Security, Territory, Population

Lectures at the Collège de France 1977--1978

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312203603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 417

View: 9006

Marking a major development in Foucault's thinking, this book takes as its starting point the notion of "biopower," studying the foundations of this new technology of power over populations. Distinct from punitive disciplinary systems, the mechanisms of power are here finely entwined with the technologies of security. In this volume, though, Foucault begins to turn his attention to the history of "governmentality," from the first centuries of the Christian era to the emergence of the modern nation state--shifting the center of gravity of the lectures from the question of biopower to that of government. In light of Foucault's later work, these lectures illustrate a radical turning point at which the transition to the problematic of the "government of self and others" would begin.
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"Society Must Be Defended"

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-1976

Author: Michel Foucault,Mauro Bertani,Alessandro Fontana,Francois Ewald

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312422660

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 2472

Exploring the interrelationship between war and politics, a series of lectures by the late French philosopher traces the evolution of a new understanding of society and its relation to war, revealing war as the permanent basis of all institutions of power. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.
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Naisscance de la Biopolitique : Cours Au College de France, 1978-1979

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Picador USA

ISBN: 0312203411

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 9607

A sixth compilation of lectures delivered at the Collège de France between 1970 and 1984 continues the speaker's coverage of 18th-century political economy, evaluating its role in the origins of a liberal governmental rationality that is at the heart of current debates about the role and status of neo-liberalism today. 10,000 first printing. Reprint.
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On The Government of the Living

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1979-1980

Author: M. Foucault

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137491825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 3124

With these lectures Foucault inaugurates his investigations of truth-telling in the ethical domain of practices of techniques of the self. How and why, he asks, does the government of men require those subject to power to be subjects who must tell the truth about themselves?
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Abnormal

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1974-1975

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859845394

Category: Abnormalities, Human

Page: 374

View: 6188

Michel Foucault remains one of the towering intellectual figures of the last half century. Michel Foucault's works on sexuality, madness, the prison and medicine are classics and his example continues to challenge and inspire. The philosopher gave public lectures at the College de France from 1971 until his death in 1984 - these lectures were seminal events and created benchmarks for contemporary critical inquiry. in modern criminal justice and its method of categorizing individuals who resemble their crime before they commit it. Michel Foucault shows how and why defining abnormality and normality were prerogatives of power in the 19th century and shaped the institutions. thought and offer a unique window into his way of thinking.
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Security, Territory, Population

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9781403986528

Category: Philosophy

Page: 417

View: 2490

"Marking a major development in Foucault's thinking, this book derives from the lecture course which he gave at the College de France between January and April, 1978. Taking as his starting point the notion of "bio-power," introduced both in his 1976 course Society Must be Defended and in the first volume of his History of Sexuality, Foucault sets out to study the emergence of this new technology of power over population."--BOOK JACKET.
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The Government of Self and Others

Lectures at the College de France, 1982-1983

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1429961708

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 1289

This lecture, given by Michel Foucault at the Collège de France, launches an inquiry into the notion of parresia and continues his rereading of ancient philosophy. Through the study of this notion of truth-telling, of speaking out freely, Foucault re-examines Greek citizenship, showing how the courage of the truth forms the forgotten ethical basis of Athenian democracy. The figure of the philosopher king, the condemnation of writing, and Socrates’ rejection of political involvement are some of the many topics of ancient philosophy revisited here.
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Lectures on the Will to Know

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1970--1971, and Oedipal Knowledge

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Picador

ISBN: 9781250050106

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 6455

Lectures on the Will to Know reminds us that Michel Foucault’s work only ever had one object: truth. Here, he builds on his earlier work, Discipline and Punish, to explore the relationship between tragedy, conflict, and truth-telling. He also explores the different forms of truth-telling, and their relation to power and the law. The publication of Lectures on the Will to Know marks a milestone in Foucault’s reception, and it will no longer be possible to read him in the same way as before.
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The Punitive Society

