Civilization in the West

Author: Mark A. Kishlansky,Patrick J. Geary,Patricia O'Brien

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780321105011

Category: History

Page: 1014

View: 1102

Blending social and political history into a narrative, this book tells a story of Western Civilization through an image-based approach. It illustrates a theme of the chapter and explores the impression of each image. The presentation of geography guides students around the changing contours of the West through maps and Geographic Tours of Europe.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Aging in Nineteenth-Century Culture

Author: Anne-Julia Zwierlein,Katharina Boehm,Anna Farkas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136669094

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 9234

This essay collection develops new perspectives on constructions of old age in literary, legal, scientific and periodical cultures of the nineteenth century. Rigorously interdisciplinary, the book places leading researchers of old age in nineteenth-century literature in dialogue with experts from the fields of cultural, legal and social history. It revisits the origins of many modern debates about aging in the nineteenth century – a period that saw the emergence of cultural and scientific frameworks for the understanding of old age that continue to be influential today. The contributors provide fresh readings of canonical texts by Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Anthony Trollope, Thomas Hardy, Henry James and others. The volume builds momentum in the burgeoning field of aging studies. It argues that the study of old age in the nineteenth century has entered a new and distinctly interdisciplinary phase that is characterized by a set of research interests that are currently shared across a range of disciplines and that explore conceptions of old age in the nineteenth century by privileging, respectively, questions of agency, of place, of gender and sexuality, and of narrative and aesthetic form.

Poverty and Poor Law Reform in Nineteenth-Century Britain, 1834-1914

From Chadwick to Booth

Author: David Englander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317883217

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 2111

The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 is one of the most important pieces of social legislation ever enacted. Its principles and the workhouse system dominated attitudes to welfare provision for the next 80 years. This new Seminar Study explores the changing ideas to poverty over this period and assesses current debates on Victorian attitudes to the poor. David Englander reviews the old system of poor relief; he considers how the New Poor Law was enacted and received and looks at how it worked in practice. The chapter on the Scottish experience will be particularly welcomed, as will Dr Englander's discussion of the place of the Poor Law within British history.

"Das Kapital" und Vorarbeiten

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels,Izumi Omura,Regina Roth,Rolf Dlubek,Carl-Erich Vollgraf,Internationale Marx-Engels-Stiftung,Vera Morozova,Eike Kopf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783050037974

Category: Socialism

Page: 556

View: 4300


Medicine, Charity and Mutual Aid

The Consumption of Health and Welfare in Britain, c.1550–1950

Author: Dr Anne Borsay,Dr Peter Shapely

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409479633

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 1114

The history of the voluntary sector in British towns and cities has received increasing scholarly attention in recent years. Nevertheless, whilst there have been a number of valuable contributions looking at issues such as charity as a key welfare provider, charity and medicine, and charity and power in the community, there has been no book length exploration of the role and position of the recipient. By focusing on the recipients of charity, rather than the donors or institutions, this volume tackles searching questions of social control and cohesion, and the relationship between providers and recipients in a new and revealing manner. It is shown how these issues changed over the course of the nineteenth century, as the frontier between the state and the voluntary sector shifted away from charity towards greater reliance on public finance, workers' contributions, and mutual aid. In turn, these new sources of assistance enriched civil society, encouraging democratization, empowerment and social inclusion for previously marginalized members of the community. The book opens with an introduction that locates medicine, charity and mutual aid within their broad historiographical and urban contexts. Twelve archive-based, inter-related chapters follow. Their main chronological focus is the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which witnessed such momentous changes in the attitudes to, and allocation of, charity and poor relief. However, individual chapters on the early modern period, the eighteenth century and the aftermath of the Second World War provide illuminating context and help ensure that the volume provides a systematic overview of the subject that will be of interest to social, urban, and medical historians.

Family Fictions and Family Facts

Harriet Martineau, Adolphe Quetelet and the Population Question in England 1798-1859

Author: Brian Cooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113474756X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6673

Classical political economy rests on the assumption that the market and the family are overlapping and mutually dependent realms, dominated in turn by economic men and domestic women. Here, Brian Cooper explores the role of economic theory in 'normalizing' the family in the first half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on a wide range of sources - novels, books on etiquette and statistical sources, as well as works of economics - the book examines the impacts of these different forms on contemporary debate and will be of interest to historians of economic thought, feminist economics and those interested in rhetoric and economics.

