Social Choice

Theory and Research

Author: Paul E Johnson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761914068

Category: Medical

Page: 109

View: 7180

Groups - organizations, corporations and governments - have formal rules for the allocation of their resources and in democratic societies the decisions about allocation are generally made by simple majority voting. But does majority rule always improve social well-being? Could it sometimes lead to collective irrationality? In this thought-provoking book, Paul E Johnson considers the key questions and concepts in social choice theory.
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Data Theory and Dimensional Analysis

Author: William G. Jacoby,William G.. Jacoby

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803941786

Category: Mathematics

Page: 89

View: 2949

By examining some of the basic scaling questions, such as the importance of measurement levels, the kinds of variables needed for Likert or Guttman scales and when to use multidimensional scaling versus factor analysis, Jacoby introduces readers to the most appropriate scaling strategies for different research situations. He also explores data theory, the study of how real world observations can be transformed into something to be analyzed, in order to facilitate more effective use of scaling techniques.
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Econophysics & Economics of Games, Social Choices and Quantitative Techniques

Author: Banasri Basu,Bikas K. Chakrabarti,Satya R. Chakravarty,Kausik Gangopadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847015012

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 394

View: 3671

The combined efforts of the Physicists and the Economists in recent years in analyzing and modelling various dynamic phenomena in monetary and social systems have led to encouraging developments, generally classified under the title of Econophysics. These developments share a common ambition with the already established field of Quantitative Economics. This volume intends to offer the reader a glimpse of these two parallel initiatives by collecting review papers written by well-known experts in the respective research frontiers in one cover. This massive book presents a unique combination of research papers contributed almost equally by Physicists and Economists. Additional contributions from Computer Scientists and Mathematicians are also included in this volume. The book consists of two parts: the first part concentrates on Econophysics problems and the second part stresses on various quantitative issues in Economics. Both parts specialize on frontier problems in Games and Social Choices.
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The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models

Author: Harry J. Khamis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452238952

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 4664

The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.
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Internet Data Collection

Author: Samuel J. Best,Brian S. Krueger

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761927105

Category: Computers

Page: 91

View: 3537

Designed for researchers and students alike, the volume describes how to perform each stage of the data collection process on the Internet, including sampling, instrument design, and administration. Through the use of non-technical prose and illustrations, it details the options available, describes potential dangers in choosing them, and provides guidelines for sidestepping them. In doing so, though, it does not simply reiterate the practices of traditional communication modes, but approaches the Internet as a unique medium that necessitates its own conventions.
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James S. Coleman

Author: Dr Jon Clark,Jon Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135717370

Category: Education

Page: 456

View: 7188

James S. Coleman was one of a distinguished generation of sociology students who passed through the Columbia Sociology Department in the 1940s and `50s. This book critically debates his work and his contribution to society and the social sciences more generally. It consists of 18 major papers by 20 authors from six countries on a range of themes. The volume is framed by an extended editorial introduction reflecting on the five- year exchange of correspondence between James Coleman and the editor, together with two of Coleman's own works.
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The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923633

Category: Social Science

Page: 1305

View: 2485

"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.
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Necessary Conditions

Theory, Methodology, and Applications

Author: Gary Goertz,Harvey Starr

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742519268

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 5811

This anthology is devoted to the implications of necessary conditions for social science research, logic, methodology, research design, and theory. Rarely is the contrast between the prevalence of a concept in scholarship and its absence in methodology texts so wide. This book presents literally hundreds of necessary condition hypotheses representing all areas of political science and all methodologies, and authored by many of the most influential political scientists of the last 50 years. Thus, this volume brings together under one cover essential work that deals not only with the analysis of common methodological, logical, and research design errors, but also the proper means to analyze the many ramifications of necessary condition hypotheses and theories.
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Theory and Methods in Political Science

Author: Vivien Lowndes,David Marsh,Gerry Stoker

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137603534

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 6907

This leading text provides an ideal foundation for study and research in political science, bringing together renowned figures in the field to introduce the key approaches and methods used in the study of politics. The fully revised fourth edition features a considerable updating in the team of contributors and the range of coverage and examples.
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The Theory of Committees and Elections by Duncan Black and Committee Decisions with Complementary Valuation by Duncan Black and R.A. Newing

Author: Iain S. McLean,Alistair McMillan,Burt L. Monroe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401148600

Category: Political Science

Page: 457

View: 8612

R. H. Coase Duncan Black was a close and dear friend. A man of great simplicity, un worldly, modest, diffident, with no pretensions, he was devoted to scholarship. In his single-minded search for the truth, he is an example to us all. Black's first degree at the University of Glasgow was in mathematics and physics. Mathematics as taught at Glasgow seems to have been designed for engineers and did not excite him and he switched to economics, which he found more congenial. But it was not in a lecture in economics but in one on politics that he found his star. One lecturer, A. K. White, discussed the possibility of constructing a pure science of politics. This question caught his imagination, perhaps because of his earlier training in physics, and it came to absorb his thoughts for the rest of his life. But almost certainly nothing would have come of it were it not for his appointment to the newly formed Dundee School of Economics where the rest of the. teaching staff came from the London School of Economics. At Glasgow, economics, as in the time of Adam Smith, was linked with moral philosophy. At Dundee, Black was introduced to the analytical x The Theory o/Committees and Elections approach dominant at the London School of Economics. This gave him the approach he used in his attempt to construct a pure science of politics.
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Soziologie der Kriminalität

