Stochastic and Integral Geometry

Author: Rolf Schneider,Wolfgang Weil

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354078859X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 694

View: 4010

Stochastic geometry deals with models for random geometric structures. Its early beginnings are found in playful geometric probability questions, and it has vigorously developed during recent decades, when an increasing number of real-world applications in various sciences required solid mathematical foundations. Integral geometry studies geometric mean values with respect to invariant measures and is, therefore, the appropriate tool for the investigation of random geometric structures that exhibit invariance under translations or motions. Stochastic and Integral Geometry provides the mathematically oriented reader with a rigorous and detailed introduction to the basic stationary models used in stochastic geometry – random sets, point processes, random mosaics – and to the integral geometry that is needed for their investigation. The interplay between both disciplines is demonstrated by various fundamental results. A chapter on selected problems about geometric probabilities and an outlook to non-stationary models are included, and much additional information is given in the section notes.
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Factorization Calculus and Geometric Probability

Author: R. V. Ambartzumian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521345354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 6520

The classical subjects of geometric probability and integral geometry, and the more modern one of stochastic geometry, are developed here in a novel way to provide a framework in which they can be studied. The author focuses on factorization properties of measures and probabilities implied by the assumption of their invariance with respect to a group, in order to investigate nontrivial factors. The study of these properties is the central theme of the book. Basic facts about integral geometry and random point process theory are developed in a simple geometric way, so that the whole approach is suitable for a nonspecialist audience. Even in the later chapters, where the factorization principles are applied to geometrical processes, the only prerequisites are standard courses on probability and analysis. The main ideas presented have application to such areas as stereology and geometrical statistics and this book will be a useful reference book for university students studying probability theory and stochastic geometry, and research mathematicians interested in this area.
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Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Michael Mürmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364238160X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 428

View: 949

Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​
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Encyclopaedia of Mathematics

Stochastic Approximation — Zygmund Class of Functions

Author: Michiel Hazewinkel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401512337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 5435

This ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF MATHEMATICS aims to be a reference work for all parts of mathe matics. It is a translation with updates and editorial comments of the Soviet Mathematical Encyclopaedia published by 'Soviet Encyclopaedia Publishing House' in five volumes in 1977-1985. The annotated translation consists of ten volumes including a special index volume. There are three kinds of articles in this ENCYCLOPAEDIA. First of all there are survey-type articles dealing with the various main directions in mathematics (where a rather fme subdivi sion has been used). The main requirement for these articles has been that they should give a reasonably complete up-to-date account of the current state of affairs in these areas and that they should be maximally accessible. On the whole, these articles should be understandable to mathematics students in their first specialization years, to graduates from other mathematical areas and, depending on the specific subject, to specialists in other domains of science, en gineers and teachers of mathematics. These articles treat their material at a fairly general level and aim to give an idea of the kind of problems, techniques and concepts involved in the area in question. They also contain background and motivation rather than precise statements of precise theorems with detailed definitions and technical details on how to carry out proofs and constructions. The second kind of article, of medium length, contains more detailed concrete problems, results and techniques.
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Integral Geometry and Geometric Probability

Author: Luis A. Santaló

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521523448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 404

View: 2961

Classic text on integral geometry now available in paperback in the Cambridge Mathematical Library.
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Stochastic Geometry and Its Applications

Author: Sung Nok Chiu,Dietrich Stoyan,Wilfrid S. Kendall,Joseph Mecke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118658256

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 1979

An extensive update to a classic text Stochastic geometry and spatial statistics play a fundamental role in many modern branches of physics, materials sciences, engineering, biology and environmental sciences. They offer successful models for the description of random two- and three-dimensional micro and macro structures and statistical methods for their analysis. The previous edition of this book has served as the key reference in its field for over 18 years and is regarded as the best treatment of the subject of stochastic geometry, both as a subject with vital applications to spatial statistics and as a very interesting field of mathematics in its own right. This edition: Presents a wealth of models for spatial patterns and related statistical methods. Provides a great survey of the modern theory of random tessellations, including many new models that became tractable only in the last few years. Includes new sections on random networks and random graphs to review the recent ever growing interest in these areas. Provides an excellent introduction to theory and modelling of point processes, which covers some very latest developments. Illustrate the forefront theory of random sets, with many applications. Adds new results to the discussion of fibre and surface processes. Offers an updated collection of useful stereological methods. Includes 700 new references. Is written in an accessible style enabling non-mathematicians to benefit from this book. Provides a companion website hosting information on recent developments in the field www.wiley.com/go/cskm Stochastic Geometry and its Applications is ideally suited for researchers in physics, materials science, biology and ecological sciences as well as mathematicians and statisticians. It should also serve as a valuable introduction to the subject for students of mathematics and statistics.
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An introduction to probability theory and its applications