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1972-1973

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Picador

ISBN: 1250183936

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 5679

These thirteen lectures on the 'punitive society,' delivered at the Collège de France in the first three months of 1973, examine the way in which the relations between justice and truth that govern modern penal law were forged, and question what links them to the emergence of a new punitive regime that still dominates contemporary society. Praise for Foucault's Lectures at the Collège de France Series “Ideas spark off nearly every page...The words may have been spoken in [the 1970s], but they seem as alive and relevant as if they had been written yesterday.”—Bookforum “Foucault is quite central to our sense of where we are...[He] is carrying out, in the noblest way, the promiscuous aim of true culture.”—The Nation “[Foucault] has an alert and sensitive mind that can ignore the familiar surfaces of established intellectual coded and ask new questions...[He] gives dramatic quality to the movement of culture.”—The New York Review of Books
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The Society of the Spectacle

Author: Guy Debord

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781944234041

Category:

Page: 146

View: 2733

The Society of the Spectacle is many things. It is a critique of capitalism and mass-market culture, the underpinnings of the Situationist movement and one of the most important philosophical treatises of the 20th Century. The spectacle is the subversion of social relationships with the appearance of those interactions through media and commodities. Society has been subverted by the Spectacle through "the decline of being into having, and having into merely appearing." The Society of the Spectacle is an important philosophical treatise on the alienation of modern society, forming the underpinnings of a postmodern culture that is supplanted with images of what once was real.
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Subjectivity and Truth

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1980-1981

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349739006

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 9941

“The working hypothesis is this: it is true that sexuality as experience is obviously not independent of codes and systems of prohibitions, but it needs to be recalled straightaway that these codes are astonishingly stable, continuous, and slow to change. It needs to be recalled also that the way in which they are observed or transgressed also seems to be very stable and very repetitive. On the other hand, the point of historical mobility, what no doubt change most often, what are most fragile, are modalities of experience.” - Michel Foucault In 1981 Foucault delivered a course of lectures which marked a decisive reorientation in his thought and of the project of a History of Sexuality outlined in 1976. It was in these lectures that arts of living became the focal point around which he developed a new way of thinking about subjectivity. It was also the moment when Foucault problematized a conception of ethics understood as the patient elaboration of a relationship of self to self. It was the study of the sexual experience of the Ancients that made these new conceptual developments possible. Within this framework, Foucault examined medical writings, tracts on marriage, the philosophy of love, or the prognostic value of erotic dreams, for evidence of a structuration of the subject in his relationship to pleasures (aphrodisia) which is prior to the modern construction of a science of sexuality as well as to the Christian fearful obsession with the flesh. What was actually at stake was establishing that the imposition of a scrupulous and interminable hermeneutics of desire was the invention of Christianity. But to do this it was necessary to establish the irreducible specificity of ancient techniques of self. In these lectures, which clearly foreshadow The Use of Pleasures and The Care of Self, Foucault examines the Greek subordination of gender differences to the primacy of an opposition between active and passive, as well as the development by Imperial stoicism of a model of the conjugal bond which advocates unwavering fidelity and shared feelings and which leads to the disqualification of homosexuality.
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The Birth of Territory

Author: Stuart Elden

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022604128X

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 5839

Territory is one of the central political concepts of the modern world and, indeed, functions as the primary way the world is divided and controlled politically. Yet territory has not received the critical attention afforded to other crucial concepts such as sovereignty, rights, and justice. While territory continues to matter politically, and territorial disputes and arrangements are studied in detail, the concept of territory itself is often neglected today. Where did the idea of exclusive ownership of a portion of the earth’s surface come from, and what kinds of complexities are hidden behind that seemingly straightforward definition? The Birth of Territory provides a detailed account of the emergence of territory within Western political thought. Looking at ancient, medieval, Renaissance, and early modern thought, Stuart Elden examines the evolution of the concept of territory from ancient Greece to the seventeenth century to determine how we arrived at our contemporary understanding. Elden addresses a range of historical, political, and literary texts and practices, as well as a number of key players—historians, poets, philosophers, theologians, and secular political theorists—and in doing so sheds new light on the way the world came to be ordered and how the earth’s surface is divided, controlled, and administered.
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Technicians of Human Dignity

