Speaking in God's Name

Islamic Law, Authority and Women

Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780744684

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 2694

This challenging new book reviews the ethics at the heart of the Islamic legal system, and suggests that these laws have been misinterpreted by certain sources in an attempt to control women.
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Women's Rights and Islamic Family Law

Perspectives on Reform

Author: Lynn Welchman

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842770955

Category: Religion

Page: 300

View: 9030

The family is where legal rules presented as part of the Islamic shari`a are most widely applied in the Muslim world. This connection, often differently elaborated by particular social constituencies, can present difficulties to the advocates of law reform. At the same time, the resonance of the issues at which advocacy is targeted creates an opportunity for creative exchange in addressing practical strategies for change. This volume explores the present-day realities of Islamic family law, with particular emphasis on the rights of women, and focusing on law in its living social context as reflected in public opinion and personal experience.Three contrasting country cases have been selected: * Egypt, with a majority Muslim population, the most populous Arab state with a tradition of regional leadership in matters legal, and a constitutional clause on the place of 'principles of the shari`a' as the principal source of legislation * The West Bank and Gaza, also with a majority Muslim population, but with no sovereign power and no national legislation on the issue -- family law here having become a contested site between different visions of national identity in the process of trying to build a Palestinian state* The United States of America, where some in the minority Muslim communities seek to regulate their family relations in accordance with 'principles of the shari`a' within the context of the domestic legal framework of a non-Muslim state applying civil law requirements to all family matters A concluding study ranges further afield in order to explore the challenges and potential of 'principles of shari`a' in advocacy on the question of violence against women. This book makes possible a detailed examination of possibilities of, and constraints on, legal reform in the area of Islamic family law in specific contemporary contexts.
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Islam, Frauen und Europa

Islamischer Feminismus und Gender Jihad - neue Wege für Musliminnen in Europa

Author: Ina Wunn,Mualla Selçuk

Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 3170270680

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 8206

Die Debatte über "islamischen Feminismus" und "Gender Jihad" gewinnt im europäischen, in den letzten Jahren besonders auch im deutschsprachigen Raum an Intensität und handlungsbezogener Relevanz. Im Kontext des westlichen Feminismus und westlicher feministischer Theologie wird der interkulturelle bzw. interreligiöse Dialog, vor allem auch im Prozess politischer Entscheidungsfindung, immer wichtiger. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes geben einen umfassenden Einblick in diesen Diskurs mit folgenden thematischen Schwerpunkten: Weibliche Koranexegese und Texthermeneutik - Islamischer Feminismus und die Diskussion über soziale und politische Handlungsstrategien - Frauenrechte als Menschenrechte und die Situation der Musliminnen mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund - Formen, Aufgaben und Problem-/Konfliktzonen des interkulturellen und interreligiösen Dialogs.
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A New Introduction to Islam

Author: Daniel W. Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357727

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 1194

The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations
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Islam and Literalism: Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory

Literal Meaning and Interpretation in Islamic Legal Theory

Author: Robert Gleave

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748631135

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 2569

In this reading of Islamic legal hermeneutics, Robert Gleave explores various competing notions of literal meaning, linked to both theological doctrine and historical developments, together with insights from modern semantic and pragmatic philosophers. Literal meaning is what a text means in itself, regardless of what its author intends to convey or the reader understands to be its message. As Islamic law is based on the central texts of Islam, the idea of a literal meaning that rules over human attempts to understand God's message has resulted in a series of debates amongst modern Muslim legal theorists.
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Religion and the Death Penalty

