Stigma

Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439188330

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 3215

From the author of The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Stigma is analyzes a person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to people whom society calls “normal.” Stigma is an illuminating excursion into the situation of persons who are unable to conform to standards that society calls normal. Disqualified from full social acceptance, they are stigmatized individuals. Physically deformed people, ex-mental patients, drug addicts, prostitutes, or those ostracized for other reasons must constantly strive to adjust to their precarious social identities. Their image of themselves must daily confront and be affronted by the image which others reflect back to them. Drawing extensively on autobiographies and case studies, sociologist Erving Goffman analyzes the stigmatized person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to “normals” He explores the variety of strategies stigmatized individuals employ to deal with the rejection of others, and the complex sorts of information about themselves they project. In Stigma the interplay of alternatives the stigmatized individual must face every day is brilliantly examined by one of America’s leading social analysts.
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Stigma

How We Treat Outsiders

Author: Gerhard Falk

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1615923969

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1895

. . . there is a wealth of solid material here--his precis of anti-Indian themes in U.S. literature is concise and insightful--which makes the book particularly appropriate for readers with sweeping interests, and for newcomers to sociology.--Publishers Weekly. . .well-researched and clearly written--this thoughtful text is highly recommended. . .--ChoiceWhat is it in human nature that leads us to label some as insiders and stigmatize others as outsiders?Sociologist Gerhard Falk examines the social psychology that motivates this process of exclusion, focusing on the outcasts in contemporary American society and comparing current experience with examples from the past. Referring to the work of Emile Durkheim and Erving Goffman, Falk reviews the whole range of stigmatized people from the mentally ill to ordinary people with unpopular occupations, like undertakers and trash collectors. Amid the wide diversity of stigmatized persons, he finds two basic types of outsiders: the existential and the achieved. The first group comprises those who are stigmatized because of their very existence, regardless of their specific actions: the mentally handicapped, for example. The second group describes those whose actions or life conditions have resulted in stigma: from high achievers (often subject to resentment) to criminals. Falk also looks at the ways in which writers past and present have dramatized stigmatized characters in literature.This fascinating overview of a long-standing and widespread social problem will be of interest to all those concerned about creating a more fair-minded society.Gerhard Falk, Ph.D. (Kenmore, NY), professor of sociology at the State University of New York College in Buffalo, NY, is the author of Sex, Gender and Social Change: The Great Revolution; Ageism, The Aged and Aging in America; and five other books.
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The Social Psychology of Stigma

Author: Todd F. Heatherton

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572309425

Category: Psychology

Page: 450

View: 1980

The volume demonstrates that stigma is a normal - albeit undesirable - consequence of people's limited cognitive resources, and of the social information and experiences to which they are exposed. Incorporated are the perspectives of both the perceiver and the target; the relevance of personal and collective identities; and the interplay of affective, cognitive, and behavioral processes. Particular attention is given to how stigmatized persons make meaning of their predicaments, such as by forming alternative, positive group identities.
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Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Author: Pranee Liamputtong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400763247

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 5329

Up until now, many articles have been written to portray stigma and discrimination which occur with people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in many parts of the world. But this is the first book which attempts to put together results from empirical research relating to stigma, discrimination and living with HIV/AIDS. The focus of this book is on issues relevant to stigma and discrimination which have occurred to individuals and groups in different parts of the globe, as well as how these individuals and groups attempt to deal with HIV/AIDS. The book comprises chapters written by researchers who carry out their projects in different parts of the world and each chapter contains empirical information based on real life situations. This can be used as an evidence for health care providers to implement socially and culturally appropriate services to assist individuals and groups who are living with HIV/AIDS in many societies. The book is of interest to health care providers who have their interests in working with individuals and groups who are living with HIV/AIDS from a cross-cultural perspective. It will be useful for students and lecturers in courses such as anthropology, sociology, social work, nursing, public health and medicine. In particular, it will assist health workers in community health centres and hospitals in understanding issues related to HIV/AIDS and hence provide culturally sensitive health care to people living with HIV/AIDS from different social and cultural backgrounds. The book is useful for anyone who is interested in HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in diverse social and cultural settings.
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Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness

Lessons for Therapists and Advocates

Author: Patrick W. Corrigan,David Roe,Hector W. H. Tsang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119996120

