Social Theory and Philosophy for Information Systems

Author: John Mingers,Leslie P. Willcocks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470011211

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 4262

As Information Systems matures as a discipline, there is a gradual move away from pure statistics towards consideration of alternative approaches and philosophies. This has not been incorporated into the literature of the field. Until now. Collecting major social theorists and philosophers into one volume, Social Theory and Philosophy for Information Systems provides a historical and critical analysis of each that is both authoritative and firmly focused on practical relevance to IS. The result is an insightful text for researchers, academics and students that will provide an up-to-date starting point for those considering alternative approaches.

Wissenschaftstheorie und gestaltungsorientierte Wirtschaftsinformatik

Author: Jörg Becker,Helmut Krcmar,Björn Niehaves

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 379082335X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 2945

Die deutschsprachige Wirtschaftsinformatik kann auf eine reiche Tradition gestaltungsorientierter Arbeiten zurückblicken. Im Zuge der zunehmenden Forschungsinternationalisierung bietet sich hier die Chance, zum internationalen Diskurs im Information Systems und vor allem im Design Science Research beizutragen. Herausforderungen und Entwicklungspotenziale liegen für die gestaltungsorientierte Forschung jedoch vor allem in ihrer wissenschaftstheoretischen und methodischen Fundierung. Die Beiträge des Herausgeberbands „Wissenschaftstheorie und gestaltungsorientierte Wirtschaftsinformatik" stärken den theoretischen und methodischen Diskurs in der gestaltungsorientierten Wirtschaftsinformatik. Sie bieten Perspektiven und Ansatzpunkte für Wissenschaftler, Studenten sowie Praktiker an der Schnittstelle zwischen gestaltungsorientierter Forschung und betrieblicher Praxis.

Einkauf und Einsatz von Unternehmenssoftware

Empirische Untersuchungen zum anwenderseitigen Software-Lebenszyklus

Author: Stefan Harnisch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658093498

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 2004

​Stefan Harnisch zeigt – basierend auf einer umfassenden Fallstudie – auf, wie es in komplexen Software-Einkaufsprozessen unter Beteiligung von Stakeholdern aus verschiedenen Bereichen möglich ist, eine gemeinsame und optimale Kaufentscheidung zu treffen. Darüber hinaus untersucht der Autor, ob die Erwartungen, die Anwenderunternehmen mit Software as a Service verbinden, in der Realität haltbar sind. Anhand dieser Ergebnisse werden Handlungsempfehlungen sowohl für Anwender als auch für Software-Hersteller abgeleitet.

Philosophical Frameworks for Understanding Information Systems

Author: Basden, Andrew

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599040387

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 3388

"There are five main areas in which humans relate to information and communications technology: the nature of computers and information, the creation of information technologies, the development of artifacts for human use, the usage of information systems, and IT as our environment. This book strives to develop philosophical frameworks for these areas"--Provided by publisher.

Realising Systems Thinking: Knowledge and Action in Management Science

Author: John Mingers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038729841X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 9612

This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.

mHealth Multidisciplinary Verticals

Author: Sasan Adibi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482214814

Category: Medical

Page: 754

View: 5742

An in-depth overview of the emerging concept; Mobile Health (mHealth), mHealth Multidisciplinary Verticals links applications and technologies to key market and vendor players. It also highlights interdependencies and synergies between various stakeholders which drive the research forces behind mHealth. The book explores the trends and directions where this vertical market is headed. Divided into nine sections, the book covers a number of multidisciplinary verticals within the field of mHealth such as: Preventive and curative medicine Consumer and patient-centric approaches Psychological, behavioral, and mental verticals Social perspectives Education, adoption, and acceptance Aged care and the aging population Regional, geographical, and public-health perspectives Technology implications Cloud applications The book collates emerging and diverse mHealth applications into a single resource. The result of extensive research, the book is a collaborative effort between experts from more than 20 countries, who have been carefully reviewed and selected by the team of reviewers. It takes a multidisciplinary approach to health informatics and provides a roadmap to current and future directions of mHealth.

The Assumption of Agency Theory

Author: Kate Forbes-Pitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136633251

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4810

The Assumption of Agency Theory revisits the Turing Test and examines what Turing’s assessor knew. It asks important questions about how machines vis à vis humans have been characterized since Turing, and seeks to reverse the trend of looking closely at the machine by asking what humans know in interaction and how they know it. Building upon existing theories of philosophy of mind, this book shows not how humans operate theoretically, but how they use every day human skill to overcome knowledge barriers and understand each other through knowing themselves. Only once human interaction has been theorized in this way are machines able to be placed within it; when it is easier to understand what humans believe them to be. This book characterizes a non-human agent that shows itself in interaction but is distinct from human agency: an agent acting with us in our ongoing reproduction and transformation of structure. Turing predicted that at the end of the twentieth century, we would refer to thinking machines ‘without fear of contradiction’. The Assumption of Agency Theory shows how and why, even if we don’t say it, we deal with machines every day as if they are thinking, acting agents.

