States and Markets

Author: Susan Strange

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474236936

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2798

'[States and Markets] should be read by every student of international political economy.' - International Relations Theory. Susan Strange was one of the most influential international relations scholars of the latter half of the twentieth century. She is regarded by many as the creator of the discipline of international political economy (IPE) and leaves behind an impressive body of work. States and Markets is one of Strange's seminal texts. Strange Introduces the reader to a unique critical model for understanding the relationship between politics and economics centred on her four-faceted model of power consisting of: security, production, finance and knowledge. Using these terms Strange provides a rigorous analysis of the effects of political authority, including states, on markets and conversely of market forces on states. The Revelations edition includes a new foreword by Ronen Palan.
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States and Markets

A Primer in Political Economy

Author: Adam Przeworski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521535243

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 9716

Introduces the reader to the concepts and tools for studying relations between states and markets.
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Freedom and Growth

The Rise of States and Markets in Europe, 1300-1750

Author: S.R. Epstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134744560

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 4975

In discussions on European pre-modern economic growth, the role of individual freedom and of the state has loomed large. This book examines whether different kinds of 'freedoms' (absolutist, parliamentary and republican) caused different economic outcomes, and shows the effect of different political regimes on long term development. It thus offers new answers to debates on the transition from feudalism to capitalism and on the causes of pre-industrial growth and divergence.
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States and markets

comparing Japan and Russia

Author: Guoli Liu

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 165

View: 4088

This pathbreaking study provides the first comprehensive comparative analysis of states and markets in Japan and Russia/USSR. Utilizing a strong theoretical foundation, Guoli Liu examines the interaction of the state and market in general and the transition from one type of state-market relationship to another. In an ambitious attempt to discover macro trends and changing patterns of state-market relations, the author compares six leading cases in Japanese and Russian/Soviet history from the 1860s to the early 1990s, with an emphasis on post-World War II development. By bridging the gap between political and economic analysis and by integrating two significant but isolated bodies of area studies literature on Japan and Russia, this book will advance understanding of democratization and marketization in societies with markedly different political and socioeconomic backgrounds. Moving smoothly from the theoretical to the pragmatic, the author also draws on the Japanese experience to suggest policy options for Russia as the country moves simultaneously from a totalitarian/authoritarian to a democratic state and from a planned to a market-oriented economy.
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The University, State, and Market

The Political Economy of Globalization in the Americas

Author: Robert A. Rhoads,Carlos Alberto Torres

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804751698

Category: Education

Page: 360

View: 2688

This is an examination of the complex relationships among universities, states, and markets in light of the growing influence of globalization.
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Beyond States and Markets

The Challenges of Social Reproduction

Author: Isabella Bakker,Rachel Silvey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135972389

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6404

Seeking to extend our understanding of the contemporary global political economy, this book provides an important and original introduction to the current theoretical debates about social reproduction and argues for the necessity of linking social reproduction to specific contexts of power and production. It illustrates the analytic value of the concept of social reproduction through a series of case studies that examine the implications of how labor power is reproduced and how lives outside of work are lived. The issues examined in countries including the Ukraine, Chile, Spain, Nepal, India and Indonesia, consist of: Human trafficking and sex work Women and work Migration, labor and gender inequality Micro-credit programs and investing in women Health, biological reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies The book lends a unique perspective to the understandings of transformation in the global political economy precisely because of its simultaneous focus on the caring and provisioning of the everyday and its relationships to policies and decisions made at the national and international levels of both formal and informal institutions. With its multi-disciplinary approach, this book will be indispensable to students and scholars of International Political Economy, Development Studies, Gender or Women’s Studies, International Studies, Globalization and International Relations.
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Building States and Markets

Enterprise Development in Central Asia

Author: G. Özcan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230296955

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 5487

The transition economies of Central Asia are faced with the most daunting challenge of modern capitalism: the move from vassal pseudo-states of the former Soviet Union to competitive nations. This book is the first to explore the first 15 years of economic emergence, and assess the capabilities of these countries to transform their economies.
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Recasting Egalitarianism

New Rules for Communities, States and Markets

Author: Samuel Bowles,Herbert Gintis,Erik Olin Wright

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859842553

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 8260

Two prominent economists lead a debate to redistribute wealth. In Recasting Egalitarianism, part of Verso's Real Utopias series, economists Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis diagnose the current malaise of the Left as a result of the obsolescence of its traditional economic models. They propose to rejuvenate the egalitarian project through a strategy of asset-based redistribution, drawing in novel ways on markets, competition, state regulation and community governance. In this major work on economic and social policy, the authors address the twin challenges posed by a globally integrated economy and the key economic roles now played by information, motivation, and other intangibles. They propose an egalitarian redistribution of assets - land, capital, and housing - and argue for the beneficial disciplining effects of competition both in markets and among publicly-funded service providers, pointing out that the injustices commonly associated with markets can be avoided if assets are more equally distributed. The lead essay in the book lays out the underlying logic of this proposal in some detail. This is followed by responses by critics and supporters. Contributors include: Harry Brighouse, Michael Carter, Steve Durlauf, Paula England, David Gordon, Daniel M. Hausman, Karla Hoff, Andrew Levine, Elaine McCrate, Karl Ove Moen, Ugo Pagano, John E. Roomer, Peter Skott, Michael Wallerstein, Erik Olin Wright.
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Building States and Markets After Communism

