Rubber Science

A Modern Approach

Author: Yuko Ikeda,Atsushi Kato,Shinzo Kohjiya,Yukio Nakajima

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811029385

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 8549

This book is an up-to-date text on rubber science and is a breakthrough among many rubber-related publications. Emphasis is placed on the most modern scientific approaches to rubber science, departing from the usual detailed descriptions of trial-and-error results of traditional rubber technology. The book is a good introduction to modern rubber science both for graduate students and for more or less experienced rubber engineers for updating their way of thinking in handling of technological problems. Due to the increasing importance of pneumatic tires of vehicles and aircraft in modern transportation, this work will be of great use for general readers as well, including those who are concerned with sustainable development.

The Science and Technology of Rubber

Author: James E. Mark,Burak Erman,Mike Roland

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123948320

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 2889

The 4e of The Science and Technology of Rubber provides a broad survey of elastomers with special emphasis on materials with a rubber-like elasticity. As in previous editions, the emphasis remains on a unified treatment of the material, exploring chemical aspects such as elastomer synthesis and curing, through recent theoretical developments and characterization of equilibrium and dynamic properties, to the final applications of rubber, including tire engineering and manufacturing. Updated material stresses the continuous relationship between ongoing research in synthesis, physics, structure and mechanics of rubber technology and industrial applications. Special attention is paid to recent advances in rubber-like elasticity theory and new processing techniques for elastomers. Exciting new developments in green tire manufacturing and tire recycling are covered. Provides a complete survey of elastomers for engineers and researchers in a unified treatment: from chemical aspects like elastomer synthesis and curing to the final applications of rubber, including tire engineering and manufacturing Contains important updates to several chapters, including elastomer synthesis, characterization, viscoelastic behavior, rheology, reinforcement, tire engineering, and recycling Includes a new chapter on the burgeoning field of bioelastomers

Materials Science of Polymers

Plastics, Rubber, Blends and Composites

Author: A. K. Haghi,Eduardo A. Castro,Sabu Thomas,P. M. Sivakumar,Andrew G. Mercader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482299135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 1620

Technical and technological development demands the creation of new materials that are stronger, more reliable, and more durable—materials with new properties. This book skillfully blends and integrates polymer science, plastic technology, and rubber technology to highlight new developments and trends in advanced polyblends. The fundamentals of polymerization, polymer characteristics, rheology and morphology, as well as composition, technology, testing and evaluation of various plastics, rubbers, fibers, adhesives, coatings, and composites are comprehensively presented in this informative volume. The book presents the developments of advanced polyblends and the respective tools to characterize and predict the material properties and behavior. It provides important original and theoretical experimental results that use non-routine methodologies often unfamiliar to many readers. Furthermore chapters on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems are included, which indicate the need for the new experimental approaches that are presented. This new book: • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of polyblends and composites • Familiarizes the reader with new aspects of the techniques used in the examination of polymers, emphasizing plastic technology and rubber technology • Describes the types of techniques now available to the polymer chemist and technician and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications • Provides a balance between materials science and the mechanics aspects, basic and applied research, and high-technology and high-volume (low-cost) composite development Entrepreneurs and professionals engaged in production of as well as research and development in polymers will find the information presented here valuable and informative.

