of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri was the catalyst for a national conversation about race, policing, and injustice. The subsequent killings of other black (often unarmed) citizens led to a surge of media coverage which in turn led to protests and clashes between the police and local residents that were reminiscent of the unrest of the 1960s. Fight the Power examines the explosive history of police brutality in New York City and the black community’s long struggle to resist it. Taylor brings this story to life by exploring the institutions and the people that waged campaigns to end the mistreatment of people of color at the hands of the police, including the black church, the black press, black communists and civil rights activists. Ranging from the 1940s to the mayoralty of Bill de Blasio, Taylor describes the significant strides made in curbing police power in New York City, describing the grassroots street campaigns as well as the accomplishments achieved in the political arena and in the city’s courtrooms. Taylor challenges the belief that police reform is born out of improved relations between communities and the authorities arguing that the only real solution is radically reducing the police domination of New York’s black citizens.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 8929

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154517

Category:

Page: 411

View: 7424

Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.
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Die Kunst der Revolte

Snowden, Assange, Manning

Author: Geoffroy de Lagasnerie

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518744348

Category: Philosophy

Page: 150

View: 3025

Edward Snowden, Julian Assange und Chelsea Manning sind entscheidende Akteure in den zentralen Auseinandersetzungen unseres Internetzeitalters um Freiheit und Überwachung, Geheimdienste, Krieg und Terrorismus. Für den jungen französischen Philosophen Geoffroy de Lagasnerie sind sie aber noch mehr als das: Sie sind »exemplarische Figuren« einer neuen Kunst der Revolte, einer neuen Form des politischen Handelns und Subjektseins. Sein scharfsinniger Essay trifft ins Herz der Gegenwart. Das Prinzip der Anonymität, wie es WikiLeaks, aber auch die Hackergruppe Anonymous praktizieren, und die Gesten der Flucht und des Exils von Snowden und Assange brechen mit den traditionellen Formen des zivilen Ungehorsams. Sie fordern uns dazu auf, die demokratische Öffentlichkeit und den politischen Raum neu zu denken: Was bedeutet es heute, politisch das Wort zu ergreifen, ein Bürger, ein Teil eines Kollektivs zu sein? Mit ihren Aktionen formulieren diese Internetaktivisten und Hacker für de Lagasnerie nicht weniger als eine neue kritische Theorie und entwerfen ein Ideal der Emanzipation in pluralen, heterogenen und flüchtigen Gemeinschaften.
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Euro

Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen

Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier,Harold James,Jean-Pierre Landau

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406712347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 3888

Etliche Beobachter sind der Ansicht, dass der Euro die aktuelle Krise nicht überleben wird. Anders die Ökonomen Markus Brunnermeier und Jean-Pierre Landau, ein Deutscher und ein Franzose, sowie der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Harold James. Sie sehen ein Kernproblem des Euro in den unterschiedlichen Wirtschaftskulturen der Euroländer, insbesondere Deutschlands und Frankreichs, die es zu überwinden gilt. Seit der Eurokrise setzen die Mitgliedsländer wieder auf nationale Lösungen, statt gemeinsame Antworten auf die europäischen Probleme zu suchen. Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen ist entbrannt. Während das föderal geprägte Deutschland in der Fiskalpolitik auf starren Regeln beharrt, verlangt das zentralistische Frankreich Stimulusprogramme und eine flexible Handhabung, die den Regierungen Ermessensspielräume lässt. Für die Deutschen sind Finanzierungsengpässe vorwiegend auf Insolvenzprobleme zurückzuführen, die struktureller Reformen bedürfen, wogegen die Franzosen sie als temporäre Liquiditätsprobleme ansehen, die mit einer staatlichen Überbrückungsfinanzierung zu bewältigen sind. Dieses Buch plädiert für die Überwindung dieser Frontstellungen zugunsten einer gemeinsamen europäischen Wirtschaftskultur. Es verbindet ökonomische Analyse und ideengeschichtliche Reflexion und entwirft einen Fahrplan für Europas Zukunft.
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Latina Rights and Justice in the United States

Author: José Luis Morín

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594604065

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 3545

A much-needed and thought-provoking examination of a significant and growing population within the United States, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States explores the inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. Author Jos Luis Morn provides a deeper understanding of the historical and contemporary Latino/a experience of discrimination and economic and social injustice and presents insights into the elusiveness of equality and fairness for Latinos/as in the United States. Offering ideas on how to reduce bias and other inequities within the justice system and the greater society, Morn calls for alternative approaches to working with Latino/a youths and families and a broadening of existing concepts of rights and justice in the United States. Drawing the link between the international and domestic dimensions of the Latino/a presence in the United States, Morn incorporates international human rights norms and principles of economic, social, and cultural rights to address the persistent inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. The second edition provides new and expanded coverage about racial and ethnic bias in law enforcement and the criminal justice system, citizenship rights, immigration and crime, Latinos/as and U.S. prisons, the contemporary street gang phenomenon, and Latinos/as in the post-9/11 era. Meticulous in presenting facts and research, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States often challenges conventional ideas and popular myths about Latinos/as on these and other topics.
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Das Panoptikum

