Signs, Mind, and Reality

A Theory of Language as the Folk Model of the World

Author: Sebastian Shaumyan

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027252017

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 315

View: 7783

The book presents a new science of semiotic linguistics. The goal of semiotic linguistics is to discover what characterizes language as an intermediary between the mind and reality so that language creates the picture of reality we perceive. The cornerstone of semiotic linguistics is the discovery and resolution of language antinomies ­-contradictions between two apparently reasonable principles or laws. Language antinomies constitute the essence of language, and hence must be studied from both linguistic and philosophical points of view. The basic language antinomy which underlies all other antinomies is the antinomy between meaning and information. Both generative and classical linguistic theories are unaware of the need to distinguish between meaning and information. By confounding these notions they are unable to discover language antinomies and confine their research to naturalistic description of superficial language phenomena rather than the quest for the essence of language.(Series A)
Release

Sprachphilosophie

Author: Elisabeth Leiss

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110217007

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 8352

Every philosophical involvement with language centres on the notion of representation. There is controversy over what language represents. The answers can be classified and used as a basis for a systematic survey: 1. Language represents the world. 2. Language does not represent the world but our ideas of the world. 3. Language represents our ideas (of the world) badly. 4. Language not only represents badly; it does not represent anything. 5. Without language there would be no representation of a higher order and thus no thought. The main intention behind this introduction to linguistic philosophy lies in revealing the underlying ordering principle for the many simultaneous and non-simultaneous attempts at a philosophy of language.
Release

Introducción a la lingüística sincrónica

Author: Simone Roggenbuck,Vicente Ballero

Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag

ISBN: 382337592X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 300

View: 4581

La Introducción presenta conceptos usuales y teorías de la lingüística sincrónica, los clarifica, los diferencia y los problematiza. Junto a temas clásicos como semiótica, fonética, morfología, sintaxis y semántica, se tratan también la pragmática, la sociolingüística y los fundamentos neurofisiológicos del lenguaje. En el campo de la gramática se presentan y comparan diferentes enfoques. Las explicaciones se complementan con numerosos esquemas gráficos, citas de textos originales, resúmenes temáticos y una bibliografía complementaria. El manual en español está dirigido a estudiantes de Hispanística a partir del primer semestre sirviendo además para la preparación de exámenes en lengua española. Die Einführung präsentiert gängige Begriffe und Theorien der synchronen Linguistik, erklärt, differenziert und problematisiert sie. Themenbereiche sind neben Klassikern wie Zeichenlehre, Lautlehre, Morphologie, Syntax und Semantik auch Pragmatik, Soziolinguistik und neurophysiologische Grundlagen der Sprache. Im Bereich der Grammatik werden verschiedene Ansätze präsentiert und verglichen. Die Ausführungen sind ergänzt durch zahlreiche veranschaulichende Grafiken, Zitate aus einschlägigen Primärtexten, thematische Zusammenfassungen und weiterführende Lektürehinweise. Das spanischsprachige Buch eignet sich für Erstsemester und zur Vorbereitung auf Prüfungen in spanischer Sprache.
Release

Signs, Minds and Actions

Author: Volker Munz,Klaus Puhl,Joseph Wang

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110330571

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 8232

This second of two volumes brings together invited papers of the 32nd International Wittgenstein Symposium (Kirchberg/W. (Austria), 2009). The collection not only contains articles related to some of Wittgenstein’s central arguments but also holds contributions that deal with the role and function of signs, as well as with the relations between language and action, consciousness and metaphysics. An interdisciplinary workshop was dedicated to “Wittgenstein and Literature”, an area of study which has been prominent in the philosophical discourse of the last decade. Contributors to this volume are Anat Biletzki, Michael Dummett, Laurence Goldstein, Peter Janich, Brian McGuinness, Marjorie Perloff, David Schalkwyk, Joachim Schulte, Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer, David Stern, Eike von Savigny among others.
Release

From Phenomenology to Thought, Errancy, and Desire

Essays in Honor of William J. Richardson, S.J.