Category: Psychology

Page: 254

View: 7169

Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness offers practical strategies for addressing the harmful effects of stigma attached to mental illness. It considers both major forms of stigma: public stigma, which is prejudice and discrimination endorsed by the general population; and self-stigma, the loss of self-esteem and efficacy that occurs when an individual internalizes prejudice and discrimination. Invaluable guide for professionals and volunteers working in any capacity to challenge discrimination against mental illness Contains practical worksheets and intervention guidelines to facilitate the implementation of specific anti-stigma approaches Authors are highly experienced and respected experts in the field of mental illness stigma research
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Understanding the Stigma of Mental Illness

Theory and Interventions

Author: Julio Arboleda-Flórez,Norman Sartorius

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047099763X

Category: Psychology

Page: 226

View: 7824

Many mentally ill people are the victims of stigma, which leads to additional suffering and humiliation. Negative stereotypes and prejudicial attitudes against them are often reinforced by their media representation as unpredictable, violent and dangerous. Hence the importance of the study of stigma as an explanatory construct of much that transpires in the management of the mentally ill in our societies. This book describes the experience of stigmatization at the level of the individual, and seeks to measure stigma and discrimination from the following perspectives: Self imposed stigma due to shame, guilt and low self esteem; Socially imposed stigma due to social stereotyping and prejudice; and Structurally imposed stigma, caused by policies, practices, and laws that discriminate against the mentally ill. This book briefly describes programmes that aim to reduce such stigma then looks at ways to evaluate their effectiveness. It is the first book to focus on evaluation and research methodologies in stigma and mental health. It also: * presents new interventions to reduce stigma * describes the various international programmes which help reduce stigma * discusses the use of the internet as an international tool to promote awareness of stigma in mental health. Understanding the Stigma of Mental Illness is essential reading for clinicians and researchers who wish to apply or develop stigma reduction programmes. It is also a valuable addition to the libraries of political analysts, policy makers, clinicians, researchers, and all those interested in how to approach and measure this distressing social phenomenon.
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Stigma and Mental Illness

Author: Paul Jay Fink

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880484053

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 7081

This book is a collection of writings on how society has stigmatized mentally ill persons, their families, and their caregivers. First-hand accounts poignantly portray what it is like to be the victim of stigma and mental illness. Stigma and Mental Illness also presents historical, societal, and institutional viewpoints that underscore the devastating effects of stigma.
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Stand Up to Stigma

How We Reject Fear and Shame

Author: Pernessa C. Seele

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 1626569398

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 8699

No More Hate! All Are Welcome! “Stigma” is a simple two-syllable word, yet it carries the weight of negative and often unfair beliefs that we hold about those who are different from us. Stigmas lock people into stereotyped boxes and deny us all the right to be our authentic and whole selves. Dr. Pernessa Seele, a longtime public health activist who started one of the first AIDS education programs in the 1980s, has crafted a proven method to address stigma. This powerful book confronts stereotype development, shows how to undo the processes and effects of stigma, and explains how we can radically change cultural thinking on the individual, interpersonal, and societal levels to put an end to stigmatization once and for all.
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Staging Stigma

A Critical Examination of the American Freak Show

Author: M. Chemers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023061681X

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 1887

Staging Stigma critically examines the freak show performance tradition, using meticulous historical research and cultural criticism to change the way we understand both performance and disability.
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Reducing the Stigma of Mental Illness

A Report from a Global Association

Author: Norman Sartorius,Hugh Schulze

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521549431

Category: Medical

Page: 238

View: 630

Details the results of the Open Doors Programme, set up to fight the stigma/discrimination attached to schizophrenia.
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Stigma

An Ethnography of Mental Illness and HIV/AIDS in China

Author: Jinhua Guo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1938134826

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 1645

Based on two and a half years of fieldwork in China, this book examines the cultural genesis and social mechanisms of stigma related to mental illness and HIV/AIDS in China. It also explores the bio-politics on stigma through detailed description of social exclusion experienced by people suffering from mental illness or HIV/AIDS and by systematic comparison on stigma between the two illnesses in the Chinese context. Through the comparison, this book describes the micro socio-dynamic process of stigmatization in the local Chinese context, highlights the identity transformation accompanying the illness trajectory the patients and their families have lived through, and ultimately connects Chinese society and its community-centered social value system and institutional arrangement to the stigma associated with mental illness and HIV/AIDS. Contents:Theoretical Reviews and CritiquesEthnography of Stigma Associated with Mental IllnessEthnography of Stigma Associated with HIV/AIDS in BeijingEthnography of Stigma Associated with HIV/AIDS in YunnanA Comparative PerspectiveConclusion Readership: Readers who are interested in learning more about the cultural genesis and social mechnism related to mental illness and HIV/AIDS in China, and how they connect with the Chinese society and the social values in general. Key Features:One of the first stigma studies on mental illness and HIV/AIDS in ChinaOne of the first ethnographies on the living conditions of people suffering from mental illness and HIV/AIDS in ChinaCombines social and cultural construction perspectives on stigmaKeywords:Stigma;Ethnography;Mental Illness;HIV/AIDS;China;Chinese Society;Social Issues
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The Mark of Shame

