Science in Context

Readings in the Sociology of Science

Author: Barry Barnes,David Edge

Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group

ISBN: 9780335100545

Category: Science

Page: 371

View: 488


Engineering in Context

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academica

ISBN: 9788776757007

Category: Engineering

Page: 502

View: 5247


Developments in Sociology

Author: Robert Burgess,Anne Murcott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317875923

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 9579

Appropriate as a supplemental text to courses in Sociology. Providing an overview grounded in research. Developments in Sociology focuses on the major areas of theoretical, methodological and substantive developments in sociology. Each author takes a field of study in which they are an acknowledged expert and highlights the way in which the subject has developed over the last fifty years.

Impure Science

AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge

Author: Steven Epstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520921252

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 8992

In the short, turbulent history of AIDS research and treatment, the boundaries between scientist insiders and lay outsiders have been crisscrossed to a degree never before seen in medical history. Steven Epstein's astute and readable investigation focuses on the critical question of "how certainty is constructed or deconstructed," leading us through the views of medical researchers, activists, policy makers, and others to discover how knowledge about AIDS emerges out of what he calls "credibility struggles." Epstein shows the extent to which AIDS research has been a social and political phenomenon and how the AIDS movement has transformed biomedical research practices through its capacity to garner credibility by novel strategies. Epstein finds that nonscientist AIDS activists have gained enough of a voice in the scientific world to shape NIH–sponsored research to a remarkable extent. Because of the blurring of roles and responsibilities, the production of biomedical knowledge about AIDS does not, he says, follow the pathways common to science; indeed, AIDS research can only be understood as a field that is unusually broad, public, and contested. He concludes by analyzing recent moves to democratize biomedicine, arguing that although AIDS activists have set the stage for new challenges to scientific authority, all social movements that seek to democratize expertise face unusual difficulties. Avoiding polemics and accusations, Epstein provides a benchmark account of the AIDS epidemic to date, one that will be as useful to activists, policy makers, and general readers as to sociologists, physicians, and scientists.

After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend

Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method

Author: R. Nola,H. Sankey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401139350

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 9834

Some think that issues to do with scientific method are last century's stale debate; Popper was an advocate of methodology, but Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are alleged to have brought the debate about its status to an end. The papers in this volume show that issues in methodology are still very much alive. Some of the papers reinvestigate issues in the debate over methodology, while others set out new ways in which the debate has developed in the last decade. The book will be of interest to philosophers and scientists alike in the reassessment it provides of earlier debates about method and current directions of research.

Rezeption der Umweltproblematik in der Betriebswirtschaftslehre

Eine empirische Rekonstruktion und strukturationstheoretische Analyse der ökologieorientierten Forschung in der Betriebswirtschaftslehre

Author: Roswitha Wöllenstein

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 386618283X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 265

View: 8633

Seit gut 30 Jahren beschäftigt sich das Fach Betriebswirtschaftslehre mit den Auswirkungen wirtschaftlicher Tätigkeit auf die natürliche Umwelt. Erfolgte die Adaption des Umweltthemas zunächst auch eher zögerlich, so konnte sich doch im Verlauf der Jahre eine eigenständige Forschungsrichtung innerhalb der Betriebswirtschaftslehre etablieren, deren Fachvertreter sich aus unterschiedlichsten Perspektiven mit betrieblichen Umweltproblemen befassen. Umwelt- oder nachhaltigkeitsorientierte Forschung ist mittlerweile im Fach anerkannt. Es gibt unzählige Veröffentlichungen zum Thema, eigene Fachzeitschriften und wissenschaftliche Institutionen, die diesen betriebswirtschaftlichen Schwerpunkt repräsentieren. In welcher Weise die Auseinandersetzung mit der Umweltproblematik die Betriebswirtschaftslehre beeinflusst und verändert hat, diese Frage ist jedoch nicht abschließend geklärt. Die vorliegende Arbeit will hierzu einen Beitrag leisten und rekonstruiert die Entwicklungsgeschichte der ökologieorientierten betriebswirtschaftlichen Forschungsrichtung mit dem Ziel, diejenigen Faktoren zu identifizieren, die sich als fördernd bzw. hemmend für die betriebswirtschaftliche Bearbeitung der Umweltproblematik erwiesen haben. In diesem Kontext geht es auch darum, das Verhältnis der Forschungsrichtung zum Fach herauszuarbeiten und zu analysieren. Die Rekonstruktion basiert auf einer empirischen Studie, in welcher Hochschullehrer der Betriebswirtschaftslehre als Experten zum Thema interviewt wurden. Zusätzlich wurde eine umfassende Auswertung von Zeitschriftenartikeln durchgeführt. Die empirischen Befunde sind Ausgangspunkt einer theoretischen Analyse der rekonstruierten Entwicklungsgeschichte, die insbesondere die Handlungen der Akteure und die Strukturen des Systems Wissenschaft in den Blick nimmt.

Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science

Author: Michael Martin,Lee C. McIntyre

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631518

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 8362

the first comprehensive anthology in the philosophy of social science to appear since the late 1960s

Contemporary Western European Feminism (RLE Feminist Theory)

Author: Gisela Kaplan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136195033

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 3011

Contemporary Western European Feminism is a ground-breaking history of feminism. Gisela Kaplan invites a critical analysis of current ideas, terms and assumptions about our modern world. Written confidently and with compassion, this is the story of a long revolution that has set out to change predominant attitudes and transform value hierarchies and human lifestyles. By outlining the postwar histories of individual countries Kaplan contextualises women’s movements and documents a significant chapter of European social history. She poses questions about the interrelationship between the new movements and the parliamentary democracies in which they occurred, while analysing the contradictions of living in modern capitalist countries. Contemporary Western European Feminism also tackles important contradictions, such as those between the welfare state and the free market economy; industrialisation and religious value systems; social engineering and the production of wealth; and dissent and patrimonial systems of democracy. For those wanting to know more about Europe without the intimidating barriers of language and for those already experts in its social history, Contemporary Western European Feminism is essential reading.

Birthing Autonomy

Women's Experiences of Planning Home Births

Author: Nadine Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134258828

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 7168

Birthing Autonomy brings some balance to the difficult arguments that arise from debates about home births, and focuses on women’s views and their experiences of planning home births. It provides an in-depth exploration of how women make decisions about home births and what aspects matter most to them. Comparing how differently the pros and cons of home births are constructed and contemplated by mothers and by the medical profession, the book looks at how current obstetric thinking and practices can disempower and harm women emotionally and spiritually as well as physically. Written in an accessible style, this book is enlightening for student and practicing midwives and obstetricians, as well as researchers and students of nursing, medical sociology, health studies, gender studies, feminist practitioners and theorists. It will also be invaluable to expectant mothers who want to be more informed about the choices they are facing and the wider context within which their birth options are considered.

Macroeconomic Forecasting

A Sociological Appraisal

Author: Robert Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134623453

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1630

Drawing on interviews with the UK government's Panel of Independent Forecasters, the author shows how economic models, forecasts and policy analysis depend crucially upon the judgements of economists.

Science in the Contemporary World

An Encyclopedia

Author: Eric Gottfrid Swedin

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851095241

Category: Reference

Page: 382

View: 6240

This work is a unique introductory A–Z resource detailing the scientific achievements of the contemporary world and analyzing the key scientific trends, discoveries, and personalities of the modern age. * Over 200 A–Z entries covering topics ranging from plate tectonics to the first Moon landings * More than 40 stunning photographs providing a unique pictorial chronicle of the achievements of modern science

Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought (Theoretical Logic in Sociology)

Talcott Parsons

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317808614

Category: Social Science

Page: 532

View: 7486

In this volume the author maintains that sociology must learn to combine the insights of both Durkheim and Marx and that it can only do so on the presuppositional ground that Weber set forth. Alexander maintains that the idealist and materialist traditions must be transformed into analytic dimensions of multidimensional and synthetic theory. This volume focusses on the writing of Talcott Parsons, the only modern thinker who can be considered a true peer of the classical founders, and examines his own profoundly ambivalent attempt to carry out this analytic transformation.

