Social Choice

Theory and Research

Author: Paul E Johnson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761914068

Category: Medical

Page: 109

View: 5846

Groups - organizations, corporations and governments - have formal rules for the allocation of their resources and in democratic societies the decisions about allocation are generally made by simple majority voting. But does majority rule always improve social well-being? Could it sometimes lead to collective irrationality? In this thought-provoking book, Paul E Johnson considers the key questions and concepts in social choice theory.
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Typologies and Taxonomies

An Introduction to Classification Techniques

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803952591

Category: Reference

Page: 90

View: 5730

How do we group different subjects on a variety of variables? Should we use a classification procedure in which only the concepts are classified (typology), one in which only empirical entities are classified (taxonomy), or a combination of both? Kenneth D Bailey addresses these questions and shows how classification methods can be used to improve research. Beginning with an exploration of the advantages and disadvantages of classification procedures, the book covers topics such as: clustering procedures including agglomerative and divisive methods; the relationship among various classification techniques; how clustering methods compare with related statistical techniques; classification resources; and software packages fo
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Methods, Theories, and Empirical Applications in the Social Sciences

Festschrift for Peter Schmidt

Author: Samuel Salzborn,Eldad Davidov,Jost Reinecke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3531188984

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 4791

The volume addresses major features in empirical social research from methodological and theoretical perspectives. Prominent researchers discuss central problems in empirical social research in a theory-driven way from political science, sociological or social-psychological points of view. These contributions focus on a renewed discussion of foundations together with innovative and open research questions or interdisciplinary research perspectives.
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Doing Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

An Integrated Approach to Research Design, Measurement and Statistics

Author: Thomas R Black

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446223639

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 914

This original textbook provides a comprehensive and integrated approach to using quantitative methods in the social sciences. Thomas R Black guides the student and researcher through the minefield of potential problems that may be confronted, and it is this emphasis on the practical that distinguishes his book from others which focus exclusively on either research design and measurement or statistical methods. Focusing on the design and execution of research, key topics such as planning, sampling, the design of measuring instruments, choice of statistical text and interpretation of results are examined within the context of the research process. In a lively and accessible style, the student is introduced to researc design issues alongside statistical procedures and encouraged to develop analytical and decision-making skills.
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Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences

A Pluralist Perspective

Author: Donatella Della Porta,Michael Keating

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139474596

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3495

A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences. Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.
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Latent Class Scaling Analysis

Author: C. Mitchell Dayton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761913238

Category: Mathematics

Page: 95

View: 9931

Filled with well-chosen empirical examples to teach the technique, this book provides a thorough guide to latent class scaling models for binary response variables. Substantive illustrations include a survey on academic cheating, children's mastery of spatial tasks, medical diagnosis of lung disease, attitudes toward the Army and behavior during role conflict. The computer programs for latent class analysis are carefully reviewed and a website is offered for keeping abreast of the latest developments. This book will be of particular interest to those doing detailed scale analysis in psychology, sociology and education.
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Data Theory and Dimensional Analysis

Author: William G. Jacoby

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803941786

Category: Mathematics

Page: 89

View: 5524

By examining some of the basic scaling questions, such as the importance of measurement levels, the kinds of variables needed for Likert or Guttman scales and when to use multidimensional scaling versus factor analysis, Jacoby introduces readers to the most appropriate scaling strategies for different research situations. He also explores data theory, the study of how real world observations can be transformed into something to be analyzed, in order to facilitate more effective use of scaling techniques.
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Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

A Critique of Applications in Political Science

Author: Donald Green,Ian Shapiro

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300066364

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 6226

A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as voting cycles and prisoners' dilemmas.
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Linear Probability, Logit, and Probit Models

Author: John H. Aldrich,Forrest D. Nelson,E. Scott Adler

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803921337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 95

View: 5046

Ordinary regression analysis is not appropriate for investigating dichotomous or otherwise "limited" dependent variables, but this volume examines three techniques -- linear probability, probit, and logit models -- which are well-suited for such data. It reviews the linear probability model and discusses alternative specifications of non-linear models. Using detailed examples, Aldrich and Nelson point out the differences among linear, logit, and probit models, and explain the assumptions associated with each.
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Research Designs

