Spatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions

Author: Becky P. Y. Loo,Tessa Kate Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439874131

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 9667

Examine the Prevalence and Geography of Road CollisionsSpatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions centers on the geographical nature of road crashes, and uses spatial methods to provide a greater understanding of the patterns and processes that cause them. Written by internationally known experts in the field of transport geography, the bo
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The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis

Author: A Stewart Fotheringham,Peter A Rogerson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206505

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 3136

The widespread use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has significantly increased the demand for knowledge about spatial analytical techniques across a range of disciplines. As growing numbers of researchers realise they are dealing with spatial data, the demand for specialised statistical and mathematical methods designed to deal with spatial data is undergoing a rapid increase. Responding to this demand, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis is a comprehensive and authoritative discussion of issues and techniques in the field of Spatial Data Analysis. Its principal focus is on: • why the analysis of spatial data needs separate treatment • the main areas of spatial analysis • the key debates within spatial analysis • examples of the application of various spatial analytical techniques • problems in spatial analysis • areas for future research Aimed at an international audience of academics, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis will also prove essential to graduate level students and researchers in government agencies and the private sector.
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Spatial Analysis of Bicycle Use and Accident Risks for Cyclists

Author: Grégory Vandenbulcke-Plasschaert

Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain

ISBN: 2875580191

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 4644

Most developed countries nowadays face environmental, health and mobility problems as a consequence of widespread car use. Policies are now being reappraised in favour of more sustainable modes of transport. In particular, bicycle use holds the potential to provide a 'green' and healthy alternative to car commuting. There are however still important barriers that discourage people cycling... This thesis aims at identifying some of the main factors that influence cycle commuting and cycling accidents. Identifying such factors would in turn provide greater support to enable policy makers developing supportive environmental conditions for cycling. In the first part of this thesis, we examine which factors influence the spatial variation of bicycle use for commuting to work at the level of the municipalities in Belgium. Special attention is paid to bicycle-specific factors and spatial econometric methods are used to account for the presence of spatial effects in the data. The second part of this thesis examines which factors are associated with cycling accidents in Brussels. Spatial point pattern methods extended to networks are used to compare the 'locational tendencies' of cycling accidents officially registered by the police with those that are unregistered. An innovative case-control approach, based on a rigorous sampling design of controls and an exhaustive data collection of spatial factors, is also proposed to allow modelling the risk of cycling accident along the Brussels' road network. This thesis not only provides sound recommendations helping planners and policy makers to encourage bicycle use, but it also offers new research directions for pinpointing locations where accidents are more likely to occur.
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Injury Research

Theories, Methods, and Approaches

Author: Guohua Li,Susan P. Baker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461415985

Category: Medical

Page: 676

View: 4711

Injury is recognized as a major public health issue worldwide. In most countries, injury is the leading cause of death and disability for children and young adults age 1 to 39 years. Each year in the United States, injury claims about 170,000 lives and results in over 30 million emergency room visits and 2.5 million hospitalizations. Injury is medically defined as organ/tissue damages inflicted upon oneself or by an external agent either accidentally or deliberately. Injury encompasses the undesirable consequences of a wide array of events, such as motor vehicle crashes, poisoning, burns, falls, and drowning, medical error, adverse effects of drugs, suicide and homicide. The past two decades have witnessed a remarkable growth in injury research, both in scope and in depth. To address the tremendous health burden of injury morbidity and mortality at the global level, the World Health Organization in 2000 created the Department of Injury and Violence Prevention, which has produced several influential reports on violence, traffic injury, and childhood injury. The biennial World Conference on Injury Control and Safety Promotion attracts a large international audience and has been successfully convened nine times in different countries. In the United States, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control became an independent program of the federal Centers for Disease Prevention and Control in 1997. Since then, each state health department has created an office in charge of injury prevention activities and over a dozen universities have established injury control research centers. This volume will fill an important gap in the scientific literature by providing a comprehensive and up-to-date reference resource to researchers, practitioners, and students working on different aspects of the injury problem and in different practice settings and academic fields.
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Spatial Analysis Along Networks

