Authors of Their Own Lives

Intellectual Autobiographies

Author: Bennett M. Berger

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520065567

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 503

View: 6822

Prominent sociologists discuss their mode of analyzing data, their writing styles, and the factors that led to their career selection

Talcott Parsons

An Intellectual Biography

Author: Uta Gerhardt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521810227

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 311

View: 5393

Uta Gerhardt offers a fascinating account of the political nature of Parsons's life and scholarship.

Auguste Comte: Volume 1

An Intellectual Biography

Author: Mary Pickering

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521434058

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 792

View: 9997

The first volume of a two-volume intellectual biography of Auguste Comte, the founder of modern sociology and positivism.

A Fragment of a Sociological Autobiography

The History of My Pursuit of a Few Ideas

Author: Edward Shils

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351535595

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 9833

Edward Shils was one of the giants of sociological theory in the period after World War II. In this autobiography, written three years before his death in 1995, Shils reflects on the remarkable range of his life's work and activities, including founding and editing the journal "Minerva", being a central figure in the Congress of Cultural Freedom, serving as a founding member of the editorial board of "The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists", and being a member of the International Council on the Future of the University. Shils recognizes that a unity of concern runs through his many theoretical writings and activities. Early in his life, the concern was expressed as understanding the character of consensus. During the last fifteen years of his life, he refined his understanding of consensus through investigation of the nature of "collective self-consciousness." That concern was the structure and character of the moral order of a society, and, in particular, liberal, democratic society. Accompanying the autobiography are two unpublished essays, "Society, Collective Self-Consciousness and Collective Self-Consciousnesses" and "Collective Self-Consciousness and Rational Choice," two areas of intellectual concern discussed in the autobiography. The book contains fascinating discussion of many of the people Shils knew throughout his illustrious career: Robert Park, Louis Wirth, Talcott Parsons, Karl Mannheim, Michael Polanyi, Audrey Richards, Karl Popper, Robert Merton, and many others. They represent Shils' final formulations on the character of society and its moral order. As such, it is a most important contribution both to the history of the social sciences in the twentieth century and to sociological theory.

The Scientific Intellectual

The Psychological & Sociological Origins of Modern Science

Author: Lewis Samuel Feuer

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412838863

Category: History

Page: 441

View: 7990

In The Scientific Intellectual, Lewis S. Feuer traces the evolution of this new human type, seeking to define what ethic inspired him and the underlying emotions that created him. Under the influence of Max Weber the rise of the scientific spirit has been viewed by sociologists as an offspring of the Protestant revolution, with its asceticism and sense of guilt acting as causative agents in the rise of capitalism and the growth of the scientific movement. Feuer takes strong issue with this view, pointing out how it is at odds with what we know of the psychological conditions of modern societies making for human curiosity and its expression in the observation of and experiment with nature.

An Intellectual Biography of N.A. Rozhkov

Life in a Bell Jar

Author: John A. González

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004328513

Category: History

Page: 396

View: 4341

John A. González, Director of the Rozhkov Historical Research Centre, examines the evolution of the thought of the most important and prolific historian after V.O. Kliuchevskii. Rozhkov’s transformation from liberal thinker to social democrat is explored against the background of Russia's paradigmatic shift from tsarist regime to revolutionary government.

Coming to My Senses

The Autobiography of a Sociologist

Author: George Caspar Homans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351527681

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 5815

Those interested in the development of scientific theory and in the nature of academic life will appreciate this intellectual autobiography written by one of America's leading sociologists. Following his family tradition (The Education of Henry Adams was written by his great-uncle), George Caspar Homans describes how his ideas about the proper nature of theory in social science, both in form and content, have developed over time. The chief interest of the book lies in the description of this process.Homans' career has spanned many of the key periods of development in social research, and his own work has been central to the process. He was the first major sociologist to outline the sociological implications of psychologists' work on learning or behavior theory. His contributions to modern sociology have had a major impact on the study of small groups, the problem of theory and methods of theory construction, and the study of basic characteristics of social behavior. He is regarded as the father of social exchange theory.Homans considers academic and intellectual as well as nonacademic influences on his development: personalities of highly idiosyncratic individuals against whose views of culturalism, functionalism, and structuralism he reacted, discussions with colleagues, reading, as well as his ancestry, his childhood in Boston, his literary education and later social-life in Boston, and his experiences as a sea captain in the Navy in World War II. This is an absorbing book, both an autobiography and a history of the development of the social sciences in the post World War II era.

Max Weber

An Intellectual Biography

Author: Fritz Ringer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226720067

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1633

Max Weber was one of the most influential and creative intellectual forces of the twentieth century. In his methodology of the social sciences, he both exposed the flaws and solidified the foundations of the German historical tradition. Throughout his life, he saw bureaucracy as a serious obstacle to cultural vitality but as an inescapable part of organizational rationality. And in his most famous essay, on the Protestant ethic, he uncovered the psychological underpinnings of capitalism and modern occupational life. This searching work offers the first comprehensive introduction to Weber's thought for students and newcomers. Fritz Ringer locates Weber in his historical context, relating his ideas to the controversies and politics of his day. Ringer also considers the importance of Weber to contemporary life, discussing his insights into the limits of scholarly research and the future of Western capitalist societies. Weber, Ringer reminds us, believed in democracy, liberalism, and fundamental human rights; his ethic of responsibility remains as vital to our historical moment as it was to his own. A concise and incisive look at the man and personality behind the thought, Max Weber is a masterful outing in intellectual biography and social theory.

