Information Sources in Science and Technology

A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use

Author: C. C. Parker,R. V. Turley

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483163024

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 7618

Information Sources in Science and Technology: A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use presents a selection of traditional and online methods of using information sources in science and technology, including people, organizations, literature, hosts, and databases. This text serves as a reference book that helps the reader choose sources of information and their guides, includes a routine for finding and using information, and offers tips on searching and obtaining literature in a usable form. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins by explaining how to choose type(s) of information source that is likely to be most helpful. The chapters that follow present guides on people, organizations, and literature as sources of information. A chapter on information services focuses on those organizations that supply information or references to information that could be helpful. These services range from answering telephone queries to supplying collections of relevant documents, and from broadcast television information to direct connection with computer databases. The next chapters discuss ways of searching the literature and computer databases, obtaining literature in a usable form, and organizing and presenting information. This book concludes by considering current awareness or keeping up-to-date with information about recent developments. This monograph is intended for librarians and information officers, especially for those working in scientific or industrial environments, practicing scientists and engineers, and students associated with these professions.

Chambers Dictionary of Science and Technology

Author: J. M. Lackie

Publisher: Chambers Harrap Pub Limited


Category: Reference

Page: 1364

View: 8267

Covering a diverse range of subjects including astronomy, behaviour, civil engineering, mineral extraction, textiles and zoology, this updated dictionary has over 50,000 entries.

Technoscience and Environmental Justice

Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement

Author: Gwen Ottinger,Benjamin R. Cohen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026201579X

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 3142

Case studies exploring how experts' encounters with environmental justice are changing technical and scientific practice.

Stealing Into Print

Fraud, Plagiarism, and Misconduct in Scientific Publishing

Author: Marcel C. LaFollette

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520205138

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 293

View: 7524

"Difficult to put down. . . . I have studied these issues for the better part of a decade and learned from this book not only about new cases but also about the intersection of law, science, and government."—Daryl E. Chubin, author of Peerless Science: Peer Review in United States Science Policy "Thoughtful, clear, and very well written . . . will be the basis of how the issues are defined, what the options and their problems are, and what other features lurk on the horizon."—Lawrence Badash, University of California, Santa Barbara

Science and Technology in Africa

Author: Tiyambe Zeleza,Ibulaimu Kakoma

Publisher: Africa World Press

ISBN: 9781592211128

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 372

Having grappled with the question of modernisation for a long time, Africa now faces an issue that, with an increasingly knowledge-based global economy, has only become more urgent in this new millennium. This volume examines Africa's scientific and technological literacy, production and consumption, focusing in detail on the constraints and challenges, opportunities and developments, and the strategies required to promote the advancement of IT and biotechnology in Africa, to help advance our understanding of science and technology developments in Africa.

Science, Technology, and Society

An Encyclopedia

Author: Sal P. Restivo

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195141938

Category: Social Science

Page: 701

View: 1176

'Science, Technology, and Society' offers approximately 150 articles written by major scholars and experts from academic and scientific institutions worldwide. The theme is the functions and effects of science and technology in society and culture.

Basic Reference Sources

A Self-study Manual

Author: Margaret Taylor,Ronald R. Powell

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810822443

Category: Education

Page: 319

View: 3949

A perennial favorite. ...invaluable as a learning tool. I highly recommend it. --PREVIEW

Bakery Products Science and Technology

Author: Weibiao Zhou,Y. H. Hui

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118792076

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 776

View: 9838

Baking is a process that has been practiced for centuries, and bakery products range in complexity from the simple ingredients of a plain pastry to the numerous components of a cake. While currently there are many books available aimed at food service operators, culinary art instruction and consumers, relatively few professional publications exist that cover the science and technology of baking. In this book, professionals from industry, government and academia contribute their perspectives on the state of industrial baking today. The second edition of this successful and comprehensive overview of bakery science is revised and expanded, featuring chapters on various bread and non-bread products from around the world, as well as nutrition and packaging, processing, quality control, global bread varieties and other popular bakery products. The book is structured to follow the baking process, from the basics, flour and other ingredients, to mixing, proofing and baking. Blending the technical aspects of baking with the latest scientific research, Bakery Products Science and Technology, Second Edition has all the finest ingredients to serve the most demanding appetites of food science professionals, researchers, and students.