A Call for Reckoning

Author: Erik Owens,John D. Carlson,Eric P. Elshtain

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802821720

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 2661

Series Foreword p. viii Foreword Jean Bethke Elshtain p. x Preface p. xiii Contributors p. xvi Religion and Capital Punishment: An Introduction Erik C. Owens and Eric P. Elshtain p. 1 I Faith Traditions and the Death Penalty 1. Catholic Teaching on the Death Penalty: Has It Changed? Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. p. 23 2. Can Capital Punishment Ever Be Justified in the Jewish Tradition? David Novak p. 31 3. The Death Penalty: A Protestant Perspective Gilbert Meilaender p. 48 4. Punishing Christians: A Pacifist Approach to the Issue of Capital Punishment Stanley Hauerwas p. 57 5. The Death Penalty, Mercy, and Islam: A Call for Retrospection Khaled Abou El Fadl p. 73 II Theological Reflections on the Death Penalty 6. Categorical Pardon: On the Argument for Abolishing Capital Punishment J. Budziszewski p. 109 7. Biblical Perspectives on the Death Penalty Michael L. Westmoreland-White and Glen H. Stassen p. 123 8. Christian Witness, Moral Anthropology, and the Death Penalty Richard W. Garnett p. 139 9. Human Nature, Limited Justice, and the Irony of Capital Punishment John D. Carlson p. 158 10. Responsibility, Vengeance, and the Death Penalty Victor Anderson p. 195 III Personal Commitments and Public Responsibilities 11. The Death Penalty: What's All the Debate About? Frank Keating p. 213 12. Reflections on the Death Penalty and the Moratorium George H. Ryan p. 221 13. God's Justice and Ours: The Morality of Judicial Participation in the Death Penalty Antonin Scalia p. 231 14. Why I Oppose Capital Punishment Mario M. Cuomo p. 240 15. Capital Punishment: Is It Wise? Paul Simon p. 248 16. Facing the Jury: The Moral Trials of a Prosecutor in a Capital Case Beth Wilkinson p. 254 17. The Problem of Forgiveness: Reflections of a Public Defender and a Murder Victim's Family Member Jeanne Bishop p. 264 Afterword: Lifting New Voices against the Death Penalty: Religious Americans and the Debate on Capital Punishment E.J. Dionne Jr. p. 277 Index.
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Gender and Self in Islam

Author: Etin Anwar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135993521

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 367

Using philosophical analysis, this book explores the construction of gender in Muslim societies and its implication to the constitution of the self. The root of the existing discourse of the hierarchical principle is examined as is the extent to which the process of human reproduction, especially the role of women in conception, contributes to an anti-egalitarian theory of gender. The author analyzes the theological, cultural and political apparatus of the masculine conception of femininity and seeks to unfold the process of the alienation of the self from a woman’s sense of individuality, agency, and autonomy. Incorporating traditional Islamic sources, Western feminist texts and Christian texts, Gender and Self in Islam seeks to restructure the contradictory claims of gender hierarchy and egalitarianism and elaborate an alternative set of interpretations that is friendly and inclusive of women.
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Alternative Islamic Discourses and Religious Authority

Author: Dr Carool Kersten,Dr Susanne Olsson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472400534

Category: Religion

Page: 220

View: 8307

Like anywhere else, the present-day Islamic world too is grappling with modernity and postmodernity, secularisation and globalisation. Muslims are raising questions about religious representations and authority. This has given rise to the emergence of alternative Islamic discourses which challenge binary oppositions and dichotomies of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, continuity and change, state and civil society. It also leads to a dispersal of authority, a collapse of existing hierarchical structures and gender roles. This book further argues that the centre of gravity of many of these alternative Islamic discourses is shifting from the Arabic-speaking 'heartland' towards the geographical peripheries of the Muslim world and expatriate Muslims in North America and Europe. At the same time, in view of recent seismic shifts in the political constellation of the Middle East, the trends discussed in this book hold important clues for the possible direction of future developments in that volatile part of the Muslim world.
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Muslims in the United States