Author: Jeremy Bentham

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 388221113X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

View: 8054

Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.
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Criminal justice

Author: Joel Samaha

Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co

ISBN: 9780534522643

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 6351

With substance and style, Samaha helps students master the complexities of the criminal justice system and the law. His presentation engages students in active learning and encourages them to understand, rather than memorize. That students truly enjoy reading CRIMINAL JUSTICE is a testament to Samaha's skill as a teacher, writer, and scholar. Featuring a critical-thinking approach that encourages students to explore all sides of the criminal justice system, this thorough introduction draws students in and encourages them to learn more. Samaha provides students with an important and realistic understanding of the formal and informal dimensions of criminal justice: from there, they have the ideal framework to learn about the sociology, politics, economics, and law of the discipline.
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Der Gefangene

Author: John Grisham

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641110297

Category: Fiction

Page: 464

View: 1248

Die Hölle auf Erden – Die Packende Geschichte eines Justizskandals In der Tradition von Truman Capotes »Kaltblütig« widmet sich John Grisham einem Kriminalfall, der erschütterndes Zeugnis ablegt über die Ungerechtigkeit eines modernen Rechtssystems. Brillant erzählt und getragen von großer Sympathie für seinen Helden, wird Ron Williamsons Schicksal zu einem packenden Thriller, der nicht mehr aus der Hand zu legen ist. Debbie Carter arbeitet als Bardame im »Coachlight Club« in Ada, Oklahoma. Sie ist beliebt bei den Gästen. Auch Ron Williamson, ehemaliger Baseballprofi und Stammgast im Club, sitzt oft bei ihr an der Bar. Eines Morgens wird die junge Frau vergewaltigt und erwürgt in ihrer Wohnung aufgefunden. Sechs Jahre später werden Ron Williamson und sein Freund Dennis Fritz aufgrund einer Falschaussage der Tat bezichtigt. Williamson wird zum Tode, Fritz zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt. Beide beteuern ihre Unschuld. Elf Jahre verbringt Williamson unter grausamen und entwürdigenden Haftbedingungen in der Todeszelle. Kurz vor der Hinrichtung zeigt eine DNA-Untersuchung, dass weder Fritz noch Williamson die Tat begangen haben können. Sie werden freigesprochen. Der wahre Täter, damaliger Hauptbelastungszeuge der Anklage, wird wenig später verhaftet. Fünf Jahre nach seiner Freilassung stirbt Ron Williamson an den Folgen der Haft.
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Gefährdetes Leben

politische Essays

Author: Judith Butler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518123935

Category: Israel

Page: 177

View: 7276

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NICEM Film & Video Finder

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780893201104

Category: Motion pictures in education

Page: 2841

View: 5474

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Lies mein Begehren

Lacan gegen die Historisten

Author: Joan Copjec

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783874100847

Category:

Page: 279

View: 3186

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Rights

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil rights

Page: N.A

View: 3675

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New York Criminal Procedure

Author: Christopher J. Morse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 396

View: 321

This book presents an analysis of New York criminal procedure law that integrates the three sources of the law: statutory law, case law, and constitutional law. It is difficult, if not impossible, for anyone without formal legal education to acquire a reasonable understanding of the criminal procedure process without such integration and analysis. New York Criminal Procedure covers the criminal procedure statute in its entirety, from arrest, arraignment, pleadings, hearings, motions, discovery, evidence, trial and appeal to special procedures such as immunity, jurisdiction, wiretapping, the death penalty, and extradition. Morse integrates and analyzes the statute with court decisions and constitutional considerations, presenting the reader with a ready knowledge of the criminal procedure process. The book contains over eighty edited, illustrative cases illustrating various aspects of criminal procedure law such as stop and frisk, search warrants, no-knock entry, grand jury proceedings, plea bargaining, bail, admission at trial of previous statements of witnesses, bodily intrusions, DNA testing, suppression of evidence, jury trial, sentencing, and sex offender registration. This second edition is revised and updated to include the myriad of new developments in the ever-evolving area of criminal procedure law. The authors illuminate the intersection of statutory law, case law, and constitutional law to demonstrate how they come together to create the lawful procedures required of criminal justice professionals.
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Video Sourcebook

A Guide to Programs Currently Available on Video in the Areas Of: Movies/entertainment, General Interest/education, Sports/recreation, Fine Arts, Heal

Author: Thomson Gale

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9781414400990

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 4000

View: 7547

From classroom aids to corporate training programs, technical resources to self-help guides, children's features to documentaries, theatrical releases to straight-to-video movies, The Video Source Book continues its comprehensive coverage of the wide universe of video offerings with more than 130,000 complete program listings, encompassing more than 160,000 videos. All listings are arranged alphabetically by title. Each entry provides a description of the program and information on obtaining the title. Six indexes -- alternate title, subject, credits, awards, special formats and program distributors -- help speed research.
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