Social theory and philosophy for information systems

Author: John Mingers,Leslie Willcocks

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470851173

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 455

View: 8129

In recent years information systems has evolved from a discipline based primarily on positivist, statistically-oriented research into a more pluralist discipline that allows debates about research methodologies; consideration of a range of social theories and philosophies; and more critical analyses and understandings of alternative approaches. This book has the intention of broadening research within the IS field. It collects together into one volume new critical assessments of major social theorists, philosophers and currents of thought. Detailed coverage is given to: functionalism and neo-functionalism, phenomenology (Husserl and Heidegger), critical theory (Adorno and Habermas), hermeneutics, Foucault, Giddens, actor network theory, social shaping of technology, critical realism and complexity theory. The book provides a vital, accessible and critically authoritative narrative on the relevance of these modes of thinking to information systems research. Contributors include: Debra Howcroft, Minh Q. Huynh, Fernando M. Ilharco, Lucas D. Introna, Matthew Jones, Heinz K. Klein, Allen S. Lee, M. Lynne Markus, Yasmin Merali, John Mingers, Nathalie Mitev, Kamal Munir, Michael D. Myers, Wanda Orlikowski, Stephen K. Probert, Leslie P. Willcocks, Melanie Wilson.

Wissenschaftstheorie und gestaltungsorientierte Wirtschaftsinformatik

Author: Jörg Becker,Helmut Krcmar,Björn Niehaves

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 379082335X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 6570

Die deutschsprachige Wirtschaftsinformatik kann auf eine reiche Tradition gestaltungsorientierter Arbeiten zurückblicken. Im Zuge der zunehmenden Forschungsinternationalisierung bietet sich hier die Chance, zum internationalen Diskurs im Information Systems und vor allem im Design Science Research beizutragen. Herausforderungen und Entwicklungspotenziale liegen für die gestaltungsorientierte Forschung jedoch vor allem in ihrer wissenschaftstheoretischen und methodischen Fundierung. Die Beiträge des Herausgeberbands „Wissenschaftstheorie und gestaltungsorientierte Wirtschaftsinformatik" stärken den theoretischen und methodischen Diskurs in der gestaltungsorientierten Wirtschaftsinformatik. Sie bieten Perspektiven und Ansatzpunkte für Wissenschaftler, Studenten sowie Praktiker an der Schnittstelle zwischen gestaltungsorientierter Forschung und betrieblicher Praxis.

Einkauf und Einsatz von Unternehmenssoftware

Empirische Untersuchungen zum anwenderseitigen Software-Lebenszyklus

Author: Stefan Harnisch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658093498

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 1783

​Stefan Harnisch zeigt – basierend auf einer umfassenden Fallstudie – auf, wie es in komplexen Software-Einkaufsprozessen unter Beteiligung von Stakeholdern aus verschiedenen Bereichen möglich ist, eine gemeinsame und optimale Kaufentscheidung zu treffen. Darüber hinaus untersucht der Autor, ob die Erwartungen, die Anwenderunternehmen mit Software as a Service verbinden, in der Realität haltbar sind. Anhand dieser Ergebnisse werden Handlungsempfehlungen sowohl für Anwender als auch für Software-Hersteller abgeleitet.

mHealth Multidisciplinary Verticals

Author: Sasan Adibi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482214814

Category: Medical

Page: 754

View: 2334

An in-depth overview of the emerging concept; Mobile Health (mHealth), mHealth Multidisciplinary Verticals links applications and technologies to key market and vendor players. It also highlights interdependencies and synergies between various stakeholders which drive the research forces behind mHealth. The book explores the trends and directions where this vertical market is headed. Divided into nine sections, the book covers a number of multidisciplinary verticals within the field of mHealth such as: Preventive and curative medicine Consumer and patient-centric approaches Psychological, behavioral, and mental verticals Social perspectives Education, adoption, and acceptance Aged care and the aging population Regional, geographical, and public-health perspectives Technology implications Cloud applications The book collates emerging and diverse mHealth applications into a single resource. The result of extensive research, the book is a collaborative effort between experts from more than 20 countries, who have been carefully reviewed and selected by the team of reviewers. It takes a multidisciplinary approach to health informatics and provides a roadmap to current and future directions of mHealth.

