Sigma Receptors

Chemistry, Cell Biology and Clinical Implications

Author: Rae R. Matsumoto,Wayne D. Bowen,Tsung Ping Su

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387365141

Category: Medical

Page: 413

View: 4328

This book provides an update on sigma receptors, and summarizes recent advances in the medicinal chemistry, molecular biology, and cell biology of sigma receptors. It describes the functional effects mediated by these receptors and the potential clinical implications of these actions. The information is put in a historical perspective. This provides a launching point from which future studies and research directions can easily be developed.
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Sigma Receptors: Their Role in Disease and as Therapeutic Targets

Author: Sylvia B. Smith,Tsung-Ping Su

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319501747

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 1215

Originally confused with opioid receptors and then orphan receptors with no biological function, Sigma Receptors are now recognized as relevant to many degenerative diseases with remarkable potential as therapeutic targets. In this text, new information about the structure of sigma 1 receptor, its binding sites are provided as well as its expression in many cell types. It’s putative role in degenerative neuronal diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, pain, drug addiction and locomotor activity. Their roles in possible treatments for blinding retinal diseases emphasize the tremendous far-reaching potential for ligands for these receptors. Exciting breakthroughs in this dynamic field in the last decade are reported herein, which will guide future investigators in determining the full potential of this unique, yet abundantly expressed protein.
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The Opiate Receptors

Author: Gavril W. Pasternak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781607619932

Category: Medical

Page: 516

View: 3878

This new edition covers the latest knowledge on opiate receptors and related receptor subtypes. It discusses many topics pertaining to the unique integrated approach of correlating the biochemical, physiological and pharmacological aspects of opiate reaction.
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Sigma Receptors

Author: Yossef Itzhak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 1199

This is the 12th in the Neuroscience Perspectives Series. The existence of sigma receptors in the central nervous system has only relatively recently been established. In line with the aims of Neuroscience Perspectives, this volume will cover the historical background of the subject, together with the physiological, molecular biological and pharmacological aspects, with a discussion on the concept of sigma receptors subtypes and their postulated relevance for CNS disorders.
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Biochemical studies on the sigma-1 receptor

a multidrug binding protein of enigmatic function

Author: Subramaniam Ramachandran,The University of Wisconsin - Madison

Publisher: ProQuest

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 220

View: 4040

The data and findings presented in this thesis area contribute towards understanding the biology of the sigma-1 receptor. The pure sigma-1 receptor is a useful tool that for biochemical and structural experiments which were previously not possible. The work presented here also places sphingosine in the list of possible sigma-1 receptor endogenous ligands. Studies with the K+ channel have uncovered a broader role for sigma ligands in modulating channel regulation.
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Cancer Research

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cancer

Page: N.A

View: 8409

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Receptor Chemistry Towards the Third Millennium

Author: M. Gianella,G. Marucci,W. Quaglia,U. Gulini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080540405

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 701

Receptor Chemistry Towards the Third Millennium is the result of papers presented at the 12th Camerino-Noordwijkerhout Symposium, held in Camerino, Italy in September 1999. Although much is known about the way ligands interact with receptors, which have now been isolated, characterized and cloned, many aspects still remain to be explored. In particular, differentiation into distinct subpopulations and the multiplicity of transduction processes offer more specific targets in the search for new drugs. This book will be of interest to medicinal chemists, pharmacologists, biochemists and neurologists and will also be a valuable source of reference for medical students and postgraduate students in related fields.
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Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123786312

