Gentrification

Theorie und Forschungsergebnisse

Author: Robert Kecskes,Juergen Friedrichs

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322973549

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 5242

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Applied Latent Class Analysis

Author: Jacques A. Hagenaars,Allan L. McCutcheon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439237

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6155

Applied Latent Class Analysis introduces several innovations in latent class analysis to a wider audience of researchers. Many of the world's leading innovators in the field of latent class analysis contributed essays to this volume, each presenting a key innovation to the basic latent class model and illustrating how it can prove useful in situations typically encountered in actual research.
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What Is a Case?

Exploring the Foundations of Social Inquiry

Author: Charles C. Ragin,Howard Saul Becker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316101746

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6746

The concept of the case is a basic feature of social science research and yet many questions about how a case should be defined, selected, and judged are far from settled. The contributors to this volume probe the nature of the case and the ways in which different understandings of the concept affect the conduct and the results of research. The contributions demonstrate that the work of any given researcher is often characterised by some hybrid of these basic approaches, and it is important to understand that most research involves multiple definitions and uses of cases, as both specific empirical phenomena and as general theoretical categories.
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Developments in Statistics and Methodology

Proceedings of the International Conference on Methodology and Statistics, Bled, Slovenia, September 24-26, 1992

Author: Anuška Ferligoj,Anton Kramberger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788680227344

Category: Statistics

Page: 194

View: 6784

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Log-Linear Models for Event Histories

Author: Jeroen K. Vermunt

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3833

Event history analysis has been a useful method in the social sciences for studying the processes of social change. However, a main difficulty in using this technique is to observe all relevant explanatory variables without missing any variables. This book presents a general approach to missing data problems in event history analysis which is based on the similarities between log-linear models, hazard models and event history models. It begins with a discussion of log-rate models, modified path models and methods for obtaining maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters of log-linear models. The author then shows how to incorporate variables with missing information in log-linear models - including latent class models, m
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Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 5126

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
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Durkheim Through the Lens of Aristotle

Durkheimian, Postmodernist, and Communitarian Responses to the Enlightenment

Author: Douglas F. Challenger

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847679737

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 1608

This text re-examines Durkheim's science of morality as it is illuminated by Aristotle's philosophy. The author demonstrates, by examining previously unappreciated aspects of the latter's moral sociology, that Durkheim's theory can be compatible with postmodernism.
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Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research 18

Author: J.C. Smart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402012327

Category: Education

Page: 733

View: 1888

This title consists of 19 essays dealing with the medical knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Egyptian, and Tibetan medicine, the book includes essays on comparing Chinese and western medicine and religion. the medical practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay is well illustrated and contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book should fill a gap in both the history of medicine and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.
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Causal Inference for Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences

An Introduction

Author: Guido W. Imbens,Donald B. Rubin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316094391

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9994

Most questions in social and biomedical sciences are causal in nature: what would happen to individuals, or to groups, if part of their environment were changed? In this groundbreaking text, two world-renowned experts present statistical methods for studying such questions. This book starts with the notion of potential outcomes, each corresponding to the outcome that would be realized if a subject were exposed to a particular treatment or regime. In this approach, causal effects are comparisons of such potential outcomes. The fundamental problem of causal inference is that we can only observe one of the potential outcomes for a particular subject. The authors discuss how randomized experiments allow us to assess causal effects and then turn to observational studies. They lay out the assumptions needed for causal inference and describe the leading analysis methods, including matching, propensity-score methods, and instrumental variables. Many detailed applications are included, with special focus on practical aspects for the empirical researcher.
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Research in Nursing and Health

Understanding and Using Quantitative and Qualitative Methods, 2nd Edition

Author: Carol Noll Hoskins, PhD, RN, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826197252

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 8347

This book offers the reader a synopsis of research, appreciating both the science and art of inquiry. It is designed to present the basic elements of conducting and understanding nursing research using an expeditious and useful reference format. This updated new edition offers the reader a step-by-step guide to conducting research and to understanding the research studies done by others. It describes both quantitative and qualitative investigations. The book is written in outline format, for quick reference. An important feature of the new edition is an extensive listing of online databases and knowledge resources. Graduate students and nurse researchers will find this an easily accessible source of valuable information.
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Bias and Causation

Models and Judgment for Valid Comparisons

Author: Dr. Herbert I. Weisberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118058206

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 1938

A one-of-a-kind resource on identifying and dealing with bias in statistical research on causal effects Do cell phones cause cancer? Can a new curriculum increase student achievement? Determining what the real causes of such problems are, and how powerful their effects may be, are central issues in research across various fields of study. Some researchers are highly skeptical of drawing causal conclusions except in tightly controlled randomized experiments, while others discount the threats posed by different sources of bias, even in less rigorous observational studies. Bias and Causation presents a complete treatment of the subject, organizing and clarifying the diverse types of biases into a conceptual framework. The book treats various sources of bias in comparative studies—both randomized and observational—and offers guidance on how they should be addressed by researchers. Utilizing a relatively simple mathematical approach, the author develops a theory of bias that outlines the essential nature of the problem and identifies the various sources of bias that are encountered in modern research. The book begins with an introduction to the study of causal inference and the related concepts and terminology. Next, an overview is provided of the methodological issues at the core of the difficulties posed by bias. Subsequent chapters explain the concepts of selection bias, confounding, intermediate causal factors, and information bias along with the distortion of a causal effect that can result when the exposure and/or the outcome is measured with error. The book concludes with a new classification of twenty general sources of bias and practical advice on how mathematical modeling and expert judgment can be combined to achieve the most credible causal conclusions. Throughout the book, examples from the fields of medicine, public policy, and education are incorporated into the presentation of various topics. In addition, six detailed case studies illustrate concrete examples of the significance of biases in everyday research. Requiring only a basic understanding of statistics and probability theory, Bias and Causation is an excellent supplement for courses on research methods and applied statistics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate level. It is also a valuable reference for practicing researchers and methodologists in various fields of study who work with statistical data. This book was selected as the 2011 Ziegel Prize Winner in Technometrics for the best book reviewed by the journal. It is also the winner of the 2010 PROSE Award for Mathematics from The American Publishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence
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Methodology and Epistemology for Social Sciences