The Assumption of Agency Theory

Author: Kate Forbes-Pitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136633251

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2641

The Assumption of Agency Theory revisits the Turing Test and examines what Turing’s assessor knew. It asks important questions about how machines vis à vis humans have been characterized since Turing, and seeks to reverse the trend of looking closely at the machine by asking what humans know in interaction and how they know it. Building upon existing theories of philosophy of mind, this book shows not how humans operate theoretically, but how they use every day human skill to overcome knowledge barriers and understand each other through knowing themselves. Only once human interaction has been theorized in this way are machines able to be placed within it; when it is easier to understand what humans believe them to be. This book characterizes a non-human agent that shows itself in interaction but is distinct from human agency: an agent acting with us in our ongoing reproduction and transformation of structure. Turing predicted that at the end of the twentieth century, we would refer to thinking machines ‘without fear of contradiction’. The Assumption of Agency Theory shows how and why, even if we don’t say it, we deal with machines every day as if they are thinking, acting agents.

The Prince and the Wolf: Latour and Harman at the LSE

The Latour and Harman at the LSE

Author: Bruno Latour,Graham Harman,Peter Erdelyi

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780990030

Category: Philosophy

Page: 153

View: 4036

The Prince and the Wolf contains the transcript of a debate which took place on 5th February 2008 at the London School of Economics (LSE) between the prominent French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher Bruno Latour and the Cairo-based American philosopher Graham Harman.

Realising Systems Thinking: Knowledge and Action in Management Science

Author: John Mingers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038729841X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 6505

This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.

Information Systems

Critical Perspectives

Author: Bernd Carsten Stahl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134080395

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 6025

Whilst Information Systems has the potential to widen our view of the world, it often has the opposite effect by limiting our ability to interact, facilitating managerial and state surveillance or instituting strict hierarchies and personal control. In this book, Bernd Stahl offers an alternative and critical perspective on the subject, arguing that the ongoing problems in this area could be caused by the misconceptualization of the nature and role of IS. Stahl discusses the question of how IS can be used to actually overcome oppression and promote emancipation, breaking the book into four sections. The first section covers the theory of critical research in IS, giving a central place for the subject of ethics. The second section discusses the philosophical underpinnings of this critical research. The third and largest section gives examples of the application of critical work in IS. The final section then reflects on the approach and suggests ways for further development.

Exploring Information Systems Research Approaches

Readings and Reflections

Author: Robert Galliers,M. Lynne Markus,Susan Newell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415771979

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 453

View: 8717

Exploring Information Systems Research Approaches is intended for supervisors and research students in the information systems and related fields. This collection of thought-provoking articles, arranged in sections that reflect the broadening nature of the field, provides examples of a range of research approaches. This book focuses on different research approaches – their strengths, limitations, and the conclusions which can be drawn from them – and explores the impact of information and communication technologies on groups, on organizations, between organizations, on markets, and on society worldwide. The articles selected have been chosen to represent an approach to research, or an alternative design within an approach (e.g., single case versus multiple cases; survey within industry versus survey across industries). Each section is preceded by an editorial introduction that places the chosen articles in context of other, similar research, and provides a summary of the articles in terms of the: research method employed focus and perspective of the research technology being employed findings and overall contribution of the work. Each introduction also highlights various issues and factors that the reader should consider when studying each of the articles in the section and includes ideas for further reading and discussion questions suitable for doctoral research seminars.

Information Technology and Moral Philosophy

Author: Jeroen van den Hoven,John Weckert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469711

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9376

Information technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of post-industrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, digital divide and equal access, e-trust and tele-democracy. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice, property and privacy benefit from taking into account how information technology has shaped our social and epistemic practices and our moral experiences. Information technology changes the way that we look at the world and deal with one another. It calls, therefore, for a re-examination of notions such as friendship, care, commitment and trust.

Information Technology and Changes in Organizational Work

Author: W.J. Orlikowski,G. Walsham,M.R. Jones,Janice I. DeGross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412640100

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 4544

Many organisations are using an increased range of information technologies to support a variety of new organisational practices and organisational forms. The book aims to investigate the integration of information technologies into work places and their effect on work and work-life. Issues include changes in: the nature, quantity and quality of work; power relations; privacy; and aspects of organisational culture. The book also considers the social process of shifting from present organisational structures and practices to new ones.