Category: Science

Page: 3232

View: 4879

The 4-volume Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry, Second Edition, represents the current state of a dynamic and crucial field of study. The Encyclopedia pulls together over 500 articles that help define and explore contemporary biochemistry, with content experts carefully chosen by the Editorial Board to assure both breadth and depth in its coverage. Editors-In-Chief William J. Lennarz and M. Daniel Lane have crafted a work that proceeds from the acknowledgement that understanding every living process-from physiology, to immunology, and genetics-is impossible without a grasp on the basic chemistry that provides its underpinning. Each article in the work provides an up-to-date snapshot of a given topic, written by experts, as well as suggestions for further readings for students and researcher wishing to go into greater depth. Available on-line via SciVerse ScienceDirect, the functionality of the Encyclopedia will provide easy linking to referenced articles, electronic searching, as well an online index and glossary to aid comprehension and searchability. This 4-volume set, thoroughly up-to-date and comprehensive, expertly captures this fast-moving field Curated by two esteemed editors-in-chief and an illustrious team of editors and contributors, representing the state of the field Suggestions for further readings offer researchers and students avenues for deeper exploration; a wide-ranging glossary aids comprehension
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Helicobacter Pylori

Molecular Genetics and Cellular Biology

Author: Yoshio Yamaoka

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 190445531X

Category: Medical

Page: 261

View: 2002

Helicobacter pylori is an important human pathogen that infects up to 50% of the human population. As the leading cause of peptic ulcers, gastritis, and gastric cancer worldwide, the organism has been the subject of intensive research to unravel the mysteries of its genetics and cellular biology. In fact, the number of publications in this field has risen dramatically in recent years making it extremely difficult for even the most diligent reader to stay abreast of progress. This book distills the most important cutting-edge findings in the field to produce a timely and comprehensive review. With contributions from leading international helicobacter researchers, topics include: lipopolysaccharides, outer membrane proteins, motility and chemotaxis, type IV secretions systems, metal metabolism, molecular mechanisms of host adaptation, genomotyping, and proteonomics. As a useful introduction to the subject for new researchers and as an invaluable reference for the experienced researcher, this book is essential reading for all researchers working with Helicobacter and related organisms.
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Iron Metabolism

From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Consequences

Author: Robert Crichton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118925637

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 2044

Iron is indispensable for the growth, development and well-being of almost all living organisms. Biological systems from bacteria, fungi and plants to humans have evolved systems for the uptake, utilisation, storage and homeostasis of iron. Its importance for microbial growth makes its uptake systems a natural target for pathogenic microorganisms and parasites. Uniquely, humans suffer from both iron deficiency and iron overload, while the capacity of iron to generate highly reactive free radicals, causing oxidative stress, is associated with a wide range of human pathologies, including many neurodegenerative diseases. Whereas some essential metal ions like copper and zinc are closely linked with iron metabolism, toxic metals like aluminium and cadmium can interfere with iron metabolism. Finally, iron metabolism and homeostasis are key targets for the development of new drugs for human health. The 4th edition of Iron Metabolism is written in a lively style by one of the leaders in the field, presented in colour and covers the latest discoveries in this exciting area. It will be essential reading for researchers and students in biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, cell biology, nutrition and medical sciences. Other interested groups include biological inorganic chemists with an interest in iron metabolism, health professionals with an interest in diseases of iron metabolism, or of diseases in which iron uptake systems are involved (eg. microbial and fungal infections, cancer, neurodegenerative disorders), and researchers in the pharmaceutical industry interested in developing novel drugs targeting iron metabolism/homeostasis.
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Extracellular Matrix and the Liver

Approach to Gene Therapy

Author: Isao Okazaki

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125252515

Category: Medical

Page: 467

View: 9111

Extracellular Matrix of the Liver addresses the basic science of the extracellular matrix and discusses new strategies for the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver, with a primary focus on possible gene therapy approaches. The chapters are divided into six sections as follows: * Basic Science of Extracellular Matrix * Cells Responsible for Extracellular Matrix Production * Activation Mechanism of Hepatic Cells and Signal Transduction * Basic Science for Extracellular Matrix Metabolism including Enzymes and their Inhibitors * Matrix Mettaloproteinases and Tissue Inhibitors for Matrix Mettaloproteinases * New Strategies for the treatment of Liver Cirrhosis Key Features * Discusses the possibility of gene therapy for liver cirrhosis * Includes information on new aspects of hepatic stellate cells * Written by top experts in basic science and clinical hepatology
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Chemical Communication Among Bacteria

