Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey

Author: Sibel Bozdogan,Resat Kasaba

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295800186

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6635

In the first two decades after W.W.II, social scientist heralded Turkey as an exemplar of a 'modernizing' nation in the Western mold. Images of unveiled women working next to clean-shaven men, healthy children in school uniforms, and downtown Ankara's modern architecture all proclaimed the country's success. Although Turkey's modernization began in the late Ottoman era, the establishment of the secular nation-state by Kemal Ataturk in 1923 marked the crystallization of an explicit, elite-driven 'project of modernity' that took its inspiration exclusively from the West. The essays in this book are the first attempt to examine the Turkish experiment with modernity from a broad, interdisciplinary perspective, encompassing the fields of history, the social sciences, the humanities, architecture, and urban planning. As they examine both the Turkish project of modernity and its critics, the contributors offer a fresh, balanced understanding of dilemmas now facing not only Turkey but also many other parts of the Middle East and the world at large.
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Clash of Modernities

The Making and Unmaking of the New Jew, Turk, and Arab and the Islamist Challenge

Author: Khaldoun Samman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317262344

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3066

To understand the Middle East we must also understand how the West produced a temporal narrative of world history in which westemers placed themselves on top and all others below them. In a landmark reinterpretation of Middle Eastern history, this book shows how Arabs, Muslims, Turks, and Jews absorbed, revised, yet remained loyal to this Western vision. Turkish Kemalism and Israeli Zionism, in their efforts to push their people forward, accepted the narrative almost wholeheartedly, eradicating what they perceived as 'archaic' characteristics of their Jewish and Turkish cultures. Arab nationalists negotiated a more culturally schizophrenic approach to appeasing the colonizer's gaze. But so too, Samman argues, did the Islamists who likewise wanted to improve their societies. But in order to modernize, Islamists prescribed the eradication of Western contamination and reintroduced the prophetic stage that they believe - if the colonizer and their local Arab coconspirators hadn't intervened - would have produced true civilization. Samman's account explains why Islamists broke more radically with the colonizer's insult. For all these nationalists gender would be used as the measuring device of how well they did in relation to the colonizer's gaze.
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Modernism and Nation Building

Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic

Author: Sibel Bozdoğan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780295981109

Category: Architecture

Page: 367

View: 8428

Winner of the Alice Davis Hitchcock Award sponsored by the Society of Architectural Historians Winner of the M. Fuat Koprulu Book Prize in Turkish Studies sponsored by the Turkish Studies Association With the proclamation of the Turkish republic by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1923, Turkey’s political and intellectual elites attempted to forge from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire a thoroughly modern, secular, European nation-state. Among many other public expressions of this bold social experiment, they imported modern architecture as both a visible symbol and an effective instrument of their modernizing agenda. They abandoned the prevailing Ottoman revivalist style and transformed the entire profession of architecture in Turkey according to the aesthetic canons and rationalist doctrines of European modernism. In this book, the architectural historian Sibel Bozdogan offers a cultural history of modern Turkish architecture and its impact on European modernism from the Young Turk revolution of 1908 to the end of the Kemalist single-party regime in 1950. Drawing on official propaganda publications, professional architectural journals, and popular magazines of the day, Bozdogan looks at Turkish architectural culture in its broad political, historical, and ideological context. She shows how modern architecture came to be the primary visual expression of the so-called republican revolution--especially in the case of representative public buildings and in the idealized form of the modern house. She also illustrates Turkish architects’ efforts to legitimize modern forms on rational, scientific grounds and to "nationalize" them by showing their compatibility with Turkish building traditions. After Ataturk’s death in 1938, the initial revolutionary spirit in Turkish architectural culture gave way to nationalist trends in German and Italian architecture and to the inspiration of Central Asian and pre-Islamic Turkish monuments. The resulting departure from the distinct modernist aesthetic of the early 1930s toward a more classicized and monumental architecture representative of state power brought this heroic era of modern Turkish history to a close. Today, when Turkey’s project of modernity is being critically reevaluated from many perspectives, this comprehensive survey of Kemalism’s architectural legacy is timely and provocative.
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Rethinking Transnational Men

Beyond, Between and Within Nations

Author: Jeff Hearn,Marina Blagojević,Katherine Harrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135022461

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 2771

The world is becoming more transnational. This edited collection examines how the immense transnational changes in the contemporary world are being produced by and are affecting different men and masculinities. It seeks to shift debates on men, masculinities and gender relations from the strictly local and national context to much greater concern with the transnational and global. Established and rising scholars from Asia, Australia, Europe and North America explore subjects including economies and business corporations; sexualities and the sex trade; information and communication technologies and cyberspace; migration; war, the military and militarism; politics; nationalism; and symbolism and image-making.
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Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity

A Constructivist Approach

Author: Yucel Bozdaglioglu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135941580

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 6877

By using the core insights of the constructivist approach in International Relations, this book analyzes the foreign policy behavior of Turkey. It argues that throughout its modern history, Turkey's foreign policy has been affected by its Western identity created in the years following the War of Independence.
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A Moveable Empire

