Research Methods in Palliative Care

Author: Julia M Addington-Hall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198530250

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 5701

Palliative and end of life care are concerned with the physical, social, psychological and spiritual care of people with advanced disease. It currently has a poorly developed research base, but the need to improve this is increasingly recognised. One of the reasons for the lack of research - and the variable quality of the research that is undertaken - is the difficulty of conducting research with very ill and bereaved people. Standard and well-established research methods mayneed to be adapted to work in this context. This means that existing research methods textbooks may be of limited use to palliative care practitioners seeking to do research for the first time, or to more experienced researchers wanting to apply their knowledge in palliative care settings.This research methods textbook is the first to be written specifically for palliative care. It has been edited by four experienced palliative care academics with acknowledged expertise and international reputations in this field. It encompasses methods used in both clinical and health services research in palliative care, with sections on clinical, epidemiological, survey and qualitative research, as well as a section covering skills needed in any research project. Each chapter providesreaders with an up to date overview of the research method in question, an understanding of its applicability to palliative care and of the particular challenges of using it in this setting. It is essential reading for all palliative care researchers.
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Participatory Research in Palliative Care

Actions and Reflections

Author: Jo Hockley,Katherine Froggatt,Katharina Heimerl

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199644152

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 1676

Participatory Research in Palliative Care discusses participatory research methods within the discipline of palliative care. Providing an overview of the action research methods, it uses exemplars from studies within palliative care, as well as discusses the prominent issues currently faced in this methodology from a global perspective.
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Palliative Medicine

Author: T. Declan Walsh,Augusto T. Caraceni,Robin Fainsinger,Kathleen M. Foley,Paul Glare,Cynthia Goh,Mari Lloyd-Williams,Juan Nunez Olarte,Lukas Radbruch

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143772194X

Category: Medical

Page: 1520

View: 5577

As a palliative medicine physician, you struggle every day to make your patients as comfortable as possible in the face of physically and psychologically devastating circumstances. This new reference equips you with all of today's best international approaches for meeting these complex and multifaceted challenges. In print and online, it brings you the world's most comprehensive, state-of-the-art coverage of your field. You'll find the answers to the most difficult questions you face every day...so you can provide every patient with the relief they need. Equips you to provide today's most effective palliation for terminal malignant diseases • end-stage renal, cardiovascular, respiratory, and liver disorders • progressive neurological conditions • and HIV/AIDS. Covers your complete range of clinical challenges with in-depth discussions of patient evaluation and outcome assessment • ethical issues • communication • cultural and psychosocial issues • research in palliative medicine • principles of drug use • symptom control • nutrition • disease-modifying palliation • rehabilitation • and special interventions. Helps you implement unparalleled expertise and global best practices with advice from a matchless international author team. Provides in-depth guidance on meeting the specific needs of pediatric and geriatric patients. Assists you in skillfully navigating professional issues in palliative medicine such as education and training • administration • and the role of allied health professionals. Includes just enough pathophysiology so you can understand the "whys" of effective decision making, as well as the "how tos." Offers a user-friendly, full-color layout for ease of reference, including color-coded topic areas, mini chapter outlines, decision trees, and treatment algorithms. Comes with access to the complete contents of the book online, for convenient, rapid consultation from any computer.
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Palliative Care Nursing

Principles and Evidence for Practice

Author: Sheila Payne,Jane Seymour,Christine Ingleton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 791

View: 506

This major new textbook in palliative care nursing draws together the principles and evidence that underpins practice to support nurses working in specialist palliative care settings and those whose work involves end-of-life care. Written by a team of experienced palliative care nurses, the book draws upon extensive expertise in palliative care research, education and scholarship. Using a novel organising framework - the trajectory of illness model - the book is structured around three main sections: Encountering illness; Approaching death; Experiencing loss and bereavement. Moving beyond an approach based on a traditional model of palliative care involving physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects of care, this book takes a more holistic, person-centred approach with suggestions as to how nursing interventions may encompass a socially-embedded approach to care. The final section addresses professional issues in nursing and interprofessional working.
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Evidence-Based Palliative Care

Across the Lifespan

Author: H. H. Abu-Saad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470680326

Category: Medical

Page: 172

View: 5877

This book describes the current state of the art in the field of palliative care in children and adults. Special emphasis is placed on addressing the efficacy and effectiveness of palliative care models, pain and symptom management, and on measuring quality of life. In addition the book evaluates current research methods in palliative care and suggests suitable alternatives. Finally the book bridges the gap between science and practice by providing the reader with the current evidence and how it can be applied in the practice setting.
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Death, Dying, and Social Differences

Author: David Oliviere,Barbara Monroe,Sheila Payne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599297