The Prince and the Wolf: Latour and Harman at the LSE

The Latour and Harman at the LSE

Author: Bruno Latour,Graham Harman,Peter Erdelyi

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780990030

Category: Philosophy

Page: 153

View: 672

The Prince and the Wolf contains the transcript of a debate which took place on 5th February 2008 at the London School of Economics (LSE) between the prominent French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher Bruno Latour and the Cairo-based American philosopher Graham Harman.

Information Technology and Moral Philosophy

Author: Jeroen van den Hoven,John Weckert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469711

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1368

Information technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of post-industrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, digital divide and equal access, e-trust and tele-democracy. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice, property and privacy benefit from taking into account how information technology has shaped our social and epistemic practices and our moral experiences. Information technology changes the way that we look at the world and deal with one another. It calls, therefore, for a re-examination of notions such as friendship, care, commitment and trust.

Philosophy and Technology II

Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice

Author: Carl Mitcham,Alois Huning

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400945124

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9742

Until recently, the philosophy and history of science proceeded in a separate way from the philosophy and history of technology, and indeed with respect to both science and technology, philosophical and historical inquiries were also following their separate ways. Now we see in the past quarter-century how the philosophy of science has been profoundly in fluenced by historical studies of the sciences, and no longer concerned so single-mindedly with the analysis of theory and explanation, with the re lation between hypotheses and experimental observation. Now also we see the traditional historical studies of technology supplemented by phi losophical questions, and no longer so plainly focussed upon contexts of application, on invention and practical engineering, and on the mutually stimulating relations between technology and society. Further, alas, the neat division of intellectual labor, those clearly drawn distinctions be tween science and technology, between the theoretical and the applied, between discovery and justification, between internalist and externalist approaches . . . all, all have become muddled! Partly, this is due to internal revolutions within the philosophy and his tory of science (the first result being recognition of their mutual rele vance). Partly, however, this state of 'muddle' is due to external factors: science, at the least in the last half-century, has become so intimately connected with technology, and technological developments have cre ated so many new fields of scientific (and philosophical) inquiry that any critical reflection on scientific and technological endeavors must hence forth take their interaction into account.

Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications

Author: Roberto Poli,Michael Healy,Achilles Kameas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048188475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 1323

Ontology was once understood to be the philosophical inquiry into the structure of reality: the analysis and categorization of ‘what there is’. Recently, however, a field called ‘ontology’ has become part of the rapidly growing research industry in information technology. The two fields have more in common than just their name. Theory and Applications of Ontology is a two-volume anthology that aims to further an informed discussion about the relationship between ontology in philosophy and ontology in information technology. It fills an important lacuna in cutting-edge research on ontology in both fields, supplying stage-setting overview articles on history and method, presenting directions of current research in either field, and highlighting areas of productive interdisciplinary contact. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications presents ontology in ways that philosophers are not likely to find elsewhere. The volume offers an overview of current research in ontology, distinguishing basic conceptual issues, domain applications, general frameworks, and mathematical formalisms. It introduces the reader to current research on frameworks and applications in information technology in ways that are sure to invite reflection and constructive responses from ontologists in philosophy.

Philosophical and Sociological Perspectives of Education

Author: R.P. Pathak

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126907298

Category: Education

Page: 154

View: 7913

The Study Of Philosophy And Sociology Of Education Is An Exciting And Challenging Venture. It Allows Us To Encounter Some Of The Great And Enduring Ideas Of Human Thought. It Enables Us Not Only To Understand What Has Gone In The Past In Education But Also To Develop The Kind Of Perspective And Intellectual Tools That Will Help Us Deal With The Educational Problems Of Today And The Years Ahead. Philosophy And Sociology Of Education Has Been Identified As An Important Subject In All Teacher Training Programmes.The Present Book Contains Selected Topics Of Philosophy And Sociology Of Education To Help B.Ed. And M.Ed. Students As Well As Those Working In The Field Of Education. The Main Topics Included In The Book Are: Education Meaning, Concepts, Types And Approach, Education And Its Aims, Education And Philosophy, Idealism In Education, Naturalism In Education, Pragmatism In Education, Education And Social Change, Education And Social System, Education And Community, Equality And Equity In Education, Education Planning And National Development, Education And Problems Of Environment, Education For National Integration, Education For International Understanding, And Education For Human Values. These Topics Throw Enough Light On The Importance Of Teacher Education In Particular And School Education In General.It Is Hoped That The Book Will Prove Highly Useful To The Students And Teachers Of Education. In Addition, All Those Readers Interested In The Study Of Philosophy And Sociology Of Education Will Also Find It An Ideal Reference Book.

