Similarity and Modeling in Science and Engineering

Author: Josef Kuneš

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1907343776

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 4591

The present text sets itself in relief to other titles on the subject in that it addresses the means and methodologies versus a narrow specific-task oriented approach. Concepts and their developments which evolved to meet the changing needs of applications are addressed. This approach provides the reader with a general tool-box to apply to their specific needs. Two important tools are presented: dimensional analysis and the similarity analysis methods. The fundamental point of view, enabling one to sort all models, is that of information flux between a model and an original expressed by the similarity and abstraction Each chapter includes original examples and applications. In this respect, the models can be divided into several groups. The following models are dealt with separately by chapter; mathematical and physical models, physical analogues, deterministic, stochastic, and cybernetic computer models. The mathematical models are divided into asymptotic and phenomenological models. The phenomenological models, which can also be called experimental, are usually the result of an experiment on an complex object or process. The variable dimensionless quantities contain information about the real state of boundary conditions, parameter (non-linearity) changes, and other factors. With satisfactory measurement accuracy and experimental strategy, such models are highly credible and can be used, for example in control systems.
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Dimensionless Physical Quantities in Science and Engineering

Author: Josef Kuneš

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124160131

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 6897

Dimensionless quantities, such as ?, e, and ? are used in mathematics, engineering, physics, and chemistry. In recent years the dimensionless groups, as demonstrated in detail here, have grown in significance and importance in contemporary mathematical and computer modeling as well as the traditional fields of physical modeling. This book offers the most comprehensive and up to date resource for dimensionless quantities, providing not only a summary of the quantities, but also a clarification of their physical principles, areas of use, and other specific properties across multiple relevant fields. Presenting the most complete and clearly explained single resource for dimensionless groups, this book will be essential for students and researchers working across the sciences. Includes approximately 1,200 dimensionless quantities Features both classic and newly developing fields Easy to use with clear organization and citations to relevant works
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Similarity Methods in Engineering Dynamics

Theory and Practice of Scale Modeling

Author: P.S. Westine,F.T. Dodge,W.E. Baker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444598138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 397

View: 3854

Here is the second revised and updated edition of probably the most practical sourcebook on similarity methods and modeling techniques available. Written by leading authorities who incorporate many of the latest advances in the field, this new work maps out techniques for modeling as well as instrumentation and data analysis for an extremely wide array of problems in engineering dynamics. This practical reference uses experimental test data on various engineering problems demonstrating exactly how and why these similarity methods work. The problems involve spread of oil slicks, explosive cratering, car crashes, space vehicle heat exchange, explosive forming, and more. The spectrum of topics covered and number of examples are far greater than in other texts. Of particular importance are the dissimilar material modeling techniques which bring new versatility and freedom to the modeler in structural dynamics. The book also contains a clear, in-depth discussion of the theory underlying modeling and includes alternate methods for developing model laws. The work will undoubtedly prove invaluable to every professional involved in testing or design of dynamic experiments.
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Simulation and Similarity

Using Models to Understand the World

Author: Michael Weisberg

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199933669

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 9066

This book is an account of modeling and idealization in modern scientific practice, focusing on concrete, mathematical, and computational models. The main topics of this book are the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the nature of the relationship between models and real-world phenomena. In order to elucidate the model/world relationship, Weisberg develops a novel account of similarity called weighted feature matching.
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Verification and Validation in Scientific Computing

Author: William L. Oberkampf,Christopher J. Roy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491768

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6037

Advances in scientific computing have made modelling and simulation an important part of the decision-making process in engineering, science, and public policy. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic development of the basic concepts, principles, and procedures for verification and validation of models and simulations. The emphasis is placed on models that are described by partial differential and integral equations and the simulations that result from their numerical solution. The methods described can be applied to a wide range of technical fields, from the physical sciences, engineering and technology and industry, through to environmental regulations and safety, product and plant safety, financial investing, and governmental regulations. This book will be genuinely welcomed by researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in a broad range of fields, who seek to improve the credibility and reliability of simulation results. It will also be appropriate either for university courses or for independent study.
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Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Author: Eric Winsberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226902048