Author: B.E. Babich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401716242

Category: Philosophy

Page: 640

View: 6146

For both continental and analytic styles of philosophy, the thought of Martin Heidegger must be counted as one of the most important influences in contemporary philosophy. In this book, essays by internationally noted scholars, ranging from David B. Allison to Slavoj Zizek, honour the interpretive contributions of William J. Richardson's pathbreaking Heidegger: Through Phenomenology to Thought. The essays move from traditional phenomenology to the idea of essential (another) thinking, the questions of translation and existential expressions of the turn of Heidegger's thought, the intersection of politics and language, the philosophic significance of Jacques Lacan, and several essays on science and technology. All show the influence of Richardson's first study. A valuable emphasis appears in Richardson's interpretation of Heidegger's conception of die Irre, interpreted as Errancy, set in its current locus in a discussion of Heidegger's debacle with the political in his involvement with National Socialism.
Release

Language and Reality

Selected Writings of Sydney Lamb

Author: Sydney M. Lamb

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780826468208

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 524

View: 9268

Language and Reality presents selected writings of Professor Sydney M. Lamb, including six new works and several which have been re-worked for publication here. Although he is a leading figure in linguistic science, many of the papers are far from well known, some of them having appeared in more obscure venues of publication, and for the most part unavailable to the wider linguistic community. The book is divided into four parts, the first of which includes papers offering insight into the man behind this pioneering approach to doing linguistics that might best be summed up as "linguistics to the beat of a different drummer." The papers in Part II explore the theoretical origins of Lamb's ideas about language that have often been described as ahead of their time. Part III includes more recent writings outlining work done in Neurocognitive Linguistics. Studies of the interconnectedness of language with other kinds of human experience and with history are presented in Part IV.
Release

Language, Thought, and Reality

Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf

Author: Benjamin Lee Whorf,John Bissell Carroll

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262730068

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 3629

Essays by a linguistic specialist develop the theory that the structure of language determines the structure of thought, thus influencing the ways in which different cultures perceive reality
Release

Symbol and Reality

Studies in the philosophy of Ernst Cassirer

Author: Carl H. Hamburg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401194610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 1941

Since prefaces, for the most part, are written after a book is done, yet face the reader before he gets to it, it is perhaps not surprising that we usually find ourselves addressed by a more chastened and qualifying author than we eventually encounter in the ensuing pages. It is, after all, not only some readers, but the writer of a book himself who reads what he has done and failed to do. If the above is the rule, I am no exception to it. The discerning reader need not be told that the following studies differ, not only in the approaches they make to their unifying subject-matter, but also in their precision and thus adequacy of presentation. In addition to the usual reasons for this rather common shortcoming, there is an another one in the case of the present book. In spite of its comparative brevity, the time-span between its inception and termination covers some twenty years. As a result, some (historical and epistemological) sections reflect my preoccupation with CASSI RER'S eady works during student days in Germany and France. When, some ten years later, CASSIRER in a letter expressed "great joy" and anticipation for a more closely supervised con tinuation of my efforts (which, because of his untimely death, never came to pass), he gave me all the encouragement needed to go to work on a critical exposition of his "symbolic form" con cept.
Release

Language and World. Part Two. Signs, Minds and Actions

Author: Volker A. Munz,Klaus Puhl,Joseph Wang

Publisher: ontos verlag

ISBN: 9783868380804

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 5839

Text in English & German. This second of two volumes brings together invited papers of the 32nd International Wittgenstein Symposium (Kirchberg/W. (Austria), 2009). The collection not only contains articles related to some of Wittgenstein's central arguments but also holds contributions that deal with the role and function of signs, as well as with the relations between language and action, consciousness and metaphysics. An interdisciplinary workshop was dedicated to "Wittgenstein and Literature", an area of study which has been prominent in the philosophical discourse of the last decade. Contributors to this volume are Anat Biletzki, Michael Dummett, Laurence Goldstein, Peter Janich, Brian McGuinness, Marjorie Perloff, David Schalkwyk, Joachim Schulte, Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer, David Stern, Eike von Savigny among others.
Release

Symbolism and Reality

A Study in the Nature of Mind

Author: Charles William Morris

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027232873

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 3186

Charles W. Morris' doctoral thesis Symbolism and Reality, written in 1925 at Chicago under George H. Mead, has never before been published. It sets out to prove that thought and mind are not entities, nor even processes involving a psychical substance distinguishable from the rest of reality, but are explicable as the functioning of parts of the experience as symbols to an organism of other parts of experience. Being then the symbolic portion of experience, the psychical or mental can neither be sharply opposed to the rest of experience nor identical with the whole of experience. This edition includes a preface by Achim Eschbach, an extensive bibliography of Morris' works, and indices of names and subjects.
Release