Science, a Modern Approach

Author: Abraham S. Fischler,Lawrence F. Lowery,Sam S. Blanc

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4787


Rubber Processing

An Introduction

Author: Peter S. Johnson

Publisher: Hanser Verlag

ISBN: 9781569903094

Category: Science

Page: 145

View: 7824

1 Overview of Rubber Processing p. 1 1.1 Introduction p. 1 1.2 Testing p. 2 1.2.1 Raw Materials Quality Assurance p. 2 1.2.2 Processability Testing of Mixed Compounds p. 2 1.2.3 End Product Testing p. 3 1.3 Conclusion p. 3 References p. 4 2 Raw Materials Acceptance and Specifications p. 5 2.1 Introduction p. 5 2.2 Raw Materials Specifications p. 5 2.2.1 Elastomers p. 6 2.2.2 Fillers p. 7 3 Mixing of Rubber Compounds p. 9 3.1 Introduction p. 9 3.2 Material Flow to the Mixer p. 10 3.2.1 Receipt and Storage of Raw Materials p. 11 3.2.2 Feeding, Weighing, and Charging Raw Materials p. 12 Weighing Major Ingredients p. 14 Small Component Weighing p. 14 3.3 The Mixing Process p. 15 3.3.1 Incorporation p. 16 3.3.2 Dispersion p. 17 3.3.3 Distribution p. 19 3.3.4 Plasticization p. 20 3.3.5 Natural Rubber Mastication p. 20 3.3.6 Flow Visualization and Modeling of the Mixing Process p. 20 Flow Visualization p. 21 Modeling p. 21 3.3.7 Flow Behavior on Mills p. 24 3.4 Internal Mixers p. 26 3.4.1 Developments in Internal Mixers p. 29 Farrel Mixers p. 29 Kobelco Stewart Bolling Mixers p. 30 Krupp-Midwest Werner und Pfleiderer Mixers p. 31 Pomini Mixers p. 31 3.4.2 Choosing a Mixer p. 32 3.4.3 Inspection and Preventative Maintenance of Mixers p. 32 3.4.4 Internal Mixer Operation p. 33 Mixing Procedures p. 33 Temperature Control in Internal Mixers p. 37 Rotor Speed p. 37 Ram Pressure p. 38 Batch Size p. 38 Dump Criteria p. 40 3.4.5 Control of the Mixing Process p. 41 3.4.6 Scale-Up p. 41 3.5 Take-Off Systems p. 43 3.5.1 Dump Mills p. 43 3.5.2 Packaging p. 44 3.5.3 Single Pass Mixing p. 45 3.6 Other Mixing Equipment p. 45 3.6.1 Mill Mixing p. 45 3.6.2 Continuous Mixing p. 47 3.7 Custom Compounding p. 47 3.8 Troubleshooting the Mixing Process p. 48 3.8.1 Inadequate Dispersion or Distribution p. 49 3.8.2 Scorchy Compound p. 49 3.8.3 Contamination p. 49 3.8.4 Poor Handling on Dump Mill p. 49 3.8.5 Batch-to-Batch Variation p. 49 3.9 Concluding Comments p. 50 References p. 50 4 Flow Behavior of Compounds p. 53 4.1 Introduction p. 53 4.2 Fundamentals of Rheology p. 53 4.3 Effect of Compounding Ingredients on Processing Behavior p. 58 4.3.1 Elastomers p. 58 4.3.2 Fillers p. 59 Carbon Blacks p. 59 4.3.3 Plasticizers and Processing Aids p. 60 Plasticizers p. 61 Processing Aids p. 62 4.3.4 Elasticity p. 63 4.3.5 Conclusion p. 64 References p. 64 5 Testing of Compounds After Mixing p. 65 5.1 Introduction p. 65 5.2 Processability Test Instruments p. 68 5.2.1 The Mooney Viscometer p. 68 Delta Mooney p. 69 TMS Rheometer p. 70 5.2.2 Capillary Rheometers p. 80 5.2.3 Oscillating Disk Curemeters p. 73 5.2.4 Rotorless Curemeters p. 75 5.2.5 Dynamic Mechanical Rheological Testers p. 75 5.2.6 Stress Relaxation Instruments p. 75 5.2.7 ODR Cure Times Correlation with MDR p. 77 5.3 Comparison of Alpha Technologies Processability