The State of Research

Author: Karen Isaksen Leonard

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610443489

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 506

As the United States wages war on terrorism, the country's attention is riveted on the Muslim world as never before. While many cursory press accounts dealing with Muslims in the United States have been published since 9/11, few people are aware of the wealth of scholarly research already available on the American Islamic population. In Muslims in the United States: The State of Research, Karen Isaksen Leonard mines this rich vein of research to provide a fascinating overview of the history and contemporary situation of American Muslim communities. Leonard describes how Islam, never a monolithic religion, has inevitably been shaped by its experience on American soil. American Muslims are a religious minority, and arbiters of Islamic cultural values and jurisprudence must operate within the framework of America's secular social and legal codes, while coping with the ethnic differences among Muslim groups that have long divided their communities. Arab Muslims tend to dominate mosque functions and teaching Arabic and the Qur'an, whereas South Asian Muslims have often focused on the regional and national mobilization of Muslims around religious and political issues. By the end of the 20th century, however, many Muslim immigrants had become American citizens, prompting greater interchange among these groups and bridging some cultural differences. African American Muslims remain the most isolated group—a minority within a minority. Many African American men have converted to Islam while in prison, leading to a special concern among African American Muslims for civil and religious rights within the prison system. Leonard highlights the need to expand our knowledge of African American Muslim movements, which are often not regarded as legitimate by immigrant Muslims. Leonard explores the construction of contemporary American Muslim identities, examining such factors as gender, sexuality, race, class, and generational differences within the many smaller national origin and sectarian Muslim communities, including secular Muslims, Sufis, and fundamentalists. Muslims in the United States provides a thorough account of the impact of September 11th on the Muslim community. Before the terrorist attacks, Muslim leaders had been mostly optimistic, envisioning a growing role for Muslims in U.S. society. Afterward, despite a brave show of unity and support for the nation, Muslim organizations became more open in showing their own conflicts and divisions and more vocal in opposing militant Islamic ideologies. By providing a concise summary of significant historical and contemporary research on Muslims in the United States, this volume will become an essential resource for both the scholar and the general reader interested in understanding the diverse communities that constitute Muslim America.
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The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities

Author: Amanullah De Sondy

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 178093744X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 7083

Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.
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Natural Law

A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Author: Anver M. Emon,Matthew Levering,David Novak

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191016721

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 3485

This book is an examination of natural law doctrine, rooted in the classical writings of our respective three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. Each of the authors provides an extensive essay reflecting on natural law doctrine in his tradition. Each of the authors also provides a thoughtful response to the essays of the other two authors. Readers will gain a sense for how natural law (or cognate terms) resonated with classical thinkers such as Maimonides, Origen, Augustine, al-Ghazali and numerous others. Readers will also be instructed in how the authors think that these sources can be mined for constructive reflection on natural law today. A key theme in each essay is how the particularity of the respective religious tradition is squared with the evident universality of natural law claims. The authors also explore how natural law doctrine functions in particular traditions for reflection upon the religious other.
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Politische Studien

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: N.A

View: 3639

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The First Muslims

History and Memory

Author: Asma Afsaruddin

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 178074448X

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 2812

A fresh look at the origins and development of Islam, this is a fascinating reconstruction of the era of the first three generations of Muslims. Using a wealth of classical Arabic sources, it chronicles the lives of the Prophet Muhammad, his Companions, and the subsequent two generations of Muslims, together known as the "the Pious Forebears" (al-salaf al-salih). Examining the adoption in contemporary times of these early Muslims as legitimizing figureheads for a variety of causes, both religious and political, Afsaruddin tries to establish where their sympathies really lay. Essential reading for anyone interested in the inception of the Islamic Faith, this important book will captivate the general reader and student alike. Asma Afsaruddin is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. She is the author of /Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership/.
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Concilium

Internationale Zeitschrift für Theologie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Theology

Page: N.A

View: 9884

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9647

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States

Author: Jocelyne Cesari

Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group

ISBN: 9780313336256

Category: Reference

Page: 1176

View: 4428

Examines the history, religious practices, theories, and key figures in Islam and how they relate to American religion, culture, society, and politics while essays provides primary documents that reflect different aspects of Islamic culture.
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Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 6906

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.
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Ich bin Malala

Das Mädchen, das die Taliban erschießen wollten, weil es für das Recht auf Bildung kämpft

