Hamilton's Paradox

The Promise and Peril of Fiscal Federalism

Author: Jonathan Rodden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521603669

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 313

View: 8649

As new federations take shape and old ones are revived around the world, a difficult challenge is to create incentives for fiscal discipline. By combining theory, quantitative analysis, and historical and contemporary case studies, this book lays out the first systematic explanation of why decentralized countries have had dramatically different fiscal experiences. It provides insights into current policy debates from Latin America to the European Union, and a new perspective on a tension between the promise and peril of federalism that has characterized the literature since The Federalist Papers.
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A Random Walk in Science,

Author: Robert L. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780854980277

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 9845

This anthology provides an insight into the wit and intellect of the scientific mind through a blend of amusing and serious contributions written by and about scientists. The contributions record changing attitudes within science and mirror the interactions of science with society.
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Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Science Education

An International Dialogue

Author: W.W. Cobern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401152241

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 711

Global science education is a reality at the end of the 20th century - albeit an uneven reality - because of tremendous technological and economic pressures. Unfortunately, this reality is rarely examined in the light of what interests the everyday lives of ordinary people rather than the lives of political and economic elites. The purpose of this book is to offer insightful and thought-provoking commentary on both realities. The tacit question throughout the book is `Whose interests are being served by current science education practices and policies?' The various chapters offer critical analysis from the perspectives of culture, economics, epistemology, equity, gender, language, and religion in an effort to promote a reflective science education that takes place within, rather than taking over, the important cultural lives of people. The target audience for the book includes graduate students in education, science education and education policy professors, policy and government officials involved with education.
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Women Succeeding in the Sciences

Theories and Practices Across Disciplines

Author: Jody Bart

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557531216

Category: Education

Page: 277

View: 6643

Ample evidence has been provided that women historically have suffered numerous social, political, and institutional barriers to their entrance and success in the sciences. The articles in this anthology refocus the discussion and reflect the interdisciplinary nature of the issues surrounding women in the sciences. While the barriers that women have faced as researchers, subjects of research, students of science, and theorists have been well documented, this anthology breaks new ground. It presents the ways women succeed in the sciences, overcome these historical barriers, and contribute to the social practice of science and the philosophy of science in both theory and practice.
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Eager to Learn:

Educating Our Preschoolers

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Early Childhood Pedagogy

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309068363

Category: Education

Page: 468

View: 4338

Clearly babies come into the world remarkably receptive to its wonders. Their alertness to sights, sounds, and even abstract concepts makes them inquisitive explorers--and learners--every waking minute. Well before formal schooling begins, children's early experiences lay the foundations for their later social behavior, emotional regulation, and literacy. Yet, for a variety of reasons, far too little attention is given to the quality of these crucial years. Outmoded theories, outdated facts, and undersized budgets all play a part in the uneven quality of early childhood programs throughout our country. What will it take to provide better early education and care for our children between the ages of two and five? Eager to Learn explores this crucial question, synthesizing the newest research findings on how young children learn and the impact of early learning. Key discoveries in how young children learn are reviewed in language accessible to parents as well as educators: findings about the interplay of biology and environment, variations in learning among individuals and children from different social and economic groups, and the importance of health, safety, nutrition and interpersonal warmth to early learning. Perhaps most significant, the book documents how very early in life learning really begins. Valuable conclusions and recommendations are presented in the areas of the teacher-child relationship, the organization and content of curriculum, meeting the needs of those children most at risk of school failure, teacher preparation, assessment of teaching and learning, and more. The book discusses: Evidence for competing theories, models, and approaches in the field and a hard look at some day-to-day practices and activities generally used in preschool. The role of the teacher, the importance of peer interactions, and other relationships in the child's life. Learning needs of minority children, children with disabilities, and other special groups. Approaches to assessing young children's learning for the purposes of policy decisions, diagnosis of educational difficulties, and instructional planning. Preparation and continuing development of teachers. Eager to Learn presents a comprehensive, coherent picture of early childhood learning, along with a clear path toward improving this important stage of life for all children.
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Endangered Forested Wetlands of Sundaland