Selected Papers

Author: Donald T. Campbell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226092485

Category: Social Science

Page: 609

View: 1123

Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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Operational Research and the Social Sciences

Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 7601

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.
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The Myth of the Missing Black Father

Author: Roberta Coles,Charles Green

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520867

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3723

Common stereotypes portray black fathers as being largely absent from their families. Yet while black fathers are less likely than white and Hispanic fathers to marry their child's mother, many continue to parent through cohabitation and visitation, providing caretaking, financial, and other in-kind support. This volume captures the meaning and practice of black fatherhood in its many manifestations, exploring two-parent families, cohabitation, single custodial fathering, stepfathering, noncustodial visitation, and parenting by extended family members and friends. Contributors examine ways that black men perceive and decipher their parenting responsibilities, paying careful attention to psychosocial, economic, and political factors that affect the ability to parent. Chapters compare the diversity of African American fatherhood with negative portrayals in politics, academia, and literature and, through qualitative analysis and original profiles, illustrate the struggle and intent of many black fathers to be responsible caregivers. This collection also includes interviews with daughters of absent fathers and concludes with the effects of certain policy decisions on responsible parenting.
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Key Concepts in Measurement

Author: Brian E. Perron,David F. Gillespie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190235977

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5490

Measurement refers generally to the process of assigning a numeric value to, or ordering characteristics or traits of, entities under study. Measurement is necessary for building and testing theory, specifying problems, and defining goals. It is arguably one of the most important and diffcult tasks in social work research. Social work researchers who are not expert in developing, selecting, and using measures will not be able to contribute maximally to the social work knowledge base. Such knowledge and skills related to measurement ultimately determines the extent to which social work research can effectively inform social policy and social work interventions. This book is to serve as a guide for developing, selecting, and using measures in social work research. In particular, this book provides a detailed review of contemporary validity theory; an update on the major issues of reliability; common errors in measurement of latent variables; and suggestions on measurement of social networks and collectives. An important theme of this book is the focus on the creative potential of measurement - that is, helping social work researchers think about the wide variety of ways that social work concepts can be measured. Reflecting on these differences raises questions about underlying assumptions that in turn inspires creative theoretical insights. Rather than seeing measurement as simply a task to be completed in the research process, we will encourage the reader to think creatively about measurement and theory. This book also addresses the interdependency of measurement and theory construction. In other words, this book covers how measurement and theory are connected in two different ways. First, every measure has its own working theory that relates the measure to the concept being measured. Second, theory construction is dependent on measurement. What we learn using a given measure could be different if a concept was measured in a different way.
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Social Sciences and Agricultural Research

A Systems Approach : Proceedings of the First Workshop on the Application of the Social Sciences in Production Systems Research--seeking a Methodology : Chincha, Peru, January 25-27, 1988

Author: N.A

Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 134

View: 1305

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Latent Class Analysis of Survey Error

Author: Paul P. Biemer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118099575

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 6460

Combining theoretical, methodological, and practical aspects,Latent Class Analysis of Survey Error successfully guides readersthrough the accurate interpretation of survey results for qualityevaluation and improvement. This book is a comprehensive resourceon the key statistical tools and techniques employed during themodeling and estimation of classification errors, featuring aspecial focus on both latent class analysis (LCA) techniques andmodels for categorical data from complex sample surveys. Drawing from his extensive experience in the field of surveymethodology, the author examines early models for surveymeasurement error and identifies their similarities and differencesas well as their strengths and weaknesses. Subsequent chapterstreat topics related to modeling, estimating, and reducing errorsin surveys, including: Measurement error modeling forcategorical data The Hui-Walter model and othermethods for two indicators The EM algorithm and its role in latentclass model parameterestimation Latent class models for three ormore indicators Techniques for interpretation of modelparameter estimates Advanced topics in LCA, including sparse data, boundary values,unidentifiability, and local maxima Special considerations for analyzing datafrom clustered andunequal probability samples with nonresponse The current state of LCA and MLCA (multilevel latent classanalysis), and an insightful discussion on areas for furtherresearch Throughout the book, more than 100 real-world examples describethe presented methods in detail, and readers are guided through theuse of lEM software to replicate the presented analyses. Appendicessupply a primer on categorical data analysis, and a related Website houses the lEM software. Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation,Latent Class Analysis of Survey Error is an excellent book forcourses on measurement error and survey methodology at the graduatelevel. The book also serves as a valuable reference for researchersand practitioners working in business, government, and the socialsciences who develop, implement, or evaluate surveys.
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