Test Instruments p. 78 5.4 Conclusion p. 80 References p. 80 6 The Curing Process p. 83 6.1 Introduction p. 84 6.2 Scorch or Premature Vulcanization p. 84 References p. 85 7 Calendering of Rubber p. 87 7.1 Introduction p. 87 7.2 Equipment p. 87 7.3 Processes p. 88 7.3.1 Feeding p. 88 7.3.2 Sheeting p. 88 7.3.3 Frictioning p. 88 7.3.4 Coating p. 89 7.3.5 Roller Dies p. 89 7.3.6 Downstream Processes p. 90 7.4 Modeling the Calendering Process p. 90 7.5 Troubleshooting Problems in Calendering p. 91 7.5.1 Scorch p. 91 7.5.2 Blistering p. 91 7.5.3 Rough or Holed Sheet p. 91 7.5.4 Tack p. 91 7.5.5 Bloom p. 91 7.6 Conclusions p. 91 References p. 92 8 Extrusion of Rubber p. 93 8.1 Introduction p. 93 8.2 Feeding p. 93 8.2.1 Cold-Feed versus Hot-Feed Extruders p. 94 8.3 Mass Transfer, Conveying, or Pumping p. 96 8.3.1 Flow Mechanism p. 97 8.3.2 Extruder Designs p. 98 The Maillefer Screw p. 99 The Iddon Screw p. 100 The Transfermix p. 101 The EVK Screw p. 101 The Pin Barrel Extruder p. 101 The Cavity Transfer Mixer p. 102 Vented Extruders p. 104 Dump Extruders p. 104 Strainers p. 105 Extruder Barrels p. 105 8.4 Extruder Operation and Control p. 105 8.5 Shaping p. 108 8.5.1 Extruder Heads p. 108 Coextrusion p. 109 Crossheading p. 109 Shear Heads p. 109 8.5.2 Dies p. 111 Pressure Drop p. 111 Die Swell p. 111 8.6 Take-Off and Curing p. 112 8.6.1 Continuous Vulcanization Systems p. 113 Pressurized Steam Systems p. 113 Hot Air Curing Systems p. 113 Hot Air Fluidized Bed Systems p. 114 Liquid Salt Bath Systems p. 114 Microwave Systems p. 114 Shear Head Systems p. 115 Electron Beam Systems p. 115 Steel Belt Presses p. 116 Ultrasonic Vulcanization p. 116 8.7 Troubleshooting the Extrusion Process p. 116 8.7.1 Low Output Rate p. 116 8.7.2 Poor Dimensional Stability of Extrudate p. 117 8.7.3 Excessive Heat Buildup in Compound p. 117 8.7.4 Rough Surface on Extrudate p. 117 8.7.5 Contamination p. 117 8.7.6 Porosity in Extrudate p. 117 8.7.7 Strip Difficult to Feed p. 117 8.7.8 Surging Output p. 118 8.8 Concluding Comments p. 118 References p. 118 9 Molding of Rubber p. 119 9.1 Introduction p. 119 9.2 Compression and Transfer Molding p. 120 9.3 Injection Molding of Rubber p. 122 9.3.1 Injection Molding Equipment p. 125 Delivery Systems p. 125 Nozzles, Runners, and Gates p. 127 Molds p. 128 Automatic Ejection p. 129 Deflashing p. 129 9.3.2 The Injection Molding Process p. 130 Injection Temperature p. 130 Screw Speed p. 131 Back Pressure p. 131 Injection Pressure p. 131 Summary p. 131 9.3.3 Monitoring and Modeling the Injection Molding Process p. 131 9.3.4 Control of the Injection Molding Process p. 132 9.3.5 Compounds for Injection Molding p. 133 9.3.6 Problems in Injection Molding of Rubber p. 133 References p. 136 10 Finished Product Testing p. 137 10.1 Introduction p. 137 10.2 Test of Filler Distribution and Dispersion p. 138 10.2.1 Microscopy p. 138 10.2.2 Surface Roughness p. 138 10.3 Tests on Cured Specimens p. 138 10.3.1 Tensile Tests p. 139 10.3.2 Hardness p. 139 10.3.3 Compression Set p. 139 10.3.4 Solvent Resistance p. 140 10.3.5 Aging p. 140 10.3.6 Ozone Cracking p. 140 References p. 140 Index p. 143