Philosophical Issues In Information Systems

Author: R L Winder,S K Probert,I. A. Beeson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748407583

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 4501

This ground-breaking book represents the work of a variety of researchers in information systems that share a common concern to use philosophical approaches to help solve problems in information systems. It brings together many of the leading researchers in the field and provides a broad-based range of chapters addressing key contemporary issues in the field. It looks at philosophical and social implications of the development of IS, relates these issues to the role IS plays in contemporary business and cultural theory, and discussed IS in a social and philosophical context, rather than simply as technology.

Information Systems Strategic Management

An Integrated Approach

Author: Steve Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135654271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 1800

This fully revised and updated second edition of Information Systems Strategic Management continues to provide an accessible yet critical analysis of the strategic aspects of information systems. The second edition again covers the relevant practical and theoretical material of information systems, supported by extensive case studies, student activities, and problem scenarios. The ISS issues will be fully integrated into current thinking about corporate strategy, addressing the fact that a range of emerging strategic issues are often ill addressed in IS strategy books, which also fail to differentiate between IT, the application of technology, and IS, the participative, human-centred approaches to information and knowledge management. Specific changes include Expansion and internationalisation of case studies Broader focus beyond social and critical theory New chapters on strategy and e-business, strategic management as a technical or social process, strategic implications of information security, applications portfolio, and technology management. The focus on strategic issues and the integration of IT and IS issues ensures this text is ideal for MBA students studying MIS, as well as being suitable for MSC students in IS/IT.

Philosophy and Synergy of Information

Sustainability and Security

Author: Paata J. Kervalishvili,Sousana A. Michailidis,IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614990255


Page: 189

View: 1501

The philosophy of information is one of the most exciting and fruitful areas of current philosophical research. Not only is it affecting the way in which new and old philosophical problems are addressed, but it is also creating a substantial innovation of the philosophical system. This book contains selected papers presented at the 2011 spring conference entitled aePhilosophy and Synergy of Information: Sustainability and SecurityAE, held in Tbilisi, and supported by the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme. The conference welcomed scientists from different disciplines and different countries, both eastern and western. They met to share their ideas, the results of their research and their experiences related to information science and technology, philosophy, the nature and culture of information and the problems of sustainable development for countries, regions and continents. Subjects covered include the latest innovations in informatics, forecasting, quantum information theory, nano information-communication systems and many more. Since ancient times, philosophers have been preoccupied with investigating life and security in the cosmos (world order).This book will be of interest to all those involved in that endeavor.

Information Technology and Changes in Organizational Work

Author: W.J. Orlikowski,G. Walsham,M.R. Jones,Janice I. DeGross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412640100

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 6346

Many organisations are using an increased range of information technologies to support a variety of new organisational practices and organisational forms. The book aims to investigate the integration of information technologies into work places and their effect on work and work-life. Issues include changes in: the nature, quantity and quality of work; power relations; privacy; and aspects of organisational culture. The book also considers the social process of shifting from present organisational structures and practices to new ones.

Information and Communication Technologies, Society and Human Beings: Theory and Framework (Festschrift in honor of Gunilla Bradley)

Theory and Framework (Festschrift in honor of Gunilla Bradley)

Author: Haftor, Darek

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1609600592

Category: Computers

Page: 660

View: 8936

Information and Communication Technologies, Society and Human Beings: Theory and Framework addresses the extensive area of effects of ICT on human beings and the interaction between ICT, individuals, organizations, and society. This premier reference source features contributions from over 45 distinguished researchers from around the world, each presenting high quality research on Social Informatics, Human Computer Interaction, Organizational Behavior, and Macro-ergonomics. This unique publication is perfect for students, teachers, researchers, engineers, practitioners, managers, policy-makers, and media alike.

Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education

Author: Mark Mason

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444307363

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 1026

A collection of scholarly essays, Complexity Theory and thePhilosophy of Education provides an accessible theoreticalintroduction to the topic of complexity theory while consideringits broader implications for educational change. Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophyof education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team ofcontributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to theimplications of work of key philosophers such as Foucault and JohnDewey for educational change Demonstrates how social scientists and social and educationpolicy makers are drawing on complexity theory to answer questionssuch as: why is it that education decision-makers are so resistantto change; how does change in education happen; and what does ittake to make these changes sustainable? Considers changes in use of complexity theory; developedprincipally in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, andeconomics, and now being applied more broadly to the socialsciences and to the study of education

Social Theory

Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance

Author: Daniel W. Rossides

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781882289509

Category: Social Science

Page: 389

View: 3034

Social Theory: Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance analyzes the tradition of social theory in terms of its origins and changes in kind of societies. Rossides provides a full discussion of the sociohistorical environments that generated Western social theory with a focus on the contemporary modern world. While employing a sociology of knowledge approach that identifies theories as aristocratic versus democratic, liberal versus socialist and also liberal feminist versus radical feminist; it attempts to construct a scientific, unified social theory in the West. Additionally, it also features African American theory, American culture studies, political and legal philosophy, and environmental theory.