Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse,David M. Danko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726802

Category: Science

Page: 1120

View: 2510

Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.
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Geographic Information

Organization, Access, and Use

Author: Wade Bishop,Tony H. Grubesic

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319227890

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 9592

The history and future of geographic information (GI) in the context of big data creates new avenues of concern over its organization, access and use. In this book the authors explore both the background and present challenges facing the preservation of GI, focusing on the roles of librarians, archivists, data scientists, and other information professionals in the creation of GI records for its organization, access, and use.
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Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

Author: Philip J. Landrigan,Ruth A. Etzel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199336660

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 2350

Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes. Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting evidence that children are exquisitely sensitive to their environment-and that exposure during their developmental "windows of susceptibility" can trigger cellular changes that lead to disease and disability in infancy, childhood, and across the life span-there is a compelling need for continued scientific study of the relationship between children's health and environment. The Textbook of Children's Environmental Health codifies the knowledge base and offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to this important new field. Edited by two internationally recognized pioneers in the area, this volume presents up-to-date information on the chemical, biological, physical, and societal hazards that confront children in today's world: pesticides, indoor and outdoor air pollution, lead, arsenic, phthalates, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic fields, and the built environment. It presents carefully documented data on rising rates of disease in children, offers a critical summary of new research linking pediatric disease with environmental exposures, and explores the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying diseases of environmental origin. With this volume's emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, readers will find practical approaches to channeling scientific findings into evidence-based strategies for preventing and identifying the environmental hazards that cause disease in children. It is a landmark work that will serve as the field's benchmark for years to come.
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The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges,Helen Couclelis,Robert McMaster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147397125X

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 8881

"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.
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Handbook on Advances in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems

Paradigms and Applications in Forest Landscape Modeling

Author: Margarita N. Favorskaya,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523082

Category: Computers

Page: 415

View: 1361

This book presents the latest advances in remote-sensing and geographic information systems and applications. It is divided into four parts, focusing on Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) and Optical Measurements of Forests; Individual Tree Modelling; Landscape Scene Modelling; and Forest Eco-system Modelling. Given the scope of its coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for students, researchers, practitioners, and educators interested in remote sensing and geographic information systems and applications.
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The Handbook of Geographic Information Science

Author: John P. Wilson,A. Stewart Fotheringham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470766530

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 2043

This Handbook is an essential reference and a guide to the rapidly expanding field of Geographic Information Science. Designed for students and researchers who want an in-depth treatment of the subject, including background information Comprises around 40 substantial essays, each written by a recognized expert in a particular area Covers the full spectrum of research in GIS Surveys the increasing number of applications of GIS Predicts how GIS is likely to evolve in the near future
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Springer Handbook of Automation

Author: Shimon Y. Nof

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354078831X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1812

View: 9678

This handbook incorporates new developments in automation. It also presents a widespread and well-structured conglomeration of new emerging application areas, such as medical systems and health, transportation, security and maintenance, service, construction and retail as well as production or logistics. The handbook is not only an ideal resource for automation experts but also for people new to this expanding field.
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Satellitengeodäsie

Grundlagen, Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Günter Seeber

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110849771

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 4528

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Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Author: Peter Teunissen,Oliver Montenbruck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319429280

Category: Science

Page: 1327

View: 1857

This Handbook presents a complete and rigorous overview of the fundamentals, methods and applications of the multidisciplinary field of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), providing an exhaustive, one-stop reference work and a state-of-the-art description of GNSS as a key technology for science and society at large. All global and regional satellite navigation systems, both those currently in operation and those under development (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, IRNSS/NAVIC, SBAS), are examined in detail. The functional principles of receivers and antennas, as well as the advanced algorithms and models for GNSS parameter estimation, are rigorously discussed. The book covers the broad and diverse range of land, marine, air and space applications, from everyday GNSS to high-precision scientific applications and provides detailed descriptions of the most widely used GNSS format standards, covering receiver formats as well as IGS product and meta-data formats. The full coverage of the field of GNSS is presented in seven parts, from its fundamentals, through the treatment of global and regional navigation satellite systems, of receivers and antennas, and of algorithms and models, up to the broad and diverse range of applications in the areas of positioning and navigation, surveying, geodesy and geodynamics, and remote sensing and timing. Each chapter is written by international experts and amply illustrated with figures and photographs, making the book an invaluable resource for scientists, engineers, students and institutions alike.
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Lévi-Strauss

Biographie

Author: Emmanuelle Loyer

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737775

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 1000

View: 9872

Wissenschaftler, Schriftsteller, Melancholiker, Ästhet – Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908-2009) hat nicht nur Wissenschaftsgeschichte geschrieben, sondern auch unseren Blick auf uns selbst und auf die Welt verändert. In ihrer preisgekrönten Biographie durchmisst die Historikerin Emmanuelle Loyer das Leben und den intellektuellen Werdegang des weltberühmten Anthropologen. Auf Basis bisher unveröffentlichter Quellen schildert Loyer fesselnd die Persönlichkeit und die Entwicklung von Lévi-Strauss: seine Kindheit im jüdisch assimilierten Elternhaus, seine vielversprechende Jugend- und Studienzeit sowie seine ersten politischen und intellektuellen Suchbewegungen. Es folgen die inzwischen legendäre Expedition ins Innerste Brasiliens, das Exil in Amerika, die Begründung des Strukturalismus. Nach dem Krieg und der Rückkehr nach Frankreich beginnt die Zeit des Schreibens, des Ruhms und der Ehrungen. Die Traurigen Tropen erscheinen und werden ein Welterfolg. Lévi-Strauss avanciert zu einem französischen Nationalhelden. Doch in seinen vielfältigen öffentlichen und politischen Interventionen bewahrt er sich stets den »Blick aus der Ferne«. Loyers Biographie erzählt von einem Leben als intellektuellem Abenteuer – einem Abenteuer, das fortwirkt.
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Formale Begriffsanalyse