Twentieth-Century Mass Society in Britain and the Netherlands

Author: Bob Moore,Henk van Nierop

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1845205251

Category: History

Page: 193

View: 3454

From the beginning of the nineteenth century, Western Europe witnessed the emergence of a 'mass' society. Grand social processes, such as urbanization, industrialization and democratization, blurred the previous sharp distinctions that had divided society. This massive transformation is central to our understanding of modern society. Comparing the British and Dutch experience of mass society in the twentieth century, this book considers five major areas: politics, welfare, media, leisure and youth culture. In each section, two well-known specialists - one from each country - examine the conditions behind the rise of a mass society, and show how these conditions were distinctively British or Dutch. Drawing on history, cultural studies and sociology, the authors bring new insight into the development of modern European society.

Victorian Women, Unwed Mothers and the London Foundling Hospital

Author: Jessica A. Sheetz-Nguyen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441194541

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5759

This volume seeks to address the questions of poverty, charity, and public welfare, taking the nineteenth-century London Foundling Hospital as its focus. It delineates the social rules that constructed the gendered world of the Victorian age, and uses 'respectability' as a factor for analysis: the women who successfully petitioned the Foundling Hospital for admission of their infants were not East End prostitutes, but rather unmarried women, often domestic servants, determined to maintain social respectability. The administrators of the Foundling Hospital reviewed over two hundred petitions annually; deliberated on about one hundred cases; and accepted not more than 25 per cent of all cases. Using primary material from the Foundling Hospital's extensive archives, this study moves methodically from the broad social and geographical context of London and the Foundling Hospital itself, to the micro-historical case data of individual mothers and infants.

A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain

Author: Chris Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405156791

Category: History

Page: 606

View: 1808

A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain presents 33 essays by expert scholars on all the major aspects of the political, social, economic and cultural history of Britain during the late Georgian and Victorian eras. Truly British, rather than English, in scope. Pays attention to the experiences of women as well as of men. Illustrated with maps and charts. Includes guides to further reading.

Private Women and the Public Good

Charity and State Formation in Hamilton, Ontario, 1846-93

Author: Carmen J. Nielson

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774826932

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1367

In 1846, a group of women came together to form what would become one of Hamilton's most important social welfare institutions. Through the Ladies Benevolent Society and Hamilton Orphan Asylum, they managed and administered a charitable visiting society, orphan asylum, and aged women's home. In Private Women and the Public Good, Carmen J. Nielson explores the tension inherent in nineteenth-century women's charitable work, nominally private because it was voluntary and female, but also sustained by public monies, legitimated by law, and serving the so-called public good.

Law and Government in England during the Long Eighteenth Century

From Consent to Command

Author: D. Lemmings

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230354408

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 6890

Over the long eighteenth century English governance was transformed by large adjustments to the legal instruments and processes of power. This book documents and analyzes these shifts and focuses upon the changing relations between legal authority and the English people.

Healthcare in Private and Public from the Early Modern Period to 2000

Author: Paul Weindling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317578295

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7138

A key volume on a central aspect of the history of medicine and its social relations, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private examines how the modernisation of healthcare resulted in a wide variety of changing social arrangements in both public and private spheres. This book considers a comprehensive range of topics ranging from children's health, mental disorders and the influence of pharmaceutical companies to the systems of twentieth century healthcare in Britain, Eastern Europe and South Africa. Covering a broad chronological, thematic and global scope, chapters discuss key themes such as how changing economies have influenced configurations of healthcare, how access has varied according to lifecycle, ethnicity and wealth, and how definitions of public and private have shifted over time. Containing illustrations and a general introduction that outlines the key themes discussed in the volume, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private is essential reading for any student interested in the history of medicine.

