Sexual and Reproductive Health

A Public Health Perspective

Author: P. F. A. van Look,Kris Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123850096

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 338

View: 7663

This volume brings together two areas of health that are among the foci of current development efforts, as articulated by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), namely sexual and reproductive health (MDG 5: improve maternal health, target 2: achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health); and Gender (MDG 3: promote gender equality and empower women). Few, if any, published books have dealt in a comprehensive way with public health aspects of these two strongly interrelated areas of health. Most published volumes devoted to sexual and reproductive health have a strong clinical focus, whereas books on gender tend to concentrate primarily on the socio-cultural and anthropological aspects of the subject.

Sexual Health: A Public Health Perspective

A Public Health Perspective

Author: Wellings, Kaye,Mitchell, Kirstin,Collumbien, Martine

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335244815

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 6053

This timely book introduces social aspects of the study of sexual health and their application to public health practice. The book addresses five key themes: Conceptual and theoretical aspects of sexual health, Sexual health outcomes of risk and vulnerability, Improving sexual health status and Measuring and assessing sexual health status. The authors consider each of these themes within their cultural and historical context and illustrate topics with international examples and case studies.

Handbook of Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health

Author: Gina M. Wingood,Ralph J. DiClemente

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306466519

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 473

View: 820

The subject of women's sexual and reproductive health has been surrounded in a mantle of silence. This silence is pervasive in women's lives and is manifested by the difficulty in discussing or disseminating information regarding women's sexuality in our families, our relationships, and in society as a whole. This volume is designed to motivate and engage scientists, policy makers, and practitioners to greater scientific discourse, reduce the stigma and validate the importance of women's sexual and reproductive health. The editors and contributors bring the topic of women's sexual and reproductive health to the forefront in a useful and intellectually stimulating manner, and include a wealth of knowledge and current information on: -epidemiology; -social and behavioral correlates; -effective intervention and prevention strategies; and -health policies relating to women's sexual and reproductive health. The use of a multidisciplinary perspective, bringing together historians, anthropologists, psychologists, sociologists, epidemiologists, public health researchers, genetic counselors, attorneys, demographers, journalists, social workers, nurses and physicians, allows for comprehensive coverage that will benefit women's health advocates, students, and practitioners.

Reproductive Health and Human Rights

The Way Forward

Author: Laura Reichenbach,Mindy Jane Roseman

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812206104

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 6320

Reproductive Health and Human Rights: The Way Forward critically reflects on the past fifteen years of international efforts aimed at improving health, alleviating poverty, diminishing gender inequality, and promoting human rights. The volume includes essays by leading scholars and practitioners that are centered on the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and its resulting Programme of Action. ICPD, an agreement among 179 governments, UN agencies, and NGOs, was intended to shape population and development policy—reinterpreted and redefined as "reproductive health." More than a decade after the enthusiasm that accompanied ICPD, there is growing concern about its effectiveness in the context of global health and development. Reproductive Health and Human Rights addresses that concern. The book grapples with fundamental questions about the relationships among population, fertility decline, reproductive health, human rights, poverty alleviation, and development and assesses the various arguments—demographic, public health, human rights-based, and economic—for and against ICPD today. A number of the chapters address institutional challenges to ICPD and consider how the changing political, religious, academic, and disciplinary contexts matter. Other chapters engage operational and conceptual issues and whether ICPD has been able to move the reproductive health agenda forward on topics such as maternal mortality, abortion, HIV/AIDS, adolescents, reproductive technologies, and demography. Finally, several chapters examine how ICPD has been sidelined by emerging health and development agendas and what could be done in response. Unlike any book yet published, Reproductive Health and Human Rights: The Way Forward examines the state of the arguments for reproductive health and rights from a multidisciplinary perspective that provides policymakers, scholars, and activists with a better understanding of how reproductive health and rights have developed, their place in the global policy agenda, and how they might evolve most effectively in the future.

