Kausalanalyse

Author: Jürgen van Koolwijk,Maria Wieken-Mayser

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 348681950X

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 8382

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Analyse von Tabellen und kategorialen Daten

Log-lineare Modelle, latente Klassenanalyse, logistische Regression und GSK-Ansatz

Author: Hans-Jürgen Andreß,Jacques A. Hagenaars,Steffen Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662056933

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 455

View: 8636

Dieses Buch behandelt Modelle zur Analyse kategorialer Daten. Kategoriale Daten sind Variablen, die eine begrenzte Anzahl von Ausprägungen (Kategorien) haben. Bei vielen der in Umfrageforschung und amtlicher Statistik erhobenen Merkmale handelt es sich um kategoriale Daten. Beispiele wären etwa das Geschlecht einer Befragungsperson, ihre Parteipräferenz, die Anzahl der Mitbewohner im Haushalt dieser Person, ihre Schichtzugehörigkeit und ähnliches mehr. In diesem Lehrbuch geht es um eine anwendungsorientierte Einführung in die multivariate Analyse kategorialer Daten. Konkret werden vier Ansätze vorgestellt: die gewichtete Regression nach Grizzle, Starmer und Koch (GSK-Ansatz), die Klasse der log-linearen Modelle, die logistische Regression und die Analyse latenter Klassen.
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Social Dynamics Models and Methods

Author: Nancy Brandon Tuma

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323156908

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 302

View: 7043

Social Dynamics: Models and Methods focuses on sociological methodology and on the practice of sociological research. This book is organized into three parts encompassing 16 chapters that deal with the basic principles of social dynamics. The first part of this book considers the development of models and methods for causal analysis of the actual time paths of change in attributes of individual and social systems. This part also discusses the applications in which the use of dynamic models and methods seems to have enhanced the capacity to formulate and test sociological arguments. These models and methods are useful for answering questions about the detailed structure of social change processes. The second part explores the formulation of the continuous-time models of change in both quantitative and qualitative outcomes and the development of suitable methods for estimating these models from the kinds of data commonly available to sociologists. The third part describes a stochastic framework for analyzing both qualitative and quantitative outcome of social changes. This part also discusses the sociologists' perspective on the empirical study of social change processes. This text will be of great value to sociologists and sociological researchers.
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Handbook of Survey Research

Author: Peter H. Rossi,James D Wright,Andy B. Anderson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483276309

Category: Social Science

Page: 774

View: 8738

Handbook of Survey Research provides an introduction to the theory and practice of sample survey research. It addresses both the student who desires to master these topics and the practicing survey researcher who needs a source that codifies, rationalizes, and presents existing theory and practice. The handbook can be organized into three major parts. Part 1 sets forth the basic theoretical issues involved in sampling, measurement, and management of survey organizations. Part 2 deals mainly with ""hands-on,"" how-to-do-it issues: how to draw theoretically acceptable samples, how to write questionnaires, how to combine responses into appropriate scales and indices, how to avoid response effects and measurement errors, how actually to go about gathering survey data, how to avoid missing data (and what to do when you cannot), and other topics of a similar nature. Part 3 considers the analysis of survey data, with separate chapters for each of the three major multivariate analysis modes and one chapter on the uses of surveys in monitoring overtime trends. This handbook will be valuable both to advanced students and to practicing survey researchers seeking a detailed guide to the major issues in the design and analysis of sample surveys and to current state of the art practices in sample surveys.
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Handbook of Marriage and the Family

Author: Suzanne K. Steinmetz,Marvin B. Sussman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461571510