Author: Stephen Carlyle Winans,Bonnie L. Bassler

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: 9781555814045

Category: Medical

Page: 483

View: 3988

Summarizes the science and recent research developments of chemical communication among bacteria
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Cell Surface Receptors

A Short Course on Theory and Methods

Author: Lee E. Limbird

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387230696

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 8635

Cell Surface Receptors: A Short Course on Theory and Methods, 3rd Edition, links theoretical insights into drug-receptor interactions described in mathematical models with the experimental strategies to characterize the biological receptor of interest. The study of receptors has changed considerably over the period of the publication of the three editions of this book. The cloning of several genomes makes it unlikely that preparations of receptors now or in the future will arise from their purification as trace proteins from native tissues, but rather from a myriad of molecular approaches. Nonetheless, understanding the molecular mechanisms and ultimately the in vivo biology of these receptors means that investigators will engage in molecular, cellular and ultimate in vivo strategies. It should be of value to investigators who want to identify, characterize and understand the biology of a receptor of interest.
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Biology of Growth Factors

Molecular Biology, Oncogenes, Signal Transduction, and Clinical Implications

Author: J. E. Kudlow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475719809

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 6416

Growth factors are elaborated to control the growth of cells in such physiological processes as wound healing, tissue regeneration and the immune response. Abnormal production of these growth factors, their receptors or intracellular med!ators of their action may lead to disease states including oncogenesis. This volume will focus on exciting developments in defining the precise molecular lesions that permit the conversion of controlled proliferative signals to neoplasia, on the possible involvement of growth factors in the development of blood vessel diseases as seen in diabetes and atherosclerosis, on the altered immune surveillance that leads to autoimmunity and on the fundamental mechanisms by which growth factors signal their target cells. We expect that the contents of this volume will help promote understanding of the role of these fundamental biological processes and their alterations in a wide variety of disease states and stimulate new investi gations in this important area of biomedical research. The Editors v CONTENTS PERSPECTIVES ON THE CONTROL OF GROWTH AND DIFFERENTIATION Perspectives on the Biology of Growth Factors . . . •. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • I. B. Fritz Platelet-Derived Growth Factor- Its Role in Health and Disease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 R. Ross and E. W. Raines Molecular and Developmental Biology Aspects of Fibroblast Growth Factor. • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • 23 D. Gospodarowicz Chemical and Biochemical Properties of Human Angiogenin. . . . . . . . . . 41 B. L. Vallee and J. F. Riordan GROWTH FACTOR - ONCOGENE RELATIONSHIPS Structure - Function Relationships in Cellular and Viral fps/fes Cytoplasmic Protein-Tyrosine Kinases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 T. Pawson. P. Greer, M. Moran, K.
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Introduction to Cellular Signal Transduction

Author: Ari Sitaramayya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219906

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 4969

Our understanding of biological communication has grown significantly during the past decade. The advances in knowledge about the chemical nature of signals and their corresponding reception by specialized cells have led to identification, characterization, purification, cloning, and expression of specific receptor molecules. While the earlier literature emphasized com partmentalized treatment of informational molecules and their interaction with receptors, the progress in the recent past has allowed cross-fertilization in the examination of the of actions and mechanisms of steroid and protein hormones and other messengers. Investigators now have an increased ap preciation of the multiple effects of specific hormones and of the diverse responses by receptor proteins to closely related ligands. The task of compil ing this enormous literature into a focused treatise was undertaken with the launching of the series Hormones in Health and Disease. This latest volume, An Introduction to Cellular Signal Transduction, complements the previous monographs in the series and brings to the fore recent developments in the field of biochemical communication. This volume combines discussions on the basic tenets of the signal transduction process and its relevance to health and disease. While various chapters provide exhaustive dissection of specific topics for researchers in the field, the book is also an excellent vehicle for introducing students and new investigators to the subject. The contributors of the chapters are active and accomplished scientists brought together on a common platform by the editor, Dr.
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Biological Inorganic Chemistry

