Social Media as Surveillance

Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World

Author: Daniel Trottier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317053826

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 4304

While there is a lot of popular and academic interest in social media, this is the first academic work which addresses its growing presence in the surveillance of everyday life. Some scholars have considered its impact on privacy, but these efforts overlook the broader risks for users. Commonsense recommendations of care and vigilance are not enough, as attempts to manage an individual presence are complicated by the features which make social media 'social'. Facebook friends routinely expose each other, and this information leaks from one context to another. This book develops a surveillance studies approach to social media by presenting first hand ethnographic research with a variety of personal and professional social media users. Using Facebook as a case-study, it describes growing monitoring practices that involve social media. What makes this study unique is that it not only considers social media surveillance as multi-purpose, but also shows how these different purposes augment one another, leading to a rapid spread of surveillance and visibility. Individual, institutional, market-based, security and intelligence forms of surveillance therefore co-exist with each other on the same site. Not only are they drawing from the same interface and information, but these practices also augment each other. This groundbreaking research considers the rapid growth and volatility of social media technology by treating these aspects as central to social media surveillance.
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Social Media as Surveillance

Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World

Author: Daniel Trottier

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409438899

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 936

This book develops a surveillance studies approach to social media by presenting first hand ethnographic research with a variety of personal and professional social media users. Using Facebook as a case-study, it describes growing monitoring practices that involve social media. What makes this study unique is that it not only considers social media surveillance as multi-purpose, but also shows how these different purposes augment one another, leading to a rapid spread of surveillance and visibility.
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Social Media as Surveillance

Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World

Author: Dr Daniel Trottier

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409484262

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 2763

This book develops a surveillance studies approach to social media by presenting first hand ethnographic research with a variety of personal and professional social media users. Using Facebook as a case-study, it describes growing monitoring practices that involve social media. What makes this study unique is that it not only considers social media surveillance as multi-purpose, but also shows how these different purposes augment one another, leading to a rapid spread of surveillance and visibility.
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Internet and Surveillance

The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media

Author: Christian Fuchs,Kees Boersma,Anders Albrechtslund,Marisol Sandoval

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136655263

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 5264

The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of “Web 2.0”, social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged in this context. With such platforms comes the massive provision and storage of personal data that are systematically evaluated, marketed, and used for targeting users with advertising. In a world of global economic competition, economic crisis, and fear of terrorism after 9/11, both corporations and state institutions have a growing interest in accessing this personal data. Here, contributors explore this changing landscape by addressing topics such as commercial data collection by advertising, consumer sites and interactive media; self-disclosure in the social web; surveillance of file-sharers; privacy in the age of the internet; civil watch-surveillance on social networking sites; and networked interactive surveillance in transnational space. This book is a result of a research action launched by the intergovernmental network COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).
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Social Media

A Critical Introduction

Author: Christian Fuchs

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473987490

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 3321

This book equips students with the critical thinking they need to understand the complexities and contradictions of social media and make informed judgements. The second edition explores the sharing economy of Uber and Airbnb and social media in China.
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Social Media, Politics and the State

Protests, Revolutions, Riots, Crime and Policing in the Age of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube

Author: Daniel Trottier,Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317655486

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 4413

This book is the essential guide for understanding how state power and politics are contested and exercised on social media. It brings together contributions by social media scholars who explore the connection of social media with revolutions, uprising, protests, power and counter-power, hacktivism, the state, policing and surveillance. It shows how collective action and state power are related and conflict as two dialectical sides of social media power, and how power and counter-power are distributed in this dialectic. Theoretically focused and empirically rigorous research considers the two-sided contradictory nature of power in relation to social media and politics. Chapters cover social media in the context of phenomena such as contemporary revolutions in Egypt and other countries, populism 2.0, anti-austerity protests, the fascist movement in Greece's crisis, Anonymous and police surveillance.
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Citizen Spies