Category: Computers

Page: 152

View: 2474

Computer simulation was first pioneered as a scientific tool in meteorology and nuclear physics in the period following World War II, but it has grown rapidly to become indispensible in a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including astrophysics, high-energy physics, climate science, engineering, ecology, and economics. Digital computer simulation helps study phenomena of great complexity, but how much do we know about the limits and possibilities of this new scientific practice? How do simulations compare to traditional experiments? And are they reliable? Eric Winsberg seeks to answer these questions in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation. Scrutinizing these issue with a philosophical lens, Winsberg explores the impact of simulation on such issues as the nature of scientific evidence; the role of values in science; the nature and role of fictions in science; and the relationship between simulation and experiment, theories and data, and theories at different levels of description. Science in the Age of Computer Simulation will transform many of the core issues in philosophy of science, as well as our basic understanding of the role of the digital computer in the sciences.
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Network Systems Design

Author: Erol Gelenbe,Kallol Bagchi,George Zobrist

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056996352

Category: Computers

Page: 292

View: 938

Addressing the major issues involved in network design and architectures, this text deals primarily with systems and application as related to network system design; it also provides tutorials and surveys and relates new important research results. The intent is to provide a set of tools based on current research that will enable readers to overcome difficulties with the design and construction of communications and computer networks. Each chapter provides background information, describes and analyzes important work done in the field and provides important direction to the reader on future work and further readings. This book may be purchased as a set with its companion volume, Network Performance Modeling and Simulation, edited by Jean Walrand, Kallol Bagchi, and George W. Zobrist.
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Advances in Computer Science and Engineering

13th International CSI Computer Conference, CSICC 2008 Kish Island, Iran, March 9-11, 2008 Revised Selected Papers

Author: Hamid Sarbazi-Azad,Behrooz Parhami,Seyed-Ghasem Miremadi,Shaahin Hessabi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540899855

Category: Computers

Page: 1017

View: 4132

It is our pleasure to welcome you to the proceedings of the 13th International C- puter Society of Iran Computer Conference (CSICC-2008). The conference has been held annually since 1995, except for 1998, when it transitioned from a year-end to first-quarter schedule. It has been moving in the direction of greater selectivity (see Fig.1) and broader international participation. Holding it in Kish Island this year represents an effort to further facilitate and encourage international contributions. We feel privileged to participate in further advancing this strong technical tradition. 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Dec 23-26 Dec 23-25 Dec 23-25 Jan 26-28 Mar 8-10 Feb 21-23 Feb 28-30 Feb 23-26 Feb 16-19 Feb 15-18 Jan 24-26 Feb 20-22 Mar 9-11 1995 1996 1997 Iran 1999 2000 2001 U of 2002 Iran 2003 2004 2005 Iran 2006 IPM, 2007 2008 Sharif U Amirkabir U of Sharif U Shahid Isfahan, Telecom Ferdowsi Sharif U Telecom Tehran Shahid Sharif U of Tech, U of Tech, Sci/Tech, of Tech, Beheshti Isfahan Res. U, of Tech, Res. Beheshti of Tech, Tehran Tehran Tehran Tehran U, Tehran Center Mashhad Tehran Center U, Tehran Kish Island Dates, Year, Venue
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Advances in Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering

Proceedings of SCSS 2005

Author: Tarek Sobh,Khaled Elleithy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402052634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 437

View: 5162

Advances in Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering This book includes the proceedings of the International Conference on Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering (SCSS’05). The proceedings are a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of computer science, software engineering, computer engineering, systems sciences and engineering, information technology, parallel and distributed computing and web-based programming. SCSS’05 was part of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE’05) (www. cisse2005. org), the World’s first Engineering/Computing and Systems Research E-Conference. CISSE’05 was the first high-caliber Research Conference in the world to be completely conducted online in real-time via the internet. CISSE’05 received 255 research paper submissions and the final program included 140 accepted papers, from more than 45 countries. The concept and format of CISSE’05 were very exciting and ground-breaking. The PowerPoint presentations, final paper manuscripts and time schedule for live presentations over the web had been available for 3 weeks prior to the start of the conference for all registrants, so they could choose the presentations they want to attend and think about questions that they might want to ask. The live audio presentations were also recorded and were part of the permanent CISSE archive, which also included all power point presentations and papers. SCSS’05 provided a virtual forum for presentation and discussion of the state-of the-art research on Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering.
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Similarity Methods in Engineering Dynamics

