Security, Insecurity and Migration in Europe

Author: Gabriella Lazaridis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317057872

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6222

Having often been framed in terms of security concerns, migration issues have simultaneously given rise to issues of insecurity: on the one hand, security of borders, political, societal and economic security/insecurity in the host country; on the other, social, legal and economic concerns about human security, with regard to both EU citizens and migrants entering Europe. In terms of state security, migration is a core target of increasingly globally networked surveillance capabilities, whilst with respect to human security, it exposes the gap between the protections that migrants formally enjoy under international law and the realities they experience as they travel and work across different countries. Drawing on the latest research from across the EU, Security, Insecurity and Migration explores the concerns of states with regard to migration and the need to protect the fundamental rights of migrants. An interdisciplinary examination of the issues of security and insecurity raised by migration for states, their citizens and migrants themselves, this book will be of interest to scholars of politics, sociology and geography researching migration, race and ethnicity, human and state security and EU politics and policy.
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The Politics of Insecurity

Fear, Migration and Asylum in the EU

Author: Jef Huysmans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134234465

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8177

The act of violence of 9/11 changed the global security agenda, catapulting terrorism to the top of the agenda. Weapons of mass destruction grabbed public interest and controlling the free movement of people became a national security priority. In this volume, Jef Huysmans critically engages with theoretical developments in international relations and security studies to develop a conceptual framework for studying security. He argues that security policies and responses do not appear out of the blue, but are part of a continuous and gradual process, pre-structured by previous developments. He examines this process of securitization and explores how an issue, on the basis of the distribution and administration of fear, becomes a security policy. Huysmans then applies this theory to provide a detailed analysis of migration, asylum and refuge in the European Union. This theoretically sophisticated, yet accessible volume, makes an important contribution to the study of security, migration and European politics.
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Frontiers of Fear

Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe

Author: Ariane Chebel D'Appollonia

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801464382

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2089

On both sides of the Atlantic, restrictive immigration policies have been framed as security imperatives since the 1990s. This trend accelerated in the aftermath of 9/11 and subsequent terrorist attacks in Europe. In Frontiers of Fear, Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia raises two central questions with profound consequences for national security and immigration policy: First, does the securitization of immigration issues actually contribute to the enhancement of internal security? Second, does the use of counterterrorist measures address such immigration issues as the increasing number of illegal immigrants, the resilience of ethnic tensions, and the emergence of homegrown radicalization? Chebel d'Appollonia questions the main assumptions that inform political agendas in the United States and throughout Europe, analyzing implementation and evaluating the effectiveness of policies in terms of their stated objectives. She argues that the new security-based immigration regime has proven ineffective in achieving its prescribed goals and even aggravated the problems it was supposed to solve: A security/insecurity cycle has been created that results in less security and less democracy. The excesses of securitization have harmed both immigration and counterterrorist policies and seriously damaged the delicate balance between security and respect for civil liberties.
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The Securitisation of Migration in the EU

Debates Since 9/11

Author: Gabriella Lazaridis,Khursheed Wadia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137480580

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 1894

Since 9/11 Western states have sought to integrate 'securitisation' measures within migration regimes as asylum seekers and other migrant categories come to be seen as agents of social instability or as potential terrorists. Treating migration as a security threat has therefore increased insecurity amongst migrant and ethnic minority populations.
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Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration

Trust and Emancipation in Europe

Author: Ali Bilgic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136765352

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7304

Migration and especially irregular migration are politically sensitive and highly debated issues in the developed world, particularly in Europe. This book analyses irregular protection-seeking migration in Europe, with close attention to sub-Saharan migration into the EU, from the perspective of emancipatory security theory. Some individuals leave their countries because political, social, and economic structures largely fail to provide protection. This book examines how communities respond to migrants who seek protection and security, where migration is perceived as a source of insecurity by many in that community. The central aim of this critical analysis is to explore ideas and practices which can contribute to replacing the political structures of insecurity with emancipatory structures, where individuals (both irregular migrants and members of the receiving communities) enjoy security together, not opposed to each other. Drawing on the security dilemma, critical approaches to security, forced migration and trust, the book demonstrates how common life between two groups of individuals can be politically constructed, in tandem with limitations, risks, and possible handicaps of initiating such a construction in world politics. Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration will be of interest to students and scholars of migration studies, security studies, international relations, European politics and sociology.
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Asylum-seeking, Migration and Church

Author: Susanna Snyder

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409422992

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 2557

This book outlines ways in which churches are currently supporting asylum seekers, encouraging closer engagement with people seen as 'other' and more thoughtful responses to newcomers. Creatively exploring biblical and theological traditions surrounding the 'stranger', Snyder argues that as well as practising a vision of inclusive community churches would do well to engage with established population fears. Trends in global migration and the dynamics of fear and hostility surrounding immigration are critically and creatively explored throughout the book. Inviting more complex, nuanced responses to asylum seekers and immigrants, this book offers invaluable insights to those interested in Christian ethics, practical theology, faith and social action and mission, as well as those working in the field of migration.
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Immigration, Integration, and Security