Hermeneutic Dialogue and Social Science

A Critique of Gadamer and Habermas

Author: Austin Harrington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135132852

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 483

This book explores the writings of Gadamer and Habermas on hermeneutics and the methodology of the social sciences. By re-examining their views of earlier interpretive theorists, from Wilhelm Dilthey to Max Weber and Alfred Schutz, it offers a radical challenge to their idea of the 'dialogue' between researchers and their subjects.

Foundations of Morality, Human Rights, and the Human Sciences

Phenomenology in a Foundational Dialogue with the Human Sciences

Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka,Calvin O. Schrag

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400969759

Category: Science

Page: 581

View: 1092

The essays in this volume constitute a portion of the research program being carried out by the International Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences. Established as an affiliate society of the World Institute for Ad vanced Phenomenological Research and Learning in 1976, in Arezzo, Italy, by the president of the Institute, Dr Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, this particular society is devoted to an exploration of the relevance of phenomenological methods and insights for an understanding of the origins and goals of the specialised human sciences. The essays printed in the first part of the book were originally presented at the Second Congress of this society held at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 12-14 July 1979. The second part of the volume consists of selected essays from the third convention (the Eleventh International Congress of Phenomenology of the World Phenomen ology Institute) held in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1981. With the third part of this book we pass into the "Human Rights" issue as treated by the World Phenomenology Institute at the Interamerican Philosophy Congress held in Tallahassee, Florida, also in 1981. The volume opens with a mono graph by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka on the foundations of ethics in the moral practice within the life-world and the social world shown as clearly distinct. The main ideas of this work had been presented by Tymieniecka as lead lectures to the three conferences giving them a tight research-project con sistency.

Philosophy of Science

Contemporary Readings

Author: Yuri Balashov,Alexander Rosenberg

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415257817

Category: Philosophy

Page: 522

View: 1931

This comprehensive anthology draws together writings by leading philosophers on the philosophy of science. Each section is prefaced by an introductory essay from the editors, guiding students gently into the topic. Accessible and wide-ranging, the text draws on both contemporary and twentieth century sources. The readings are designed to complement Alex Rosenberg's textbook, Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge 2000), but can also serve as a stand-alone volume in any philosophy of science course. Includes readings from the following leading philosophers: Achinstein, Anderson, Bloor, Earman, Feyerabend, Gutting, Hanson, Hempel, Kitcher, Kuhn, Laudan, Leplin, Mackie, McMullin, Nagel, Popper, Quine, Rosenberg, Russell, Salmon, Schlick, Shapere, Van Fraassen.

Core Readings in Psychiatry

An Annotated Guide to the Literature

Author: Michael H. Sacks,William H. Sledge

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880485593

Category: Medical

Page: 944

View: 2630

Core Readings in Psychiatry, Second Edition, stands as an essential text for the academic. The contributors are distinguished experts who have a firm grasp of the relevant and classical citations in specific areas of psychiatry. In the intervening 8 years since the first edition, the profession's knowledge base has changed immensely. Included in this second edition are numerous citations and new topics such as AIDS, neuropsychiatry, models of psychoanalytic thought, child development, and medical economics. The book will open bibliographic doors for the academician as well as for the provider, manager, and consumer of psychiatric services and knowledge. It is designed to be an introduction and guide to the entire psychiatric literature.

Handbook of Death and Dying

Author: Clifton D. Bryant

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761925147

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 1088

View: 7418

"More than 100 scholars contributed to this carefully researched, well-organized, informative, and multi-disciplinary source on death studies. Volume 1, "The Presence of Death," examines the cultural, historical, and societal frameworks of death, such asthe universal fear of death, spirituality and varioius religions, the legal definition of death, suicide, and capital punishment. Volume 2, "The Response to Death," covers such topics as rites and ceremonies, grief and bereavement, and legal matters after death."--"The Top 20 Reference Titles of the Year," American Libraries, May 2004.

Readings in Mathematical Social Science

Author: Paul F. Lazarsfeld,Neil W. Henry

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262620109

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 7042

A lucid, stimulating introduction to a wide range of mathematical techniques, their usefulness in thinking, and their application to concrete data and specific cases.