Skilled Immigration Today

Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Author: Jagdish N. Bhagwati,Gordon Howard Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 307

With chapters written by some of the most important names in the field, this book provides a systematic look at the phenomenon of skilled immigration, its prospects, its possibilities, and resulting problems
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High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market

Author: Barry R. Chiswick

Publisher: Government Institutes

ISBN: 0844743879

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 8297

Recent U.S. immigration reform proposals have focused almost exclusively on regulating the population of low-skilled foreign workers. High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market contends that policymakers should focus more on attracting immigrants with exclusive skill sets-professional, technical, and managerial (PTM) workers. PTM workers positively impact the economy by expanding production capability, increasing the growth rate of total factor productivity, and enhancing international competitiveness. Barry R. Chiswick and his coauthors examine the policies established by other OECD countries (such as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand) to attract foreign PTM workers and explore how U.S. immigration policy could be altered to maximize the economic benefits of high-skilled immigration.
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High-Skilled Migration

Drivers and Policies

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198815271

Category:

Page: 416

View: 8425

Political and scientific debates on migration policies have mostly focused on governments' efforts to control or reduce low-skilled, asylum, and irregular migration or to encourage the return migration of these categories. Less research and constructive discourse has been conducted on the roleand effectiveness of policies to attract or retain high-skilled workers. An improved understanding of the drivers and dynamics of high-skilled migration is essential for effective policy-making, as most highly developed and emerging economies experience growing shortages of high-skilled laboursupply in certain occupations and sectors, and skilled immigration is often viewed as one way of addressing these. Simplistic assumptions that high-skilled migrants are primarily in pursuit of higher wages raise the expectation that policies which open channels for high-skilled immigration are generally successful. Although many countries have introduced policies aimed at attracting and facilitating therecruitment of high-skilled workers, not all recruitment efforts have had the desired effects, and anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of these programmes is rather mixed. The reason is that the rather narrow focus on migration policy coincides with a lack of systematic and rigorousconsideration of other economic, social, and political drivers of migration, which may be equally - or sometimes even more - important than migration policies per se. A better understanding of migration policies, their making, consequences and limitations, requires a systematic knowledge of thebroader economic, social and political structures and their interaction in both origin and destination countries. This book enhances this vibrant field of social scientific enquiry by providing a systematic, multidisciplinary, and global analysis of policies driving international high-skilled migration processes in their interaction with other migration drivers at the individual, city, national, andinternational level.
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Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on High-Skilled Immigration Policy and the Global Competition for Talent

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309337828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 154

View: 4849

The market for high-skilled workers is becoming increasingly global, as are the markets for knowledge and ideas. While high-skilled immigrants in the United States represent a much smaller proportion of the workforce than they do in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, these immigrants have an important role in spurring innovation and economic growth in all countries and filling shortages in the domestic labor supply. This report summarizes the proceedings of a Fall 2014 workshop that focused on how immigration policy can be used to attract and retain foreign talent. Participants compared policies on encouraging migration and retention of skilled workers, attracting qualified foreign students and retaining them post-graduation, and input by states or provinces in immigration policies to add flexibility in countries with regional employment differences, among other topics. They also discussed how immigration policies have changed over time in response to undesired labor market outcomes and whether there was sufficient data to measure those outcomes.
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Migration and the Welfare State

Political-Economy Policy Formation

Author: Assaf Razin,Efraim Sadka,Benjarong Suwankiri

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262298376

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 1264

This title presents a unified formal framework for studying how social benefits-immigration conflicts are resolved in a range of policy regimes.
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Migration States and Welfare States: Why Is America Different from Europe?

Author: A. Razin,E. Sadka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137443804

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 75

View: 5301

Over the last three decades, Europe's generous social benefits have encouraged a massive surge of 'welfare migration,' especially of low skilled laborers. At the same time, the US has attracted many highly skilled migrants, which in turn promotes internal innovation. Restrictions on the international mobility of labor are arguably the largest policy obstructions for the international economy today. A variety of studies suggest that even a small reduction in barriers to migration will result in the growth of significant global welfare benefits. Migration States and Welfare States focuses on a central tension faced by policy makers in countries that receive migrants from lower wage countries. Such countries are typically highly productive and rich in capital. These attributes, coupled with the host country's welfare system, attract low-skilled migrants, who find a generous welfare state particularly attractive, while deterring skilled migrants, who recognize that welfare states likely have higher redistributive taxes.
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Development Without Aid

The Decline of Development Aid and the Rise of the Diaspora

Author: David A. Phillips

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 0857280678

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 2670

“Development Without Aid” opens up perspectives about foreign aid to the world’s poorest countries. Growing up in Malawi the author developed a sense of the limitations of foreign assistance and from this evolves a critique of foreign aid as an alien resource unable to provide the dynamism that could propel the poorest countries out of poverty. The book aims to help move the discussion beyond foreign aid. It examines the rapid growth of the world’s diasporas as a quasi-indigenous resource of increasing strength in terms of both financial and human capital, and considers how far such a resource might supersede aid. It uses extensive research findings to explore the possibilities for a resumption of sovereignty by poor states, especially in Africa, over their own development with the assistance of the world’s diasporas.
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Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463388X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1702

View: 2680

The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist
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Public Pensions and Immigration

A Public Choice Approach

Author: Tim Krieger

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781956540

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 4715

"This book will appeal to researchers and scholars in the fields of economics, public choice, political science, European integration and migration. Policymakers involved in pension policy, immigration policy and European integration policy will also find this an illuminating book."--BOOK JACKET.
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Indian Skilled Migration and Development

To Europe and Back

Author: Gabriela Tejada,Uttam Bhattacharya,Binod Khadria,Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132218108

