Sovereignty and the New Executive Authority

Author: Claire Finkelstein,Michael Skerker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190922559

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 7321

The idea of sovereignty and the debates that surround it are not merely of historical, academic, or legal interest: they are also potent, vibrant issues and as current and relevant as today's front page news in the United States and in other Western democracies. In the post- 9/11 United States, the growth of the national security state has resulted in a growing struggle to maintain the legal and ethical boundaries surrounding executive authority, boundaries that help to define and protect democratic governance. These post-9/11 developments and their effect on the scope of presidential power present hard questions and are fueling today's intense debates among political leaders, citizens, constitutional scholars, historians, and philosophers. This volume will contribute to the public conversation on the nature of executive authority and its relation to the broader topic of sovereignty in several ways. First, readers will learn that the current vital questions surrounding the nature of executive authority and presidential power have their intellectual roots in historical and philosophical writings about the nature of sovereignty. Second, sovereignty has historically been a complicated topic; this volume helps identify the terms of the debate. Third, and most critically, citizens' understanding of the concept of sovereignty is essential to grasping the available options for confronting current challenges to the rule of law in democratic societies. The volume's 15 essays, drawn from among the disciplines of law, political, science, philosophy, and international relations, covers an expansive series of topics, from historical theories and international affairs, to governmental transparency and legitimacy. The volume also focuses on the changes in the concept of sovereignty post-9/11 in the United States and their impact on democracy and the rule of law, particularly in the area of national security practice.

Sovereignty and the New Executive Authority

Author: Claire Oakes Finkelstein,Michael Skerker

Publisher: Ethics, National Security, and

ISBN: 0190922540

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 9146

This volume explores moral and legal issues relating to sovereignty by addressing foundational questions about its nature, examining state sovereignty between states, and dealing with post 9/11 developments in the U.S., potentially destabilizing received views of democratic sovereignty. With essays addressing foundational, state and international sovereignty, the book focuses on Post 9/11 developments including the profusion of secret national security programs, including those pertaining to the interrogation, rendition, and detention of terror suspects; signal intercepts and meta-data analysis; and targeted killing of irregular militants; prompting questions regarding the legitimacy of executive power in this arena.

The War on Terror" and the Growth of Executive Power?"

A Comparative Analysis

Author: John E Owens,Riccardo Pelizzo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136956948

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5250

This book examines whether the strong emphasis now placed on terrorism and the "global war on terror" in national politics has led to significant accretions of executive power at the expense of the legislature and features case studies on Australia, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Russia, and the UK.

The Culture of Punishment

Prison, Society, and Spectacle

Author: Michelle Brown

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814799994

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 8288

Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.

The Ferocious Engine of Democracy

A History of the American Presidency

Author: Michael P. Riccards

Publisher: Madison Books

ISBN: 0585114196

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 6955

Opinions will vary widely on all the presidents, but this work will make those opinions more penetrating and judicious.— James MacGregor Burns

The Origin and Growth of the English Constitution:

Author: Hannis Taylor

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5878238101

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 6964

An Historical Treatise in Which is Drawn Out, By the Light of the Most Recent Researches the Gradual Development of the English Constitutional System, and the Growth out of That System of the Federal Republic of the United States

Russian Politics and Society

Author: Richard Sakwa

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415227537

Category: History

Page: 542

View: 1656

Since its first publication in 1993 this book has become an indispensable guide for all those interested in the current political scene in Russia, about political stability and the future of democracy under its post-communist leadership.

Congress and the Presidency

Institutional Politics in a Separated System

Author: Michael Foley,John E. Owens

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719038846

Category: Presidents

Page: 432

View: 2002

Adopting a distinctly institutional focus, Congress and the Presidency explains the nature of these changes and examines their consequences for the contemporary American political system. Foley and Owens direct attention to both bodies as co-equal institutions in a separated system. They examine both the historical development of the Congress and the presidency as separate institutions of American national government, as well as the changing relations between them. Taking into account important developments since the Republicans won control of Congress in 1994 and the advent of Newt Gingrich's 'Contract with America', the authors consider how the organisational designs of these representative and governing institutions have changed over time in response to internal pressures and external factors. The book locates the two institutions within the policymaking process and studies the varied and complex implications of 'the politics of separated powers'

Recognition, Sovereignty Struggles, and Indigenous Rights in the United States

A Sourcebook

Author: Amy E. Den Ouden,Jean M. O'Brien

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469602172

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 2690

This engaging collection surveys and clarifies the complex issue of federal and state recognition for Native American tribal nations in the United States. Den Ouden and O'Brien gather focused and teachable essays on key topics, debates, and case studies. Written by leading scholars in the field, including historians, anthropologists, legal scholars, and political scientists, the essays cover the history of recognition, focus on recent legal and cultural processes, and examine contemporary recognition struggles nationwide. Contributors are Joanne Barker (Lenape), Kathleen A. Brown-Perez (Brothertown), Rosemary Cambra (Muwekma Ohlone), Amy E. Den Ouden, Timothy Q. Evans (Haliwa-Saponi), Les W. Field, Angela A. Gonzales (Hopi), Rae Gould (Nipmuc), J. Kehaulani Kauanui (Kanaka Maoli), K. Alexa Koenig, Alan Leventhal, Malinda Maynor Lowery (Lumbee), Jean M. O'Brien (White Earth Ojibwe), John Robinson, Jonathan Stein, Ruth Garby Torres (Schaghticoke), and David E. Wilkins (Lumbee).