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 6991

Society has become increasingly diverse; multi-cultural, multi-faith and wide ranging in family structures. The wealthier are healthier and social inequalities are more pronounced. Respecting and working with the range of 'differences' among service users, families and communities in health and social care with ill, dying and bereaved people is a neglected area in the literature. As the principles of palliative and end of life care increasingly permeate the mainstream of health and social care services, it is important that professionals are sensitive and respond to the differing needs of individuals from diverse socio-economic backgrounds, ethnicities, beliefs, abilities and sexual orientations, as well as to the different contexts and social environments in which people live and die. This book explores what underpins inequality, disadvantage and injustice in access to good end of life care. Increasingly clinicians, policy planners, and academics are concerned about inequity in service provision. Internationally, there is an increasing focus and sense of urgency both on delivering good care in all settings regardless of diagnosis, and on better meeting the needs of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups. National initiatives emphasise the importance of resolving disparities in care and harnessing empowered user voices to drive change. This newly expanded, fully revised second edition, with 11 new chapters, provides a comprehensive analysis of discrimination, difference and disadvantage in end of life care, and offers practical guidance for all who seek to support the equitable provision of good end of life care.
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Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine

Author: Geoffrey Hanks,Nathan I. Cherny,Nicholas A. Christakis,Stein Kaasa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199693145

Category: Medical

Page: 1666

View: 7664

Emphasising the multi-disciplinary nature of palliative care, the fourth edition of this text also looks at the individual professional roles that contribute to the best-quality palliative care.
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Researching Palliative Care

Author: David Field

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 1269

This work has been designed as a resource for those directly involved in the delivery of palliative care who wish to pursue research but who have little or no formal training for, or experience of, conducting research. It is also intended as a resource for students on the increasing number of specialist palliative care courses, post-qualification short courses and taught Masters courses for health professionals which have 'health research skills' as important or central elements within their programmes. Although there are many general texts on research methods, there are very few which specifically address research issues in palliative care. This book seeks to fill that gap in the literature. It covers the range of research methods that can be appropriately used for research in palliative care by bringing together a selection of various articles in the field.
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Essential Research Methods for Social Work

Author: Allen Rubin,Earl Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495604372

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9719

This briefer version of Rubin and Babbie’s popular and respected text, RESEARCH METHODS FOR SOCIAL WORK, provides students with a research methods text that is more concise in its treatment of technical research content yet still offers the social work-specific illustrations, applications, and constant focus on the utility of social work research in social work practice. A book-specific website accompanies the text, providing students with tutorial quizzes and links to additional related concepts. Outlines, introductions, boxes, chapter endings with main points, review questions and exercises, and Internet exercises help students easily find the information and practice they need to succeed in the course. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Family Carers in Palliative Care

A Guide for Health and Social Care Professionals

Author: Peter Hudson,Sheila Payne

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199216901

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 9861

Family carers often play a major role in the care of their dying relative and are prone to negative physical, social, financial and psychological outcomes. The philosophy and practice of palliative care includes not just the patient as the 'unit of care', but also the family. Consequently health and social care professionals are required to support the patient's family during their relative's illness and also during bereavement, but can find this type of supportchallenging. This book aims to provide a practical guide to family carer assessment and support and also explores key sociological, policy and research issues. The book has an international and multidisciplinary focus.
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Supportive Oncology E-Book

Author: Mellar P. Davis,Petra Feyer,Petra Ortner,Camilla Zimmermann

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437735940

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 9364

Supportive Oncology, by Drs. Davis, Feyer, Ortner, and Zimmermann, is your practical guide to improving your patients‘ quality of life and overall outcomes by integrating palliative care principles into the scope of clinical oncologic practice at all points along their illness trajectories. A multidisciplinary editorial team, representing the dual perspectives of palliative medicine and oncology, offers expert guidance on how to effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counselling when appropriate. Integrate complementary palliative principles as early as possible after diagnosis with guidance from a multidisciplinary editorial team whose different perspectives and collaboration provide a well-balanced approach. Effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counseling when appropriate. Improve patients’ quality of life with the latest information on pain and symptom management including managing side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, rehabilitating and counselling long-term survivors, and managing tumor-related symptoms and other complications in the palliative care setting. Prescribe the most effective medications, manage toxicities, and deal with high symptom burdens.
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Placement Learning in Cancer & Palliative Care Nursing - E-Book

A guide for students in practice

Author: Penny Howard,Becky Whittaker (nee Chady)

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702051748

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 4347

Are you unsure about your cancer and palliative care placement? Do you need guidance on what to prepare to get the most out of your practice learning? Will you have the range of clinical skills to care for people with cancer? What learning opportunities will there be to meet your competencies? How can you maximise your learning during this placement? This book will help you with all these concerns. It will advise you on what to expect from the placement, what you can learn, how to link theory and practice, and how to make the most of your learning opportunities and meet your competencies. Takes a logical, step-by-step approach to preparing for learning on a cancer and palliative care placement Provides the principles of care, treatment and management of someone with a cancer diagnosis, linking university-learned theory to clinical practice Gives helpful evidence-based practice examples and resources to support placement learning Identifies clinical skills that underpin care of an individual with cancer Highlights potential learning opportunities and experiences available on a cancer and palliative care placement Explains how to develop your clinical portfolio by completing specific exercises and activities Maps all activities and exercises to the NMC competencies Advises on approaches to a range of situations that may arise as a student nurse Adopts a case-study approach to consolidating learning and to explore the patient pathway from pre-diagnosis, through a range of treatment options to living beyond cancer or end-of-life care. Series features: A unique guide to getting the most from clinical placements How to prepare for your placement What you can expect to learn during a placement Clear links to, and examples of, achieving NMC competencies Guidance on what to use as evidence for your portfolio Case studies that link theory with practice How to consolidate your experience and learn from the placement Tips, activities, further reading suggestions and useful websites.
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Palliative Care E-Book

