Stop and Frisk

The Use and Abuse of a Controversial Policing Tactic

Author: Michael D. White,Henry F. Fradella

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479835889

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 1298

No policing tactic has been more controversial than “stop and frisk,” whereby police officers stop, question and frisk ordinary citizens, who they may view as potential suspects, on the streets. As Michael White and Hank Fradella show in Stop and Frisk, the first authoritative history and analysis of this tactic, there is a disconnect between our everyday understanding and the historical and legal foundations for this policing strategy. First ruled constitutional in 1968, stop and frisk would go on to become a central tactic of modern day policing, particularly by the New York City Police Department. By 2011 the NYPD recorded 685,000 ‘stop-question-and-frisk’ interactions with citizens; yet, in 2013, a landmark decision ruled that the police had over- and mis-used this tactic. Stop and Frisk tells the story of how and why this happened, and offers ways that police departments can better serve their citizens. They also offer a convincing argument that stop and frisk did not contribute as greatly to the drop in New York’s crime rates as many proponents, like former NYPD Police Commissioner Ray Kelly and Mayor Michael Bloomberg, have argued. While much of the book focuses on the NYPD’s use of stop and frisk, examples are also shown from police departments around the country, including Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, Newark and Detroit. White and Fradella argue that not only does stop and frisk have a legal place in 21st-century policing but also that it can be judiciously used to help deter crime in a way that respects the rights and needs of citizens. They also offer insight into the history of racial injustice that has all too often been a feature of American policing’s history and propose concrete strategies that every police department can follow to improve the way they police. A hard-hitting yet nuanced analysis, Stop and Frisk shows how the tactic can be a just act of policing and, in turn, shows how to police in the best interest of citizens.
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The New World of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel E. Walker,Carol A. Archbold

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544339194

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3596

Completely revised to cover recent events and research, the Third Edition of The New World of Police Accountability provides an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in police accountability and reform strategies. With a keen and incisive perspective, esteemed authors and policing researchers, Samuel Walker and Carol Archbold, address the most recent developments and provide an analysis of what works, what reforms are promising, and what has proven unsuccessful. The book’s analysis draws on current research, as well as the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing and the reforms embodied in Justice Department consent decrees. New to the Third Edition: The national crisis over police legitimacy and use of force is put into context through extensive discussions of recent police shootings and the response to this national crisis, providing readers a valuable perspective on the positive steps that have been taken and the limits of those steps. Coverage of the issues related to police officer uses of force is now the prevailing topic in Chapter 3 and includes detailed discussion of the topic, including de-escalation, tactical decision making, and the important changes in training related to these issues. An updated examination of the impact of technology on policing, including citizens’ use of recording devices, body-worn cameras, open data provided by police agencies, and use of social media, explores how technology contributes to police accountability in the United States. A complete, up-to-date discussion of citizen oversight of the police provides details on the work of selected oversight agencies, including the positive developments and their limitations, enabling readers to have an informed discussion of the subject. Detailed coverage of routine police activities that often generate public controversy now includes such topics as responding to mental health calls, domestic violence calls, and police "stop and frisk" practices. Issues related to policing and race relations are addressed head-on through a careful examination of the data, as well as the impact of recent reforms that have attempted to achieve professional, bias-free policing.
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Criminal Procedure

Author: Matthew Lippman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 154433477X