Ecology, Connectivity, Conservation

Author: Gianluca Polgar,Zeehan Jaafar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319524178

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 8312

This book informs readers on the ecology, ecosystem services, and management of Sundaland wetland ecosystems, discussing the concepts and tools necessary to conserve these imperiled habitats. Sundaland is a biogeographically defined area of South East Asia characterised by an exceptional concentration of endemic species. The unprecedented loss of wetland habitats within Sundaland warrants urgency in implementing conservation actions. The authors are both researchers who have witnessed the ongoing losses of wetland habitats in Sundaland. The first chapter introduces fundamental concepts of ecosystems, ecological processes and ecosystem services of coastal and inland wetlands. The second chapter provides an overview of the global and regional conservation status of these ecosystems. The third chapter advances the importance of wetlands management at the landscape level (drainage basins), and proposes to adopt the concept of Ecotonal Networks (ENTs) as a sustainable management method, within the theoretical framework of Resilience Theory. The fourth chapter showcases potential flagship species that can aid in raising awareness on these endangered but poorly-known ecosystems. The fifth chapter discusses sustainable ecotourism as a viable and profitable industry to manage non-urban wetland areas of Sundaland, while providing specific suggestions for future developments. The book is written for ecosystem managers, conservation scientists, ecologists, and nature enthusiasts. It consists of a coherently arranged set of scientifically accurate tools that consider societal, cultural, and economic factors to succeed in the conservation of the Sundaland wetlands, as well as other wetland habitats in the world.
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The Failures of Integration

How Race and Class are Undermining the American Dream

Author: Sheryll Cashin

Publisher: Palabra

ISBN: 9781586483395

Category: History

Page: 391

View: 8865

Argues that racial segregation is still prevalent in American society and a transformation is necessary to build democracy and eradicate racial barriers.
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The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives

Queering Common Sense About Sex, Gender, and Sexuality

Author: Pamela L. Geller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319409956

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5665

This volume uses bioarchaeological remains to examine the complexities and diversity of past socio-sexual lives. This book does not begin with the presumption that certain aspects of sex, gender, and sexuality are universal and longstanding. Rather, the case studies within—extend from Neolithic Europe to pre-Columbian Mesoamerica to the nineteenth-century United States—highlight the importance of culturally and historically contextualizing socio-sexual beliefs and practices. The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives highlights a major shortcoming in many scholarly and popular presentations of past socio-sexual lives. They reveal little about the ancient or historic group under study and much about Western society’s modern state of heteronormative affairs. To interrogate commonsensical thinking about socio-sexual identities and interactions, this volume draws from critical feminist and queer studies. Reciprocally, bioarchaeological studies extend social theorizing about sex, gender, and sexuality that emphasizes the modern, conceptual, and discursive. Ultimately, The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives invites readers to think more deeply about humanity’s diversity, the naturalization of culture, and the past’s presentation in mass-media communications.
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Women's Lives