The Long Rise of America's Surveillance Society

Author: Joshua Reeves

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479894907

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2794

The history of recruiting citizens to spy on each other in the United States. Ever since the revelations of whistleblower Edward Snowden, we think about surveillance as the data-tracking digital technologies used by the likes of Google, the National Security Administration, and the military. But in reality, the state and allied institutions have a much longer history of using everyday citizens to spy and inform on their peers. Citizen Spies shows how “If You See Something, Say Something” is more than just a new homeland security program; it has been an essential civic responsibility throughout the history of the United States. From the town crier of Colonial America to the recruitment of youth through “junior police,” to the rise of Neighborhood Watch, AMBER Alerts, and Emergency 9-1-1, Joshua Reeves explores how ordinary citizens have been taught to carry out surveillance on their peers. Emphasizing the role humans play as “seeing” and “saying” subjects, he demonstrates how American society has continuously fostered cultures of vigilance, suspicion, meddling, snooping, and snitching. Tracing the evolution of police crowd-sourcing from “Hue and Cry” posters and America’s Most Wanted to police-affiliated social media, as well as the U.S.’s recurrent anxieties about political dissidents and ethnic minorities from the Red Scare to the War on Terror, Reeves teases outhow vigilance toward neighbors has long been aligned with American ideals of patriotic and moral duty. Taking the long view of the history of the citizen spy, this book offers a much-needed perspective for those interested in how we arrived at our current moment in surveillance culture and contextualizes contemporary trends in policing.
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Social Networks as the New Frontier of Terrorism

#Terror

Author: Laura Scaife

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317361849

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 6067

Terrorism. Why does this word grab our attention so? Propaganda machines have adopted modern technology as a means to always have their content available. Regardless of the hour or time zone, information is being shared by somebody, somewhere. Social media is a game changer- influencing the way in which terror groups are changing their tactics and also how their acts of terror are perceived by the member of the public they intend to influence. This book explores how social media adoption by terrorists interacts with privacy law, freedom of expression, data a protection and surveillance legislation through an exploration of the fascinating primary resources themselves, covering everything from the Snowden Leaks, the rise of ISIS to Charlie Hebdo. The book also covers lesser worn paths such as the travel guide which proudly boasts that you can get Bounty’s and Twix’s mid-conflict, and the best local hair salons for jihadi brides. These vignettes, amongst the many others explored in this volume bring to life the legal, policy and ethical debates considered in this volume, representing an important part in the development of understanding terrorist narratives on social media with framing the legislative debate. This book represents an invaluable guide for lawyers, government bodies, the defence services, academics, students and businesses.
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Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now

Author: Jaron Lanier

Publisher: Henry Holt

ISBN: 125019668X

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 2692

"You might have trouble imagining life without your social media accounts, but virtual reality pioneer Jaron Lanier insists that we're better off without them. In Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now, Lanier, who participates in no social media, offers powerful and personal reasons for all of us to leave these dangerous online platforms"--
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Terms of Service

Social Media and the Price of Constant Connection

Author: Jacob Silverman

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062282514

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 7727

Social networking has grown into a staple of modern society, but its continued evolution is becoming increasingly detrimental to our lives. Shifts in communication and privacy are affecting us more than we realize or understand. Terms of Service crystalizes this current moment in technology and contemplates its implications: the identity-validating pleasures and perils of online visibility; our newly adopted view of daily life through the lens of what is share-worthy; and the surveillance state operated by social media platforms—Facebook, Google, Twitter, and others—to mine our personal data for advertising revenue, an invasion of our lives that is as pervasive as government spying. Jacob Silverman calls for social media users to take back ownership of their digital selves from the Silicon Valley corporations who claim to know what's best for them. Integrating politics, sociology, national security, pop culture, and technology, he reveals the surprising conformity at the heart of Internet culture—explaining how social media companies engineer their products to encourage shallow engagement and discourage dissent. Reflecting on the collapsed barriers between our private and public lives, Silverman brings into focus the inner conflict we feel when deciding what to share and what to "like," and explains how we can take the steps we need to free ourselves from its grip.
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Digital Enlightenment Yearbook 2014

Social Networks and Social Machines, Surveillance and Empowerment

Author: K. O’Hara,M-H.C. Nguyen,P. Haynes

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614994501

Category: Computers

Page: 314

View: 8384

Tracking the evolution of digital technology is no easy task; changes happen so fast that keeping pace presents quite a challenge. This is, nevertheless, the aim of the Digital Enlightenment Yearbook. This book is the third in the series which began in 2012 under the auspices of the Digital Enlightenment Forum. This year, the focus is on the relationship of individuals with their networks, and explores “Social networks and social machines, surveillance and empowerment”. In what is now the well-established tradition of the yearbook, different stakeholders in society and various disciplinary communities (technology, law, philosophy, sociology, economics, policymaking) bring their very different opinions and perspectives to bear on this topic. The book is divided into four parts: the individual as data manager; the individual, society and the market; big data and open data; and new approaches. These are bookended by a Prologue and an Epilogue, which provide illuminating perspectives on the discussions in between. The division of the book is not definitive; it suggests one narrative, but others are clearly possible. The 2014 Digital Enlightenment Yearbook gathers together the science, social science, law and politics of the digital environment in order to help us reformulate and address the timely and pressing questions which this new environment raises. We are all of us affected by digital technology, and the subjects covered here are consequently of importance to us all.
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Infoglut