The Art and Science of Sociology

Essays in Honor of Edward A. Tiryakian

Author: Roland Robertson,John Simpson

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783085533

Category: Social Science

Page: 223

View: 2157

A festschrift honoring the work of Edward A. Tiryakian, consisting of a large number of essays.

Measuring the Mosaic

An Intellectual Biography of John Porter

Author: Rick Helmes-Hayes

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442698748

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 592

View: 6270

Measuring the Mosaic is a comprehensive intellectual biography of John Porter (1921-1979), author of The Vertical Mosaic (1965), preeminent Canadian sociologist of his time, and one of Canada's most celebrated scholars. In the first biography of this important figure, Rick Helmes-Hayes provides a detailed account of Porter's life and an in-depth assessment of his extensive writings on class, power, educational opportunity, social mobility, and democracy. While assessing Porter's place in the historical development of Canadian social science, Helmes-Hayes also examines the economic, social, political and scholarly circumstances - including the Depression, World War II, post-war reconstruction, the baby boom, and the growth of universities - that contoured Porter's political and academic views. Using extensive archival research, correspondence, and over fifty original interviews with family, colleagues, and friends, Measuring the Mosaic stresses Porter's remarkable contributions as a scholar, academic statesman, senior administrator at Carleton University, and engaged, practical public intellectual.

Pitirim A. Sorokin

An Intellectual Biography

Author: Barry V. Johnston

Publisher: N.A


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 380

View: 1747

Pitirim A. Sorokin (1889-1968) was one of the most original, important, and controversial figures in American sociology. His spectacular rise from a peasant childhood in Czarist Russia to the Olympian heights of Harvard University provides an unlikely and fascinating lens for examining the history of an entire discipline. And, as Barry Johnston shows, his equally dramatic fall from favor and unexpected resurrection illuminate both Sorokin's life and the tempestuous world of academic politics. An outspoken revolutionary and secretary to Alexander Kerensky, Sorokin was imprisoned and ordered executed by Lenin, then reprieved and exiled. During the 1920s, he flourished as a teacher and scholar at the University of Minnesota, where he published several pioneering books on the Russian Revolution, social mobility, sociological theory, and rural sociology. Harvard president A. Lawrence Lowell was so impressed that he recruited Sorokin to chair the university's first department of sociology. From 1930 to 1944 the department prospered under Sorokin's leadership, attracting an entire generation of young scholars who in their own right would have a profound impact on the discipline. In this period, Sorokin published several volumes of his magnum opus, Social and Cultural Dynamics, and became embroiled in a bitter battle with rival Talcott Parsons for control of the department. Parsons ultimately deposed Sorokin and transformed sociology into the Department of Social Relations. Sorokin nevertheless stayed on at Harvard, where he established the Center for Creative Altruism but otherwise continued to work in relative obscurity. Finally in 1963, after years in eclipse, Sorokin was recognized for his accomplishments when he was elected president of the American Sociological Association. During a long and distinguished career, Sorokin amassed an amazingly diverse and substantial body of work, much of which set the standard for the field. At the same time, he broke with the conventions of sociology, frequently ridiculing and taunting his less adventurous colleagues. For his heresy, the flamboyant Sorokin was condemned and driven to the periphery of a profession anxious for legitimacy as a science. As a result, Sorokin's ideas have been consistently ignored and misunderstood for more than a quarter century. Based on exhaustive research in Sorokin's papers and the Harvard archives, as well as interviews with Sorokin's surviving family members, former students, and colleagues, this biography restores Sorokin to his rightful place in the pantheon of American intellectuals.

The Constitution of Society

Author: Edward Shils

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226753270

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 2083

A discussion of sociological theory includes examinations of the organization of mass society, the influence of the intellectual community on social structures, and the self-image of society

Sociological Theory

Author: George Ritzer,Jeffrey Stepnisky

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506337708

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 1605

Now with SAGE Publishing, and co-authored by one of the foremost authorities on sociological theory, the Tenth Edition of Sociological Theory by George Ritzer and Jeffrey Stepnisky gives readers a comprehensive overview of the major theorists and schools of sociological thought, from sociology's origins through the early 21st century. Key theories are integrated with biographical sketches of theorists, and are placed in their historical and intellectual context. This text helps students better understand the original works of classical and modern theorists, and enables them to compare and contrast the latest substantive concepts. New to this Edition Chapter 1 now includes a discussion of colonialism as one of the forces that shaped modern society. The “Historical Sketch” chapters contain new material on the historical significance of early women founders, and on the contributions of W.E.B. Du Bois. Chapters on Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Simmel now conclude with sections on contemporary applications of ideas from these 19th century thinkers. A new chapter focuses theories of race, racism, and colonialism, as well as theories about indigenous peoples and theories from the “Global South” that challenge the work of scholars from Europe and North America. The concluding chapter has a new section on theories of prosumption, one of the newest developments in consumer theory. New material on colonization, women classical theorists, and race theory, as well as new timelines, added to history chapters.