Category: Social Science

Page: 915

View: 8059

The lucid, straightforward Preface of this Handbook by the two editors and the comprehenSIve perspec tives offered in the Introduction by one ofthem leave little for a Foreword to add. It is therefore limIted to two relevant but not intrinsically related points vis-a-vis research on marriage and the family in the interval since the fIrst Handbook (Christensen, 1964) appeared, namely: the impact on this research ofthe politicization of the New RIght! and of the Feminist Enlightenment beginning in the mid-sixties, about the time of the fIrst Handbook. In the late 1930s Willard Waller noted: "Fifty years or more ago about 1890, most people had the greatest respect for the institution called the family and wished to learn nothing whatever about it. . . . Everything that concerned the life of men and women and their children was shrouded from the light. Today much of that has been changed. Gone is the concealment of the way in which life begins, gone the irrational sanctity of the home. The aura of sentiment which once protected the family from discussion clings to it no more .... We wantto learn as much about it as we can and to understand it as thoroughly as possible, for there is a rising recognition in America that vast numbers of its families are sick-from internal frustrations and from external buffeting. We are engaged in the process of reconstructing our family institutions through criticism and discussion" (1938, pp. 3-4).
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Qualitative Sociology

Author: Howard Schwartz,Jerry Jacobs

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029281601

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 478

Efforts to reconstruct the reality of a social scene have evolved numerous theoretical and methodological strategies. Qualitative sociology fills the gap in existing literature by providing a comprehensive and detailed treatment of the broad range of non-quantitative methods currently being used in sociological research, with the conceptual rationales for each method. Recognizing the need for a clear, concise discussion of both the theoretical and practical aspects of "reality reconstruction" and "formal sociology," Drs. Schwartz and Jacobs draw on the theories and strategies of Weber, Mead, Blumer, Glaser, Straus, Simmel, Goffman, Schutz, Garfinkel, and Cicourel, among others, to justify, explain, and illustrate: field studies participant observation (ethnography) interviewing life histories and personal accounts the analysis of unobtrusive measures audio-visual techniques methods of studying and subjectivity phenomenology and more Thus, the authors not only describe the various theories and methods, but they add to the reader's understanding by providing insight into who has used the methods and why, and by evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of each method. They also supplement the text throughout with a collection of case studies which illustrate the kind of substantive work qualitative research can produce. No other available text covers as many methods as are described in Qualitative Sociology. All the methods are examined in an informal, conversational style, making the discussion accessible to the student with no previous knowledge of qualitative theories and practices.
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Vision and Method in Historical Sociology

Author: Theda Skocpol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521297240

Category: Social Science

Page: 410

View: 7403

Some of the most important questions of the social sciences in the twentieth century have been posed by scholars working at the intersections of social theory and history viewed on a grand scale. The core essays of this book focus on the careers and contributions of nine of these scholars: Marc Bloch, Karl Polanyi, S. N. Eisenstadt, Reinhard Bendix, Perry Anderson, E. P. Thompson, Charles Tilly, Immanuel Wallerstein, and Barrington Moore, Jr. The essays convey a vivid sense of the vision and values each of these major scholars brings (or bought) to his work and analyze and evaluate the research designs and methods each used in his most important works. The introduction and conclusion discuss the long-running tradition of historically grounded research in sociology, while the conclusion also provides a detailed discussion and comparison of three recurrent strategies for bringing historical evidence and theoretical ideas to bear upon one another. informative, thought-provoking, and unusually practical, the book offers fascinating and relevant reading to sociologists, social historians, historically oriented political economists, and anthropologists - and, indeed, to anyone who wants to learn more about the ideas and methods of some of the best-known scholars in the modern social sciences.
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Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

Author: Vern L. Bengtson,Alan C. Acock,Katherine R. Allen,Peggye Dilworth-Anderson,David M. Klein

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452279101

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 688

View: 8752

Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.
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Epistemology, Methodology, and the Social Sciences

Author: Robert S. Cohen,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714584

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 5931

The last decades have seen major reformations in the philosophy and history of science. What has been called 'post-positivist' philosophy of science has introduced radically new concerns with historical, social, and valuative components of scientific thought in the natural sciences, and has raised up the demons of relativism, subjectivism and sociologism to haunt the once calm precincts of objectivity and realism. Though these disturbances intruded upon what had seemed to be the logically well-ordered domain of the philoso phy of the natural sciences, they were no news to the social sciences. There, the messy business of human action, volition, decision, the considerations of practical purposes and social values, the role of ideology and the problem of rationality, had long conspired to defeat logical-reconstructionist programs. The attempt to tarne the social sciences to the harness of a strict hypothetico deductive model of explanation failed. Within the social sciences, phenome nological, Marxist, hermeneuticist, action-theoretical approaches vied in attempting to capture the distinctiveness of human phenomena. In fact, the philosophy of the natural sciences, even in its 'hard' forms, has itself become infected with the increasing reflection upon the role of such social-scientific categories, in the attempt to understand the nature of the scientific enterprise.
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Polling and Survey Research Methods, 1935-1979