The Perils of Polarized Democracy

Author: Timothy Frye

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521734622

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 755

"Timothy Frye's Building States and Markets After Communism is a superb addition to the growing literature on the political economy of postcommunism. Frye develops a powerful and original model to explain the level of comprehensiveness and coherence of economic reform in 25 postcommunist countries. Frye subjects his theory to a variety of empirical tests, using evidence from surveys of business people in the region, data on economic performance, and thorough case studies of Russia, Bulgaria, Poland, and Uzbekistan. Written in a clear and accessible style, the book will stand as an authoritative analysis of the political and economic development of the postcommunist region."- Thomas F. Remington, Emory University "Frye's account of the diverse fortunes of postcommunist states distinguishes itself through attention to a critical intervening political mechanism: the greater or lesser partisan polarization around questions of economic reform that shapes the behavior of politicians, economic producers, and voters in the postcommunist polity. Frye also explains how polarization comes about, is reproduced at the micro-level in the investment behavior of firms, and persists overtime. Such quantitative analysis is complemented by meticulous case studies highlighting the empirics of centrifugal and centripetal political competition and its political-economic consequences. This carefully crafted investigation will command the attention of anyone who plans to study the political economy of postcommunism."- Herbert Kitschelt, Duke University Tim Frye's book provides a major new perspective on the political economy of investment and growth in the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. His analysis of the effects of party system polarization pushes well beyond earlier theories of partial and inconsistent market reforms. His theoretical claims are built on an impressive combination of econometric analysis, original survey research, and new case studies. This ground-breaking study makes a significant contribution to our understanding of postsocialist countries and will be an important point of reference for analyses of economic reform in other parts of the developing world."- Robert Kaufman, Rutgers University "Drawing on his deep knowledge of the postcommunist experience, Tim Frye demonstrates that history can overwhelm attempts to get the institutions right. Conceptually bold and meticulously researched, Building States and Markets After Communism should be read by anybody who wants to understand the political economy of economic reform."- ScottGehlbach, University ofWisconsin, Madison "Timothy Frye makes a signal contribution to the study of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and to the political economy of reform, with this study of how political polarization explains the distinct patterns of economic reform and growth since the fall of communism."- Philip Keefer, Development Research Group, The World Bank.
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States and Markets

Sociology of Public Policy in Canada

Author: Susan A. McDaniel,Seong-gee Um

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195442809

Category: Canada

Page: 256

View: 857

Series: a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/tcs/"Themes in Canadian Sociology/aThis concise yet comprehensive sociological overview of public policy in Canada explores a range of important issues - such as demographic shifts, globalization, changes in the economy and labour markets, taxation, and more - offering students an informed look at the forces shaping public policytoday.
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States and Markets in Hydrocarbon Sectors

Author: Andrei V. Belyi,Kim Talus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137434074

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 2631

Research on the role of states and markets in the hydrocarbon sector is highly topical in contemporary International Political Economy. This edited collection will approach this subject from a broader perspective, investigating the very essence of the interaction between the state and the market and how this varies on a regional basis.
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Between State and Market

Mass Privatization in Transition Economies

Author: Ira W. Lieberman,Stilpon Nestor,Raj M. Desai

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821339473

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 3684

IFC Discussion Paper No. 32. Over the years, demand for education at all levels in Kenya has greatly outpaced supply, a gap that has been reduced by private schools catering to the needs of a wide range of socioeconomic groups. This gap will widen further unless the private sectors role is expanded, but private educational institutions face a number of serious constraints, primarily stemming from lack of adequate finance and, in many cases, limited management skills. This paper reviews the market and its constraints and focuses on conditions under which private financial institutions and the International Finance Corporation might play a useful role in the sector. Annexes include 1996 operating costs of Kenya's academic, technical, and vocational schools.
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Bridging states and markets

international migration in the early 1990s

Author: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung. Abteilung Organisation und Beschäftigung

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 330

View: 1432

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Commerce in Culture

States and Markets in the World Film Trade

Author: A. Flibbert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230607276

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 5418

Commerce in Culture is an innovative study of how states have responded to the globalization of the film sector. Concerned with more than film content or substance, the book exposes the ongoing political and economic struggles that shape cultural production and trade in the world. The historical focus is on Hollywood's engagement with rivals and partners in two leading developing countries, Egypt and Mexico, beginning with the birth of their national film industries in the late 1920s. State and market institutions evolved differently in each context, acting like national prisms to mediate international competition and produce distinctive results. As filmmaking has become a dynamic focal point in the new economy, Commerce in Culture reveals a vital but neglected part of the global terrain.
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Corporate Governance in Context