Stigma of Mental Illness and an Agenda for Change

Author: Stephen P. Hinshaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019973092X

Category: Psychology

Page: 331

View: 9690

"In this book, Stephen P. Hinshaw examines the long-standing tendency to stigmatize those with mental illness. He also provides practical, multilevel strategies for overcoming this serious problem, including enlightened social policies that encourage contact with those afflicted, media coverage emphasizing their underlying humanity, family education, and responsive treatment."--Jacket.
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Intellectual Disability and Stigma

Stepping Out from the Margins

Author: Katrina Scior,Shirli Werner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137524995

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 1089

This book examines how intellectual disability is affected by stigma and how this stigma has developed. Around two per cent of the world's population have an intellectual disability but their low visibility in many places bears witness to their continuing exclusion from society. This prejudice has an impact on the family of those with an intellectual disability as well as the individual themselves and affects the well-being and life chances of all those involved. This book provides a framework for tackling intellectual disability stigma in institutional processes, media representations and other, less overt, settings. It also highlights the anti-stigma interventions which are already in place and the central role that self-advocacy must play.
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Discrimination as Stigma

A Theory of Anti-discrimination Law

Author: Iyiola Solanke

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782256385

Category: Law

Page: 183

View: 606

This monograph reconceptualises discrimination law as fundamentally concerned with stigma. Using sociological and socio-psychological theories of stigma, the author presents an 'anti-stigma principle', promoting it as a method to determine the scope of legal protection from discrimination. The anti-stigma principle recognises the role of institutional and individual action in the perpetuation of discrimination. Setting discrimination law within the field of public health, it frames positive action and intersectional discrimination as the norm in this field of law rather than the exception. In developing and applying this new theory for anti-discrimination law, the book draws upon case law from jurisdictions including the UK, Australia, New Zealand, the USA and Canada, as well as European law.
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Another Kind of Madness

A Journey Through the Stigma and Hope of Mental Illness

Author: Stephen Hinshaw

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1250113369

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 7784

"Families are riddled with untold secrets. But Stephen Hinshaw would have never thought that in his family a profound secret had been kept under lock and key for 18 years. From the moment his father revealed his long history with mental illness and involuntary hospitalizations, Hinshaw knew his life would be changed forever. Hinshaw calls his father's reveal "psychological birth"--after years of experiencing the ups and downs of his father's illness without knowing it existed, watching him disappear for weeks at a time only to return as the loving father he had always known, everything he experienced as a child began to make sense. He learned as much as possible about his father's illness, and what began as an exploration into his father's past and mental health turned into a full-fledged career as a clinical psychologist. In Another Kind of Madness, Hinshaw explores the burden of living in a family "loaded" with mental illness and debunks the "stigma" behind it, explaining that in today's society, mental health problems can result in a loss of a driver's license, inability to vote or run for office, ineligibility for jury service, or automatic relinquishment of child custody. With a moving personal narrative and shocking facts about how America views mental health conditions in the 21st century, Another Kind of Madness is a passionate call to arms regarding the importance of destigmatizing mental illness"--
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Getting Respect

Responding to Stigma and Discrimination in the United States, Brazil, and Israel

Author: Michèle Lamont,Graziella Moraes Silva,Jessica Welburn,Joshua Guetzkow,Nissim Mizrachi,Hanna Herzog,Elisa Reis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883776