Technology and Reality

Author: J.K. Feibleman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400974558

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 4195

In the following pages I have endeavored to show the impact on philosophy of tech nology and science; more specifically, I have tried to make up for the neglect by the classical philosophers of the historic role of technology and also to suggest what positive effects on philosophy the ahnost daily advances in the physical sciences might have. Above all, I wanted to remind the ontologist of his debt to the artificer: tech nology with its recent gigantic achievements has introduced a new ingredient into the world, and so is sure to influence our knowledge of what there is. This book, then, could as well have been called 'Ethnotechnology: An Explanation of Human Behavior by Means of Material Culture', but the picture is a complex one, and there are many more special problems that need to be prominently featured in the discussion. Human culture never goes forward on all fronts at the same time. In our era it is unquestionably not only technology but also the sciences which are making the most rapid progress. Philosophy has not been very successful at keeping up with them. As a consequence there is an 'enormous gulf between scientists and philosophers today, a gulf which is as large as it has ever been. ' (1) I can see that with science moving so rapidly, its current lessons for philosophy might well be outmoded tomorrow.
Release

Logic and Reality in the Philosophy of John Stuart Mill

Author: G. Scarre

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400925794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 1331

'Nobody reads Mill today,' wrote a reviewer in Time magazine a few years ago. ! One could scarcely praise Mr Melvin Maddocks, who penned that remark, for his awareness of the present state of Mill studies, for of all nineteenth century philosophers who wrote in English, it is 1. S. Mill who remains the most read today. Yet it would not be so far from the truth to say that very few people pay much serious attention nowadays to Mill's writings about logic and metaphysics (as distinct from those on ethical and social issues), despite the fact that Mill put enormous effort into their composition and through them exerted a considerable influen ce on the course of European philosophy for the rest of his century. But the only sections of A System of Logic (1843) and An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy (1865) to which much reference is now made comprise only a small proportion of those very large books, and the prevailing assumption is that Mill's theories about logical and meta physical questions are, with few exceptions, of merely antiquarian in terest. Bertrand Russell once said that Mill's misfortune was to be born at the wrong time (Russell (1951), p. 2). It can certainly appear that Mill chose an inauspicious time to attempt a major work on logic.
Release

THE HUMAN MIND AND BELIEF II - UNPLUGGED

Man and Woman of the 21st Century deserve a philosophy and pyschology and culture worthy of their special dignity as persons. These should be based on the truth and reality of what man and woman are and not on what some genius thinks!

Author: Eugene G Breen

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1491890681

Category: Psychology

Page: 108

View: 5653

Philosophy, psychology and culture shape society, economics, human behaviour and even theology. The 20th Century has witnessed communism, relativism, atheism, materialism, marxism and psychoanalysis. These false theories of man have reaped a terrible harvest of deeath, depravity and depression. Millions survived these waves of hate and sexual deviance and died or lived for their beliefs and their respect for their fellow man. The International Declaration of Human Rights hard won by two world wars is already being eroded and picked apart in the West. A bulwark of solid philosophy and psychology and culture based on what is real is needed to bolster the Renaissance Man and Woman of the 21st Century. These should reflect what is true and attractive and hopeful in the human person and be as relevant to an aborigine as to an intellectual.
Release

The Mind and the Brain

A Multi-Aspect Interpretation

Author: J.H. Ornstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401028435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 174

View: 9601

2 no predictions or experimental findings based on the Identity Theory differ from those based on mind-brain Parallelism or Epiphenomenal ism, i.e., Dualism in general. The Identity Theory, therefore, must stand or fall on its reputed conceptual advantages over Dualism. Then the conceptual issues at stake in the mind-brain problem are discussed. The kernel of truth present in the Identity Theory is shown to be obscured by all the talk about reducing sensations to neural processes. An attempt is made to characterize pain adequately as a pattern or complex of bodily processes. This view is then reconciled with the asymmetry in the way one is aware of one's own pains and the way in which others are. This asymmetry constitutes an epistemological dualism which no philosophical theory or scientific experiment could alter. The sense in which experiences are both mental and physical is thus elucidated. A Multi-Aspect Theory of the mind is presented and defended. Five aspects of pain are discussed in some detail: experiential, neural, bodily, behavioral and verbal. Having a mind characteristically involves having all of these features except the bodily (i.e., a physical irregularity). Thus having a mind characteristically entails having experiences and a healthy, functioning brain. It also involves being able to act and speak reasonably intelligently.
Release