Bodies, Souls, and the Making of Intrinsic Worth

Author: Gaymon Bennett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0823267776

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 8627

Technicians of Human Dignity traces the extraordinary rise of human dignity as a defining concern of religious, political, and bioethical institutions over the last half century and offers original insight into how human dignity has become threatened by its own success. The global expansion of dignitarian politics has left dignity without a stable set of meanings or referents, unsettling contemporary economies of life and power. Engaging anthropology, theology, and bioethics, Bennett grapples with contemporary efforts to mobilize human dignity as a counter-response to the biopolitics of the human body, and the breakdowns this has generated. To do this, he investigates how actors in pivotal institutions --the Vatican, the United Nations, U.S. Federal Bioethics--reconceived human dignity as the bearer of intrinsic worth, only to become frustrated by the Sisyphean struggle of turning its conceptions into practice.
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The Foucault Effect

Studies in Governmentality

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226080451

Category: Philosophy

Page: 307

View: 9495

Based on Michel Foucault's 1978 and 1979 lectures at the Collège de France on governmental rationalities and his 1977 interview regarding his work on imprisonment, this volume is the long-awaited sequel to Power/Knowledge. In these lectures, Foucault examines the art or activity of government both in its present form and within a historical perspective as well as the different ways governmentality has been made thinkable and practicable. Foucault's thoughts on political discourse and governmentality are supplemented by the essays of internationally renowned scholars. United by the common influence of Foucault's approach, they explore the many modern manifestations of government: the reason of state, police, liberalism, security, social economy, insurance, solidarity, welfare, risk management, and more. The central theme is that the object and the activity of government are not instinctive and natural things, but things that have been invented and learned. The Foucault Effect analyzes the thought behind practices of government and argues that criticism represents a true force for change in attitudes and actions, and that extending the limits of some practices allows the invention of others. This unique and extraordinarily useful collection of articles and primary materials will open the way for a whole new set of discussions of the work of Michel Foucault as well as the status of liberalism, social policy, and insurance.
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A Body Worth Defending

Immunity, Biopolitics, and the Apotheosis of the Modern Body

Author: Ed Cohen

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822391112

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 8045

Biological immunity as we know it does not exist until the late nineteenth century. Nor does the premise that organisms defend themselves at the cellular or molecular levels. For nearly two thousand years “immunity,” a legal concept invented in ancient Rome, serves almost exclusively political and juridical ends. “Self-defense” also originates in a juridico-political context; it emerges in the mid-seventeenth century, during the English Civil War, when Thomas Hobbes defines it as the first “natural right.” In the 1880s and 1890s, biomedicine fuses these two political precepts into one, creating a new vital function, “immunity-as-defense.” In A Body Worth Defending, Ed Cohen reveals the unacknowledged political, economic, and philosophical assumptions about the human body that biomedicine incorporates when it recruits immunity to safeguard the vulnerable living organism. Inspired by Michel Foucault’s writings about biopolitics and biopower, Cohen traces the migration of immunity from politics and law into the domains of medicine and science. Offering a genealogy of the concept, he illuminates a complex of thinking about modern bodies that percolates through European political, legal, philosophical, economic, governmental, scientific, and medical discourses from the mid-seventeenth century through the twentieth. He shows that by the late nineteenth century, “the body” literally incarnates modern notions of personhood. In this lively cultural rumination, Cohen argues that by embracing the idea of immunity-as-defense so exclusively, biomedicine naturalizes the individual as the privileged focus for identifying and treating illness, thereby devaluing or obscuring approaches to healing situated within communities or collectives.
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The Courage of Truth

The Government of Self and Others II; Lectures at the Collège de France, 1983--1984