Category: Social Science

Page: 704

View: 8825

This contemporary, comprehensive, case-driven book from award-winning teacher Matthew Lippman covers the constitutional foundation of criminal procedure and includes numerous cases selected for their appeal to today’s students. Organized around the challenge of striking a balance between rights and liberties, Criminal Procedure, Fourth Edition emphasizes diversity and its impact on how laws are enforced. Built-in learning aids, including You Decide scenarios, Legal Equations, and Criminal Procedure in the News features, engage students and help them master key concepts. Fully updated throughout, the Fourth Edition includes today’s most recent legal developments and decisions. Features and Benefits A chapter-opening vignette drawn from a case in the chapter gets students immediately involved in the content that follows. Test Your Knowledge questions at the beginning of each chapter help students activate prior knowledge read with purpose for topics they don't yet know. Edited cases introduced by clear and accessible descriptions provide students with concrete examples and illustrations and expose them to the actual documents that have shaped the American criminal justice system. Additional edited cases are available on the student study website. Legal Equations offer visual overviews of the laws and concepts discussed in the text. Questions after each case reinforce learning and help students uncover the key points. Criminal Procedure in the News excerpts expose students to contemporary developments in the law through current events. Chapter Summaries and Chapter Review Questions help students prepare for exams. A chapter-ending Legal Terminology section with corresponding Glossary helps students master the vocabulary of the criminal justice system. New to this Edition A number of significant, new U.S. Supreme Court decisions are now cases discussed in the book, such as United States v. Carpenter, which raised important questions around police use of new technology. Other new cases address important issues including privacy, racial discrimination, and effective assistance of counsel, search and seizure, juries, plea bargaining, the exclusionary rule, pretrial motions, and habeas corpus. Features. The content includes a new Test Your Knowledge feature and a number of new You Decide and Criminal Procedure in the News features that explore crucial topics such as police use of deadly force, the second amendment and gun control, a defendant’s right to a bail, racial bias in jury deliberations, searches of electronic devices, and much more. Topics. Several new topics have been added or expanded to reflect their growing impact on criminal procedure. These topics include technology and the home, police use of cell-site location information and body cameras, patterns and trends of Terry stops in major cities across the US, individuals being arrested for “Walking While Black,” racial bias in the judiciary, and the impact of the policies of the Trump administration on the use of drones, the detention of undocumented immigrants, and the continued operation of the detention facilities at Guantanamo.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 3656

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Latina Rights and Justice in the United States

Author: José Luis Morín

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594604065

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 4385

A much-needed and thought-provoking examination of a significant and growing population within the United States, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States explores the inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. Author Jos Luis Morn provides a deeper understanding of the historical and contemporary Latino/a experience of discrimination and economic and social injustice and presents insights into the elusiveness of equality and fairness for Latinos/as in the United States. Offering ideas on how to reduce bias and other inequities within the justice system and the greater society, Morn calls for alternative approaches to working with Latino/a youths and families and a broadening of existing concepts of rights and justice in the United States. Drawing the link between the international and domestic dimensions of the Latino/a presence in the United States, Morn incorporates international human rights norms and principles of economic, social, and cultural rights to address the persistent inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. The second edition provides new and expanded coverage about racial and ethnic bias in law enforcement and the criminal justice system, citizenship rights, immigration and crime, Latinos/as and U.S. prisons, the contemporary street gang phenomenon, and Latinos/as in the post-9/11 era. Meticulous in presenting facts and research, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States often challenges conventional ideas and popular myths about Latinos/as on these and other topics.
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Criminal justice

Author: Joel Samaha

Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co

ISBN: 9780534522643

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 5886

With substance and style, Samaha helps students master the complexities of the criminal justice system and the law. His presentation engages students in active learning and encourages them to understand, rather than memorize. That students truly enjoy reading CRIMINAL JUSTICE is a testament to Samaha's skill as a teacher, writer, and scholar. Featuring a critical-thinking approach that encourages students to explore all sides of the criminal justice system, this thorough introduction draws students in and encourages them to learn more. Samaha provides students with an important and realistic understanding of the formal and informal dimensions of criminal justice: from there, they have the ideal framework to learn about the sociology, politics, economics, and law of the discipline.
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Gefährdetes Leben

politische Essays

Author: Judith Butler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518123935

Category: Israel

Page: 177

View: 6949

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Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154517

Category:

Page: 411

View: 6558

Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.
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Das Panoptikum

Author: Jeremy Bentham

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 388221113X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

View: 1567

Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.
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NICEM Film & Video Finder

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780893201104

Category: Motion pictures in education

Page: 2841

View: 1965

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Euro

Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen

Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier,Harold James,Jean-Pierre Landau

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406712347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 2128

