Stone Tools and Fossil Bones

Debates in the Archaeology of Human Origins

Author: Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022924

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 7576

International archaeologists examine early Stone Age tools and bones to present the most holistic view to date of the archaeology of human origins.
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The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 5719

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
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The Penguin Book of Facts

Author: David Crystal

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: N.A

Category: Almanacs

Page: 939

View: 949

The Penguin Book of Factsis the most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date general factbook available. Organised in thematic sections that cover topics as diverse as science and technology, sport and culture, religion and mythology, it is a goldmine of facts, figures and statistics, backed by maps, diagrams and a full index. Whether you are seeking to establish the precise population of Guatemala, the chemical symbol for radium or a list of Olympic Games medallists, this is the essential source of information.
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Human Natures

Genes, Cultures, and the Human Prospect

Author: Paul R. Ehrlich

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559637794

Category: Science

Page: 531

View: 3288

Explores the impact and inconsistancies of human evolution upon human nature, examining the physical, intellectual, cultural, and sexual aspects of human development and behaviors in the light of current scientific theory.
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Homo Britannicus

The Incredible Story of Human Life in Britain

Author: Chris Stringer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141902361

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4477

HOMO BRITANNICUS tells the epic history of life in Britain, from man’s very first footsteps to the present day. Drawing on all the latest evidence and techniques of investigation, Chris Stringer describes times when Britain was so tropical that man lived alongside hippos and sabre tooth tiger, times so cold we shared this land with reindeer and mammoth, and times colder still when we were forced to flee altogether. This is the first time we have known the full extent of this history: the Ancient Human Occupation of Britain project, led by Chris, has made discoveries that have stunned the world, pushing back the earliest date of arrival to 700,000 years ago. Our ancestors have been fighting a dramatic battle for survival here ever since.
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Projectile Technology

Author: Heidi Knecht

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306457166

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7121

This wide-ranging volume brings together the results of global research on weapon technology, hunting strategies, and technological organization spanning the Middle Paleolithic through the ethnographic present, and the geographical breadth of the five inhabited continents. Integrating archaeological, experimental, and ethnoarchaeological perspectives, the book paints a vibrant picture of the technological know-how, decision-making processes, and organizational logistics associated with hunters armed with spears or arrows. Unlike most works on archaeological subjects, the findings presented here are bound to neither time nor place, but are applicable in any context in which spears, bows, and/or arrows are in use.
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Human Evolution

An Introduction to Mans Adaptations

Author: Bernard Grant Campbell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202366623

Category: Social Science

Page: 523

View: 7940

In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.
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Meat-Eating and Human Evolution

Author: Craig B. Stanford,Henry T. Bunn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195351293

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 1461

When, why, and how early humans began to eat meat are three of the most fundamental unresolved questions in the study of human origins. Before 2.5 million years ago the presence and importance of meat in the hominid diet is unknown. After stone tools appear in the fossil record it seems clear that meat was eaten in increasing quantities, but whether it was obtained through hunting or scavenging remains a topic of intense debate. This book takes a novel and strongly interdisciplinary approach to the role of meat in the early hominid diet, inviting well-known researchers who study the human fossil record, modern hunter-gatherers, and nonhuman primates to contribute chapters to a volume that integrates these three perspectives. Stanford's research has been on the ecology of hunting by wild chimpanzees. Bunn is an archaeologist who has worked on both the fossil record and modern foraging people. This will be a reconsideration of the role of hunting, scavenging, and the uses of meat in light of recent data and modern evolutionary theory. There is currently no other book, nor has there ever been, that occupies the niche this book will create for itself.
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Dragon Bone Hill

An Ice-Age Saga of Homo Erectus

Author: Noel Thomas Boaz,Russell L. Ciochon

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195152913

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 5165

Researching the famous fossil site of Dragon Bone Hill in China, scientists Boaz and Ciochon retell the story of the cave's unique species of early human, Homo erectus. Boaz and Ciochon take readers on a gripping scientific odyssey.
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Evolution of the Human Diet

The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable

Author: Peter S. Ungar

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195183460

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 1848

Diet is key to understanding the ecology and evolution of our distant ancestors and thier kin, the early hominins. An appreciation of the range of foods eaten by our progenitorsalso underscores just how unhealthy many of our diets are today.
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Bones and Ochre

The Curious Afterlife of the Red Lady of Paviland

Author: Marianne Sommer

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674024991

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 398

View: 4589

When ochre-stained bones were unearthed by William Buckland in a Welsh cave in 1823, they raised many unsettling questions regarding their origin, and inspired the casting and recasting of the character who became known as the Red Lady. Her biography reflects the personal, professional, and national ambitions of those who studied her, and echoes the era in which each bit of research was conducted. In telling her story, Sommer reveals how paleoanthropology has emerged as an international, interdisciplinary, and thoroughly modern science.
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Human Evolution, Language and Mind

A Psychological and Archaeological Inquiry

Author: William Noble,Iain Davidson

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521576352

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 7306

Annotation pending.
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African Ecology and Human Evolution