Core Skills and Clinical Competencies

Author: Linda L. Emanuel,S. Lawrence Librach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437735975

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 7351

Find out all you need to know about providing high-quality care to patients with serious illnesses from the 2nd edition of Palliative Care: Core Skills and Clinical Competencies. Drs. Linda L. Emanuel and S. Lawrence Librach, leaders in the field, address the clinical, physical, psychological, cultural, and spiritual dimensions that are integral to the care of the whole patient. They give you a broad understanding of the core clinical skills and competencies needed to effectively approach patient assessment, care of special populations, symptom control, ethical issues, and more. Clearly written in a user-friendly, high-yield format, this resource is your ultimate guidebook to the burgeoning practice of palliative medicine. Improve your pain management and symptom management skills with a better understanding of best practices in palliative care. Quickly review specific treatment protocols for both malignant and non-malignant illnesses, including HIV/AIDS, heart failure, renal failure, pulmonary disease, and neurodegenerative disease. Better understand and manage the common and unique challenges associated with delivering palliative care in various social settings, such as the ICU, hospice, and the home; and to diverse populations, such as children, elders, and vulnerable members of society. Expand your knowledge of palliative care issues with new chapters on Veterans, Special Populations, Prognostication, Delirium, Working with Families, Wound Care, Home Care, and Dealing with Economic Hardship. Find the information you need quickly and easily with a templated, high-yield format.
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SAGE Biographical Research

Author: John Goodwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275922

Category: Social Science

Page: 1520

View: 8436

Biographical research may take a range of forms and may vary in its application and approach but has the unified and coherent aim to give 'voice' to individuals. The central concern of this collection is to assemble articles (from sociology, social psychology, education, health, criminology, social gerontology, epidemiology, management and organizational research) that illustrate the full range of debates, methods and techniques that can be combined under the heading 'biographical research'. Volume One: Biographical Research: Starting Points, Debates and Approaches explores the different biographical methods currently used while locating these within the history of social science methods. Volume Two: Biographical Interviews, Oral Histories and Life Narratives focuses on the more established, interview-based, biographical research methods and considers the analytical strategies used for interview-based biographical research Volume Three: Forms of Life Writing: Letters, Diaries and Auto/Biography considers the value of 'data' contained within letters, diaries and auto/biography and illustrates how this data has been analyzed to reveal biographies and their social context. Volume Four: Other Documents of Life: Photographs, Cyber Documents and Ephemera focuses on the 'other' human documents and objects, like photographs, cyber-documents (emails, blogs, social networking sites, webpages) and other ephemera (such as official documents) that are used extensively in biographical research.
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Palliative and End of Life Care in Nursing

Author: Jane Nicol,Brian Nyatanga

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1526415526

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 3444

With the number of people requiring palliative and end of life care steadily increasing, it is the responsibility of every nurse, regardless of specialism, to know how to provide high quality care to this group of people. Yet caring for those nearing the end of life can throw up complex issues, including handling bereavement, cultural and ethical issues, delivering care in a wide variety of settings, symptom management and also ensuring your own emotional resilience. This book is specifically designed to equip nursing students and non-specialists with the essential knowledge in relation to the care and management of people nearing the end of life.
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Research Methods for Massage and Holistic Therapies - E-Book

Author: Glenn Hymel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070493

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 8791

This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.
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Topics in Palliative Care

Author: Russell K. Portenoy,Eduardo Bruera

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195102451

Category: Medical

Page: 351

View: 3955

The rapidly evolving field of Palliative Care focuses on the management of phenomena that produce discomfort and that undermine the quality of life of patients with incurable medical disorders. The interdisciplinary clinical purview includes those factors - physical, psychological, social, and spiritual - that contribute to suffering, undermine quality of life, and prevent a death with comfort and dignity. Palliative Care is a fundamental part of clinical practice, the "parallel universe" to therapies directed at cure or prolongation of life. All clinicians who treat patients with chronic life-threatening diseases are ingaged in palliative care, continually attempting to manage complex symptomatology and functional disturbances. The scientific foundation of palliative care is advancing, and similarly, methods are needed to highlight, for practitioners at the bedside, the findings of empirical research. TOPICS IN PALLIATIVE CARE has been designed to meet the need for enhanced communication in this field. To highlight the diversity of concerns in palliative care, each volume of the TOPICS IN PALLIATIVE CARE Series is divided into sections that address a range of issues. Addressing aspects of symptom control, psychosocial functioning, spiritual or existential concerns, ethics, and other topics, the chapters in each section review the given area and focus on a small number of salient issues to analysis. The authors present and evaluate existing data, provide a context drawn from both the clinical and research settings, and integrate knowledge in a manner that is both practical and readable. The specific topics covered in Volume 2 are Neuropathic Pain, Cachexia/Anorexia, Asthenia, and Psychological Issues in the Caregiver.
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