Ottoman Nomads, Migrants, and Refugees

Author: Resat Kasaba

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295801490

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 9447

A Moveable Empire examines the history of the Ottoman Empire through a new lens, focusing on the migrant groups that lived within its bounds and their changing relationship to the state's central authorities. Unlike earlier studies that take an evolutionary view of tribe-state relations -- casting the development of a state as a story in which nomadic tribes give way to settled populations -- this book argues that mobile groups played an important role in shaping Ottoman institutions and, ultimately, the early republican structures of modern Turkey. Over much of the empire's long history, local interests influenced the development of the Ottoman state as authorities sought to enlist and accommodate the various nomadic groups in the region. In the early years of the empire, maintaining a nomadic presence, especially in frontier regions, was an important source of strength. Cooperation between the imperial center and tribal leaders provided the center with an effective way of reaching distant parts of the empire, while allowing tribal leaders to perpetuate their own authority and guarantee the tribes' survival as bearers of distinct cultures and identities. This relationship changed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as indigenous communities discovered new possibilities for expanding their own economic and political power by pursuing local, regional, and even global opportunities, independent of the Ottoman center. The loose, flexible relationship between the Ottoman center and migrant communities became a liability under these changing conditions, and the Ottoman state took its first steps toward settling tribes and controlling migrations. Finally, in the early twentieth century, mobility took another form entirely as ethnicity-based notions of nationality led to forced migrations.
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International Westerns

Re-Locating the Frontier

Author: Cynthia J. Miller,A. Bowdoin Van Riper

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 081089288X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 476

View: 6794

This collection of essays examines non-American Westerns and explores their significance, meanings, and reception. These essays also look at how Hollywood sensibilities are reflected, distorted, or challenged by filmmakers of Westerns in Europe, Australia, and other regions outside the U.S.
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Architecture, Power and National Identity

Author: Lawrence Vale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134729286

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 9028

The first edition of Architecture, Power, and National Identity, published in 1992, has become a classic, winning the prestigious Spiro Kostof award for the best book in architecture and urbanism. Lawrence Vale fully has fully updated the book, which focuses on the relationship between the design of national capitals across the world and the formation of national identity in modernity. Tied to this, it explains the role that architecture and planning play in the forceful assertion of state power. The book is truly international in scope, looking at capital cities in the United States, India, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Kuwait, Bangladesh, and Papua New Guinea.
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Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey

Author: Ahmet T. Kuru,Alfred Stepan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231530250

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7228

While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several choices in policy have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing historical, social, and religious context for this behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion to its involvement with the European Union. Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the toleration of diversity during the Ottoman Empire's classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious heterogeneity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. The essays also offer a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms," as well as political parties, considering especially Turkey's Justice and Development Party in relation to Europe's Christian Democratic parties. Contributors tackle critical research questions, such as the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and the way in which Turkey's assertive secularism can be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems. Contributors: Karen Barkey (Columbia University) Ümit Cizre (Istanbul Sehir University) M. Sükrü Hanioglu (Princeton University) Stathis N. Kalyvas (Yale University) Ahmet T. Kuru (San Diego State University) Joost Lagendijk (Sabanc University) Ergun Özbudun (Bilkent University) Alfred Stepan (Columbia University)
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Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9481

Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.
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Schnee

Roman

Author: Orhan Pamuk

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446252312

Category: Fiction

Page: 520

View: 9540

Ein Fremder kommt nach Kars, eine türkische Provinzstadt, um eine merkwürdige Serie von Selbstmorden zu untersuchen: Junge Mädchen haben sich umgebracht, weil man sie zwang, das Kopftuch abzulegen. Plötzlich kommt es zu einem Putsch, inszeniert von einem Schauspieler. Ein Theatercoup? Doch es fließt echtes Blut, es intervenieren echte Soldaten, keiner kann die Stadt verlassen, weil es unaufhörlich schneit ... Ein aktueller Roman, in dessen Zentrum die Frage nach der Identität der Türkei zwischen "Verwestlichung" und Islamismus steht.
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History and Ideology

Architectural Heritage of the "Lands of Rum"

Author: Julia Bailey,Sibel Bozdoğan,Gülru Necipoğlu

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004163204

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 8531

Muqarnas is sponsored by The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.In Muqarnas articles are being published on all aspects of Islamic visual culture, historical and contemporary, as well as articles dealing with unpublished textual primary sources.
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Routledge Handbook of Diplomacy and Statecraft

Author: B.J.C. McKercher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113666436X

Category: Political Science

Page: 524

View: 3147

Despite post-Cold War arguments about their demise, ‘Great Powers’ not only continue to thrive, with lesser Powers they form the basis of the constellation of global politics. This topical new Handbook illustrates how and why the new international order has evolved – and is still evolving – since the end of the Cold War, through the application of diplomacy and statecraft. Including cutting edge contributions from over 40 scholars, the handbook is structured around seven sections: Context of Diplomacy Great Powers Middle Powers Developing Powers International Organisations and Military Alliances International Economy Issues of Conflict and Co-operation Through analysis of a wide range of case studies, the Handbook assesses the diplomacy and statecraft of individual powers, offering insights into how they function, their individual perception of national interests and the roles they play in modern statecraft. The contributors also seek to evaluate the organizations and contemporary issues that continue to influence the shaping of the new international order. A comprehensive survey of diplomacy across the world, this work will be essential reading for scholars and professionals alike.
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Insight Turkey

Quarterly Research and Information Journal with Focus on Turkey

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Turkey

Page: N.A

View: 5429

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Perspektiven auf die Türkei

ökonomische und gesellschaftliche (Dis)Kontinuitäten im Kontext der Europäisierung

Author: Ilker Ataç,Bülent Küçük,Ulaş Şener

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Turkey

Page: 362

View: 7691

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Usurping Traditional Forms

Stabilization Or Homogenization?

Author: Lynne D. DiStefano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture, Domestic

Page: 146

View: 2257

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NWSA Journal

A Publication of the National Women's Studies Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 3684

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