Author: Paul E. Spector

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803917095

Category: Psychology

Page: 80

View: 7708

Research Designs is a clear, compact introduction to the principles of experimental and non-experimental design especially written for social scientists and their students. Spector covers major designs including: single group designs; pre-test/post-test designs; factorial designs, hierarchical designs; multivariate designs; the Solomon four group design; panel designs; and designs with concomitant variables.
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Graph Algebra

Mathematical Modeling With a Systems Approach

Author: Courtney Brown

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412941091

Category: Mathematics

Page: 95

View: 5415

Derived from engineering literature that uses similar techniques to map electronic circuits and physical systems, graph algebra utilizes a systems approach to modelling that offers social scientists a variety of tools that are both sophisticated and easily applied.
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Multilevel Modeling

Author: Douglas A. Luke

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761928799

Category: Mathematics

Page: 79

View: 800

A practical introduction to multi-level modelling, this book offers an introduction to HLM & illustrations of how to use this technique to build models for hierarchical & longitudinal data.
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Cluster Analysis

Author: Mark S. Aldenderfer,Roger K. Blashfield

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 9780803923768

Category: Mathematics

Page: 88

View: 9665

Although clustering--the classifying of objects into meaningful sets--is an important procedure, cluster analysis as a multivariate statistical procedure is poorly understood. This volume is an introduction to cluster analysis for professionals, as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students with little or no background in the subject. Reaching across disciplines, Aldenderfer and Blashfield pull together the newest information on cluster analysis--providing the reader with a pragmatic guide to its current uses, statistical techniques, validation methods, and compatible software programs.
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Heteroskedasticity in Regression

Detection and Correction

Author: Robert L. Kaufman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322513

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

View: 7167

Heteroskedasticity in Regression: Detection and Correction, by Robert Kaufman, covers the commonly ignored topic of heteroskedasticity (unequal error variances) in regression analyses and provides a practical guide for how to proceed in terms of testing and correction. Emphasizing how to apply diagnostic tests and corrections for heteroskedasticity in actual data analyses, the monograph offers three approaches for dealing with heteroskedasticity: (1) variance-stabilizing transformations of the dependent variable; (2) calculating robust standard errors, or heteroskedasticity-consistent standard errors; and (3) generalized least squares estimation coefficients and standard errors. The detection and correction of heteroskedasticity is illustrated with three examples that vary in terms of sample size and the types of units analyzed (individuals, households, U.S. states). Intended as a supplementary text for graduate-level courses and a primer for quantitative researchers, the book fills the gap between the limited coverage of heteroskedasticity provided in applied regression textbooks and the more theoretical statistical treatment in advanced econometrics textbooks.
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Planning Your Qualitative Research Project

An Introduction to Interpretivist Research in Education

Author: Tom O'Donoghue

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134121067

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 4207

This is a key text for any student embarking on a qualitative research project, it provides worked examples and valuable models which can be used as guides for plans and proposals, answering key questions and providing a comprehensive guide to a student’s project. It shows that when planning a qualitative research proposal, researchers should adopt an approach where they ask themselves the following four questions: What research paradigm informs my approach to my research area? What theoretical perspective do I choose within the paradigm? What methodology do I choose? What methods are most appropriate? Including examples of the write-up of two central types of research projects: studies on participants’ ‘perspectives’ on phenomena and studies on how participants manage or ‘cope with’ phenomena, the book outlines five research proposals to illustrate ways in which these two central ‘types’ can be varied and applied when engaging in five other types of studies, namely, policy studies, life history studies, retrospective interactionist longitudinal studies and interactionist historical studies, and ‘problem-focused’ studies.
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Constructing Social Research

The Unity and Diversity of Method

Author: Charles C. Ragin,Lisa M. Amoroso

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544322437

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 3194

Constructing Social Research answers the question: What is social science? Updated throughout with new references and examples, the Third Edition of this innovative text by Charles C. Ragin and Lisa M. Amoroso shows the unity within the diversity of activities called social research to help students understand how all social researchers construct representations of social life using theories, systematic data collection, and careful examination of that data.
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Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion

Author: David O. Moberg,Ralph L. Piedmont

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004121997

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 3966

Ten articles are presented covering psychological, sociological and cross-cultural topics or relevance to religious/spiritual researchers and academics.
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The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models

Author: Harry J. Khamis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452238952

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 4045

The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.
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