Philosophy and Technology II

Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice

Author: Carl Mitcham,Alois Huning

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400945124

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2151

Until recently, the philosophy and history of science proceeded in a separate way from the philosophy and history of technology, and indeed with respect to both science and technology, philosophical and historical inquiries were also following their separate ways. Now we see in the past quarter-century how the philosophy of science has been profoundly in fluenced by historical studies of the sciences, and no longer concerned so single-mindedly with the analysis of theory and explanation, with the re lation between hypotheses and experimental observation. Now also we see the traditional historical studies of technology supplemented by phi losophical questions, and no longer so plainly focussed upon contexts of application, on invention and practical engineering, and on the mutually stimulating relations between technology and society. Further, alas, the neat division of intellectual labor, those clearly drawn distinctions be tween science and technology, between the theoretical and the applied, between discovery and justification, between internalist and externalist approaches . . . all, all have become muddled! Partly, this is due to internal revolutions within the philosophy and his tory of science (the first result being recognition of their mutual rele vance). Partly, however, this state of 'muddle' is due to external factors: science, at the least in the last half-century, has become so intimately connected with technology, and technological developments have cre ated so many new fields of scientific (and philosophical) inquiry that any critical reflection on scientific and technological endeavors must hence forth take their interaction into account.

Information Systems Strategic Management

An Integrated Approach

Author: Steve Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135654271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 6016

This fully revised and updated second edition of Information Systems Strategic Management continues to provide an accessible yet critical analysis of the strategic aspects of information systems. The second edition again covers the relevant practical and theoretical material of information systems, supported by extensive case studies, student activities, and problem scenarios. The ISS issues will be fully integrated into current thinking about corporate strategy, addressing the fact that a range of emerging strategic issues are often ill addressed in IS strategy books, which also fail to differentiate between IT, the application of technology, and IS, the participative, human-centred approaches to information and knowledge management. Specific changes include Expansion and internationalisation of case studies Broader focus beyond social and critical theory New chapters on strategy and e-business, strategic management as a technical or social process, strategic implications of information security, applications portfolio, and technology management. The focus on strategic issues and the integration of IT and IS issues ensures this text is ideal for MBA students studying MIS, as well as being suitable for MSC students in IS/IT.

Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications

Author: Roberto Poli,Michael Healy,Achilles Kameas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048188475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 3831

Ontology was once understood to be the philosophical inquiry into the structure of reality: the analysis and categorization of ‘what there is’. Recently, however, a field called ‘ontology’ has become part of the rapidly growing research industry in information technology. The two fields have more in common than just their name. Theory and Applications of Ontology is a two-volume anthology that aims to further an informed discussion about the relationship between ontology in philosophy and ontology in information technology. It fills an important lacuna in cutting-edge research on ontology in both fields, supplying stage-setting overview articles on history and method, presenting directions of current research in either field, and highlighting areas of productive interdisciplinary contact. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications presents ontology in ways that philosophers are not likely to find elsewhere. The volume offers an overview of current research in ontology, distinguishing basic conceptual issues, domain applications, general frameworks, and mathematical formalisms. It introduces the reader to current research on frameworks and applications in information technology in ways that are sure to invite reflection and constructive responses from ontologists in philosophy.

Organizational and Social Perspectives on Information Technology

IFIP TC8 WG8.2 International Working Conference on the Social and Organizational Perspective on Research and Practice in Information Technology June 9–11, 2000, Aalborg, Denmark

Author: Richard Baskerville,Jan Stage,Janice I. DeGross

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387355057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 532

View: 4499

The articles in this book constitute the proceedings papers from the IFIP WG 8.2 Working Conference, "IS2000: The Social and Organizational Perspective on Research and Practice in Information Technology," held June 1 0-12, 2000, in Aalborg, Denmark. The focus of the conference, and therefore this book, is on the basic aim of the working group, namely, the investigation of the interrelationships among four major components: information systems (IS), information technology (IT), organizations, and society. This basic social and organizational perspective on research and practice in information technology may have evolved substantially since the founding ofthe group, for example, increasing the emphasis on IS development. The plan for the conference was partially rooted in the early WG 8.2 traditions, in which working conferences were substantially composed of invited papers. For IS2000, roughly half of the paper presentations were planned to be invited; the remaining half were planned to be double-blind refereed in response to a "Call For Papers." Invited papers were single-blind reviewed in order to provide the authors with pre-publication feedback and comments, along with the opportunity to revise their papers prior to its final incorporation in this book.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 6332

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.