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: N.A

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313277900

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 581

View: 9771

The most comprehensive annotated bibliography available on the first 45 years of polling and survey research in the United States.
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The Search for a Methodology of Social Science

Durkheim, Weber, and the Nineteenth-Century Problem of Cause, Probability, and Action

Author: S. Turner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401734615

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 7655

Stephen Turner has explored the ongms of social science in this pioneering study of two nineteenth century themes: the search for laws of human social behavior, and the accumulation and analysis of the facts of such behavior through statistical inquiry. The disputes were vigorously argued; they were over questions of method, criteria of explanation, interpretations of probability, understandings of causation as such and of historical causation in particular, and time and again over the ways of using a natural science model. From his careful elucidation of John Stuart Mill's proposals for the methodology of the social sciences on to his original analysis of the methodological claims and practices of Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, Turner has beautifully traced the conflict between statistical sociology and a science offactual description on the one side, and causal laws and a science of nomological explanation on the other. We see the works of Comte and Quetelet, the critical observations of Herschel, Buckle, Venn and Whewell, and the tough scepticism of Pearson, all of these as essential to the works of the classical founders of sociology. With Durkheim's essay on Suicide and Weber's monograph on The Protestant Ethic, Turner provides both philosophical analysis to demonstrate the continuing puzzles over cause and probability and also a perceptive and wry account of just how the puzzles of our late twentieth century are of a piece with theirs. The terms are still familiar: reasons vs.
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Causality in Sociological Research

Author: Jakub Karpinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400904959

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 4018

The general treatment of problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena has traditionally been the domain of philosophy, but when one examines the relationships taking place in the various fields, the study of such conditionings belongs to the empirical sciences. Sociology is no exception in that respect. In that discipline we note a certain paradox. Many problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena have been raised in sociology in relatively recent times, and that process marked its empirical or even so-called empiricist trend. That trend, labelled positivist, seems in this case to be in contradiction with a certain type of positivism. Those authors who describe positivism usually include the Humean tradition in its genealogy and, remembering Hume's criticism of the concept of cause, speak about positivism as about a trend which is inclined to treat lightly the study of causes and confines itself to the statements on co-occurrence of phenomena.
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Mathematical Ideas and Sociological Theory

Current State and Prospects

Author: Thomas J. Fararo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677166353

Category:

Page: 185

View: 8773

First Published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Qualitative methodology

Author: John Van Maanen

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 9637

The classic sellout issue of Administrative Science Quarterly (December 1979) on qualitative methodology is updated and available again for your classes and research. John Van Maanen's pioneering selections opened a provocative continuing debate on the premises and utility of qualitative research: how it can benefit our understanding of organizations, how to answer research questions through interpretive methods, and how to resolve the often tense relationship between qualitative and quantitative approaches. Featuring a new epilogue by the editor, which brings readers up to date on developments since the original publication appeared, Qualitative Methodology is an invaluable tool for students and professionals in organizational research, ethnography, administration, and social scientific methods. "The first group of chapters offers a number of useful insights on how one might enrich the formative or first, investigatory stages of research, while still retaining control of one's impressions and materials. . . . There are many good things in the second section. . . . Of the final set of chapters, the one by Gerald Salancik, 'Field Stimulations for Organizational Behavior Research,' is perhaps most original and, indeed, stimulating. . . . The book is worth reading, even twice. All the chapters are tightly written and comprehensible." --Canadian Public Administration
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The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278881

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 6802

Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.
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The Pragmatic Perspective

Selected Papers from the 1985 International Pragmatics Conference

Author: Jef Verschueren,Marcella Bertuccelli-Papi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027250065

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 836

View: 8988

This volume contains a selection of reviewed and revised papers, originally presented at the International Pragmatics Conference held in Viareggio, Italy, 1 5 September 1985.
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