An Introduction

Author: Robert R. Crichton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556222

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 1627

The importance of metals in biology, the environment and medicine has become increasingly evident over the last twenty five years. The study of the multiple roles of metal ions in biological systems, the rapidly expanding interface between inorganic chemistry and biology constitutes the subject called Biological Inorganic Chemistry. The present text, written by a biochemist, with a long career experience in the field (particularly iron and copper) presents an introduction to this exciting and dynamic field. The book begins with introductory chapters, which together constitute an overview of the concepts, both chemical and biological, which are required to equip the reader for the detailed analysis which follows. Pathways of metal assimilation, storage and transport, as well as metal homeostasis are dealt with next. Thereafter, individual chapters discuss the roles of sodium and potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron, copper, nickel and cobalt, manganese, and finally molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten and chromium. The final three chapters provide a tantalising view of the roles of metals in brain function, biomineralization and a brief illustration of their importance in both medicine and the environment. Relaxed and agreeable writing style. The reader will not only fiind the book easy to read, the fascinating anecdotes and footnotes will give him pegs to hang important ideas on. Written by a biochemist. Will enable the reader to more readily grasp the biological and clinical relevance of the subject. Many colour illustrations. Enables easier visualization of molecular mechanisms Written by a single author. Ensures homgeneity of style and effective cross referencing between chapters
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Clinical Chemistry, A Laboratory Perspective

Chemistry, Chemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478421665

Category: Education

Page: 81

View: 800

Facts101 is your complete guide to Clinical Chemistry, A Laboratory Perspective. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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Medicinal Chemistry

A Molecular and Biochemical Approach

Author: Thomas Nogrady,Donald F. Weaver

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190282967

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 724

Fully updated and rewritten by a basic scientist who is also a practicing physician, the third edition of this popular textbook remains comprehensive, authoritative and readable. Taking a receptor-based, target-centered approach, it presents the concepts central to the study of drug action in a logical, mechanistic way grounded on molecular and principles. Students of pharmacy, chemistry and pharmacology, as well as researchers interested in a better understanding of drug design, will find this book an invaluable resource. Starting with an overview of basic principles, Medicinal Chemistry examines the properties of drug molecules, the characteristics of drug receptors, and the nature of drug-receptor interactions. Then it systematically examines the various families of receptors involved in human disease and drug design. The first three classes of receptors are related to endogenous molecules: neurotransmitters, hormones and immunomodulators. Next, receptors associated with cellular organelles (mitochondria, cell nucleus), endogenous macromolecules (membrane proteins, cytoplasmic enzymes) and pathogens (viruses, bacteria) are examined. Through this evaluation of receptors, all the main types of human disease and all major categories of drugs are considered. There have been many changes in the third edition, including a new chapter on the immune system. Because of their increasingly prominent role in drug discovery, molecular modeling techniques, high throughput screening, neuropharmacology and genetics/genomics are given much more attention. The chapter on hormonal therapies has been thoroughly updated and re-organized. Emerging enzyme targets in drug design (e.g. kinases, caspases) are discussed, and recent information on voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels has been incorporated. The sections on antihypertensive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiarrhythmic, and anticancer drugs, as well as treatments for hyperlipidemia and peptic ulcer, have been substantially expanded. One new feature will enhance the book's appeal to all readers: clinical-molecular interface sections that facilitate understanding of the treatment of human disease at a molecular level.
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Bacterial Stress Responses

Author: Gisela Storz,Regine Hengge

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555816215

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 7304

Gain new insight on utilizing bacterial stress responses to better combat bacterial infection with antibiotics and improve biotechnology. • Reviews the vast number of new findings that have greatly advanced the understanding of bacterial stress responses in the past 10 years. • Explores general regulatory principles, including the latest findings from genomics studies, including new research findings on both specific and general stress responses. • Details how stress responses affect the interactions between bacteria and host cells and covers bacterial stress responses in different niches and communities, with an emphasis on extreme environments.
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