Statistical and Computational Methods

Author: Atsuyuki Okabe,Kokichi Sugihara

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119967767

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 9034

In the real world, there are numerous and various events that occur on and alongside networks, including the occurrence of traffic accidents on highways, the location of stores alongside roads, the incidence of crime on streets and the contamination along rivers. In order to carry out analyses of those events, the researcher needs to be familiar with a range of specific techniques. Spatial Analysis Along Networks provides a practical guide to the necessary statistical techniques and their computational implementation. Each chapter illustrates a specific technique, from Stochastic Point Processes on a Network and Network Voronoi Diagrams, to Network K-function and Point Density Estimation Methods, and the Network Huff Model. The authors also discuss and illustrate the undertaking of the statistical tests described in a Geographical Information System (GIS) environment as well as demonstrating the user-friendly free software package SANET. Spatial Analysis Along Networks: Presents a much-needed practical guide to statistical spatial analysis of events on and alongside a network, in a logical, user-friendly order. Introduces the preliminary methods involved, before detailing the advanced, computational methods, enabling the readers a complete understanding of the advanced topics. Dedicates a separate chapter to each of the major techniques involved. Demonstrates the practicalities of undertaking the tests described in the book, using a GIS. Is supported by a supplementary website, providing readers with a link to the free software package SANET, so they can execute the statistical methods described in the book. Students and researchers studying spatial statistics, spatial analysis, geography, GIS, OR, traffic accident analysis, criminology, retail marketing, facility management and ecology will benefit from this book.
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Methods and Models in Transport and Telecommunications

Cross Atlantic Perspectives

Author: Aura Reggiani,Laurie A. Schintler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540285504

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 6677

One aspect of the new economy is a transition to a networked society, and the emergence of a highly interconnected, interdependent and complex system of networks to move people, goods and information. An example of this is the in creasing reliance of networked systems (e. g. , air transportation networks, electric power grid, maritime transport, etc. ) on telecommunications and information in frastructure. Many of the networks that evolved today have an added complexity in that they have both a spatial structure – i. e. , they are located in physical space but also an a spatial dimension brought on largely by their dependence on infor mation technology. They are also often just one component of a larger system of geographically integrated and overlapping networks operating at different spatial levels. An understanding of these complexities is imperative for the design of plans and policies that can be used to optimize the efficiency, performance and safety of transportation, telecommunications and other networked systems. In one sense, technological advances along with economic forces that encourage the clustering of activities in space to reduce transaction costs have led to more efficient network structures. At the same time the very properties that make these networks more ef ficient have also put them at a greater risk for becoming disconnected or signifi cantly disruptedwh en super connected nodes are removed either intentionally or through a targeted attack.
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Transportation and Traffic Theory 2009: Golden Jubilee

Papers selected for presentation at ISTTT18, a peer reviewed series since 1959

Author: William H. K. Lam,S. C. Wong,Hong K. Lo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144190820X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 740

View: 1984

th It is our great privilege and honor to present the proceedings of the 18 International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT), held at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, China on 16-18 July 2009. th The 18 ISTTT is jointly organized by the Hong Kong Society for Transportation Studies and Department of Civil and Structural Engineering of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. The ISTTT series is the main gathering for the world’s transportation and traffic theorists, and those who are interested in contributing to or gaining a deep understanding of traffic and transportation phenomena in order to better plan, design and manage the transportation system. Although it embraces a wide range of topics, from traffic flow theories and demand modeling to road safety and logistics and supply chain modeling, the ISTTT is hallmarked by its intellectual innovation, research and development excellence in the treatment of real-world transportation and traffic problems. The ISTTT prides itself in the extremely high quality of its proceedings. Previous ISTTT conferences were held in Warren, Michigan (1959), London (1963), New York (1965), Karlsruhe (1968), Berkeley, California (1971), Sydney (1974), Kyoto (1977), Toronto (1981), Delft (1984), Cambridge, Massachusetts (1987), Yokohama (1990), Berkeley, California (1993), Lyon (1996), Jerusalem (1999), Adelaide (2002), College Park, Maryland (2005), and London (2007). th th This 18 ISTTT celebrates the 50 Anniversary of this premier conference series.
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Spatial Scale of Clustering of Motor Vehicle Crash Types and Appropriate Countermeasures