Author: William Feller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471257080

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 5822

Major changes in this edition include the substitution of probabilistic arguments for combinatorial artifices, and the addition of new sections on branching processes, Markov chains, and the De Moivre-Laplace theorem.
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Distributed Sensor Networks, Second Edition

Sensor Networking and Applications

Author: S. Sitharama Iyengar,Richard R. Brooks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439862885

Category: Computers

Page: 942

View: 1323

The best-selling Distributed Sensor Networks became the definitive guide to understanding this far-reaching technology. Preserving the excellence and accessibility of its predecessor, Distributed Sensor Networks, Second Edition once again provides all the fundamentals and applications in one complete, self-contained source. Ideal as a tutorial for students or as research material for engineers, the book gives readers up-to-date, practical insight on all aspects of the field. Revised and expanded, this second edition incorporates contributions from many veterans of the DARPA ISO SENSIT program as well as new material from distinguished researchers in the field. Sensor Networking and Applications focuses on sensor deployment and networking, adaptive tasking, self-configuration, and system control. In the expanded applications section, the book draws on the insight of practitioners in the field. Readers of this book may also be interested in Distributed Sensor Networks, Second Edition: Image and Sensor Signal Processing (ISBN: 9781439862827).
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Elementary Applications of Probability Theory, Second Edition

Author: Henry C. Tuckwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412576201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 6218

This book provides a clear and straightforward introduction to applications of probability theory with examples given in the biological sciences and engineering. The first chapter contains a summary of basic probability theory. Chapters two to five deal with random variables and their applications. Topics covered include geometric probability, estimation of animal and plant populations, reliability theory and computer simulation. Chapter six contains a lucid account of the convergence of sequences of random variables, with emphasis on the central limit theorem and the weak law of numbers. The next four chapters introduce random processes, including random walks and Markov chains illustrated by examples in population genetics and population growth. This edition also includes two chapters which introduce, in a manifestly readable fashion, the topic of stochastic differential equations and their applications.
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Probability Theory and Applications

Author: Enders A. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400953860

Category: Mathematics

Page: 420

View: 3781

Probability theory and its applications represent a discipline of fun damental importance to nearly all people working in the high-tech nology world that surrounds us. There is increasing awareness that we should ask not "Is it so?" but rather "What is the probability that it is so?" As a result, most colleges and universities require a course in mathematical probability to be given as part of the undergraduate training of all scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. This book is a text for a first course in the mathematical theory of probability for undergraduate students who have the prerequisite of at least two, and better three, semesters of calculus. In particular, the student must have a good working knowledge of power series expan sions and integration. Moreover, it would be helpful if the student has had some previous exposure to elementary probability theory, either in an elementary statistics course or a finite mathematics course in high school or college. If these prerequisites are met, then a good part of the material in this book can be covered in a semester (IS-week) course that meets three hours a week.
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Tensor Valuations and Their Applications in Stochastic Geometry and Imaging

Author: Eva B. Vedel Jensen,Markus Kiderlen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319519514

Category: Mathematics

Page: 462

View: 3179

The purpose of this volume is to give an up-to-date introduction to tensor valuations and their applications. Starting with classical results concerning scalar-valued valuations on the families of convex bodies and convex polytopes, it proceeds to the modern theory of tensor valuations. Product and Fourier-type transforms are introduced and various integral formulae are derived. New and well-known results are presented, together with generalizations in several directions, including extensions to the non-Euclidean setting and to non-convex sets. A variety of applications of tensor valuations to models in stochastic geometry, to local stereology and to imaging are also discussed.
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Mathematische Statistik