Etliche Beobachter sind der Ansicht, dass der Euro die aktuelle Krise nicht überleben wird. Anders die Ökonomen Markus Brunnermeier und Jean-Pierre Landau, ein Deutscher und ein Franzose, sowie der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Harold James. Sie sehen ein Kernproblem des Euro in den unterschiedlichen Wirtschaftskulturen der Euroländer, insbesondere Deutschlands und Frankreichs, die es zu überwinden gilt. Seit der Eurokrise setzen die Mitgliedsländer wieder auf nationale Lösungen, statt gemeinsame Antworten auf die europäischen Probleme zu suchen. Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen ist entbrannt. Während das föderal geprägte Deutschland in der Fiskalpolitik auf starren Regeln beharrt, verlangt das zentralistische Frankreich Stimulusprogramme und eine flexible Handhabung, die den Regierungen Ermessensspielräume lässt. Für die Deutschen sind Finanzierungsengpässe vorwiegend auf Insolvenzprobleme zurückzuführen, die struktureller Reformen bedürfen, wogegen die Franzosen sie als temporäre Liquiditätsprobleme ansehen, die mit einer staatlichen Überbrückungsfinanzierung zu bewältigen sind. Dieses Buch plädiert für die Überwindung dieser Frontstellungen zugunsten einer gemeinsamen europäischen Wirtschaftskultur. Es verbindet ökonomische Analyse und ideengeschichtliche Reflexion und entwirft einen Fahrplan für Europas Zukunft.
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Rights

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil rights

Page: N.A

View: 9922

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Hillbilly-Elegie

Die Geschichte meiner Familie und einer Gesellschaft in der Krise

Author: J. D. Vance

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843715777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 7788

Seine Großeltern versuchten, mit Fleiß und Mobilität der Armut zu entkommen und sich in der Mitte der Gesellschaft zu etablieren. Doch letztlich war alles vergeblich. J. D. Vance erzählt die Geschichte seiner Familie — eine Geschichte vom Scheitern und von der Resignation einer ganzen Bevölkerungsschicht. Armut und Chaos, Hilflosigkeit und Gewalt, Drogen und Alkohol: Genau in diesem Teufelskreis befinden sich viele weiße Arbeiterfamilien in den USA — entfremdet von der politischen Führung, abgehängt vom Rest der Gesellschaft, anfällig für populistische Parolen. Früher konnten sich die »Hillbillys«, die weißen Fabrikarbeiter, erhoffen, sich zu Wohlstand zu schuften. Doch spätestens gegen Ende des 20sten Jahrhunderts zog der Niedergang der alten Industrien ihre Familien in eine Abwärtsspirale, in der sie bis heute stecken. Vance gelingt es wie keinem anderen, diese ausweglose Situation und die Krise einer ganzen Gesellschaft eindrücklich zu schildern. Sein Buch bewegte Millionen von Lesern in den USA und erklärt nicht zuletzt den Wahltriumph eines Donald Trump.
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Criminal Justice

Author: Sue Titus Reid

Publisher: Atomic Dog Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781592602254

Category: Political Science

Page: 419

View: 9214

The seventh edition of Criminal Justice provides students with a thoroughly researched, clearly written, and affordable text. While explaining how the criminal justice system functions, this text also considers the interrelationships of the various parts of the system and how changes in one area may have an impact on other areas. All legal citations, including cases and statutes, have been checked to determine whether they have been altered or overruled by subsequent legislation or court decisions. Along with recent scholarly research in the social sciences, this seventh edition retains the practice of using recent current events from popular sources to illustrate what is happening in criminal justice. The seventh edition of Criminal Justice provides students with a thoroughly researched, clearly written, and affordable text. While explaining how the criminal justice system functions, this text also considers the interrelationships of the various parts of the system and how changes in one area may have an impact on other areas. All legal citations, including cases and statutes, have been checked to determine whether they have been altered or overruled by subsequent legislation or court decisions. Along with recent scholarly research in the social sciences, this seventh edition retains the practice of using recent current events from popular sources to illustrate what is happening in criminal justice.
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Aufschneider

Author: Susanna Moore

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3688107837

Category: Fiction

Page: 190

View: 2441

Frannie, eine kluge, selbstsichere, moderne Frau, lebt allein am Washington Square Park in New York. Eines Abends wird sie im Keller einer Bar zufällig Zeugin einer Fellatio. Sie schaut einen Moment neugierig zu – und wird gesehen. Stunden später ist die Frau tot, ermordet und verstümmelt direkt vor Frannies Haus am Park ...
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Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4505

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Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8185

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)
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