Author: Malala Yousafzai

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426424231

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 1580

Am 9. Oktober 2012 wird die junge Pakistanerin Malala Yousafzai auf ihrem Schulweg überfallen und niedergeschossen. Die Fünfzehnjährige hatte sich den Taliban widersetzt, die Mädchen verbieten, zur Schule zu gehen. Wie durch ein Wunder kommt Malala mit dem Leben davon. Als im Herbst 2013 ihr Buch "Ich bin Malala" erscheint, ist die Resonanz enorm: Weltweit wird über ihr Schicksal berichtet. Im Juli 2013 hält sie eine beeindruckende Rede vor den Vereinten Nationen. Barack Obama empfängt sie im Weißen Haus, und im Dezember erhält sie den Sacharow-Preis für geistige Freiheit, verliehen vom Europäischen Parlament. Malala Yousafzai lebt heute mit ihrer Familie in England, wo sie wieder zur Schule geht. Malala Yousafzai wird mit dem Friedensnobelpreis 2014 ausgezeichnet. »Dieses Memoir unterstreicht ihre besten Eigenschaften. Ihren Mut und ihre Entschlossenheit kann man nur bewundern. Ihr Hunger nach Bildung und Neugestaltung ist authentisch. Sie wirkt so unschuldig, und da ist diese unverwüstliche Zuversicht. Sie spricht mit einem solchen Gewicht, dass man vergisst, dass Malala erst 16 ist.« The Times »Niemand hat das Recht auf Bildung so knapp, so einprägsam und überzeugend zusammengefasst wie Malala Yousafzai, die tapferste Schülerin der Welt.« Berliner Zeitung »Der mutigste Teenager der Welt« Bild »Bewegend erzählt Malala Yousafzai ihr Schicksal.« Brigitte
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Der Islam

Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft

Author: Hans Küng

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 891

View: 7681

Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Weltreligionen zentrales Thema von Hans Küng. Mit seinen weltweit einflußreichen Büchern hat er Pionierarbeit für einen Dialog der Kulturen geleistet. In seinem neuen großen Werk bietet er eine profunde Gesamtdarstellung des Islam. Er entfaltet eine fundierte Religionsgeschichte, die über Ursprung, Vergangenheit und Gegenwart des islamischen Glaubens bis in seine mögliche Zukunft reicht. Er beschreibt die Paradigmenwechsel im Lauf der 1400jährigen Geschichte des Islams, zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Strömungen nach und sichtet die Positionen des Islam zu den drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart. Detailliert analysiert der Autor zunächst das Feind-, das Ideal- und ein Realbild des Islam und stellt diese in den Kontext der Geschichte Arabiens an der Peripherie der Großreiche. Dabei liegt sein besonderes Augenmerk auf dem Verhältnis zu den beiden anderen abrahamitischen Religionen. Sehr ausführlich werden Inhalt und Bedeutung des Korans dargestellt. Dabei erweist sich vor allem die Analyse der von ihm sehr anschaulich herausgearbeiteten zentralen Paradigmen als hilfreich, denen er die entsprechenden jüdischen und christlichen Glaubensprinzipien gegenüberstellt. Das Buch bietet eine umfassende Analyse der politischen, kulturellen und religiösen Bedeutung der zahlenmäßig größten Weltreligion neben dem Christentum und zeigt: Ohne einen Dialog mit dem Islam wird es weder einen dauerhaften Weltfrieden noch ein konfliktfreies Miteinander mit den Muslimen in Europa geben. Küng versteht sein Weltethos-Projekt als Gegenentwurf zu dem Paradigma eines Clash of Civilizations, dem er unterstellt ideologische Schützenhilfe dabei geleistet zu haben, "nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges das Feindbild Kommunismus durch das Feindbild Islam zu ersetzen, weiterhin eine amerikanische Hochrüstung zu rechtfertigen und, gewollt oder ungewollt, eine günstige Atmosphäre für weitere Kriege zu schaffen"
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