Social Forecasting Methodology

Suggestions for Research

Author: Daniel P. Harrison

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446429

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 7522

A volume in the Social Science Frontiers series, which are occasional publications reviewing new fields for social science development. These occasional publications seek to summarize recent work being done in particular areas of social research, to review new developments in the field, and to indicate issues needing further investigation. The publications are intended to help orient those concerned with developing current research programs and broadening the use of social science in the policy-making process. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation's Social Science Frontiers Series
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Sources of information in the social sciences

a guide to the literature. - 3rd ed

Author: William H. Webb,Alan R. Beals

Publisher: Chicago : American Library Association

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 777

View: 9886

Brief descriptions of specific fields in history, economics, and other areas of social science introduce annotated bibliographies of source material
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Risk Acceptability According to the Social Sciences

Author: Mary Douglas

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441583

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 4837

Every day, it seems, we become aware of some new technological or chemical hazard. Yet it is also possible that this very awareness is new, or at least newly heightened. Why are certain kinds of risks suddenly so salient? Are public perceptions of risk simply the sum of individual reactions to individual events, or do social and cultural influences play a role in shaping our definitions of safety, acceptable risk, and danger? Prompted by public outcries and by the confusion and uncertainty surrounding risk management policy, social scientists have begun to address themselves to the issue of risk perception. But as anthropologist Mary Douglas points out, they have been singularly reluctant to examine the cultural bases of risk perception, preferring to concentrate on the individual perceiver making individual choices. This approach leaves unexamined a number of crucial social factors—our concepts of what is “natural” or “artificial,” for example; our beliefs about fairness, and our moral judgements about the kind of society in which we want to live. This provocative and path-breaking report seeks to open a sociological approach to risk perception that has so far been systematically neglected. Describing first some exceptions to the general neglect of culture, Douglas builds on these clues and on her own broad anthropological perspective to make a compelling case for focusing on social factors in risk perception. She offers a challenge and a promising new agenda to all who study perceptions of risk and, by extension, to those who study human cognition and choice as well. "An altogether brilliant piece of writing—far-reaching and a joy to read." —Amartya Sen, Oxford University A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation's Social Science Frontiers Series
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Educational Needs Projection and Rural Development

A Bibliography

Author: Southern Rural Development Center. Functional Network on Educational Needs Projection,Gerald C. Wheelock,Pushpa B. Sapra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 161

View: 5743

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Risk Management and Political Culture

Author: Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610443101

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 2584

This unique comparative study looks at efforts to regulate carcinogenic chemicals in several Western democracies, including the United States, and finds marked national differences in how conflicting scientific interpretations and competing political interests are resolved. Whether risk issues are referred to expert committees without public debate or debated openly in a variety of forums, patterns of interaction among experts, policy makers, and the public reflect fundamental features of each country's political culture. "A provocative argument....Poses interesting questions for the sociology of science, especially science produced for public debate."—Contemporary Sociology A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation's Social Science Frontiers Series
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The Risk Professionals

Author: Thomas Dietz,Robert W. Rycroft

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441575

Category: Political Science

Page: 164

View: 7548

In the two decades since a new social movement put environmental issues high on the national policy agenda, Washington has become home to a small group of people—the risk professionals—whose careers center on the identification, assessment, and management of risks to public health and safety. These men and women, experts working in federal agencies, Congress, activist organizations, and corporations, help transform mass concern into government policy, shaping the way our society responds to environmental and technological hazards. Based on nearly 230 interviews, The Risk Professionals provides the first comprehensive sociological analysis of our "danger establishment." Dietz and Rycroft explore the social, educational, and career profiles of risk professionals; their worldviews and ideologies; their networks and norms. Not content to view risk professionals from a single perspective, the authors build an integrated description that considers commonalities in their subjects' backgrounds, interests, values, and communication patterns. The result is a uniquely revealing look into the heart of the risk policy system, and a broader illumination of the social structures and dynamics that will influence environmental policy for years to come. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation's Social Science Frontiers Series
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Annual Report

Author: Russell Sage Foundation

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8481

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Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 1130

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Subject Catalog

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7715

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New Frontiers in Urban Analysis

In Honor of Atsuyuki Okabe

Author: Yasushi Asami,Yukio Sadahiro,Toru Ishikawa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439802533