How Too Much Information Is Changing the Way We Think and Know

Author: Mark Andrejevic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135119511

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3419

Today, more mediated information is available to more people than at any other time in human history. New and revitalized sense-making strategies multiply in response to the challenges of "cutting through the clutter" of competing narratives and taming the avalanche of information. Data miners, "sentiment analysts," and decision markets offer to help bodies of data "speak for themselves"—making sense of their own patterns so we don’t have to. Neuromarketers and body language experts promise to peer behind people’s words to see what their brains are really thinking and feeling. New forms of information processing promise to displace the need for expertise and even comprehension—at least for those with access to the data. Infoglut explores the connections between these wide-ranging sense-making strategies for an era of information overload and "big data," and the new forms of control they enable. Andrejevic critiques the popular embrace of deconstructive debunkery, calling into question the post-truth, post-narrative, and post-comprehension politics it underwrites, and tracing a way beyond them.
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Participatory Health Through Social Media

Author: Shabbir Syed-Abdul,Elia Gabarron,Annie Lau

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128095482

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 3690

Participatory Health through Social Media explores how traditional models of healthcare can be delivered differently through social media and online games, and how these technologies are changing the relationship between patients and healthcare professionals, as well as their impact on health behavior change. The book also examines how the hospitals, public health authorities, and inspectorates are currently using social media to facilitate both information distribution and collection. Also looks into the opportunities and risks to record and analyze epidemiologically relevant data retrieved from the Internet, social media, sensor data, and other digital sources. The book encompasses topics such as patient empowerment, gamification and social games, and the relationships between social media, health behavior change, and health communication crisis during epidemics. Additionally, the book analyzes the possibilities of big data generated through social media. Authored by IMIA Social Media working group, this book is a valuable resource for healthcare researchers and professionals, as well as clinicians interested in using new media as part of their practice or research. Presents a multidisciplinary point of view providing the readers with a broader perspective Brings the latest case studies and technological advances in the area, supported by an active international community of members who actively work in this area Endorsed by IMIA Social Media workgroup, guaranteeing trustable information from the most relevant experts on the subject Examines how the hospitals, public health authorities, and inspectorates are currently using social media to facilitate both information distribution and collection
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Compromised Data

From Social Media to Big Data

Author: Greg Elmer,Ganaele Langlois,Joanna Redden

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501306537

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5476

There has been a data rush in the past decade brought about by online communication and, in particular, social media (Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, among others), which promises a new age of digital enlightenment. But social data is compromised: it is being seized by specific economic interests, it leads to a fundamental shift in the relationship between research and the public good, and it fosters new forms of control and surveillance. Compromised Data: From Social Media to Big Data explores how we perform critical research within a compromised social data framework. The expert, international lineup of contributors explores the limits and challenges of social data research in order to invent and develop new modes of doing public research. At its core, this collection argues that we are witnessing a fundamental reshaping of the social through social data mining.
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Digital Surveillance and Social Media

Author: Ebru Guzel,Ece Baban

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781530443499

Category:

Page: 164

View: 881

Seeing, is a distinguishing feature in the formation of people's perception of the world. Compared to seeing, it can be said that words on the other hand can carry different meanings and be understood differently. Seeing, which predates words, begins in childhood. And as mentioned above by Berger, one's place in the family becomes clearer through seeing. In seeing, reality is singular; different truths can only be formed by those that see it. While games can be played between words, truth, and what is real; the reality of what is seen cannot be argued. Whether what is seen is true or not, can vary according to an individual's experiences, knowledge, and beliefs . In the act of seeing, where the eye limits the truth, perception can vary from individual to individual.
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Collective Action 2.0

