States, Ideologies, and Social Revolutions

A Comparative Analysis of Iran, Nicaragua, and the Philippines

Author: Misagh Parsa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521774307

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 4679

An analysis of the causes and processes of revolution, drawing on the stories of Iran, Nicaragua, and the Philippines.
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Revolutionary Ideology and Islamic Militancy

The Iranian Revolution and Interpretations of the Quran

Author: Najibullah Lafraie

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857716433

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 994

The ‘war on terror’ tends to circumscribe crucial developments in the Islamic world within a narrow definition of ‘Islamic terrorism’. This partial and incomplete perspective fails to comprehend the links between today’s scenario and the Iranian revolution of 1979 - a revolution fought in the name of God and spearheaded by religious scholars. Since then, Islamic ideology has become a powerful motivating force behind insurgency in Afghanistan, Palestine, Lebanon, Algeria and Iraq. There have however been few explorations of the role of Quranic doctrine in fomenting revolution. Najibullah Lafraie systematically analyses the Quran as a revolutionary text, and identifies different strands of revolutionary ideology within it. He examines its potential to delegitimise existing social, political and economic arrangements, what kind of values it promotes, what societal goals it outlines, what kind of collective action and personal principles it calls for, and how it establishes its claim to truth. In doing this, Lafraie establishes the paradigm from which most subsequent Islamist revolutionary ideology has emerged. He goes on to demonstrate the diversity that is possible within this paradigm by examining the ideologies of six key figures in the Iranian revolution, and shows how their emphases differ. Focusing on three lay intellectuals and three clerics, Lafraie’s taxonomy of the Islamic Revolution’s ideologues provides an essential backdrop for understanding the battle between moderates and radicals in Iran today. The book ends by assessing the relevance of the ‘Quranic’ model of revolutionary ideology to contemporary Islamist insurgents. ‘The Ideology of the Islamic Revolution’ is an essential companion to anyone seeking to understand both the Iranian revolution and the wider phenomenon of political Islam.
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The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics

Author: Todd Landman,Neil Robinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206556

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 7210

'Editors Landman and Robinson have compiled an excellent tour d'horizon of comparative politics. Distinguished contributors explore theoretical and methodological issues as well as examine the critical substantive domains that animate today's comparativists. Graduate students and academics will want to keep this volume on their book shelf' - Professor Mark Irving Lichbach, University of Maryland 'The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics is a major new resource for scholars of comparative politics, and of political science more generally. The Handbook covers the field with admirable thoroughness, but does not sacrifice depth for breadth. The chapters are written by notable scholars who provide rich discussions of their topics, and help to move the sub-discipline forward' - B. Guy Peters, Professor, University of Pittsburgh The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics presents; in one volume, an authoritative overview of the theoretical, methodological and substantive elements of comparative political science. The 28 specially commissioned chapters, written by renowned comparative scholars, guide the reader through the central issues and debates, presenting a state-of-the-art guide to the past, present and possible futures of the field. The Handbook is divided into three parts. The first considers comparative methodologies and reviews the interactions between various sub-fields of comparative politics: political economy; political sociology; area studies; international relations; and institutional analysis. The second section examines nine 'classic' issues of concern to comparativists, including government formation, political behaviour and democratization. In the final section, nine new and emerging areas of comparative research are considered, such as terrorism, electoral corruption, human rights and regional integration. The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics is an essential resource for researchers in political science, political sociology, political economy, international relations, area studies and all other fields with a comparative political dimension.
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Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jack A. Goldstone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199858527

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2543

From 1789 in France to 2011 in Cairo, revolutions have shaken the world. In their pursuit of social justice, revolutionaries have taken on the assembled might of monarchies, empires, and dictatorships. They have often, though not always, sparked cataclysmic violence, and have at times won miraculous victories, though at other times suffered devastating defeat. This Very Short Introduction illuminates the revolutionaries, their strategies, their successes and failures, and the ways in which revolutions continue to dominate world events and the popular imagination. Starting with the city-states of ancient Greece and Rome, Jack Goldstone traces the development of revolutions through the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment and liberal constitutional revolutions such as in America, and their opposite--the communist revolutions of the 20th century. He shows how revolutions overturned dictators in Nicaragua and Iran and brought the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and examines the new wave of non-violent "color" revolutions-the Philippines' Yellow Revolution, Ukraine's Orange Revolution--and the Arab Uprisings of 2011-12 that rocked the Middle East. Goldstone also sheds light on the major theories of revolution, exploring the causes of revolutionary waves, the role of revolutionary leaders, the strategies and processes of revolutionary change, and the intersection between revolutions and shifting patterns of global power. Finally, the author examines the reasons for diverse revolutionary outcomes, from democracy to civil war and authoritarian rule, and the likely future of revolution in years to come. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.
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Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

Author: Jason Brownlee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464469

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4871

Far from sweeping the globe uniformly, the 'third wave of democratization' left burgeoning republics and resilient dictatorships in its wake. Applying more than a year of original fieldwork in Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, and the Philippines, in this book Jason Brownlee shows that the mixed record of recent democratization is best deciphered through a historical and institutional approach to authoritarian rule. Exposing the internal organizations that structure elite conflict, Brownlee demonstrates why the critical soft-liners needed for democratic transitions have been dormant in Egypt and Malaysia but outspoken in Iran and the Philippines. By establishing how ruling parties originated and why they impede change, Brownlee illuminates the problem of contemporary authoritarianism and informs the promotion of durable democracy.
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Religion and Political Violence