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 5929

This edited contribution explores strategies and measures for leveraging the potential of skilled diasporas and for advancing knowledge-based evidence on return skilled migration and its impact on development. By taking the example of Indian skilled migration, this study identifies ways of involving returned skilled migrants in home country development as well as proposes approaches to engage the diaspora in development. As high-skill immigration from India to mainland Europe is a rather recent phenomenon, the activities of Indian professionals in Europe are under-researched. The findings have wider application in contributing to the policy dialogue on migration and development, specifically to the advantage for developing and emerging economies. The book employs an interdisciplinary, two-fold approach: The first part of the research looks at how international exposure affects the current situation of skilled returnees in India. The second, European, part of the research examines migration policies, labour market regulations and other institutional settings that enable or hinder skilled Indians’ links with the country of origin. Structural differences between the host countries may facilitate different levels of learning opportunities; thus, this book identifies good practices to promote the involvement of Indian skilled diaspora in socio-economic development. In applying the framework of diaspora contributions as well as the return channel to study the impact on India, the book draws on qualitative and quantitative research methods consisting of policy analysis, in-depth interviews with key experts and skilled migrants and on data sets collected specifically for this study.
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International Migration and Citizenship Today

Author: Niklaus Steiner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135979251

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 4777

International migration has emerged in the last decade as one of the world’s most controversial and pressing issues. This thought-provoking textbook offers the reader a more nuanced and knowledgeable understanding of the complex economic, political, cultural, and moral concerns that arise when people move across borders seeking admission into other countries. Splitting the text into five broad sections, Steiner facilitates easy navigation of the complex discussions that surround the issue of migration: Section One – Introduction: examines how the central questions that frame the book will be addressed, including: what criteria should be used to admit migrants? and How should a country grant citizenship? Section Two – Immigrants: discusses the criteria for accepting immigrants, dealing with the unwanted, and assessing the economic, cultural and political impacts. Section Three – Refugees: evaluates the methods used to protect refugees, the controversies surrounding asylum and the shortcomings of current refugee definitions. Section Four – Citizenship: charts the rise of nationalism, presents modern issues of minority rights and diversity, and examines processes of naturalization across the globe. Section Five – Conclusion: considers more unconventional approaches to migration and citizenship, and suggests moving towards a more holistic approach. Carefully constructed to spark discussion and student reflection and featuring suggested resources at the end of each section, this book offers dozens of contemporary examples and case studies from across the globe. International Migration and Citizenship Today is essential reading for not only students of migration and citizenship, but also globalization, international relations, and democracies.
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The Accelerating Decline In America's High-Skilled WorkForce: Implications for Immigration Policy

Author: Jacob Funk Kirkegaard

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 0881325678

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 132

View: 2819

Kirkegaard explores the increasingly dysfunctional state of present US high-skilled immigration laws and recommends a coherent set of immediate reforms, which should aim to facilitate continuously high and increasingly economically necessary levels of high-skilled immigration to the United States. In recent decades American skill levels have stagnated and struggled to make the global top 10. As baby boomers retire, the United States risks losing these skills altogether. In response, the United States should address high-skilled immigration in its broader foreign economic policies in an attempt to remain a global leader in the face of accelerating global economic integration.
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Globalization, Today and Tomorrow

Author: Gerard F Adams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136682449

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 8142

This book seeks to examine the basis of economic globalization, yesterday, today, and tomorrow, and to link the outcome of globalization into the context of the new economic geography. It shows how the phenomenon is exhibited in the light of current events, providing a good way to keep understand today’s world economy.
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High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Author: Gordon H. Hanson,William R. Kerr,Sarah Turner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022652566X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 1513

Immigration policy is one of the most contentious public policy issues in the United States today. High-skilled immigrants represent an increasing share of the U.S. workforce, particularly in science and engineering fields. These immigrants affect economic growth, patterns of trade, education choices, and the earnings of workers with different types of skills. The chapters in this volume go beyond the traditional question of how the inflow of foreign workers affects native employment and earnings to explore effects on innovation and productivity, wage inequality across skill groups, the behavior of multinational firms, firm-level dynamics of entry and exit, and the nature of comparative advantage across countries.
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Immigration

Author: Stuart Anderson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313380287

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 3673

Presents a comprehensive and practical guide to the history, economics, and contributions of immigrants, and provides analysis of the impacts of current immigration policies in the United States.
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Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

A Research Companion

Author: Mustafa F. Özbilgin,Ayala Malach-Pines

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847208827

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 616

View: 3467

Presents an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences. This book also examines the influence of an MBA education on the later work and life experiences of managers and entrepreneurs.
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U.S. Immigration and Education

Cultural and Policy Issues Across the Lifespan

Author: Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826111084

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 8480

This handbook helps readers to both understand and craft policies to aid the successful acculturation of immigrants in the US. It is an excellent road map for researchers in immigration and education, as well as educational and developmental psychologists, sociologists, economists, and public policy makers. An immigrant from Russia, Dr. Grigorenko weaves her first-hand experiences and strategies into this unique text. It encompasses all available research on immigration and acculturation, from new information on bilingual education to studies of low-skill versus high-skill workers. Key Topics: Immigration and America: current snapshot of US immigration policy and a demographic profile Immigration and education: Pre-K though grade12, higher, and adult education, and the labor market Immigration and incorporation into society: Implications for human development, health, and policy
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Migration for Employment Bilateral Agreements at a Crossroads

Bilateral Agreements at a Crossroads

Author: OECD,Federal Office of Immigration, Integration and Emigration

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264108688

Category:

Page: 252

View: 8935

The publication presents an overview of foreign labour recruitment practices in OECD member countries. It discusses challenges to the negotiation of labour recruitment agreements and the prospects for potential co-operation on migration.
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