Science and Technology in Colonial America

Author: William E. Burns

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313331602

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 2271

Covers how science and technology impacted the everyday life of colonial Americans.

Science and Technology Advice for Congress

Author: Millett Granger Morgan,Jon M. Peha

Publisher: Resources for the Future

ISBN: 9781891853746

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 9689

The elimination of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in 1995 came during a storm of budget cutting and partisan conflict. Operationally, it left Congress without an institutional arrangement to bring expert scientific and technological advice into the process of legislative decisionmaking. This deficiency has become increasingly critical, as more and more of the decisions faced by Congress and society require judgments based on highly specialized technical information. Offering perspectives from scholars and scientists with diverse academic backgrounds and extensive experience within the policy process, Science and Technology Advice for Congress breaks from the politics of the OTA and its contentious aftermath. Granger Morgan and Jon Peha begin with an overview of the use of technical information in framing policy issues, crafting legislation, and the overall process of governing. They note how, as nonexperts, legislators must make decisions in the face of scientific uncertainty and competing scientific claims from stakeholders. The contributors continue with a discussion of why OTA was created. They draw lessons from OTA's demise, and compare the use of science and technological information in Europe with the United States. The second part of the book responds to requests from congressional leaders for practical solutions. Among the options discussed are expanded functions within existing agencies such as the General Accounting or Congressional Budget Offices; an independent, NGO- administrated analysis group; and a dedicated successor to OTA within Congress. The models emphasize flexibility--and the need to make political feasibility a core component of design.

Science and Technology in Nineteenth-century America

Author: Todd Timmons

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313331619

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 5913

Discusses the application of science to technology in this period of history which led to dramatic changes in transportation, communication, work, home, health, and medicine.

Global Issues in Food Science and Technology

Author: Gustavo V. Barbosa-Canovas,Alan Mortimer,David Lineback,Walter Spiess,Ken Buckle,Paul Colonna

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920818

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 5578

A selected compilation of writings by IUFoST organization supporters, Global Themes in Food Science and Technology were those identified as representing the most important and relevant subjects facing food scientists and technologists today. Chosen by an international editorial board, these subjects offer insights into current research and developments and were selected to stimulate additional interest and work in these key areas. The International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) is a country-membership organization is the sole global food science and technology organization. It is a voluntary, non-profit association of national food science organizations linking the world's best food scientists and technologists. The goals of their work include the international exchange of scientific and technical information, support of international food science and technology progress, the stimulation of appropriate education and training in these areas, and the fostering of professionalism and professional organization within the food science and technology community. *The latest insights into the topics of greatest concern to today's food science and technology professionals *Written by an international group of academic and professional peers, based on select presentations at IUFoST meeting

Writing Science

How to Write Papers That Get Cited and Proposals That Get Funded

Author: Joshua Schimel

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199760233

Category: Mathematics

Page: 221

View: 8260

"Writing Science is built upon the idea that successful science writing tells a story, and it uses that insight to discuss how to write more effectively. Integrating lessons from other genres of writing and years of experience as author, reviewer, and editor, Joshua Schimel shows scientists and students how to present their research in a way that is clear and that will maximize reader comprehension ... Writing Science is a much-needed guide to succeeding in modern science. Its insights and strategies will equip science students, scientists, and professionals across a wide range of scientific and technical fields with the tools needed to communicate effectively and successfully in a competitive industry."--Back cover.

Science at the Bar

Law, Science, and Technology in America

Author: Sheila JASANOFF,Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674039122

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 2388


Good Style

Writing for Science and Technology

Author: John Kirkman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134283954

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 7742

Good Style explains the tactics that can be used to write technical material in a coherent, readable style. It discusses in detail the choices of vocabulary, phrasing and sentence structure and each piece of advice is based on evidence of the styles prefered by technical readers and supported by many examples of writing from a variety of technical contexts. John Kirkman draws from his many years of experience lecturing on communication studies in Europe, the USA, the Middle East and Hong Kong, both in academic programmes and in courses for large companies, research centres and government departments. Good Style has become a standard reference book on the shelf of students of science, technology and computing and is an essential aid to all professionals whose work involves writing of reports, papers, guides, manuals or on-screen texts. This new edition also includes information on writing for the web and additional examples of how to express medical and life-science information.