Sacred Protest in the Modern World

Author: Jennifer L. Jefferis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135248303

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8222

This book uses the theory of social movements and first-hand interviews to create a new analysis of religiously motivated political violence in the modern world. Examining the movement to restore Sharia law to a dominant place in the Egyptian government, the movement to make abortion illegal in the United States, and the religious effort to secure territory in Israel, the author contends that religion becomes violent not because of ideology or political context alone, but because of the constantly evolving relationship between them. The ebb and flow of opportunities for political access ensures that secularization and religion, although polar opposites, depend on each other to define themselves. As a result, while their respective degrees of influence will inevitably undulate over time, both will remain a part of the political process for some time. Thus, a full understanding of both is critical to a meaningful understanding of the political process. Much work has been done to understand secular social movements as part of the political process, and consequentially researchers now know a great deal about the motivations, resources and timing of secular social movements. Considerably less research has been done in the field of religious social movements and this book fills that gap in the literature. This book will be of great interest to students of political violence, religion, sociology, and Politics and International Relations in general. Jennifer Jefferis is Assistant Professor in the Department of Government, Regent University, USA, and has a PhD in Political Science from Boston University.
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Militant Islam

A sociology of characteristics, causes and consequences

Author: Stephen Vertigans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134126387

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 4737

Militant Islam provides a sociological framework for understanding the rise and character of recent Islamic militancy. It takes a systematic approach to the phenomenon and includes analysis of cases from around the world, comparisons with militancy in other religions, and their causes and consequences. The sociological concepts and theories examined in the book include those associated with social closure, social movements, nationalism, risk, fear and ‘de-civilising’. These are applied within three main themes; characteristics of militant Islam, multi-layered causes and the consequences of militancy, in particular Western reactions within the ‘war on terror’. Interrelationships between religious and secular behaviour, ‘terrorism’ and ‘counter-terrorism’, popular support and opposition are explored. Through the examination of examples from across Muslim societies and communities, the analysis challenges the popular tendency to concentrate upon ‘al-Qa’ida’ and the Middle East. This book will be of interest to students of Sociology, Political Science and International Relations, in particular those taking courses on Islam, religion, terrorism, political violence and related regional studies.
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Lateinamerika

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Latin America

Page: N.A

View: 7401

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The Future of Revolutions

Rethinking Radical Change in the Age of Globalization

Author: John Foran

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781842770320

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 7766

In this volume, a number of eminent historians, sociologists, and political scientists who have spent their lives studying revolutionary processes reflect on the age of 20th century of revolutions. They debate questions like: is the era of revolution over? What might the revolutions of the future look like? The face of transformative politics in the future and the directions of social change rest in large measure on the answers. A range of recent cases are taken up, from the intensely backward-looking movement of the Taliban in Afghanistan, to the magical revolution in Chiapas.
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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2633

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Politics of Confrontation

The Foreign Policy of the USA and Revolutionary Iran

Author: Babak Ganji

Publisher: Tauris Academic Studies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7992

This is a penetrating critique of international relations theory within the historical framework of US-Iranian relations from the early reign of the Shah to the revolution under the Ayatollah Khomeini, with particular emphasis on the final years during the Carter administration. This thorough examination provides the first in-depth look at US documents seized from the American Embassy by revolutionary students during the infamous hostage crisis.
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The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran

Author: Charles Kurzman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 1475

The shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future: This was the firm conclusion of a top-secret CIA analysis issued in October 1978. One hundred days later the shah--despite his massive military, fearsome security police, and superpower support was overthrown by a popular and largely peaceful revolution. But the CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Charles Kurzman reveals in this penetrating work; Iranians themselves, except for a tiny minority, considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred. Revisiting the circumstances surrounding the fall of the shah, Kurzman offers rare insight into the nature and evolution of the Iranian revolution and into the ultimate unpredictability of protest movements in general. As one Iranian recalls, "The future was up in the air." Through interviews and eyewitness accounts, declassified security documents and underground pamphlets, Kurzman documents the overwhelming sense of confusion that gripped pre-revolutionary Iran, and that characterizes major protest movements. His book provides a striking picture of the chaotic conditions under which Iranians acted, participating in protest only when they expected others to do so too, the process approaching critical mass in unforeseen and unforeseeable ways. Only when large numbers of Iranians began to "think the unthinkable," in the words of the U.S. ambassador, did revolutionary expectations become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A corrective to 20-20 hindsight, this book reveals shortcomings of analyses that make the Iranian revolution or any major protest movement seem inevitable in retrospect.
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Revolutions

a worldwide introduction to social and political contention

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Paradigm Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 9496

This expanded, updated edition offers a new chapter on terrorism, including jihadism. Revolutions and state breakdowns are the primary focus as Sanderson presents prominent theories and describes the process of revolutions. The book covers famous revolutions from history (France, Russia, China) and several social and political revolutions in the third world (Cuba, Nicaragua, Iran, and the Philippines). Given the frequency of revolutionary movements, a key question addressed by the book is SWhy are actual revolutions so rare? Sanderson also assesses the state breakdowns in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union after 1989, the typical outcomes of revolutions, and the future of revolutions. An appendix presents biographical and autobiographical sketches of several of the most prominent scholars of revolutions. Features of this text and to the new Second Edition:
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