Author: Tim Strauss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 54

View: 8290

A statistical measure called the K function was used to analyze the clustering behavior of crashes. Several methodological issues, related to the application of this spatial statistical technique in the context of motor vehicle crashes on a road network, were identified and addressed. These methods facilitated the identification of crash clusters at appropriate scales of analysis for each crash type. This clustering information is useful for improving transportation safety through focused countermeasures directly linked to crash causes and the spatial extent of identified problem locations, as well as through the identification of less location-based crash types better suited to non-spatial countermeasures. The results of the K function analysis point to the usefulness of the procedure in identifying the degree and scale at which crashes cluster, or do not cluster, relative to each other.
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Proceedings

ACS/IEEE International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, 25-29 June 2001, Beirut, Lebanons

Author: N.A

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN: 9780769511658

Category: Computers

Page: 565

View: 8346

The proceedings from this June 2001 conference in Beirut include 94 papers on artificial intelligence, databases and data engineering, distributed computing, software engineering, and web engineering. Specific attention is given to issues like: genetic programming, machine learning, problem solving, pattern recognition, and neural nets; multimedia databases, database structures, and database processing; analysis, techniques, and synthesis of distributed systems; software metrics, testing, management, programming languages, and reliability; and management and design of web applications. Author index only. c. Book News Inc.
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IATSS Research

Author: Kokusai Kōtsū Anzen Gakkai

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Traffic safety

Page: N.A

View: 9368

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Histocity Book

The Best of 1998-2000 Network Research on the Historical Cities Sustainable Development Using GIS

Author: M. Antonietta Esposito

Publisher: Alinea Editrice

ISBN: 8881251787

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 9921

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Urban Transport VII

Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century

Author: Lance J. Sucharov,C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 767

View: 1384

Current research on urban transport and the environment is as important as it is varied, while the issues involved are complex and often inter-related. Containing the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century, this volume addresses the environmentally effective integration of various modes of transport.
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Issues in Insurance and Risk Management: 2012 Edition

ScholarlyBrief

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481649124

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 57

View: 2120

Issues in Insurance and Risk Management / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Risk Management in a concise format. The editors have built Issues in Insurance and Risk Management: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Risk Management in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Insurance and Risk Management: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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The First British-Soviet Geographical Seminar

Author: F. E. Ian Hamilton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483147428

Category: Travel

Page: 364

View: 9018

The First British-Soviet Geographical Seminar contains the scientific reports prepared by the participants of First British-Soviet Geographical Seminar held in Great Britain on May 9-20, 1978. The seminar focuses on tendencies in the development of contemporary trends and methods of scientific geographical studies in Soviet Union and Great Britain. Organized into 16 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the contemporary British geography and modern Soviet geography. Subsequent chapters explore the use of minicomputers in geography teaching; expanded model of curriculum development and diffusion in education; postgraduate research students in British universities; research and application in British geomorphology; and the Soviet physical and biological geography. Other chapters detail landscape protection and development control; aims and implementation in British urban and regional planning; main methods of systems analysis relevant to urban and regional modeling; problems of the inner city; and the statistical and cartographic methods of analyzing spatial patterns of mortality. The geography of mineral supply; socio-economic geography in the U.S.S.R.; and the possibilities for future British-Soviet co-operation in geography are also addressed.
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Transportation

A Geographical Analysis

Author: William Richard Black

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572308480

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 6434

This comprehensive text provides an authoritative introduction to transportation geography. With a primary focus on the United States, the volume also examines problems and trends in Europe and other parts of the developed world. Students gain a solid grasp of the history, definitions, and core concepts of the field, as well as models for analyzing transportation networks and flows between regions. Environmental, economic, and social issues in transportation planning and policy are addressed, and the uses of geographic information systems in transport (GIS-T) are discussed in detail. Written in a clear, straightforward style, the volume emphasizes real-world applications of the concepts discussed and identifies promising directions for future research. No advanced mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader is assumed. Key Features No other comprehensive text covers transportation geography from a North American perspective. Black is experienced and respected for his innovation. Will interest public and regional planners as well as geographers. Covers all the basics, analytical methods, and policy implications.
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