America and Europe in Comparative Perspective

Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia,Simon Reich

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822973386

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 6982

Recent acts of terrorism in Britain and Europe and the events of 9/11 in the United States have greatly influenced immigration, security, and integration policies in these countries. Yet many of the current practices surrounding these issues were developed decades ago, and are ill-suited to the dynamics of today's global economies and immigration patterns. At the core of much policy debate is the inherent paradox whereby immigrant populations are frequently perceived as posing a potential security threat yet bolster economies by providing an inexpensive workforce. Strict attention to border controls and immigration quotas has diverted focus away from perhaps the most significant dilemma: the integration of existing immigrant groups. Often restricted in their civil and political rights and targets of xenophobia, racial profiling, and discrimination, immigrants are unable or unwilling to integrate into the population. These factors breed distrust, disenfranchisement, and hatred-factors that potentially engender radicalization and can even threaten internal security. The contributors compare policies on these issues at three relational levels: between individual EU nations and the U.S., between the EU and U.S., and among EU nations. What emerges is a timely and critical examination of the variations and contradictions in policy at each level of interaction and how different agencies and different nations often work in opposition to each other with self-defeating results. While the contributors differ on courses of action, they offer fresh perspectives, some examining significant case studies and laying the groundwork for future debate on these crucial issues.
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Contesting Integration, Engendering Migration

Theory and Practice

Author: F. Anthias,M. Pajnik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137294000

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 4847

This book aims to further the understanding of migration processes and policies in a European context with a particular focus on evaluating integration and the gendered aspects of migration, integration and citizenship. Integration is regarded as a contested concept and as entailing a variable and problematic set of discourses and practices.
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Revival

Gender and Insecurity (2003): Migrant Women in Europe

Author: Jane Freedman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351773178

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2392

This title was first published in 2003. Migration is a phenomenon which is at the heart of global politics and, within the EU, governments are continually trying to reinforce their controls of migration. These controls, designed to increase the security of European populations may, however, have the adverse effect of increasing the insecurity of migrants. This is particularly true for the many women who migrate to Europe and find themselves in insecure positions because of their lack of independent legal status, the difficulty of access to adequate health and social security provision and their particular vulnerability to both domestic and institutional forms of violence. They are often in economically weak positions, either unemployed or in badly paid part-time or domestic jobs with no forms of social protection. Gender and Insecurity addresses these various forms of insecurity and details ways in which they might be addressed. Further, it looks at the ways in which immigrant women have themselves tried to fight against these insecurities through their own political mobilisation.
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Internal security beyond borders

public insecurity in Europe and the new challenges to state and society

Author: Olivier Brenninkmeijer

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 821

Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford, Wien. To many Europeans, security appears to be less stable today than it was a decade ago. Challenges to internal security are changing in nature and scope to such an extent that they increasingly affect public perceptions of safety. The ones which are considered most critical are juvenile delinquency, hooliganism, violence at public events, the rise of anti-foreigner sentiments in Europe, international organised crime, transnational banditry and the exploitation of migrants by traffickers and smugglers. This book provides an overview of the challenges to internal security that have become burning issues in public debate. It argues in favour of a more comprehensive understanding of what internal security entails and what should be kept in mind when looking at crime statistics or when discussing offending behaviour by foreigners. Furthermore, two chapters discuss the prevention of public insecurity while the final chapter addresses the situation in a single country, namely Switzerland. The study concludes that public concerns about insecurity need to be taken more seriously and that to meet future security needs, it is necessary to look beyond the traditional confines of police jurisdiction and national territory. Instead, security efforts should address international as well as local challenges that influence subjective feelings of security and affect actual conditions of public safety. In other words, internal security is no longer an internal affair of individual countries. It has become an international concern that requires both local, as well as Europe-wide and global, attention. Contents: Internal Security in its newContext - Sources of Insecurity - Challenges to Internal Security - Crime Statistics, Victimization and Perceptions of Insecurity - Migration, Immigration and Internal Security - Foreign Offenders and Public Insecurity - The Prevention of Insecurity - Preventing Crime and Feel
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Migration and Insecurity

Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era

Author: Niklaus Steiner,Robert Mason,Anna Hayes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415665493

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 1848

This book presents an inter-disciplinary investigation into contemporary migration and social inclusion through an examination of migrant and refugee experience. In this edited volume, contributors discuss new understandings of individual and community security in a world where legal borders and definitions of citizenship no longer adequately capture the reality of migration. Distinguished contributors approach questions of social belonging and inclusion from diverse perspectives. Drawing its primary examples from Australia, Migration and Insecurity is framed by the wider experience of the Global North, with examples from Europe, the United Kingdom and United States woven throughout the collection. An inter-disciplinary approach to migration studies, this book integrates local, national and transnational spaces in its discussion of new constructs of inclusion and security. It considers questions of historical memory, ontological security, transnational communities, the role of civic institutions and social relationships in local spaces to guide the reader towards the wider conceptual questions of migration studies using expertise from the fields of sociology, gender, historical and political studies Migration and Insecurity will be of interest to students and scholars of transnationalism, migration politics and international relations.
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Gender and Insecurity