A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health

Author: Bruce Lubotsky Levin,Marion Ann Becker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441915269

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1025

A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health Edited by Bruce Lubotsky Levin and Marion Ann Becker As many as one-half of all women in the U.S. will experience some form of mental illness in their lives—an especially distressing fact when health care budgets are in flux, adding to existing disparities and unmet health needs. Written from a unique multidisciplinary framework, A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health addresses today’s most pressing mental health challenges: effective treatment, efficient prevention, equal access, improved service delivery, and stronger public policy. Eminent clinicians, researchers, academicians, and advocates examine the effects of mental illness on women’s lives and discuss the scope of clinical and service delivery issues affecting women, focusing on these major areas: Epidemiology of mental disorders in girls, female adolescents, adult women, and older women. Selected disorders of particular concern to women, including depression and postpartum depression, eating disorders, menopause, chemical dependence, and HIV/AIDS. Mental health needs of women in the workplace, rural areas, and prisons. Racial and ethnic disparities and their impact on service delivery. Parenting and recovery issues in mothers with mental illness. Women’s mental health services in an era of evidence-based medicine. Improving women’s health in today’s technological climate. A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health is a resource of immediate importance to professionals and graduate students in the public health, health administration, health disparities, social work, behavioral health, and health services research fields, as well as nursing, community/health psychology and community/public psychiatry.

Chlamydial Infection: A Clinical and Public Health Perspective

Author: C.M. Black

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 331802399X

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 3968

Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that cause one of the most common sexually transmitted infectious diseases in the world. The infection disproportionately impacts women and the highest prevalence of infection is found in adolescents. Most chlamydial infections are asymptomatic. Untreated infections are sources of further spread of infection and can lead to serious consequences including pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydial infections also increase a person’s susceptibility to HIV and other STDs.Featuring contributions by internationally recognized experts in epidemiology, infectious disease research and chlamydial biology, this book provides up-to-date reviews from a clinical and public health perspective on chlamydia epidemiology and control programs, genomics and pathogenicity, diagnosis, treatment, host immune responses, and the latest on the search for an effective vaccine. Also included are chapters on the impact of chlamydial infection on specific populations such as the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community, and an update on the outbreak in Europe of the invasive chlamydial infection, lymphogranuloma venereum or LGV. This comprehensive publication is intended for clinicians, public health workers and scientists with interest in sexually transmitted diseases, medical microbiology, infectious diseases and clinical research.

Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse

Author: Shonali Choudhury,Jennifer Toller Erausquin,Mellissa Withers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319604171

Category: Medical

Page: 441

View: 6247

This expansive survey spotlights pervasive issues affecting girls’ and women’s sexual and reproductive health across the lifecourse. Research from diverse countries around the world analyzes the complex relationships among biological, psychological, sociocultural, and economic issues—particularly in terms of inequities—as they shape women’s lives. Major challenges and possibilities for intervention are examined in their national context and with their global implications, including child marriage/motherhood, reproductive care and access, fertility, childbearing, contraception, abortion, HIV/STIs, gender-based violence, sexual pleasure, and menopause. In these forceful dispatches, a consistent human rights perspective emphasizes women’s control, autonomy, and agency in all stages of their lives. A sampling of topics covered: Girl child marriage: a persistent global women’s health and human rights violation Investigating challenges and resilience among women living with obstetric fistula in Kenya A qualitative exploration of mainstream and social media reflections on abortion A continuum of severity of sexual intimate partner violence among black women in the United States Economic empowerment to improve sexual and reproductive health among women and girls Summarizing an interdisciplinary field on research and practical levels, Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse will be an invaluable text for undergraduate and graduate courses in a wide range of fields, including public health, global health, women’s studies, sociology, anthropology, gender studies, and human rights.

Perspectives on Health and Human Rights

Author: Sofia Gruskin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415948074

Category: Political Science

Page: 649

View: 4368

This anthology of articles collected by a cast of award-winning scholars in the field of public health illustrates that promoting and protecting human rights is fundamental to promoting and protecting health. New issues covered in this volume include: emerging technologies; family and health; responding to violence; and methods and strategies.

Sexual Health

A multidisciplinary approach

Author: Meredith Temple-Smith

Publisher: IP Communications

ISBN: 098729055X

Category: Psychology

Page: 460

View: 9948

Sexual health is now seen as multi-dimensional, a product of complex interplay between biological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors. This book brings together 34 expert Australian practitioners and researchers to provide a comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and stimulating perspective on sexual health. In numerous and significant ways the book differs from its predecessor-volume, published in 2005. Chapters are now grouped in to five parts: § Sexual health in Australia; § Foundations for sexual health; § Sexual health in clinical practice; § Sexual health in specific populations; and § Prevention and promotion. All original chapters have been thoroughly reviewed and updated. Six new chapters are included, on: § Sexual health in society; § Contraception, and options for unintended pregnancy; § The legal environment of sexual healthcare practice; § Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people; § Health promotion; and § Prevention strategies. Chapters on sexual health in adolescence and in older adults have been expanded. A section on refugees is now included (with sections on homeless youth, sex workers, and prisoners) in a chapter on the sexual health of ‘other vulnerable populations’. This book is one-third longer than its predecessor-volume. For tertiary-level students of nursing, medicine, public health, health promotion, and sexology, this new book will continue to be an ideal textbook. For healthcare practitioners working in reproductive health, sexual health, maternal and child health, and many other specialist fields, it will be an invaluable first reference.