Analyzing Friction in the Design of Rubber Products and Their Paired Surfaces

Author: Robert Horigan Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849381379

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 7109

Taking a mechanistic approach that emphasizes the physical behavior of rubber as it slides, Analyzing Friction in the Design of Rubber Products and Their Paired Surfaces integrates the engineering and scientific evidence demonstrating that the laws of metallic friction do not apply to rubber. The book also presents a newly developed, scientifically based unified theory of rubber friction that incorporates a fourth basic rubber friction force: surface deformation hysteresis. With applications that phenomenologically treat both static and dynamic rubber friction, the book offers practical guidance for implementing the unified theory in the analysis and design processes. The use of this theory enables comprehensive calculations of rubber friction, thereby offering opportunities to enhance public safety. While the theory applies to all elastomeric products where friction is an issue, the author primarily focuses on: • Analyzing friction in the design of rubber tires and their contacted pavements • The geometric design of roadways • Motor vehicle accident reconstruction • Analyzing slip resistance in the design of footwear and their contacted walking surfaces Supported by extensive analytical evidence, this book details what rubber friction is and why it behaves the way it does.

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

A Practical Approach

Author: John Scheirs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471625728

Category: Science

Page: 766

View: 7865

Intended as a practical guide for polymer technologists, engineers and analysts in the plastics, composites and rubber fields, this title describes a range of techniques and strategies for compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. Numerous examples illustrate the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems in the polymer industry. The reader is guided towards the most appropriate method of analysis and measurement and the most likely reasons for the failure. Areas covered include: * Migration and interaction of additives * Mechanical stress and stress cracking * Crazing and fracture * Residual stress and weld lines * Contamination and discoloration Numerous pedagogical methods, illustrative flow diagrams, figures and tables are used throughout the text to make it an invaluable guide to all analysts and polymer engineers in industrial or academic laboratories.

Tamilee Webb's Original Rubber Band Workout

Author: Tamilee Webb

Publisher: Workman Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780894800566

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 138

View: 7743

Demonstrates a series of aerobic exercises which feature the added resistance of specially designed rubber bands, and suggests a variety of routines; includes rubber resistance band

Rubber Technology

Compounding and Testing for Performance

Author: John S. Dick

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446439730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 9935

Rubber Technology: Compounding and Testing for Performance is a practical guide to cost-effective formulating of rubber compounds to achieve optimal processing and performance. It provides a thorough discussion of the principles of rubber compounding, rubber testing, and how various compound changes will effect different properties and test measurements. Rubber compounding is discussed as a series of interdependent systems such as the elastomer system, the filler-oil system, the cure system, etc. A holistic approach is used to show how changes in these different systems will affect specific compound properties. Much attention is given to trade-offs in properties and emphasis is placed on finding the best balance for compound cost, processing properties, and product performance. Contents: - Processing Characteristics and Testing - Compound Performance Characteristics and Testing - Rubber Compound Economics - Methodology for Compounding - Overview of Elastomer Selection - General Purpose Elastomers and Blend - Specialty Elastomers and Blends - Polyurethanes - Thermoplastic Elastomers - Recycled Rubber - Carbon Black and Oil Loadings - Non-Black Filler Loadings - Synthetic Plasticizers and Processing Aids - Sulfur Cure Systems - Cures for Specialty Elastomers - Peroxide Cure System - Resin Cures, Resin Reinforcement, and Resin Tackifiers - AO Systems - Adhesion Promoters to Brass / Bronze Coated Substrates - Blowing Agents - Flame Retardants - Mixing

Anticorrosive Rubber Lining

A Practical Guide for Plastics Engineers

Author: Chellappa Chandrasekaran

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323444857

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 294

View: 5752

Anticorrosive Rubber Lining discusses the state-of-the-art in this evolving industry, including sections on the best materials and formulations to use, what's best for a particular application, which repair technique is best for a given application, how long a rubber lining is likely to last, vulcanization parameters, and more. This book deals with the important field of anticorrosive rubber lining and its applications in various industries, including oil and gas, nuclear, aerospace, maritime, and many more, highlighting many of the technological aspects involved. The author offers a unique perspective due to the exclusiveness of the case histories presented, including many industrial rubber lining practices which are mostly kept within the industry. The technical information on rubber presented here is a practical tool to enable engineers to make the best use of rubber linings to prevent corrosion in chemical plants. The book includes valuable insights into bonding systems, surface preparation, and coating methodologies, and also covers failure analysis of failed systems. Includes up-to-date technical information on special compounding and processing technology of recently developed synthetic rubbers Provides detailed case studies from industry sectors, including aerospace, nuclear energy, and mining Presents rare, valuable insider knowledge of current industry practice