Theory and Practice of Scale Modeling

Author: P.S. Westine,F.T. Dodge,W.E. Baker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444598138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 397

View: 6082

Here is the second revised and updated edition of probably the most practical sourcebook on similarity methods and modeling techniques available. Written by leading authorities who incorporate many of the latest advances in the field, this new work maps out techniques for modeling as well as instrumentation and data analysis for an extremely wide array of problems in engineering dynamics. This practical reference uses experimental test data on various engineering problems demonstrating exactly how and why these similarity methods work. The problems involve spread of oil slicks, explosive cratering, car crashes, space vehicle heat exchange, explosive forming, and more. The spectrum of topics covered and number of examples are far greater than in other texts. Of particular importance are the dissimilar material modeling techniques which bring new versatility and freedom to the modeler in structural dynamics. The book also contains a clear, in-depth discussion of the theory underlying modeling and includes alternate methods for developing model laws. The work will undoubtedly prove invaluable to every professional involved in testing or design of dynamic experiments.
Release

Simulation and Similarity

Using Models to Understand the World

Author: Michael Weisberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199933677

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 2538

Simulation and Similarity is an account of modeling and idealization in modern scientific practice, focusing on concrete, mathematical, and computational models. The main topics of this book are the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the nature of the relationship between models and real-world phenomena. In order to elucidate the model/world relationship, Weisberg develops a novel account of similarity called weighted feature matching.
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Physical Models and Laboratory Techniques in Coastal Engineering

Author: Steven A. Hughes

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810215415

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 5776

Laboratory physical models are a valuable tool for coastal engineers. Physical models help us to understand the complex hydrodynamic processes occurring in the nearshore zone and they provide reliable and economic engineering design solutions.This book is about the art and science of physical modeling as applied in coastal engineering. The aim of the book is to consolidate and synthesize into a single text much of the knowledge about physical modeling that has been developed worldwide.This book was written to serve as a graduate-level text for a course in physical modeling or as a reference text for engineers and researchers engaged in physical modeling and laboratory experimentation. The first three chapters serve as an introduction to similitude and physical models, covering topics such as advantages and disadvantages of physical models, systems of units, dimensional analysis, types of similitude and various hydraulic similitude criteria applicable to coastal engineering models.Practical application of similitude principles to coastal engineering studies is covered in Chapter 4 (Hydrodynamic Models), Chapter 5 (Coastal Structure Models) and Chapter 6 (Sediment Transport Models). These chapters develop the appropriate similitude criteria, discuss inherent laboratory and scale effects and overview the technical literature pertaining to these types of models. The final two chapters focus on the related subjects of laboratory wave generation (Chapter 7) and measurement and analysis techniques (Chapter 8).
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Design Science Methodology for Information Systems and Software Engineering

Author: Roel J. Wieringa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662438399

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 1754

This book provides guidelines for practicing design science in the fields of information systems and software engineering research. A design process usually iterates over two activities: first designing an artifact that improves something for stakeholders and subsequently empirically investigating the performance of that artifact in its context. This “validation in context” is a key feature of the book - since an artifact is designed for a context, it should also be validated in this context. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the fundamental nature of design science and its artifacts, as well as related design research questions and goals. Part II deals with the design cycle, i.e. the creation, design and validation of artifacts based on requirements and stakeholder goals. To elaborate this further, Part III presents the role of conceptual frameworks and theories in design science. Part IV continues with the empirical cycle to investigate artifacts in context, and presents the different elements of research problem analysis, research setup and data analysis. Finally, Part V deals with the practical application of the empirical cycle by presenting in detail various research methods, including observational case studies, case-based and sample-based experiments and technical action research. These main sections are complemented by two generic checklists, one for the design cycle and one for the empirical cycle. The book is written for students as well as academic and industrial researchers in software engineering or information systems. It provides guidelines on how to effectively structure research goals, how to analyze research problems concerning design goals and knowledge questions, how to validate artifact designs and how to empirically investigate artifacts in context – and finally how to present the results of the design cycle as a whole.
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How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131979

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 5370

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.
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High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '11

Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2011

Author: Wolfgang E. Nagel,Dietmar B. Kröner,Michael M. Resch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642238696