Mathematische Grundlagen

Author: Bernhard Ganter,Rudolf Wille

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642614507

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 8560

Dieses erste Lehrbuch zur Formalen Begriffsanalyse gibt eine systematische Darstellung der mathematischen Grundlagen und ihrer Verbindung zu Anwendungen in der Informatik, insbesondere in der Datenanalyse und Wissensverarbeitung. Das Buch vermittelt vor allem Methoden der graphischen Darstellung von Begriffssystemen, die sich in der Wissenskommunikation bestens bewährt haben. Theorie und graphische Darstellung werden dabei eng miteinander verknüpft. Die mathematischen Grundlagen werden vollständig abgehandelt und durch zahlreiche Beispiele anschaulich gemacht. Da zur Wissensverarbeitung immer stärker der Computer genutzt wird, gewinnen formale Methoden begrifflicher Analyse überall an Bedeutung. Das Buch macht die dafür grundlegende Theorie in kompakter Form zugänglich.
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Geofernerkundung

Grundlagen und Anwendungen

Author: Friedrich Kühn,Bernhard Hörig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642578292

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 3190

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Bergbau und Hüttenwesen

Für weitere Kreise dargestellt

Author: Emil Treptow,Fritz Wüst,Wilhelm Borchers

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662303345

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 9912

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Logische Grundlagen der Künstlichen Intelligenz

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322928810

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 6428

Das Buch ist die deutsche Übersetzung des Standardwerkes der Stanforder Professoren Michael R. Genesereth und Nils J. Nilsson.Im Unterschied zu deutschen Lehrbüchern der Informatik zeichnet sich das Buch dadurch aus, daß es einen gut lesbaren Überblick gibt, ohne allzu formalistisch zu werden, gleichwohl aber von hohem Niveau ist und die Ergebnisse jüngster Forschung berücksichtigt. Das Buch empfiehlt sich sowohl für Studenten und Dozenten der Inf ormatik, aber auch für Forscher aus anderen Gebieten, die von den Grundlagen der Künstlichen Intelligenz profitieren möchten.
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Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

Von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung

Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406625053

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1515

Zum Buch Alle sprechen vom Wetter. Darüber, wie es werden wird, gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als je zuvor. Aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 oder vor 5000 Jahren? Wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters herausfinden? Schließlich: Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen der Vergangenheit auf den Menschen, seine Lebensweise und seine Kultur ausgewirkt? Der Historiker Wolfgang Behringer erschließt uns in einem faszinierenden Streifzug, was wir über Klimaänderungen und ihre kulturellen Konsequenzen vom Holozän bis ins 21. Jahrhundert wissen. Er führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung und zeigt uns, welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des Homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten. Sein spannendes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen, mit welchen Schwierigkeiten, manchmal aber auch mit welch angenehmen Wetterepochen unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umgingen. Das lehrt uns nicht zuletzt Mut zu fassen, den Klimawandel als die Herausforderung unserer Gegenwart zu begreifen und in einem besseren Sinne als bisher zu beeinflussen.
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Handbook of Applied Spatial Analysis

Software Tools, Methods and Applications

Author: Manfred M. Fischer,Arthur Getis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642036477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 811

View: 9063

The Handbook is written for academics, researchers, practitioners and advanced graduate students. It has been designed to be read by those new or starting out in the field of spatial analysis as well as by those who are already familiar with the field. The chapters have been written in such a way that readers who are new to the field will gain important overview and insight. At the same time, those readers who are already practitioners in the field will gain through the advanced and/or updated tools and new materials and state-of-the-art developments included. This volume provides an accounting of the diversity of current and emergent approaches, not available elsewhere despite the many excellent journals and te- books that exist. Most of the chapters are original, some few are reprints from the Journal of Geographical Systems, Geographical Analysis, The Review of Regional Studies and Letters of Spatial and Resource Sciences. We let our contributors - velop, from their particular perspective and insights, their own strategies for m- ping the part of terrain for which they were responsible. As the chapters were submitted, we became the first consumers of the project we had initiated. We gained from depth, breadth and distinctiveness of our contributors’ insights and, in particular, the presence of links between them.
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Handbook of Alien Species in Europe

Author: Delivering Alien Invasive Species

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402082800

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 5479

Biological invasions by alien (non-native) species are widely recognized as a significant component of human-caused global environmental change and the second most important cause of biodiversity decline. Alien species threaten many European ecosystems and have serious environmental, economic and health impacts. The DAISIE (Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe) project has now brought together all available information on alien species in Europe (terrestrial, aquatic and marine) and from all taxa (fungi, plants, animals). Thus for the first time, an overview and assessment of biological invasions in the Pan-European region is finally possible. The Handbook of Alien Species in Europe summarises the major findings of this groundbreaking research and addresses the invasion trends, pathways, and both economic as well as ecological impact for eight major taxonomic groups. Approximately 11.000 alien species recorded in Europe are listed, and fact sheets for 100 of the most invasive alien species are included, each with a distribution map and colour illustration. The book is complemented by a regularly updated internet database providing free additional information. With its highly interdisciplinary approach, DAISIE and its Handbook will be the basis for future scientific investigations as well as management and control of alien invasive species in Europe.
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