Daniel Bell und der Kreis der „New York Intellectuals“

Frühe amerikanische öffentliche Soziologie

Author: Oliver Neun

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365802447X

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 2148

​Oliver Neun stellt die intellektuelle Biographie des Anfang des Jahres 2011 verstorbenen amerikanischen Soziologen Daniel Bell dar. Dabei setzt er dessen Leben und insbesondere seine spezifische Generationenprägung mit seinem theoretischen Werk in Verbindung. Zusätzlich beschreibt Neun die Einbindung Bells in den zentralen amerikanischen Intellektuellenkreis der „New York Intellectuals“ (NYI). Einen thematischen Schwerpunkt bildet hier die Auseinandersetzung Bells mit der nachfolgenden Generation Ende der 1960er Jahre. Bell verarbeitet diese in seinen Büchern theoretisch. Andere aus der Gruppe der „New York Intellectuals“ führt diese Auseinandersetzung zur Begründung des Neokonservatismus. Gemeinsam ist ihnen aber die Vorstellung der Soziologie als "öffentliche Soziologie", d.h. einer Disziplin, die auch ein breites außerakademisches Publikum ansprechen will.

Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Author: Stephen Gaukroger

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191519545

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 9646

René Descartes (1596-1650) is the father of modern philosophy, and one of the greatest of all thinkers. This is the first intellectual biography of Descartes in English; it offers a fundamental reassessment of all aspects of his life and work. Stephen Gaukroger, a leading authority on Descartes, traces his intellectual development from childhood, showing the connections between his intellectual and personal life and placing these in the cultural context of seventeenth century Europe. Descartes' early work in mathematics and science produced ground breaking theories, methods, and tools still in use today. This book gives the first full account of how this work informed and influenced the later philosophical studies for which, above all, Descartes is renowned. Not only were philosophy and science intertwined in Descartes' life; so were philosophy and religion. The Church of Rome found Galileo guilty of heresy in 1633; two decades earlier, Copernicus' theories about the universe had been denounced as blasphemous. To avoid such accusations, Descartes clothed his views about the relation between God and humanity, and about the nature of the universe, in a philosophical garb acceptable to the Church. His most famous project was the exploration of the foundations of human knowledge, starting from the proof of one's own existence offered in the formula Cogito ergo sum, `I am thinking therefore I exist'. Stephen Gaukroger argues that this was not intended as an exercise in philosophical scepticism, but rather to provide Descartes' scientific theories, influenced as they were by Copernicus and Galileo, with metaphysical legitimation. This book offers for the first time a full understanding of how Descartes developed his revolutionary ideas. It will be welcomed by all readers interested in the origins of modern thought.

Marcel Mauss

A Biography

Author: Marcel Fournier

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691117775

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 442

View: 1403

The book addresses, among other topics, the effect of the Dreyfus Affair and the First World War on Mauss's thought, and the inner dynamics of the group of scholars around Mauss and Durkheim at the journal they helped establish, Annee sociologique. The fruit of vast research, Marcel Mauss: A Biography is the life story both of a legendary scholar and of the institutionalization of sociology and anthropology.

Max Weber

An Intellectual Portrait

Author: Reinhard Bendix

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520031944

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 522

View: 5167

The purpose of this book is to make Weber's sociological work more accessible and more thematically coherent than it is either in the original or in translation. This volume is used as an introduction to the study of orignal Weber texts and gives the reader a systematic presentation of Weber's sociological studies.

Sociology and Complexity Science

A New Field of Inquiry

Author: Brian Castellani,Frederic William Hafferty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540884629

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 5111

By now, most academics have heard something about the new science of complexity. In a manner reminiscent of Einstein and the last hundred years of physics, complexity science has captured the public imagination. ® One can go to Amazon. com and purchase books on complexification (Casti 1994), emergence (Holland 1998), small worlds (Barabási 2003), the web of life (Capra 1996), fuzzy thinking (Kosko 1993), global c- plexity (Urry 2003) and the business of long-tails (Anderson 2006). Even television has incorporated the topics of complexity science. Crime shows ® ® such as 24 or CSI typically feature investigators using the latest advances in computational modeling to “simulate scenarios” or “data mine” all p- sible suspects—all of which is done before the crime takes place. The ® World Wide Web is another example. A simple search on Google. Com using the phrase “complexity science” gets close to a million hits! C- plexity science is ubiquitous. What most scholars do not realize, however, is the remarkable role sociologists are playing in this new science. C- sider the following examples. 0. 1 Sociologists in Complexity Science The first example comes from the new science of networks (Barabási 2003). By now, most readers are familiar with the phenomena known as six-degrees of separation—the idea that, because most large networks are comprised of a significant number of non-random weak-ties, the nodes (e. g. , people, companies, etc.