Reason, Truth, and Reality

Author: Daniel Goldstick

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802095941

Category: Philosophy

Page: 337

View: 8372

Basing consideration upon a characterization of reason in its deductive, inductive, and ethical functioning, Goldstick asks what must hold good for reason so characterized to be a dependable guide to truth.
Release

Perception & Reality

A History from Descartes to Kant

Author: John W. Yolton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6519

In 1984, John W. Yolton published Perceptual Acquaintance from Descartes to Reid. His most recent book builds on that seminal work and greatly extends its relevance to issues in current philosophical debate. Perception and Reality examines the theories of perception implicit in the work of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophers which centered on the question: How is knowledge of the body possible? That question raises issues of mind-body relation, the way that mentality links with physicality, and the nature of the known world. In contrast to commonsense realism, which suggests that the world is as it appears to be, a more complex theory developed throughout this period. Yolton traces its evolution from Descartes to Kant, via Arnauld, Malebranche, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Yolton explains that the new theory postulated two interactive relations between perceivers and the physical world, one physical and causal, the other cognitive. An understanding of this double relation is important for an accurate construction of the history of philosophy. It is also important for contemporary thought because it suggests a way to account for representation (cognitivity) and realism at the same time.
Release

In the World of Signs

Essays in Honour of Professor Jerzy Pelc

Author: Jacek Juliusz Jadacki,Witold Strawiński

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042003897

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 459

View: 9685

The book covers almost the whole range of semiotics: the conceptions of meaning, the appearance of meaning units in semiosis, the dichotomy analyticity/syntheticity, the formal condition of good translation, the metaphorical change in fine arts, the figurativeness in modern literary theories, the metaphor in computer translation, the conditionals with egocentric predicates, the evolution of the notion of cause, the temporal relation in conditionals, the structure of passive voice, the semantics of to think, the reasoning and rationality, the non-formalized reasoning, the operation of acceptance, the principle of non-contradiction, the relation semiotics/logic/philosophy, the interdisciplinarity and exactness, the notion of imprecision, the interpretation of some semiotic notions (i.a. semantic field of terms) in terms of mathematics, the description of categorial grammars in terms of model theory, the human knowledge as moral problem, the conceptualization of the development of knowledge by means of the notion of meme, the cultural relations between some European countries, the typology of scientists, the semiotic studies of some Spanish, Irish, Czech, Polish and Norwegian works of literature, the semiotic aspects of music, television and the whole sphere of artifacts, the history of semiotics (Plato, Gonsung Long, Descartes, Fu Yen, Peirce, Brwal, Lotman, Langer).
Release

Buildings and Reality

Architecture in the Age of Information

Author: Michael Benedikt

Publisher: Rizzoli International Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 128

View: 570

Release

The Disordered Mind

An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness

Author: George Graham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135088845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 6225

The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness, second edition examines and explains, from a philosophical standpoint, what mental disorder is: its reality, causes, consequences, and more. It is also an outstanding introduction to philosophy of mind from the perspective of mental disorder. Revised and updated throughout, this second edition includes new discussions of grief and psychopathy, the problems of the psychophysical basis of disorder, the nature of selfhood, and clarification of the relation between rationality and mental disorder. Each chapter explores a central question or problem about mental disorder, including: what is mental disorder and can it be distinguished from neurological disorder? what roles should reference to psychological, cultural, and social factors play in the medical/scientific understanding of mental disorder? what makes mental disorders undesirable? Are they diseases? mental disorder and the mind–body problem is mental disorder a breakdown of rationality? What is a rational mind? addiction, responsibility and compulsion ethical dilemmas posed by mental disorder, including questions of dignity and self-respect. Each topic is clearly explained and placed in a clinical and philosophical context. Mental disorders discussed include clinical depression, dissociative identity disorder, anxiety, religious delusions, and paranoia. Several non-mental neurological disorders that possess psychological symptoms are also examined, including Alzheimer’s disease, Down’s syndrome, and Tourette’s syndrome. Containing chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, The Disordered Mind, second edition is a superb introduction to the philosophy of mental disorder for students of philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and related mental health professions.
Release