A Psychological Exploration, Fourth Edition

Author: Claire A. Etaugh,Judith S. Bridges

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315449382

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 6105

This cutting-edge and comprehensive fourth edition of Women’s Lives: A Psychological Perspective integrates the most current research and social issues to explore the psychological diversity of girls and women varying in age, ethnicity, social class, nationality, sexual orientation, and ableness. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, its use of vignettes, quotes, and numerous pedagogical tools effectively fosters students’ engagement, active learning, critical thinking, and social activism. New information covered includes: neoliberal feminism, standpoint theory, mujerista psychology (Chapter 1) LGBT individuals and individuals with disabilities in media (Chapter 2) testosterone testing of female athletes, precarious manhood (Chapter 3) raising a gender non-conforming child, impact of social media on body image (Chapter 4) gender differences in narcissism and Big Five personality traits, women video-game designers (Chapter 5) asexuality, transgender individuals, sexual agency, "Viagra for women" controversy (Chapter 6) adoption of frozen embryos controversy (Chapter 7) intensive mothering, integrated motherhood, "living apart together", same-sex marriage (Chapter 8) single-sex schooling controversy (Chapter 9) combat roles opened to U.S. women, managerial derailment (Chapter 10) work-hours dilemmas of low-wage workers (Chapter 11) feminist health care model, health care for transgender individuals, Affordable Care Act (Chapter 12) feminist critique of CDC guidelines on women and drinking (Chapter 13) cyberharassment, gendertrolling, campus sexual assault (Chapter 14) transnational feminism, men and feminism (Chapter 15) Women’s Lives stands apart from other texts on the psychology of women because it embeds within each topical chapter a lifespan approach and robust coverage of the impact of social, cultural, and economic factors in shaping women’s lives around the world. It provides extensive information on women with disabilities, middle-aged and older women, and women in transnational contexts. Its up-to-date coverage reflects current scientific and social developments, including over 2,200 new references. This edition also adds several new boxed features for student engagement. In The News boxes present current, often controversial, news items to get students thinking critically about real-life applications of course topics. Get Involved boxes encourage students to actively participate in the research process. What You Can Do boxes give students applied activities to promote a more egalitarian society. Learn About the Research boxes expose students to a variety of research methods and highlight the importance of diversity in research samples by including studies of underrepresented groups.
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Anecdotes of Painting in England;

With Some Account of the Principal Artists; : and Incidental Notes on Other Arts;

Author: Horace Walpole,George Vertue

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Painting, English

Page: N.A

View: 7214

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Dyslexia, Reading and the Brain

A Sourcebook of Psychological and Biological Research

Author: Alan Beaton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135422745

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 6215

Despite the wealth of literature available on the subject of dyslexia, there is little that explores the subject beyond a single theoretical framework. The need for a comprehensive review of the literature by both researchers and practitioners from different fields and theoretical backgrounds is the central motivation behind Dyslexia, Reading and the Brain. By combining the existing fragmented and one-sided accounts, Alan Beaton has created a sourcebook that provides the much-needed basis for a more integrated and holistic approach to dyslexia.The book is divided into two sections: the first, The Cognitive Context, outlines the theoretical context of normal reading development and introduces the role of phonological awareness and the relation between dyslexia and IQ. Section two, The Biological Context, provides an explanation of the genetic background as well as exploring hormonal theories and the visual aspects of dyslexia. By including both historical theories and some of the most recent developments, Dyslexia, Reading and the Brain succeeds in presenting the reader with a balanced and unbiased overview of the current thinking and achieves a unique breadth and depth of coverage. The comprehensive coverage and impartial approach mean that this sourcebook will prove an invaluable resource for anyone involved in study, research or practice in the fields of reading and dyslexia.
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The Handbook of Education and Human Development

New Models of Learning, Teaching and Schooling

Author: David R. Olson,Nancy Torrance

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631211860

Category: Psychology

Page: 816

View: 4754

The Handbook of Education and Human Development provides a review of advances in our understanding of human development and of their implications for education theory and practice.
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Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Author: Chittaranjan Kole,Chandrashekhar P. Joshi,David R. Shonnard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439816859