Ecologies of Knowledge

Work and Politics in Science and Technology

Author: Susan Leigh Star

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791425657

Category: Social Science

Page: 421

View: 6228

This collection of articles provides a comprehensive overview of personal and public issues related to social change and how they shape scientific and technical knowledge.

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Author: R M Guedes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857090437

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 2298

Creep is the tendency of materials to deform when subjected to long-term stress, particularly when exposed to heat. Fatigue phenomena occur when a material is subjected to cyclic loading, causing damage which may progress to failure. Both are critical factors in the long-term performance and reliability of materials such as polymer matrix composites which are often exposed to these types of stress in civil engineering and other applications. This important book reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modelling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behaviour as a way of predicting performance and service life. Part two discusses techniques for modelling creep rupture and failure. The final part of the book discusses ways of testing and predicting long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer matrix composites in such areas as civil engineering. Reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites A specific focus on viscoelestic and viscoplastic modelling features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Creep rupture and damage interaction is examined with particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures illustrated using experimental cases

Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering

Author: Jay Dowell Humphrey,Jeffrey W. Holmes

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598292986

Category: Science

Page: 139

View: 4395

Scientists and engineers seek to discover and disseminate knowledge so that it can be used to improve the human condition. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering serves as a valuable aid in this pursuit-it can be used as a textbook for undergraduate or graduate courses on technical communication and ethics, a reference book for senior design courses, or a handbook for young investigators and beginning faculty members. In addition to presenting methods for writing clearly and concisely and improving oral presentations, this compact book provides practical guidelines for preparing theses, dissertations, journal papers for publication, and proposals for research funding. Issues of authorship, peer review, plagiarism, recordkeeping, and copyright are addressed in detail, and case studies of research misconduct are presented to highlight the need for proactive attention to scientific integrity. Ample exercises cause the reader to stop and think. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering thus motivates the reader to develop an effective, individual style of communication and a personal commitment to integrity, each of which are essential to success in the workplace. Table of Contents: Motivation / Writing Well / Scientific Publications / Proposals and Grant Applications / Oral Communication / Authorship / Recordkeeping / Ownership of Ideas, Data, and Publications

Dictionary of Information Science and Technology

Author: Mehdi Khosrowpour

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466626747

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1010

View: 4896

"The 2nd edition of the Dictionary of Information Science and Technology is an updated compilation of the latest terms and definitions, along with reference citations, as they pertain to all aspects of the information and technology field"--Provided by publisher.

Literature and Technology

Author: Mark L. Greenberg

Publisher: Lehigh University Press

ISBN: 9780934223201

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 322

View: 8941

This collection of essays uses recent work on literature and science to establish new ways of relating literature and language theory to writings about technology (as distinguished from science). The interdisciplinary character of these essays is further enriched by drawing upon contemporary studies of the philosophy and history of technology, which provide the context for the first essay (Mitcham and Casey). Subsequent essays examine technology from many points of view - how technology shapes texts and contexts, as well as how writers shape perspectives on technology. The essays examine texts as diverse as seventeenth-century science and twentieth-century children's literature and spy fiction. Major authors investigated include Chaucer, Blake, Romains, Pynchon, and Prigogine. Individual essays consider: Chaucer's use of mapmaking as a coercive technology (Tomasch), the Renaissance fascination with mechanical contrivances and their depiction (Knoespel), the contexts within which Boyle and his successors described the air pump (Markley), Blake's manifold interests in the technology of printing (Greenberg), Romains's development of a philosophy of poetry appropriate to early twentieth-century technology in Paris (Williams), gender issues in children's literature about machines (Lee), technology in the modern spy novel (Slade), Thomas Pynchon's mixed feelings about technology and its value (Schachterle), and the relations between postmodern fiction and the technology of thermodynamics, as developed by Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine (Porush). The editors of Literature and Technology have been active in the formation and direction of the Society for Literature and Science. In their introduction to this collection, they consider what characterizes literature and technology as a new and fertile field for interdisciplinary study. This volume concludes with selected bibliographies of basic references in the philosophy of technology and of works devoted to the examination of the relationships between literature and technology.