Author: Francis Clark Howell,François Bourlière

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202361365

Category: History

Page: 666

View: 7420

The record of man's early evolution, though still fragmentary, is more complete on the African continent than anywhere else in the world. The ecological context of this evolution, however, has been studied intensively only in recent years. This pioneering volume draws together eminent specialists from many fields--physical anthropologists, zoologists, geologists, paleontologists, and prehistorians--who summarize here the results of their diverse research on Pleistocene environments and the cultural and biological evolution of man in Africa. This volume was sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Inc., which met at Burg Wartenstein, Austria. The editors have field experience in Africa, especially eastern and equatorial Africa. This experience is coupled with their awareness of the need to integrate results of numerous field studies bearing on the biological-behavioral evolution of higher primates with other field studies on the paleoecology and the mammalian ecology of sub-Saharan Africa. The book includes contributions on Pleistocene stratigraphy and climatic changes throughout the African continent; on the origin and evolution of the earliest man-like creatures in Africa; on the dating, distribution, and adaptation of Pleistocene hunter-gatherer peoples; and on the ecology, biology, and social behavior of African primate and human populations. The chapters reflect vividly the state of current knowledge at the time and indicate paths for future research. Over 100 maps and figures, detailed bibliographies, and a comprehensive index contribute to the importance of the volume for basic reference use. F. Clark Howell is professor emeritus of paleoanthropology at the University of California, Berkeley where he is co-director of the Laboratory of Human Studies. He is also curator at The University of California Museum of Paleontology. Franois Bourlire (1913-1993) was professor of physiology at the University of Paris. He is also credited with founding the Gerontology Research Unit of Institute of Health and Medical Research and was a member of Paris hospitals.
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The Grande Tour

A United States Department of the Army's Civilian Career and Travel Experiences in Europe Following World War Ii, June 1949–November 1951

Author: Nita Farrier

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 145023450X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 264

View: 2857

In 1949, a twenty-six-year-old Iowa farm girl named Nita Farrier accepts a position as secretary to the Allied Occupation Force in Vienna, Austria. During her time off , she travels extensively throughout Europe, experiencing and recording in her journals the sights and sounds of Europes most exciting cities. From the Viennese opera where she observes audience members enjoying wine, sausage, and bread during the performance (all the while the performers shoes are squeaking with every movement) to the homesickness that she felt acutely during holidays abroad, her journals describe her experiences in wonderful emotional and sensory detail. She was also a direct witness to many important historical events of the day, keeping minutes at many of the fourpower conferences. The Grande Tour offers a glimpse into the daily life of postWorld War II Europe through the eyes of a young civilian woman. Her keen observations provide firsthand insight into the events that followed World War II and European culture of that era.
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Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai

Foundations of Human Behaviour

Author: Richard Potts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135132926X

Category: Social Science

Page: 407

View: 4244

The earliest sites at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania are among the best documented and most important for studies of human evolution. This book investigates the behavior of hominids at Olduvai using data of stone tools and animal bones, as well as the results of work in taphonomy (how animals become fossils), the behavior of mammals, and a wide range of ecological theory and data. By illustrating the ways in which modern and prehistoric evidence is used in making interpretations, the author guides the reader through the geological, ecological, and archeological areas involved in the study of humans.Based on his study of the Olduvai excavations, animal life, and stone tools, the author carefully examines conventional views and proposals about the early Olduvai sites. First, the evidence of site geology, tool cut marks, and other clues to the formation of the Olduvai sites are explored. On this basis, the large mammal communities in which early hominids lived are investigated, using methods which compare sites produced mainly by hominids with others made by carnivores. Questions about hominid hunting, scavenging, and the importance of eating meat are then scrutinized. The leading alternative positions on each issue are discussed, providing a basis for understanding some of the most contentious debates in paleo-anthropology today.The dominant interpretive model for the artifact and bone accumulations at Olduvai and other Plio-Pleistocene sites has been that they represent home bases, social foci similar to the campsites of hunter-gatherers. Based on paleo-ecological evidence and ecological models, the author critically analyzes the home base interpretation and proposes alternative views. A new view of the Olduvai sites - that they represent stone caches where hominids processed carcasses for food - is shown to have important implications for our understanding of hominid social behavior and evolution.
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Lithic technology

making and using stone tools

Author: Earl Herbert Swanson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3111390373

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 261

View: 7030

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The Making of a Chinese City

History and Historiography in Harbin

Author: Søren Clausen,Stig Thøgersen

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563244766

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 7787

The history of Harbin, ruled by the Russians, by an international coalition of allied powers, by Chinese warlords, by the Soviet Union and finally by the Chinese Communists - all in the course of 100 years - is presented here as an example of Chinese local-history writing.
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The Sea-craft of Prehistory

Author: Paul Johnstone,Sean McGrail

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415026350

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 9245

The nautical dimension of prehistory has not so far received the attention it deserves. It is also too often assumed that early man was land bound, yet this is demonstrably not the case. Recent research has shown that man travelled and tracked over greater distances and at a much earlier date than has previously been thought possible. Some of these facts can be explained only by man's mastery of water transport from earliest times. This book, by an acknowledged expert on prehistoric sea-craft, examines these problems looking at the new archaeological information in the light of the author's nautical knowledge. The result is a detailed account of man's use of inland and ocean-going craft from earliest times until the dawn of recorded history. All forms of evidence are critically assessed, from the vessels of Ancient Egypt to the Chinese junk, to present of comprehensive picture of the vessels men have built through the ages, and of the variety of ways in which they have been used.
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The Origins of Humankind

Author: Stephen Tomkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521466769

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 4314

The text starts explaining the theory of evolution and further chapters discuss the human journey.
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