Author: Dietrich Oberwittler,Dr Susanne Karstedt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531140599

Category: Social Science

Page: 508

View: 9369

Das Buch stellt den Stand der internationalen Forschung zur Soziologie der Kriminalitat vor. Es werden zentrale Theorien und Problemfelder diskutiert und neueste Ansatze mit richtungsweisendem Charakter beleuchtet. Mit Beitragen von Henner Hess, Sebastian Scheerer, David Garland, Steve Messner, John Hagan, Bill McCarthy, Oliver Morgenroth, Klaus Boehnke, Lydia Seus, Gerald Prein, Shadd Maruna, Stephen Farrall, John Braithwaite, Eva Schmitt-Rodermund, Rainer K. Silbereisen, Dirk Enzmann, Karin Brettfeld, Peter Wetzels, Alexander Vazsonyi, Christian Seipel, Stefanie Eifler, Willem de Haan, Letizia Paoli, Klaus Boers, Hans Theile, Kari-Maria Karliczek und Tim Hope.
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Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion

Author: David O. Moberg,Ralph L. Piedmont

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004121997

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 1966

Ten articles are presented covering psychological, sociological and cross-cultural topics or relevance to religious/spiritual researchers and academics.
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Key Concepts in Feminist Theory and Research

Author: Christina Hughes

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412932483

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 3294

This original and engaging text explores the core concepts in feminist theory. This up-to-date text addresses the implications of postmodernism and post-structuralism for feminist theorizing. It identifies the challenges of this through the development of 'conceptual literacy'. Introducing conceptual literacy as a pedagogic task, this text facilitates students' understanding of, for example: - The range and lack of fixity of conceptualizations and meanings of key terms; - The significance of theoretical framework for conceptualization of key terms; - The changing nature of language and the reframing of key terms in research (eg the recent shift from equality to social justice); The text explores these issues through six key concepts in feminist theorizing: equality; difference; choice; care; time; and experience. Each chapter considers the varied ways in which these terms have been conceptualised and the feminist debates about these concepts. Each chapter includes case studies to illustrate the application of these concepts in feminist empirical research, and provides a guide to further reading. This text will be an invaluable tool for students taking courses in feminist theory and research methods, and students across the social sciences who are taking courses concerned with issues of gender.
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Mathematical Ideas and Sociological Theory

Current State and Prospects

Author: Thomas J. Fararo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677166353

Category:

Page: 185

View: 5708

First Published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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New tools for social scientists

advances and applications in research methods

Author: William D. Berry,Michael S. Lewis-Beck

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780803926257

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8923

This volume reviews the most important recent advances in quantitative social science methodology. Broad coverage is given to techniques applicable to the study of a wide variety of topics. To better explain these techniques, each chapter includes an extensive treatment of just one or two substantive applications. Limited to a small number of applications, the authors are able to discuss the methodological choices involved in research to a degree rarely found in social science literature.
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Social Research Methods by Example

Applications in the Modern World

Author: Yasemin Besen-Cassino

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351816667

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4688

Social Research Methods by Example shows students how researchers carry out work on the cutting edge of social science. The authors illustrate every point through engaging, thought-provoking examples from real research. The language is jargon-free, making research methods less intimidating and more relatable. The text is divided into three major sections, the first of which introduces students to the principles of research through examples from various fields. The second section walks students through the major types of social science research, with each chapter focusing on a different technique. The third section shows students how to carry out basic quantitative data analysis in SPSS. The final chapter shows how technological advances have changed the way researchers are working, and looks at the direction of social science research in the future. Social Research Methods by Example not only introduces students to the principles of social science research, but gives them a toolbox to carry out their own. By the time they are finished with the book, students will be conversant with many of the most important studies in the history of social science. They will understand not only how to conduct research, but also how the field has evolved over time.
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Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 7720

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.
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Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences E-Book

Author: Stephen Polgar,Shane A. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050164

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 8827

Like the previous versions, the fifth edition of An Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences has two overall aims. 1) To introduce the fundamental principles of research methodology and explain how these principles are applied for conducting research in the health sciences. 2) To demonstrate how evidence produced through research is applied to solving problems in everday health care. This book is written in an accessible style. It maintains the traditions of the previous editions, with examples, questions, feedback sections, and an extensive glossary. Uses simple language and demystifies the jargon Provides built-in feedback for readers to assess their own progress Gives examples relating directly to the health sciences Provides an extensive glossary for better understanding of the language of research Addresses qualitative as well as quantitative research issues Includes a chapter focussing on the use of qualitative methods in health research Includes a chapter for discussing systematic reviews and meta-analyses Contains more revision questions Increased emphasis throughout on evidence based concepts More and updated discussion of qualitative research methods New section on basic epidemiological concepts as a research approach More discussion of analysis and use of administrative and secondary data sets as research resources Complete rewrite of the chapter on causal research Stronger links between the sections on different stages of research
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