The Impact of Social Media on Collective Action

Author: Shaked Spier

Publisher: Chandos Publishing

ISBN: 0081005792

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 6911

Collective Action 2.0 explores the issues related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in detail, providing a balanced insight into how ICTs leverage and interact with collective action, which will have an impact on the current discourse. Recent events in different authoritarian regimes, such as Iran and Egypt, have drawn global attention to a developing phenomenon in collective action: People tend to organize through different social media platforms for political protest and resistance. This phenomenon describes a change in social structure and behavior tied to ICT. Social media platforms have been used to leverage collective action, which has in some cases arguably lead, to political revolution. The phenomenon also indicates that the way information is organized affects the organization of social structures with which it interoperates. The phenomenon also has another side, which is the use of social media for activist suppression, state and corporate surveillance, commodifi cation of social processes, demobilization, or for the mobilization of collective action toward undesirable ends. Analyzes social media and collective action in an in-depth and balanced manner Presents an account of avoiding technological determinism, utopianism, and fundamentalism Considers the underlying theory behind quick-paced social media Takes an interdisciplinary approach that will resonate with all those interested in social media and collective action, regardless of fi eld specialism
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Critical Theory and Social Media

Between Emancipation and Commodification

Author: Thomas Allmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317612310

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 9920

Social media platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter are enormously popular: they are continuously ranked among the most frequently accessed websites worldwide. However there are as yet few studies which combine critical theoretical and empirical research in the context of digital and social media. The aim of this book is to study the constraints and emancipatory potentials of new media and to assess to what extent digital and social media can contribute to strengthen the idea of the communication and network commons, and a commons-based information society. ? Based on a critical theory and political economy approach, this book explores: the foundational concepts of a critical theory of media, technology, and society users’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards the antagonistic character and the potentials and risks of social media whether technological and/or social changes are required in order to bring about real social media and human liberation. Critical Theory and Social Media examines both academic discourse on, and users’ responses to, new media, making it a valuable tool for international scholars and students of sociology, media and communication studies, social theory, new media, and information society studies. Its clear and interesting insights into corporate practices of the global new media sector will mean that it appeals to critical social media users around the world.
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Antisocial Media

How Facebook Disconnects Us and Undermines Democracy

Author: Siva Vaidhyanathan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190841184

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6934

If you wanted to build a machine that would distribute propaganda to millions of people, distract them from important issues, energize hatred and bigotry, erode social trust, undermine respectable journalism, foster doubts about science, and engage in massive surveillance all at once, you would make something a lot like Facebook. Of course, none of that was part of the plan. In Antisocial Media, Siva Vaidhyanathan explains how Facebook devolved from an innocent social site hacked together by Harvard students into a force that, while it may make personal life just a little more pleasurable, makes democracy a lot more challenging. It's an account of the hubris of good intentions, a missionary spirit, and an ideology that sees computer code as the universal solvent for all human problems. And it's an indictment of how "social media" has fostered the deterioration of democratic culture around the world, from facilitating Russian meddling in support of Trump's election to the exploitation of the platform by murderous authoritarians in Burma and the Philippines. Facebook grew out of an ideological commitment to data-driven decision making and logical thinking. Its culture is explicitly tolerant of difference and dissent. Both its market orientation and its labor force are global. It preaches the power of connectivity to change lives for the better. Indeed, no company better represents the dream of a fully connected planet "sharing" words, ideas, and images, and no company has better leveraged those ideas into wealth and influence. Yet no company has contributed more to the global collapse of basic tenets of deliberation and democracy. Both authoritative and trenchant, Antisocial Media shows how Facebook's mission went so wrong.
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Protests in the Information Age

Social Movements, Digital Practices and Surveillance

Author: Lucas Melgaço,Jeffrey Monaghan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351815423

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 3553

Information and communication technologies have transformed the dynamics of contention in contemporary society. Social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, and devices such as smartphones have increasingly played a central role in facilitating and mobilizing social movements throughout different parts of the world. Concurrently, the same technologies have been taken up by public authorities (including security agencies and the police) and have been used as surveillance tools to monitor and suppress the activities of certain demonstrators. This book explores the complex and contradictory relationships between communication and information technologies and social movements by drawing on different case studies from around the world. The contributions analyse how new communication and information technologies impact the way protests are carried out and controlled in the current information age. The authors focus on recent events that date from the Arab Spring onwards and pose questions regarding the future of protests, surveillance and digital landscapes.
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