Corporations, States, and Markets in Europe, Japan, and the US

Author: Klaus J. Hopt,Eddy Wymeersch,Harald Baum,Hideki Kanda

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 927

View: 9818

Increased regulatory competition has sharpened the comparative awareness of advantages or disadvantages of different national models of political economy, economic organization, governance and regulation. Although institutional change is slow and subject to functional complementarities as wellas social and cultural entrenchment, at least some features of successful modern market economies have been in the process of converging over the last decades. The most important change is a shift in governance from state to the market. As bureaucratic ex-ante control is replaced by judicial ex-postcontrol, administrative discretion is replaced by the rule of law as guidelines for the economy. Furthermore, at least to some extent, public enforcement is being reduced in favor of private enforcement by way of disclosure, enhanced liability, and correspondent litigation for damages. Corporatistapproaches to governance are giving way to market approaches, and outsider and market-oriented corporate governance models seem to be replacing insider-based regimes.This transition is far from smooth and poses a daunting challenge to regulators and academics trying to redefine the fundamental governance and regulatory setting. They are confronted with the task of making or keeping the national regulatory structure attractive to investors in the face ofcompetitive pressures from other jurisdictions to adopt state-of-the-art solutions. At the same time, however, they must establish a coherent institutional framework that accommodates the efficient, modern rules with the existing and hard-to-change institutional setting. These challenges - put in acomparative and interdisciplinary perspective - are the subject of the book. As a reflection of the transnationality of the issues addressed, the world's three leading economies and their legal systems are included on an equal basis: the EU, the U.S., and Japan across each of the subtopics ofcorporations, bureaucracy and regulation, markets, and intermediaries.
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State and Market in Higher Education Reforms

Trends, Policies and Experiences in Comparative Perspective

Author: Hans G. Schuetze,Germán Álvarez Mendiola,Diane Conrad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 946091800X

Category: Education

Page: 235

View: 5044

Universities have never been static. Even so, it is fair to say they have experienced a most radical transformation in the past twenty years. During this period, the role and responsibility of the state generally have been broadly limited while allowing ‘market forces’--private ownership and control--more influence. But even where the state is still the main provider or funder, it relies increasingly on ‘market mechanisms’, for example contractual relations between state and institutions, competition among providers for resources, and external assessment of ‘outputs’ which means the results or impact of what universities do, in particular teaching and research. The new terminology speaks of price and competition, inputs and outputs, resources, cost and benefits, demand and supply, provider and customer, consumers and investors, quality control and accountability. Education, and post-secondary education especially are increasingly seen as matters for markets. Formal post-secondary education becomes a service, commercialized and traded across national borders. This volume on changing relationship between state and market, contains, besides an introductory analytic overview of the issues, accounts from different countries, regions, and thematic perspectives. Chapter authors describe and analyze government reforms and other developments that have directly or indirectly affected this relationship. Although the geographical focus is on North America, especially Mexico, South East Asia and Europe, the phenomenon is not limited to these regions and countries but worldwide.
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Community, State, and Market on the North Atlantic Rim

Challenges to Modernity in the Fisheries

Author: Richard A. Apostle

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802007452

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 363

View: 7714

A study of North Norway and Atlantic Canada, two regions experiencing severe crisis due to over-exploitation of fishing resources. The book examines the implications of common market integration, privatized resource management, and small business development policies for fishery dependent communities. 30 illustrations.
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China's Economic Culture

The Ritual Order of State and Markets

Author: Carsten Herrmann-Pillath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134651090

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 762

China's spectacular rise challenges established economic moulds, both at the national level, with the concept of "state capitalism", and at the firm level, with the notion of indigenous "Chinese management practices". However, both Chinese and Western observers emphasise the transitional nature of the reforms, thereby leaving open the question as to whether China's reform process is really a fast catch-up process, with ultimate convergence to global standards, or something different. This book, by a leading economist and sinologist, argues that "culture" is an exceptionally useful tool to help understand fully the current picture of the Chinese economy. Drawing on a range of disciplines including social psychology, cognitive sciences, institutional economics and Chinese studies, the book examines long-run path dependencies and cultural legacies, and shows how these contribute crucially to the current cultural construction of economic systems, business organisations and patterns of embedding the economy into society and politics.
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Migration Between States and Markets

Author: H. B. Entzinger,Marco Martiniello,Catherine Wihtol de Wenden

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5980

Analyzing the tension between the need for migrant labour and the desire by governments to restrict immigration, this groundbreaking volume debates whether this tension can be overcome and, if so, how this is being achieved. The book adopts a truly global approach to contemporary issues of international migration related to citizenship, integration, transnationalism, brain drain, undocumented migration and related subjects. Experiences from Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia are presented by authors who are native to these countries. Their findings reflect the similarities many countries face in spite of significant differences in development levels and in migration experience. Despite the variety of cases, the contributors arrive at a common conclusion, indicating that their research is applicable the world over. A truly comprehensive volume edited by three of the best-known writers on migration topics in Europe, it will prove indispensable for academics, specialists, researchers and policy makers who are particularly interested in international migration, migration policy and economic development.
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