Civilization in the West

Author: Mark A. Kishlansky,Patrick J. Geary,Patricia O'Brien

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780321105011

Category: History

Page: 1014

View: 8326

Blending social and political history into a narrative, this book tells a story of Western Civilization through an image-based approach. It illustrates a theme of the chapter and explores the impression of each image. The presentation of geography guides students around the changing contours of the West through maps and Geographic Tours of Europe.
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A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain

Author: Chris Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405156791

Category: History

Page: 606

View: 2369

A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain presents 33 essays by expert scholars on all the major aspects of the political, social, economic and cultural history of Britain during the late Georgian and Victorian eras. Truly British, rather than English, in scope. Pays attention to the experiences of women as well as of men. Illustrated with maps and charts. Includes guides to further reading.
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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Aging in Nineteenth-Century Culture

Author: Anne-Julia Zwierlein,Katharina Boehm,Anna Farkas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136669094

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 7957

This essay collection develops new perspectives on constructions of old age in literary, legal, scientific and periodical cultures of the nineteenth century. Rigorously interdisciplinary, the book places leading researchers of old age in nineteenth-century literature in dialogue with experts from the fields of cultural, legal and social history. It revisits the origins of many modern debates about aging in the nineteenth century – a period that saw the emergence of cultural and scientific frameworks for the understanding of old age that continue to be influential today. The contributors provide fresh readings of canonical texts by Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Anthony Trollope, Thomas Hardy, Henry James and others. The volume builds momentum in the burgeoning field of aging studies. It argues that the study of old age in the nineteenth century has entered a new and distinctly interdisciplinary phase that is characterized by a set of research interests that are currently shared across a range of disciplines and that explore conceptions of old age in the nineteenth century by privileging, respectively, questions of agency, of place, of gender and sexuality, and of narrative and aesthetic form.
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The Politics of Madness

The State, Insanity and Society in England, 1845–1914

Author: Joseph Melling,Bill Forsythe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134417101

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 8396

The discovery and treatment of insanity remains one of the most debated and discussed issues in social history. Focusing on the second half of the nineteenth century, The Politics of Madness provides a new perspective on this important topic, based on research drawn from both local and national material. Within a social and cultural history of the English political and class order, it presents a fresh appraisal of the significance of the asylum in the decades following the creation of a national asylum system in 1845. Arguing that the new asylums provided a meeting place for different social interests and aspirations, the text asserts that this then marked a transition in provincial power relations from the landed interests to the new coalition of professional, commercial and populist groups, which gained control of the public asylums at the end of the period surveyed.
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Victorians and the Case for Charity

Essays on Responses to English Poverty by the State, the Church and the Literati

Author: Marilyn D. Button,Jessica A. Sheetz-Nguyen

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786470321

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 4965

This collection of all new essays seeks to answer a series of questions surrounding the Victorian response to poverty in Britain. In short, what did various layers of society say the poor deserved and what did they do to help them? The work is organized against the backdrop of the 1834 New Poor Laws, recognizing that poverty garnered considerable attention in England because of its pervasive and painful presence. Each essay examines a different initiative to help the poor. Taking an historical tack, the essayists begin with the royal perspective and move into the responses of Church of England members, Evangelicals, and Roman Catholics; the social engagement of the literati is discussed as well. This collection reflects the real, monetary, spiritual and emotional investments of individuals, public institutions, private charities, and religious groups who struggled to address the needs of the poor.
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Poverty and Poor Law Reform in Nineteenth-Century Britain, 1834-1914

From Chadwick to Booth

Author: David Englander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317883217

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 5733

The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 is one of the most important pieces of social legislation ever enacted. Its principles and the workhouse system dominated attitudes to welfare provision for the next 80 years. This new Seminar Study explores the changing ideas to poverty over this period and assesses current debates on Victorian attitudes to the poor. David Englander reviews the old system of poor relief; he considers how the New Poor Law was enacted and received and looks at how it worked in practice. The chapter on the Scottish experience will be particularly welcomed, as will Dr Englander's discussion of the place of the Poor Law within British history.
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"Das Kapital" und Vorarbeiten

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels,Izumi Omura,Regina Roth,Rolf Dlubek,Carl-Erich Vollgraf,Internationale Marx-Engels-Stiftung,Vera Morozova,Eike Kopf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783050037974

Category: Socialism

Page: 556

View: 2362

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Welfare Peripheries

The Development of Welfare States in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Europe

Author: Steven King,John Stewart

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039101764

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 4945

This volume investigates the development of welfare structures in the peripheral states of Europe. Focusing on Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Finland, The Netherlands, Denmark and Norway, it explores what the welfare systems shared in common with each other and where the experiences of these states differed from other European welfare structures.
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Transient Solutions to Enduring Problems

Lansing's Single Mother Parents' Struggles to Survive Amid Conflicting Beliefs and Perspectives on Poverty, Welfare and Workfare, and Inadequate Resource Supplies

Author: Teshome Tadesse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Homelessness

Page: N.A

View: 8872

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Disease, Medicine and Society in England, 1550-1860