Migrant Women in Europe

Author: Jane Freedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135177316X

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2108

This title was first published in 2003. Migration is a phenomenon which is at the heart of global politics and, within the EU, governments are continually trying to reinforce their controls of migration. These controls, designed to increase the security of European populations may, however, have the adverse effect of increasing the insecurity of migrants. This is particularly true for the many women who migrate to Europe and find themselves in insecure positions because of their lack of independent legal status, the difficulty of access to adequate health and social security provision and their particular vulnerability to both domestic and institutional forms of violence. They are often in economically weak positions, either unemployed or in badly paid part-time or domestic jobs with no forms of social protection. Gender and Insecurity addresses these various forms of insecurity and details ways in which they might be addressed. Further, it looks at the ways in which immigrant women have themselves tried to fight against these insecurities through their own political mobilisation.
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Migration, Refugees and Human Security in the Mediterranean and MENA

Author: Marion Boulby,Kenneth Christie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319707752

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 7647

This book focuses on the Mediterranean/MENA migration crisis and explores the human security implications for migrants and refugees in this troubled region. Since the Arab uprisings of 2010/2011, the Middle East and North Africa region has experienced major political transformations and called into question the legitimacy of states in the region. Displaced populations continue to suffer due to the major conflicts in Syria, Iraq and elsewhere, causing fragmentation and dis-integration of communities. Contributors to this volume analyze how and why this crisis differs significantly from previous migration/refugee flows in the region, explain the historical and political antecedents of this crisis which have played a part in its shaping, and explore the relationship between human security and the protection of vulnerable individuals and groups.
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Immigration and Insecurity in France

Author: Jane Freedman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 135192849X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4525

The importance of the immigration issue in French politics has been highlighted by the success of Jean-Marie Le Pen, leader of the extreme-right Front National party, in reaching the second round of the presidential elections. This absorbing book closely examines the debate over immigration in contemporary France, looking not only at the development of immigration and nationality policies, but also at the changing discourse on the integration of immigrants. It analyzes the continuing racialization of discourse on immigration and anti-Islamic sentiment arising from the 'Islamic headscarf affair'. The work addresses issues such as the gendered nature of immigration and pays particular attention to the experiences of women immigrants in France. This careful analysis is then placed within the context of developments in the EU towards creating a unified immigration and asylum policy.
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A Threat Against Europe?

Security, Migration and Integration

Author: J. Peter Burgess,Serge Gutwirth

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054879297

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 5256

The concept of security has traditionally referred to the status of sovereign states in a closed international system. In this system the state is assumed to be both the object of security and the primary provider of security. Threats to the state's security are understood as threats to its political autonomy in the system. The major international institutions that emerged after the Second World War were built around this idea. When the founders of the United Nations spoke of collective security, they were referring primarily to state security and to the coordinated system that would be necessary in order to avoid the 'scourge of war'. But today, a wide range of security threats, both new and traditional, confront Europe, or at least as some would say.
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Security and Migration in the 21st Century

Author: Elspeth Guild

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745644422

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 8331

The 21st century has brought new and challenging dimensions to our understanding of security and migration. The old Cold War framework of security as related to war and peace, international relations and foreign affairs has given way to a multiplicity of competing notions, including internal security, human security and even social security. At the same time, migration has become a hotly contested issue, characterised by an enormous difference of views and objectives. So what do we mean by security and migration in the contemporary world? How do these two important fields intersect? And what does this collision of policy concerns and public interests mean for states and individuals alike? In this cutting-edge book, Elspeth Guild seeks to answer these pressing questions, drawing on a wide range of recent examples from the impact of asylum seekers on state border security to identity security in citizenship rules to illustrate her arguments. By approaching the topic from the perspective of the individual – citizen of one state, migrant in another – the book examines key aspects of the security-migration nexus, such as the relationship with refugees; torture; extraordinary rendition; privacy and the retention of personal data; and human rights' protection. The first volume in Polity's new 'Dimensions of Security' series, this book is a must-read for all students of international politics, development studies and related fields.
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Migration and European Integration

The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Author: Robert Miles,Dietrich Thränhardt

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838636138

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 5180

1980-93, by John Foot
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National Security and Immigration

Policy Development in the United States and Western Europe Since 1945

Author: Christopher Rudolph

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804753777

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 3614

Includes statistical tables and graphs.
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Security of Residence and Expulsion

Protection of Aliens in Europe

Author: Elspeth Guild,P. Paul E. Minderhoud

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041114587

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 9752

Includes statistics.
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