Pregnancy and Power

A Short History of Reproductive Politics in America

Author: Rickie Solinger

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814741193

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 9519

A sweeping chronicle of women's battles for reproductive freedom throughout American history, Pregnancy and Power explores the many forces—social, racial, economic, and political—that have shaped women’s reproductive lives in the United States. Leading historian Rickie Solinger argues that a woman’s control over her body involves much more than the right to choose an abortion. Reproductive politics were at play when slaveholders devised breeding schemes, when the U.S. government took Indian children from their families in the nineteenth century, and when doctors pressed Latina women to be sterilized in the 1970s. Tracing the diverse plot lines of women’s reproductive lives throughout American history, Solinger redefines the idea of reproductive freedom, putting race and class at the center of the effort to control sex and pregnancy in America over time. Solinger asks which women have how many children under what circumstances, and shows how reproductive experiences have been encouraged or coerced, rewarded or punished, honored or exploited over the last 250 years. Viewed in this way, the debate over reproductive rights raises questions about access to sex education and prenatal care, about housing laws, about access to citizenship, and about which women lose children to adoption and foster care. Pregnancy and Power shows that a complete understanding of reproductive politics must take into account the many players shaping public policy—lawmakers, educators, employers, clergy, physicians—as well as the consequences for women who obey and resist these policies. Tracing the diverse plotlines of women's reproductive lives throughout American history, Solinger redefines the idea of reproductive freedom, putting race and class at the center of the struggle to control sex and pregnancy in America.

AIDS and Women’s Reproductive Health

Author: Lincoln C. Chen,Jaime Sepulveda Amor,Sheldon J. Segal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461533546

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 6370

Over the past decade, the AIDS pandemic has propagated so widely and exerted such a dev astating impact that one may properly ask the question, Why not concentrate all AIDS efforts on disease control alone? Why link AIDS with women's reproductive health? What is the scientific basis for this linkage? And how might AID~ control and women's health objectives be promot ed simultaneously? These questions constitute the principal themes addressed in this monograph. The 15 chapters in this volume are intended to provide state-of-the-art reviews of key interac tions between AIDS and women's reproductive health for an audience of scientists and policy makers in the AIDS and population fields. Impetus for this monograph comes in pan from what we perceive to be an inadequate global response, thus far, to AIDS and women's health ;>roblems. A common platform has failed to emerge among the disparate professional communities working in the areas of AIDS, STDs, and family planning. As a result, endeavors in these fields have been isolated, and opportunities for joint action have been missed. An enormous and, as yet, unharnessed potential exists for power ful interdisciplinary collaborations that could strengthen policies and programs against these pressing health problems of humankind.

Rural Women's Sexuality, Reproductive Health, and Illiteracy

A Critical Perspective on Development

Author: Gisele Maynard-Tucker

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739192337

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 7144

Rural Women’s Sexuality, Reproductive Health, and Illiteracy examines the intimate lives of women in the developing world, their sexuality, and views on family planning and gender inequality. Providing insights on cultural traditions and understanding of modern medicine, it is essential for public health and anthropology scholars and practitioners.

Reproductive Health in India

History, Politics, Controversies

Author: Sarah Hodges

Publisher: N.A


Category: Birth control

Page: 264

View: 2054

Within the scholarly fields of demography, development studies, medical anthropology and public policy, the history of reproduction has been dominated by preconceived and often a-historical ideas about India s supposed long-term trend towards over-population. When these scholarly fields have invoked histories of fertility and contraception, these histories have largely been made to serve as the pre-modern antithesis to a fully modern future. In contrast, this volume brings together historians to tackle the complex questions of reproduction in modern India. Taken together, these essays interrogate the very idea that reproduction is simply a linch-pin for effecting other social and economic transformations. Instead, these histories map out and ask questions of the institutions, discourses and practices by which women's reproductive health came to hold meaning and play strategic roles in the multiple and at times competing agendas such as social reform, the medical sciences, cultural nationalism, and colonial public health.