Author: Bartel L. van der Waerden

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642649742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 4141

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Theory of Random Sets

Author: Ilya Molchanov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846281504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 8908

This is the first systematic exposition of random sets theory since Matheron (1975), with full proofs, exhaustive bibliographies and literature notes Interdisciplinary connections and applications of random sets are emphasized throughout the book An extensive bibliography in the book is available on the Web at http://liinwww.ira.uka.de/bibliography/math/random.closed.sets.html, and is accompanied by a search engine
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Encyclopaedia of Mathematics

An Updated and Annotated Translation of the Soviet "Mathematical Encyclopaedia"

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4809

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Stochastic Geometry, Spatial Statistics and Random Fields

Asymptotic Methods

Author: Evgeny Spodarev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642333052

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 1301

This volume provides a modern introduction to stochastic geometry, random fields and spatial statistics at a (post)graduate level. It is focused on asymptotic methods in geometric probability including weak and strong limit theorems for random spatial structures (point processes, sets, graphs, fields) with applications to statistics. Written as a contributed volume of lecture notes, it will be useful not only for students but also for lecturers and researchers interested in geometric probability and related subjects.
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Local Stereology

Author: Eva B. Vedel Jensen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810224547

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 9962

This book provides a unified exposition of local-stereological methods developed within the last 15 years. The object of local stereology is to draw inference about quantitative parameters of spatial structures which can be regarded as neighbourhoods of points, called reference points. The model example is a biological cell which can be regarded as a neighbourhood of its nucleus. In local stereology, information from sections through the reference point is used. Only very weak assumptions are needed for the structure under study. For instance, specific cell shape assumptions are not necessary.In order to reach a broader audience, the book has been written not only for specialists in stereology, integral geometry and geometric measure theory. In particular, Chapter 1 is an elementary introduction to stereology and the book contains about 75 illustrations. The theory of local steroelogy involves, however, advanced mathematical tools, which constitute an important part of the book.Local-stereological methods are now in world-wide use in the microscopical study of biological tissue, and this invaluable book also contains a description of how the local methods are used in practice.
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Stochastic Calculus and Financial Applications

Author: J. Michael Steele

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468493051

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 9735

Stochastic calculus has important applications to mathematical finance. This book will appeal to practitioners and students who want an elementary introduction to these areas. From the reviews: "As the preface says, ‘This is a text with an attitude, and it is designed to reflect, wherever possible and appropriate, a prejudice for the concrete over the abstract’. This is also reflected in the style of writing which is unusually lively for a mathematics book." --ZENTRALBLATT MATH
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Stochastic Processes, Physics, and Geometry

New Interplays : a Volume in Honor of Sergio Albeverio : Proceedings of the Conference on Infinite Dimensional (Stochastic) Analysis and Quantum Physics, Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig, January 18-22, 1999

Author: Sergio Albeverio,Fritz Gesztesy

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821819593

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 7671

This volume and Stochastic Processes, Physics and Geometry: New Interplays. II present state-of-the-art research currently unfolding at the interface between mathematics and physics. Included are select articles from the international conference held in Leipzig (Germany) in honor of Sergio Albeverio's sixtieth birthday. The theme of the conference, ``Infinite Dimensional (Stochastic) Analysis and Quantum Physics'', was chosen to reflect Albeverio's wide-ranging scientific interests. The articles in these books reflect that broad range of interests and provide a detailed overview highlighting the deep interplay among stochastic processes, mathematical physics, and geometry. The contributions are written by internationally recognized experts in the fields of stochastic analysis, linear and nonlinear (deterministic and stochastic) PDEs, infinite dimensional analysis, functional analysis, commutative and noncommutative probability theory, integrable systems, quantum and statistical mechanics, geometric quantization, and neural networks. Also included are applications in biology and other areas. Most of the contributions are high-level research papers. However, there are also some overviews on topics of general interest. The articles selected for publication in these volumes were specifically chosen to introduce readers to advanced topics, to emphasize interdisciplinary connections, and to stress future research directions. Volume I contains contributions from invited speakers; Volume II contains additional contributed papers.
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