String Theory and the Scientific Method

Author: Richard Dawid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067588

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8513

String theory has played a highly influential role in theoretical physics for nearly three decades and has substantially altered our view of the elementary building principles of the Universe. However, the theory remains empirically unconfirmed, and is expected to remain so for the foreseeable future. So why do string theorists have such a strong belief in their theory? This book explores this question, offering a novel insight into the nature of theory assessment itself. Dawid approaches the topic from a unique position, having extensive experience in both philosophy and high-energy physics. He argues that string theory is just the most conspicuous example of a number of theories in high-energy physics where non-empirical theory assessment has an important part to play. Aimed at physicists and philosophers of science, the book does not use mathematical formalism and explains most technical terms.

Failure of Plastics and Rubber Products

Causes, Effects and Case Studies Involving Degradation

Author: D. Wright

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 185957517X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9612


Scientific Soapmaking

The Chemistry of the Cold Process

Author: Kevin M. Dunn

Publisher: Clavicula Press

ISBN: 1935652095

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 412

View: 8051

"Scientific Soapmaking" bridges the gap between the technical and craft literature. It explains the chemistry of fats, oils, and soaps, and teaches sophisticated analytical techniques that can be carried out using equipment and materials familiar to makers of handcrafted soap.

Analytical chemistry

a modern approach to analytical science

Author: Jean-Michel Mermet,Matthias Otto,Robert Kellner

Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh

ISBN: 9783527305902

Category: Science

Page: 1181

View: 2677

Why settle for less when you can have the whole of Analytical Chemistry in a single book? The successful all-in-one guide to modern Analytical Chemistry is now available in a new and updated edition. From the foundations of analytical science to state-of-the art techniques and instrumentation -- all you will ever need to know is explained here. The text covers both general analytical chemistry and instrumental analysis and may be used for most analytical chemistry courses offered today. Carefully chosen worked examples show how analytical problems can effectively be solved and how calculations should be performed. Study questions and recommended reading for further study are provided for each learning unit. The second edition has been carefully revised to keep up-to-date with advances in the technology of analytical methods in the laboratory and in the workplace, including newly written chapters on multidimensional chromatography, sensors and screening systems. With its broad scope, the text doubles as a reliable reference for virtually all analytical problems encountered during the course of study and beyond. "Analytical Chemistry will serve as an excellent text as well as a valued reference following completion of the student's course of study." Journal of Medicinal Chemistry "It is a book that should be on the shelves of all analytical chemistry and biochemistry professionals, including those who work in the areas of clinical chemistry, food chemistry and forensic chemistry." Bulletin of the World Health Organisation "The book is a must-have reference for anyone trying to understand what techniques and technologies are available for the analytical chemist today." Chemtech

Big Data and Social Science

A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools

Author: Ian Foster,Rayid Ghani,Ron S. Jarmin,Frauke Kreuter,Julia Lane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498751431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 3467

Both Traditional Students and Working Professionals Acquire the Skills to Analyze Social Problems. Big Data and Social Science: A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools shows how to apply data science to real-world problems in both research and the practice. The book provides practical guidance on combining methods and tools from computer science, statistics, and social science. This concrete approach is illustrated throughout using an important national problem, the quantitative study of innovation. The text draws on the expertise of prominent leaders in statistics, the social sciences, data science, and computer science to teach students how to use modern social science research principles as well as the best analytical and computational tools. It uses a real-world challenge to introduce how these tools are used to identify and capture appropriate data, apply data science models and tools to that data, and recognize and respond to data errors and limitations. For more information, including sample chapters and news, please visit the author's website.