Category: Science

Page: 874

View: 3287

As the world’s population is projected to reach 10 billion or more by 2100, devastating fossil fuel shortages loom in the future unless more renewable alternatives to energy are developed. Bioenergy, in the form of cellulosic biomass, starch, sugar, and oils from crop plants, has emerged as one of the cheaper, cleaner, and environmentally sustainable alternatives to traditional forms of energy. Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants brings together the work of a panel of global experts who survey the possibilities and challenges involved in biofuel production in the twenty-first century. Section One explores the genetic improvement of bioenergy crops, ecological issues and biodiversity, feedstock logistics and enzymatic cell wall degradation to produce biofuels, and process technologies of liquid transportation fuels production. It also reviews international standards for fuel quality, unique issues of biofuel-powered engines, life-cycle environmental impacts of biofuels compared with fossil fuels, and social concerns. Section Two examines commercialized bioenergy crops, including cassava, Jatropha, forest trees, maize, oil palm, oilseed Brassicas, sorghum, soybean, sugarcane, and switchgrass. Section Three profiles emerging crops such as Brachypodium, diesel trees, minor oilseeds, lower plants, Paulownia, shrub willow, sugarbeet, sunflower, and sweet potato. It also discusses unconventional biomass resources such as vegetable oils, organic waste, and municipal sludge. Highlighting the special requirements, major achievements, and unresolved concerns in bioenergy production from crop plants, the book is destined to lead to future discoveries related to the use of plants for bioenergy production. It will assist in developing innovative ways of ameliorating energy problems on the horizon.
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Jim Henson

The Works : the Art, the Magic, the Imagination

Author: Christopher Finch

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 251

View: 3612

A tribute to the creativity of the late Jim Henson presents more than five hundred full-color photographs, drawings, and behind-the-scenes designs of the Muppets, Sesame Street, Fraggle Rock, The Dark Crystal, and other works. 75,000 first printing. $100,000 ad/promo.
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Perspectives On Learning Disabilities

Biological, Cognitive, Contextual

Author: Robert Sternberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429978014

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 9894

More children than ever before are being labeled as learning disabled (LD), including some who in the past would have been labeled mentally retarded. At the same time, the category of gifted learning disabled has become widely accepted, and some parents as well as teachers are trying to have their children labeled as LD in order to render them eligible for special services. But despite the reliance on the term, few agree on its definition or origins.This edited volume attempts to bridge that knowledge gap by bringing together experts from a variety of perspectives?biological, cognitive, educational, sociological, and interactive?to discuss the nature of LD, its origins, its diagnosis, and effective remediation. Framing the discussion are introductory and concluding chapters written by the editors.
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Youth On Religion

The development, negotiation and impact of faith and non-faith identity

Author: Nicola Madge,Peter Hemming,Kevin Stenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317914562

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 8884

Globalisation has led to increasing cultural and religious diversity in cities around the world. What are the implications for young people growing up in these settings? How do they develop their religious identities, and what roles do families, friends and peers, teachers, religious leaders and wider cultural influences play in the process? Furthermore, how do members of similar and different cultural and faith backgrounds get on together, and what can young people tell us about reducing conflict and promoting social solidarity amid diversity? Youth On Religion outlines the findings from a unique large-scale project investigating the meaning of religion to young people in three multi-faith locations. Drawing on survey data from over 10,000 young people with a range of faith positions, as well as a series of fascinating interviews, discussion groups and diary reports involving 160 adolescents, this book examines myriad aspects of their daily lives. It provides the most comprehensive account yet of the role of religion for young people growing up in contemporary, multicultural urban contexts. Youth On Religion is a rigorous and engaging account of developing religiosity in a changing society. It presents young people’s own perspectives on their attitudes and experiences and how they negotiate their identities. The book will be an instructive and valuable resource for psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, educationalists and anthropologists, as well as youth workers, social workers and anyone working with young people today. It will also provide essential understanding for policy makers tackling issues of multiculturalism in advanced societies.
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Civil-Military 'Legal' Relations: Where to from Here?

The Civilian Courts and the Military in the United Kingdom, United States and Australia

Author: Pauline Therese Collins

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900433825X

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 9260

This book investigates the place of civilian courts in civil-military theory and their impact on the civil-military relationship in three western liberal democracies. It challenges the evolving civil-military relationship, demanding a re-evaluation of the theory to incorporate the courts.
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Factoring and finance

Author: Martin Forman,John Gilbert

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 142

View: 8372

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