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 8606

Bringing together the world’s leading experts in Urban Analysis, this remarkable and critically acclaimed volume applies the theories and models of Atsuyuko Okabe, Japan’s preeminent spatial analyst, to case studies in urban planning, transport, administration, and public health in the context of the highly advanced Japanese planning system. It includes information that has never appeared in English, covering the development of techniques in GIS, spatial modeling, and methodologies of spatial analysis as they are applied to urban environments. Each of the contributors has worked directly with or studied under Professor Okabe
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Synergetik

eine Einführung

Author: Hermann Haken

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540110507

Category: Synergetics

Page: 382

View: 5037

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Stability and Change

Innovation in an Educational Context

Author: Sheila Rosenblum,Karen Seashore Louis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461332346

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9057

Nearly a century ago, Emile Durkheim founded the sociology of educa tion on the French cultural and structural premise that the function of educators is to transmit culture from one generation to the next. The clarity of his vision was aided by the era, the place, and the actors in the learning environment. His was an era when the relatively seamless web of western culture, although ripping and straining, was still intact. The place, post-Napoleonic France, was vertically stratified and elaborately structured. And the teachers had reason to think they were agents of authority, whereas most students, during school hours at least, behaved as if they were the objects of that authority. Underlying the very notion of a sociology of education, then, was a visible and pervasive aura of a system and order that was culturally prescribed. Scholars of American education have yearned for such systems before and since Durkheim. Every European and English model has been emulated in a more or less winsome manner, from the Boston Latin School of the 1700s to the Open Education programs of the 1960s. In the last quarter century of research, it has begun to dawn on us, however, that no matter how hard American educators try, they do not build a system.
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Developments in Operational Research

Frontiers of Operational Research and Applied Systems Analysis

Author: R. W. Eglese,G. K. Rand

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483161684

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 4809

Developments in Operational Research reviews developments in operational research (OR) and includes numerical examples to illustrate techniques and applications. Topics covered include some of the most widely used OR ""techniques"", such as mathematical programming and simulation, together with the contribution of OR methodology to specific application areas, such as capital investment appraisal and purchasing. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an introduction to the state of mathematical programming systems, along with the relevance of other optimization algorithms to OR and techniques for handling certain types of nonlinearity. The discussion then turns to network optimization techniques and their applications for the New Zealand Justice Department as well as for the wheat and dairy industries. The following chapters focus on computer simulation as applied in OR, with emphasis on various approaches to discrete event modeling; application of OR to industrial maintenance and replacement; financial appraisal methods, including discounting methods; and the use of Bayesian decision analysis to decision making. This text concludes by looking at the purchasing function and the limitations of classical stock control theory in practice. Models and procedures are developed to cope with real situations. Materials requirements planning, quantity discounts, price inflation, commodity purchasing decisions, and blending problems are considered. This monograph will be of interest to planners, decision makers, and others involved in operations research.
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Writing the Range

Race, Class, and Culture in the Women's West

Author: Elizabeth Jameson,Susan Hodge Armitage

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806129525

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 478

In mythic sagas of the American West, the wide western range offers boundless opportunity to profile a limited cast of white men. In this pathbreaking anthology, Jameson and Armitage brings together 29 essays which present the story of women from that era. Clearly written and accessible, "Writing the Range" makes a major contribution to ethnic history, women's history, and interpretations of the American West. 27 illustrations. 3 maps.
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Das Zeitalter des Überwachungskapitalismus

Author: Shoshana Zuboff

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593439638

Category: Political Science

Page: 727

View: 4250

Gegen den Big-Other-Kapitalismus ist Big Brother harmlos. Die Menschheit steht am Scheideweg, sagt die Harvard-Ökonomin Shoshana Zuboff. Bekommt die Politik die wachsende Macht der High-Tech-Giganten in den Griff? Oder überlassen wir uns der verborgenen Logik des Überwachungskapitalismus? Wie reagieren wir auf die neuen Methoden der Verhaltensauswertung und -manipulation, die unsere Autonomie bedrohen? Akzeptieren wir die neuen Formen sozialer Ungleichheit? Ist Widerstand ohnehin zwecklos? Zuboff bewertet die soziale, politische, ökonomische und technologische Bedeutung der großen Veränderung, die wir erleben. Sie zeichnet ein unmissverständliches Bild der neuen Märkte, auf denen Menschen nur noch Quelle eines kostenlosen Rohstoffs sind - Lieferanten von Verhaltensdaten. Noch haben wir es in der Hand, wie das nächste Kapitel des Kapitalismus aussehen wird. Meistern wir das Digitale oder sind wir seine Sklaven? Es ist unsere Entscheidung! Zuboffs Buch liefert eine neue Erzählung des Kapitalismus. An ihrer Deutung kommen kritische Geister nicht vorbei.
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