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9882

Racism is a common occurrence for members of marginalized groups around the world. Getting Respect illuminates their experiences by comparing three countries with enduring group boundaries: the United States, Brazil and Israel. The authors delve into what kinds of stigmatizing or discriminatory incidents individuals encounter in each country, how they respond to these occurrences, and what they view as the best strategy—whether individually, collectively, through confrontation, or through self-improvement—for dealing with such events. This deeply collaborative and integrated study draws on more than four hundred in-depth interviews with middle- and working-class men and women residing in and around multiethnic cities—New York City, Rio de Janeiro, and Tel Aviv—to compare the discriminatory experiences of African Americans, black Brazilians, and Arab Palestinian citizens of Israel, as well as Israeli Ethiopian Jews and Mizrahi (Sephardic) Jews. Detailed analysis reveals significant differences in group behavior: Arab Palestinians frequently remain silent due to resignation and cynicism while black Brazilians see more stigmatization by class than by race, and African Americans confront situations with less hesitation than do Ethiopian Jews and Mizrahim, who tend to downplay their exclusion. The authors account for these patterns by considering the extent to which each group is actually a group, the sociohistorical context of intergroup conflict, and the national ideologies and other cultural repertoires that group members rely on. Getting Respect is a rich and daring book that opens many new perspectives into, and sets a new global agenda for, the comparative analysis of race and ethnicity.
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Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders

The Evidence for Stigma Change

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Science of Changing Behavioral Health Social Norms

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309439124

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 4722

Estimates indicate that as many as 1 in 4 Americans will experience a mental health problem or will misuse alcohol or drugs in their lifetimes. These disorders are among the most highly stigmatized health conditions in the United States, and they remain barriers to full participation in society in areas as basic as education, housing, and employment. Improving the lives of people with mental health and substance abuse disorders has been a priority in the United States for more than 50 years. The Community Mental Health Act of 1963 is considered a major turning point in America's efforts to improve behavioral healthcare. It ushered in an era of optimism and hope and laid the groundwork for the consumer movement and new models of recovery. The consumer movement gave voice to people with mental and substance use disorders and brought their perspectives and experience into national discussions about mental health. However over the same 50-year period, positive change in American public attitudes and beliefs about mental and substance use disorders has lagged behind these advances. Stigma is a complex social phenomenon based on a relationship between an attribute and a stereotype that assigns undesirable labels, qualities, and behaviors to a person with that attribute. Labeled individuals are then socially devalued, which leads to inequality and discrimination. This report contributes to national efforts to understand and change attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that can lead to stigma and discrimination. Changing stigma in a lasting way will require coordinated efforts, which are based on the best possible evidence, supported at the national level with multiyear funding, and planned and implemented by an effective coalition of representative stakeholders. Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders: The Evidence for Stigma Change explores stigma and discrimination faced by individuals with mental or substance use disorders and recommends effective strategies for reducing stigma and encouraging people to seek treatment and other supportive services. It offers a set of conclusions and recommendations about successful stigma change strategies and the research needed to inform and evaluate these efforts in the United States.
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The StigMa

Author: Sherwyn Besson

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1496964942

Category: Art

Page: 358

View: 720

In The StigMa, Sherwyn Besson maps the role race plays in the continuing disenfranchisement of students of color, and White students that attend the Malville school system, where minority students are the dominant population. His work challenges, parents, educators, administrators, residents, policy makers, and other stakeholders, to engage a student-first, all-in philosophy to move the District forward. Besson draws on his veteran experience in the classroom and community activist role to write a hopeful, informative, and unflinching narrative about the tyranny holding back the District’s progress, delving deeply into its racial struggles with integration through the 60s, and its newest challenge, an attack on enrichment learning, diversity, and morality.
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Stigma

Author: Robert M. Page

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317530276

Category: Psychology

Page: 222

View: 7338

Although references to stigma were commonplace in the field of social policy and elsewhere, the concept was often used in a rather imprecise way. Originally published in 1984, this book assesses the relevance of the concept of stigma for the study of social policy. Investigations of the concept within the welfare field have tended to be far too narrow in focus (i.e. the concept has been regarded as a technical problem which can be eradicated by greater adherence to the principle of universalism). As a counter to this perspective, Robert Page argues that it is necessary to distinguish much more clearly between various aspects of the concept of stigma (e.g. stigmas, stigmatization and felt stigma). He examines the reasons why, and the ways in which, one particular ‘welfare’ group – unmarried mothers – have been stigmatized over the centuries in order to highlight the importance of examining existing patterns of ‘welfare’ and other forms of stigmatization within their political, economic, social and historical context. It is concluded that stigma will continue to be a key concept for both students and practitioners within the field of social policy provided that it is examined from this wider perspective.
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On the Stigma of Mental Illness

Practical Strategies for Research and Social Change

Author: Patrick W. Corrigan

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781591471899

Category: Psychology

Page: 343

View: 1153

Serious mental illness challenges those affected with disability but also with unjust social stigma. Written by participants and social scientists in the Chicago Consortium for Stigma Research, this book explores the causes and ramifications of mental illness stigma, as well as the possible means to eliminate it.
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