A Review of the HHS Family Planning Program

Mission, Management, and Measurement of Results

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on a Comprehensive Review of the HHS Office of Family Planning Title X Program

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131170

Category: Medical

Page: 486

View: 723

A Review of the HHS Family Planning Program provides a broad evaluation of the Title X family planning program since its establishment in 1970. The program successfully provides family planning services to its target audience of low-income individuals, but there is room for improvement. While the program's core goals are apparent, a secondary set of changing priorities has emerged without a clear, evidence-based strategic process. Also, funding for the program has increased in actual dollars, but has not kept pace with inflation or increased costs. Several aspects of the program's structure could be improved to increase the ability of Title X to meet the needs of its target population. At the same time, the extent to which the program meets those needs cannot be assessed without a greater capacity for long-term data collection. A Review of the HHS Family Planning Program recommends several specific steps to enhance the management and improve the quality of the program, as well as to demonstrate its direct contribution to important end results, such as reducing rates of unintended pregnancy, cervical cancer, and infertility. The book will guide the Office of Family Planning toward improving the effectiveness of the program. Other parties who will find the research and recommendations valuable include programs receiving Title X funding from the Office of Family Planning, policy makers, researchers, and professional organizations.

Critical Issues in Reproductive Health

Author: Andrzej Kulczycki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400767226

Category: Medical

Page: 351

View: 5372

In this book, leading academics and practitioners in the field of reproductive health address topics such as contraception, abortion, sexually transmitted infections, maternal and prenatal health, sexuality and reproductive rights by examining a number of critical issues in these areas. The authors describe new research, identify gaps and priorities in policy and practice, and illustrate innovative solutions. The book further addresses such current imperatives as understanding the social meanings of emergency contraception, measuring gender-based violence, improving reproductive health governance, strengthening health systems and services, and redressing institutional barriers. The book also assesses how reproductive health programs can be reconfigured to new challenges such as those posed by climate change, vulnerable youth in fragile states, and risks from new infertility treatments. Using a rich and varied set of cases, a broad public health and social science perspective, and novel methodological approaches, this book questions common assumptions, illustrates effective solutions and sets out research, policy, and programmatic agendas for the present and future. This is a comprehensive volume which provides a valuable resource to researchers, educators, practitioners, policymakers and students, as well as anyone studying or advocating for reproductive health.

Issues in Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464966869

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 2279

Issues in Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research. The editors have built Issues in Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Sexuality and Sexual Behavior Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

From Abortion to Contraception

A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present

Author: Henry Philip David,Joanna Skilogianis,Anastasia Posadskaya-Vanderbeck

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313305870

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 382

View: 3249

Chronicles the interaction of public policies and private reproductive behavior in the 28 formerly socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the USSR successor states

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health

Author: Lenore Manderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415673291

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 2111

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health highlights the complex ways in which sexuality is expressed and enacted through local ideologies, global identities and material cultures, and their influence on people's sexual health and wellbeing. Its impetus is the renewed interest in technology and the 'social life of things, ' including pharmaceuticals, expanded sexual and related surgery, the growing exploitation of markets for sexual and contraceptive products, and the impact of these on sexual and health practices and outcomes. The book is organised into three parts. The first section on cultural practices consists of four chapters exploring the durability of various traditional practices, products and beliefs about bodies, illustrating how these technologies enable the exercise of power and draw attention to the complex tasks for individuals who may resist, challenge or avoid their imposition.The second part looks at commonalities across cultural borders and gendered identities -- how products and procedures travel, not only in formal economies and through the vectors of globalisation, but also informally, carried by individuals across cultural and social boundaries though sexual, social and commercial interactions. The final part discusses power and cultural norms in relation to contemporary technologies and to modern rights, places and spaces -- with violence highlighted as a technology of control. The volume brings together anthropologists, sociologists and cultural studies scholars, both senior and emerging scholars from around the globe -- and contains ethnographic data from Australia (indigenous and Anglo), Bangladesh, Brazil, France, India, Indonesia, Mozambique and Zambia, Papua New Guinea, Turkey, the United States, and the cyberworld. Offering an important and topical contribution to the developing global literature on sexuality, sexual identity, culture and health, it is of interest to researchers and advanced students in these areas

Running the Obstacle Course to Sexual and Reproductive Health

Lessons from Latin America

Author: Bonnie Shepard

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970666

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 215

View: 8524

Describes four innovative Latin American sexual and reproductive health programs, analyzing the changes within organizations as they shift from hierarchical programs of population and disease control to democratic models of health and well-being, citizenship, gender equity, and human rights.