Category: Computers

Page: 649

View: 9873

This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2011. The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering, ranging from CFD to computational physics and chemistry, to computer science, with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting results for both vector systems and microprocessor-based systems, the book allows readers to compare the performance levels and usability of various architectures. As HLRS operates not only a large cluster system but also one of the largest NEC vector systems in the world, this book also offers excellent insights into the potential of vector systems. The book covers the main methods used in high-performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for scientists and engineers alike. The book comes with a wealth of color illustrations and tables of results.
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Reliability Models for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Mark P. Kaminskiy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466565926

Category: Mathematics

Page: 152

View: 9045

A discussion of the basic reliability concepts and models, Reliability Models for Engineers and Scientists demystifies modern mathematical reliability models. Requiring very little mathematical background on the reader’s part, this concise book introduces the models by focusing on their physical meaning and the supporting data; it then goes on to provide a wide scope of possible applications. The book also introduces a new concept of the Gini-type index, which when applied to aging/rejuvenating components (nonrepairable systems) can measure how different a given aging/rejuvenation distribution is compared to the exponential distribution. A similar index is then applied to aging/rejuvenating repairable systems, creating a bridge between the concepts. The chapters discuss models used in reliability, risk analysis, physics of failure, fracture mechanics, biological, pharmaceutical, and medical studies. They comprise an up-to-date, concise, and informative resource on reliability models, which does not require any special mathematical background.
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High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’01

Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2001 ; with 45 Tables

Author: Egon Krause,Willi Jäger,High-Performance Computing Center

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540426752

Category: Computers

Page: 539

View: 3277

The state of the art in supercomputing is summarized in this volume. The book presents selected results of the projects of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2001. Together these contributions provide an overview of recent developments in high performance computing and simulation. Reflecting the close cooperation of the HLRS with industry, special emphasis has been put on the industrial relevance of the presented results and methods. The book therefore becomes a collection of showcases for an innovative usage of state-of-the-art modeling, novel numerical algorithms and the use of leading edge high performance computing systems in a GRID-like environment.
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Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases

7th International Symposium, SSTD 2001, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 12-15, 2001 Proceedings

Author: Christian S. Jensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354042301X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 542

View: 9258

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Spatial and Temporal Databases, SSTD 2001, held in Redondo Beach, CA, USA, in July 2001. The 25 revised full papers and two industrial papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 70 submissions. The book offers topical sections on modeling and querying, moving-object query processing, query processing: architectures and cost estimation, processing advanced queries, formal aspects, data representation, industrial session, data warehousing and mining, and indexing.
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Mathematical Methods in Chemical and Biological Engineering

Author: Binay Kanti Dutta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482210401

Category: Mathematics

Page: 694

View: 3641

Mathematical Methods in Chemical and Biological Engineering describes basic to moderately advanced mathematical techniques useful for shaping the model-based analysis of chemical and biological engineering systems. Covering an ideal balance of basic mathematical principles and applications to physico-chemical problems, this book presents examples drawn from recent scientific and technical literature on chemical engineering, biological and biomedical engineering, food processing, and a variety of diffusional problems to demonstrate the real-world value of the mathematical methods. Emphasis is placed on the background and physical understanding of the problems to prepare students for future challenging and innovative applications.
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Computational methods in science and engineering

advances in computational science : lectures presented at the International Conference on Computational Methods in Science and Engineering 2008 (ICCMSE 2008), Hersonissos, Crete, Greece, 25-30 September 2008

Author: George Maroulis,T. E. Simos

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9780735406445

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 6869

The aim of ICCMSE 2008 is to bring together computational scientists and engineers from several disciplines in order to share methods, methodologies and ideas. The potential readers are all the scientists with interest in: Computational Mathematics, Theoretical Physics, Computational Physics, Theoretical Chemistry, Computational Chemistry, Mathematical Chemistry, Computational Engineering, Computational Mechanics, Computational Biology and Medicine, Scientific Computation, High Performance Computing, Parallel and Distributed Computing, Visualization, Problem Solving Environments, Software Tools, Advanced Numerical Algorithms, Modelling and Simulation of Complex Systems, Web-based Simulation and Computing, Grid-based Simulation and Computing, Computational Grids, and Computer Science.
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