Author: Michel Foucault,Arnold I. Davidson,Graham Burchell

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1250009103

Category: Philosophy

Page: 364

View: 8116

The Courage of the Truth is the last course that Michel Foucault delivered at the Collège de France. Here, he continues the theme of the previous year's lectures in exploring the notion of "truth-telling" in politics to establish a number of ethically irreducible conditions based on courage and conviction. His death, on June 25th, 1984, tempts us to detect the philosophical testament in these lectures, especially in view of the prominence they give to the themes of life and death.
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Psychiatric Power

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1973--1974

Author: Michel Foucault,Jacques Lagrange,Graham Burchell

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312203313

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 9489

A historical investigation into the practice of psychiatric medicine in the western world chronicles its evolution, offering insight into how diagnoses and treatments changed throughout time and how modern social and political attitudes toward mental illness have developed, in a collection of philosophical lectures. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.
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Sex and War

Author: Malcolm Potts And Thomas Hayden

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1459609387

Category:

Page: 508

View: 5378

As news of war and terror dominates the headlines, scientist Malcolm Potts and veteran journalist Thomas Hayden take a step back to explain it all. In the spirit of Guns, Germs and Steel, Sex and War asks the basic questions: Why is war so fundamental to our species? And what can we do about it? Malcolm Potts explores these questions from the frontlines, as a witness to war-torn countries around the world. As a scientist and obstetrician, Potts has worked with governments and aid organizations globally, and in the trenches with women who have been raped and brutalized in the course of war. Combining their own experience with scientific findings in primatology, genetics and anthropology, Potts and Hayden explain war's pivotal position in the human experience and how men in particular evolved under conditions that favored gang behavior, rape and organized aggression. Drawing on these new insights, they propose a rational plan for making warfare less frequent and less brutal in the future.Anyone interested in understanding human nature, warfare, and terrorism at their most fundamental levels will find Sex and War to be an illuminating work, and one that might change the way they see the world.
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Between the Norm and the Exception

The Frankfurt School and the Rule of Law

Author: William E. Scheuerman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262691963

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 8168

"In this well-written, brilliantly researched and provocative work, Bill Scheuerman has analyzed a little-known chapter of twentieth-century intellectual history: the encounter between Carl Schmitt, named the jurist of the Third Reich, and two members of the Frankfurt School: Otto Kirchheimer and Franz Neumann.... This will be compelling and captivating reading for anyone interested in continental social and political thought in the twentieth century." -- Seyla Benhabib, Harvard University "Winner, 1996 Elaine and David Spitz Book Prize for the best book on liberal and democratic theory, Conference for the Study of Political Thought. Winner, 1994 First Book Prize, Foundations of Political Thought Organized Section, American Political Science Association." Between the Norm and the Exception contributes historical insight to the ongoing debate over the future of the rule of law in welfare-state capitalist democracies. The core issue is whether or not society can offer its citizens welfare-state guarantees and still preserve the liberal vision of a norm-based legal system. Franz Neumann and Otto Kirchheimer, in an age dominated by Hitler and Stalin, sought to establish a sound theoretical basis for the "rule of law" ideal. As an outcome of their sophisticated understanding of the liberal political tradition, their writings suggest a theoretical missed opportunity, an alternative critical theory that might usefully be applied in understanding (and perhaps countering) the contemporary trend toward the deformalization of law.
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Contemporary Economic Theory

Radical Critiques of Neoliberalism

Author: Andriana Vlachou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349277142

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 1247

Leading international scholars challenge neoliberalism on its assumptions, way of reasoning and empirical evidence. In particular, they discuss critically, from the standpoint of radical perspectives, the issues of limiting the state and privatization, inflation and unemployment, and the possibility of a socialist society. They also discuss the current project for the monetary and economic union (EMU) of Europe, considered as an application of neoliberalism. They assess and question the internal market, the common currency and central bank independence; and investigate alternatives to the EMU project and the marketization agenda.
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