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 24: Race

Author: Thomas C. Holt,Laurie Beth Green,Charles Reagan Wilson

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607247

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 612

There is no denying that race is a critical issue in understanding the South. However, this concluding volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture challenges previous understandings, revealing the region's rich, ever-expanding diversity and providing new explorations of race relations. In 36 thematic and 29 topical essays, contributors examine such subjects as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Japanese American incarceration in the South, relations between African Americans and Native Americans, Chinese men adopting Mexican identities, Latino religious practices, and Vietnamese life in the region. Together the essays paint a nuanced portrait of how concepts of race in the South have influenced its history, art, politics, and culture beyond the familiar binary of black and white.

Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey

Author: Gerald MacLean

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 178074563X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 4095

Drawing on original research, including in-depth interviews with President Abdullah Gül himself as well as his wife and close circle of colleagues and friends, this fascinating account offers a portrait of a man who has been at the heart of the political, economic, and cultural developments that have brought Turkey to international prominence in recent years. In 2002 Abdullah Gül’s democratically elected party gained power and challenged Turkey’s political and religious legacy. Shortly after, Gül became a key player in Turkey's attempts to receive an accession date for the European Union. In 2007 he became the first president of Turkey who was also a devout Muslim — causing political commentators to hail his victory as a “new era in Turkish politics” — and he has since been a major figure in Turkey’s diplomatic relationships in the Middle East and international political arena. An essential source for students of contemporary Turkish culture and society, Gerald MacLean’s absorbing account of this enigmatic individual is accessible to a wide circle of readers and throws light on important episodes of Turkey’s recent history.

Religion and the New Republic

Faith in the Founding of America

Author: James H. Hutson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461641926

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 908

A collection of the country's most respected historians, philosophers, and theologians examines the role of religion in the founding of the United States. This collection of never before published essays, originally delivered at the Library of Congress, presents the most original and recent scholarship on a topic that still generates considerable controversy. Anyone interested in colonial history, religion and politics, and the relationship between church and state will benefit by reading this important new book.

The Law of the Federal and State Constitutions of the United States

With an Historical Study of Their Principles, a Chronological Table of English Social Legislation, and a Comparative Digest of the Constitutions of the Forty-six States

Author: Frederic Jesup Stimson

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584773693

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 5143

Stimson, Frederick Jesup. The Law of the Federal and State Constitutions of the United States With a Chronological Study of Their Principles, a Chronological Table of English Social Legislation and A Comparative Digest of the Constitutions of the Forty-Six States. Boston: The Boston Book Company, 1908. xix, 386 pp. Reprint available July 2004 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2003053950. ISBN 1-58477-369-3. Cloth. $95. * Stimson wrote this study in response to the rapid development of constitution law that took place around the turn of the century, which he attributes to the social impact of modern industrial capitalism. He notes that the enormous volume of cases regarding "obligation of contract" and "commerce among the states" indicates a general shift in the field from cases dealing with the federal constitution or individual state constitutions to cases involving several constitutions. This book was conceived as a guide to this new terrain. It continues to be an excellent comparative study of the federal and state constitutions. It is more that a series of comparisons, however. As its title suggests, Stimson includes a history of the provisions in each constitution and their origins. "A Valuable piece of the field of legal and constitutional investigation." Columbia Law Review 8:594 cited in Marke, A Catalogue of the Law Collection at New York University (1953) 403.

The Peculiar Democracy

Southern Democrats in Peace and Civil War

Author: Wallace Hettle

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820322827

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4378

Too often, Wallace Hettle points out, studies of politics in the nineteenth-century South reinforce a view of the Democratic Party that is frozen in time on the eve of Fort Sumter--a deceptively high point of white racial solidarity. Avoiding such a "Civil War synthesis," The Peculiar Democracy illuminates the link between the Jacksonian political culture that dominated antebellum debate and the notorious infighting of the Confederacy. Hettle shows that war was the greatest test of populist Democratic Party rhetoric that emphasized the shared interests of white men, slaveholder and nonslaveholder alike. The Peculiar Democracy analyzes antebellum politics in terms of the connections between slavery, manhood, and the legacies of Jefferson and Jackson. It then looks at the secession crisis through the anxieties felt by Democratic politicians who claimed concern for the interests of both slaveholders and nonslaveholders. At the heart of the book is a collective biography of five individuals whose stories highlight the limitations of democratic political culture in a society dominated by the "peculiar institution." Through narratives informed by recent scholarship on gender, honor, class, and the law, Hettle profiles South Carolina's Francis W. Pickens, Georgia's Joseph Brown, Alabama's Jeremiah Clemens, Virginia's John Rutherfoord, and Mississippi's Jefferson Davis. The Civil War stories presented in The Peculiar Democracy illuminate the political and sometimes personal tragedy of men torn between a political culture based on egalitarian rhetoric and the wartime imperatives to defend slavery.

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

oder Die Grundsätze des Staatsrechtes

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3954550539

Category: Philosophy

Page: 108

View: 6268

Mit seiner 1762 veröffentlichten Abhandlung übte der französische Philosoph Jean-Jacques Rousseau einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die politische Theorie der Französischen Revolution aus, zugleich sind seine radikalen Schlussfolgerungen bis heute umstritten: Im Zentrum des Buchs steht die These, dass zwischen den Individuen der Gesellschaft ein unausgesprochener Gesellschaftsvertrag existiert. Orientiert ist dieser Vertrag jedoch nicht an den Rechten des Einzelnen. Vielmehr dient der Vertrag ausschließlich dem Gemeinwohl, das in Rousseaus Augen das zugleich Vernünftige und deshalb allein Gerechte ist.