Author: Roy Porter,Economic History Society

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521557917

Category: History

Page: 78

View: 2120

In his short but authoritative study, Roy Porter assesses the impact of disease on the English before the widespread availability and public provision of medical care, incorporating into the revised edition new perspectives offered by recent research. He examines the medical profession, attitudes to doctors and disease, and the development of state involvement in public health. Drawing together much fragmentary material and providing a detailed bibliography, this book is an important guide to the history of medicine and to English social history.
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The Qajar Pact

Bargaining, Protest and the State in Nineteenth-Century Persia

Author: Vanessa Martin

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850437635

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 8599

The Qajar Pact explores new perspectives on the nineteenth-century Iranian state and society, and is the first broad study of lower social groups in this period. Vanessa Martin argues that Qajar government was certainly despotic, but was also founded on a consensus based on the Islamic principles of consultation and negotiation. The author focuses on the role of the non-elite groups in urban society up to the years before the Constitutional Revolution.
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Poverty and Deviance in Early Modern Europe

Author: Robert Jütte

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521423229

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 4182

An accessible and authoritative account of poverty and deviance during the early modern period.
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Medicine, Charity and Mutual Aid

The Consumption of Health and Welfare in Britain, c.1550–1950

Author: Dr Anne Borsay,Dr Peter Shapely

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409479633

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 5618

The history of the voluntary sector in British towns and cities has received increasing scholarly attention in recent years. Nevertheless, whilst there have been a number of valuable contributions looking at issues such as charity as a key welfare provider, charity and medicine, and charity and power in the community, there has been no book length exploration of the role and position of the recipient. By focusing on the recipients of charity, rather than the donors or institutions, this volume tackles searching questions of social control and cohesion, and the relationship between providers and recipients in a new and revealing manner. It is shown how these issues changed over the course of the nineteenth century, as the frontier between the state and the voluntary sector shifted away from charity towards greater reliance on public finance, workers' contributions, and mutual aid. In turn, these new sources of assistance enriched civil society, encouraging democratization, empowerment and social inclusion for previously marginalized members of the community. The book opens with an introduction that locates medicine, charity and mutual aid within their broad historiographical and urban contexts. Twelve archive-based, inter-related chapters follow. Their main chronological focus is the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which witnessed such momentous changes in the attitudes to, and allocation of, charity and poor relief. However, individual chapters on the early modern period, the eighteenth century and the aftermath of the Second World War provide illuminating context and help ensure that the volume provides a systematic overview of the subject that will be of interest to social, urban, and medical historians.
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Family Fictions and Family Facts

Harriet Martineau, Adolphe Quetelet and the Population Question in England 1798-1859

Author: Brian Cooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113474756X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 9775

Classical political economy rests on the assumption that the market and the family are overlapping and mutually dependent realms, dominated in turn by economic men and domestic women. Here, Brian Cooper explores the role of economic theory in 'normalizing' the family in the first half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on a wide range of sources - novels, books on etiquette and statistical sources, as well as works of economics - the book examines the impacts of these different forms on contemporary debate and will be of interest to historians of economic thought, feminist economics and those interested in rhetoric and economics.
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Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

International Perspectives

Author: Jon Lawrence,Pat Starkey

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9780853236764

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 7534

Recent historical work has done much to focus attention on changing conceptions of children's rights during the 19th and 20th centuries. These essays address a variety of themes including the abuse of children, and the role of the welfare state.
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Twentieth-Century Mass Society in Britain and the Netherlands

Author: Bob Moore,Henk van Nierop

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1845205251

Category: History

Page: 193

View: 9795

From the beginning of the nineteenth century, Western Europe witnessed the emergence of a 'mass' society. Grand social processes, such as urbanization, industrialization and democratization, blurred the previous sharp distinctions that had divided society. This massive transformation is central to our understanding of modern society. Comparing the British and Dutch experience of mass society in the twentieth century, this book considers five major areas: politics, welfare, media, leisure and youth culture. In each section, two well-known specialists - one from each country - examine the conditions behind the rise of a mass society, and show how these conditions were distinctively British or Dutch. Drawing on history, cultural studies and sociology, the authors bring new insight into the development of modern European society.
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Victorian Women, Unwed Mothers and the London Foundling Hospital

Author: Jessica A. Sheetz-Nguyen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441194541

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8888

This volume seeks to address the questions of poverty, charity, and public welfare, taking the nineteenth-century London Foundling Hospital as its focus. It delineates the social rules that constructed the gendered world of the Victorian age, and uses 'respectability' as a factor for analysis: the women who successfully petitioned the Foundling Hospital for admission of their infants were not East End prostitutes, but rather unmarried women, often domestic servants, determined to maintain social respectability. The administrators of the Foundling Hospital reviewed over two hundred petitions annually; deliberated on about one hundred cases; and accepted not more than 25 per cent of all cases. Using primary material from the Foundling Hospital's extensive archives, this study moves methodically from the broad social and geographical context of London and the Foundling Hospital itself, to the micro-historical case data of individual mothers and infants.
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