A Brief History of Life in Victorian Britain

Author: Michael Paterson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1472107675

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 1414

The Victorian era has dominated the popular imagination like no other period, but these myths and stories also give a very distorted view of the 19th century. The early Victorians were much stranger that we usually imagine, and their world would have felt very different from our own and it was only during the long reign of the Queen that a modern society emerged in unexpected ways. Using character portraits, events, and key moments Paterson brings the real life of Victorian Britain alive - from the lifestyles of the aristocrats to the lowest ranks of the London slums. This includes the right way to use a fan, why morning visits were conducted in the afternoon, what the Victorian family ate and how they enjoyed their free time, as well as the Victorian legacy today - convenience food, coffee bars, window shopping, mass media, and celebrity culture. Praise for Dicken's London: Out of the babble of voices, Michael Paterson has been able to extract the essence of London itself. Read this book and re-enter the labyrinth of a now-ancient city.' Peter Ackroyd

Social Epidemiology

Author: Lisa F. Berkman,Professor and Chair Department of Health and Social Behavior Lisa F Berkman, PH.D.,Ichiro Kawachi,Professor of Social Epidemiology & Chairman of the Department of Society Human Development and Health Ichiro Kawachi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195083316

Category: Medical

Page: 391

View: 8439

This book shows the important links between social conditions and health and begins to describe the processes through which these health inequalities may be generated. It reviews a range of methodologies that could be used by health researchers in this field and proposes innovative future research directions.

Child Labour in Britain, 1750-1870

Author: Peter Kirby

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137172819

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 3162

What kinds of jobs did children do in the past, and how widespread was their employment? Why did so many poor families put their children to work? How did the state respond to child labour? What problems arise in the interpretation of evidence of child employment? Child Labour in Britain, 1750-1870 - Offers a broad empirical analysis of how the work of children was integrated with the major economic and occupational changes of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain - argues that working children occupied a unique position within the context of the family, the labour market and the state - discusses the key issues involved in the study of children's employment In this clear and concise study, Peter Kirby convincingly argues that child labour provided an invaluable contribution to economic growth and the incomes of working-class households. Consequently, the picture that emerges is much more complex than that portrayed in many traditional approaches to the subject.

Differences that Matter

Social Policy and the Working Poor in the United States and Canada

Author: Dan Zuberi

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801444074

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 5052

This book shines a spotlight on the causes and consequences of working poverty, revealing how the lives of low-wage workers are affected by differences in health care, labor, and social welfare policy in the United States and Canada. Dan Zuberi's conclusions are based on survey data, eighteen months of participant observation fieldwork, and in-depth interviews with seventy-seven hotel employees working in parallel jobs on both sides of the border. Two hotel chains, each with one union and one non-union hotel in Seattle and Vancouver, provide a vivid crossnational comparison because they are similar in so many regards, the one major exception being government policy. Zuberi demonstrates how labor, health, social welfare, and public investment policy affect these hotel workers and their families. His book challenges the myth that globalization necessarily means hospitality jobs must be insecure and pay poverty wages and makes clear the critical role played by government policy in the reduction of poverty and creation of economic equality. Zuberi shows exactly where and how the social policies that distinguish the Canadian welfare state from the U.S. version make a difference in protecting Canadian workers from the hardships that burden low-wage workers in the United States. Differences That Matter, which is filled with first-person accounts, ends with policy recommendations and a call for grassroots community organizing.

Perspectives on Student Behaviour in Schools

Exploring Theory and Developing Practice

Author: Mere Berryman,Ted Glynn,Janice Wearmouth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134259115

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 1084

The authors of this comprehensive text discuss the root causes of disruptive behaviour, tackle assessment issues and develop effective intervention strategies that will be of practical use to teachers and other educators. Whilst theorising behaviour management from a range of perspectives: psychodynamic, behavioural and socio-cultural, the authors remain firmly focused on practical issues of policy making, assessment and intervention, and address a wide range of related issues, such as: policy in relation to behaviour in schools at local authority, national and international level cultural concerns, race, gender, school discipline and exclusion medical perspectives of topical interest such as ADHD, autism and diet assessment at district, community, classroom and individual level, and how these underpin theory. This book will appeal to anyone for whom behaviour in schools is a key concern, such as student teachers, teacher educators, senior school managers and practising teachers undertaking further study in the field.