Growing American Rubber

Strategic Plants and the Politics of National Security

Author: Mark R Finlay

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813548708

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 4825

Growing American Rubber explores America's quest during tense decades of the twentieth century to identify a viable source of domestic rubber. Straddling international revolutions and world wars, this unique and well-researched history chronicles efforts of leaders in business, science, and government to sever American dependence on foreign suppliers. Mark Finlay plots out intersecting networks of actors including Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, prominent botanists, interned Japanese Americans, Haitian peasants, and ordinary citizensùall of whom contributed to this search for economic self-sufficiency. Challenging once-familiar boundaries between agriculture and industry and field and laboratory, Finlay also identifies an era in which perceived boundaries between natural and synthetic came under review. Although synthetic rubber emerged from World War II as one solution, the issue of ever-diminishing natural resources and the question of how to meet twenty-first-century consumer, military, and business demands lingers today.

Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry

A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition

Author: Manas Chanda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 770

View: 4236

Industry and academia remain fascinated with the diverse properties and applications of polymers. However, most introductory books on this enormous and important field do not stress practical problem solving or include recent advances, which are critical for the modern polymer scientist-to-be. Updating the popular first edition of "the polymer book for the new millennium," Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition seamlessly integrates exploration of the fundamentals of polymer science and polymer chemistry. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Chapter on living/controlled radical polymerization, using a unique problem-solving approach Chapter on polymer synthesis by "click" chemistry, using a unique problem-solving approach Relevant and practical work-out problems and case studies Examples of novel methods of synthesis of complex polymer molecules by exciting new techniques Figures and schematics of the novel synthetic pathways described in the new examples Author Manas Chanda takes an innovative problem-solving approach in which the text presents worked-out problems or questions with answers at every step of the development of a new theory or concept, ensuring a better grasp of the subject and scope for self study. Containing 286 text-embedded solved problems and 277 end-of-chapter home-study problems (fully answered separately in a Solutions Manual), the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject. These features and more set this book apart from other currently available polymer chemistry texts.

Rubber Nano Blends

Preparation, Characterization and Applications

Author: Gordana Markovic,P M Visakh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319487205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 349

View: 2586

This book summarizes the preparation, characterization and applications of rubber based nano blends. Rubbers from natural and synthetic polymers and their blends are discussed in the individual chapters, including nitrile, polyurethane, chlorosulphonated, polybutadiene, styrene butadiene, polychloroprene rubbers. In each chapter, contributors from academia and industry describe the preparation and characterization of the rubber blends. Therefore, a variety of characterization methods like tensile testing, differential scanning calorimetry, dynamical mechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, electron microscopy, scattering and diffraction techniques, and rheology measurements are utilized. The authors evaluate the properties of the different materials and discuss numerous fields of application, ranging from biomedicine, packaging, coatings and automobile to aerospace.

Think Complexity

Complexity Science and Computational Modeling

Author: Allen Downey

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1492040150

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 8679

Complexity science uses computation to explore the physical and social sciences. In Think Complexity, you’ll use graphs, cellular automata, and agent-based models to study topics in physics, biology, and economics. Whether you’re an intermediate-level Python programmer or a student of computational modeling, you’ll delve into examples of complex systems through a series of worked examples, exercises, case studies, and easy-to-understand explanations. In this updated second edition, you will: Work with NumPy arrays and SciPy methods, including basic signal processing and Fast Fourier Transform Study abstract models of complex physical systems, including power laws, fractals and pink noise, and Turing machines Get Jupyter notebooks filled with starter code and solutions to help you re-implement and extend original experiments in complexity; and models of computation like Turmites, Turing machines, and cellular automata Explore the philosophy of science, including the nature of scientific laws, theory choice, and realism and instrumentalism Ideal as a text for a course on computational modeling in Python, Think Complexity also helps self-learners gain valuable experience with topics and ideas they might not encounter otherwise.