Religious Internationals in the Modern World

Globalization and Faith Communities Since 1750

Author: Abigail Green,Vincent Viaene

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230319505

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 8870

The central idea behind this book is that the globalisation and politicisation of traditional religious identities is a historical phenomenon with deep roots in the 19th-20th centuries. Tracing the emergence of 'Religious Internationals' as a distinctive new phenomenon in world history, it transforms our understanding of the place of religion in the modern world. Leading historians and social scientists break new ground by comparing the historical experiences of different faith communities in an age of globalization without comparing them as religions. In-depth case studies focus on the internationalist dimensions of Buddhism, Christianity (Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant), Hinduism, Judaism and Islam. Individually, they illuminate the complex processes whereby communities of believers became communities of opinion. Collectively, they shed new light on the origins and nature of global civil society, highlighting the role of religion as one of its motor forces from the start.

Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento

Britain and the New Italy, 1861-1875

Author: D. Raponi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137342986

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 6854

This book examines Anglo-Italian political and cultural relations and analyses the importance of religion in the British 'Orientalist' perception of Italy. It puts religion at the centre of a harsh political and cultural war, one that was fought on international, diplomatic, and domestic levels.

Ismailism and Islam in Modern South Asia

Community and Identity in the Age of Religious Internationals

Author: Soumen Mukherjee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316870898

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1537

This book explores the evolution of a Shia Ismaili identity and crucial aspects of the historical forces that conditioned the development of the Muslim modern in late colonial South Asia. It traces the legal process that, since the 1860s, recast a Shia Imami identity for the Ismailis, and explicates the public career of Imam Aga Khan III amid heightened religious internationalism since the late-nineteenth century, the age of 'religious internationals'. It sheds light and elaborates on the enduring legacies of questions such as the Aga's understanding of colonial modernity, his ideas of India, restructured modalities of community governance and the evolution of Imamate-sponsored institutions, key strands in scholarship that characterized the development of the Muslim and Shia Ismaili modern, and Muslim universality vis-à-vis denominational particularities that often transcended the remits of the modular nation and state structure.

India and the Quest for One World

The Peacemakers

Author: M. Bhagavan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137349832

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 2965

India and the Quest for One World revolutionizes the history of human rights, with dramatic impact on some of the most contentious debates of our time, by capturing the exceptional efforts of Mahatma Gandhi and the Nehrus to counter the divisions of the Cold War with an uplifting new vision of justice built on the principle of "unity in diversity."

Transnational Anti-Communism and the Cold War

Agents, Activities, and Networks

Author: Stéphanie Roulin,Giles Scott-Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137388803

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 5767

How was anti-communism organised in the West? This book covers the agents, aims, and arguments of various transnational anti-communist activists during the Cold War. Existing narratives often place the United States – and especially the CIA – at the centre of anti-communist activity. The book instead opens up new fields of research transnationally.

Cold War Rivalry and the Perception of the American West

Author: P. Goral

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137364300

Category: History

Page: 185

View: 4540

This book demonstrates how the two adversaries of the Cold War, West Germany and East Germany, endeavored to create two distinct and unique German identities. In their endeavor to claim legitimacy, the German cinematic representation of the American West became an important cultural weapon of mass dissemination during the Cold War.

Mind, Soul and Consciousness

Religion, Science and the Psy-Disciplines in Modern South Asia (with a Foreword by J. N. Mohanty)

Author: Soumen Mukherjee,Christopher Harding

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780367218485


Page: 136

View: 1716

This comprehensive volume explores histories and modern reworkings of the ideas of mind, soul and consciousness in South Asia. It focuses on the burgeoning 'psy-disciplines' - psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy - and their links with religion, science, philosophy, and modern notions of the mystical and spiritual, not just in South Asia, but around the world. The authors explore the global flows of ideas that gathered pace during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including: the idea(s) of self within 'Hindu modernities'; the history of relativity of consciousness in Jaina epistemology; Jungian critiques of Cartesian rationalism; Islamic reform vis-à-vis Sufi mysticism; and the re-examination and invocations of key strands of the fields of 'Indian philosophy' and the 'psy-disciplines' in modern India. Together these chapters stoke a critical engagement with existing conceptual boundaries and categories of mind, soul, consciousness, and body-mind relationship in modern Asian and European spiritual and intellectual traditions. This book will interest scholars and students of cross-cultural philosophy, intellectual history, history of religion, religious studies, and history of the mind sciences. It was originally published as a special issue of the journal South Asian History and Culture. n Asian and European spiritual and intellectual traditions. This book will interest scholars and students of cross-cultural philosophy, intellectual history, history of religion, religious studies, and history of the mind sciences. It was originally published as a special issue of the journal South Asian History and Culture.

Modern Romance

Auf der Suche nach Liebe im 21. Jahrhundert -

Author: Aziz Ansari

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641182638

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 352

View: 4739

Der New-York-Times-Bestseller über die Liebe in Modernen Zeiten Noch nie zuvor hatten wir in der Liebe so viele Optionen – denn romantische Begegnungen sind in Zeiten von Online-Dating, Facebook, Tinder & Co. häufig nur einen Mausklick entfernt. Doch ist das für Singles ein Segen oder ein Fluch? Der weltbekannte amerikanische Schauspieler und Comedian Aziz Ansari begibt sich mit dem Soziologen Eric Klinenberg auf die lehrreiche und äußerst unterhaltsame Suche nach einer Antwort auf diese Frage.

United Asia

International Journal of Asian Affairs

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Asia

Page: N.A

View: 9762



Author: William Hardy MCNEILL

Publisher: Harvard University Press


Category: History

Page: 198

View: 4458

Could something as simple and seemingly natural as falling into step have marked us for evolutionary success? In Keeping Together in Time one of the most widely read and respected historians in America pursues the possibility that coordinated rhythmic movement--and the shared feelings it evokes--has been a powerful force in holding human groups together. As he has done for historical phenomena as diverse as warfare, plague, and the pursuit of power, William McNeill brings a dazzling breadth and depth of knowledge to his study of dance and drill in human history. From the records of distant and ancient peoples to the latest findings of the life sciences, he discovers evidence that rhythmic movement has played a profound role in creating and sustaining human communities. The behavior of chimpanzees, festival village dances, the close-order drill of early modern Europe, the ecstatic dance-trances of shamans and dervishes, the goose-stepping Nazi formations, the morning exercises of factory workers in Japan--all these and many more figure in the bold picture McNeill draws. A sense of community is the key, and shared movement, whether dance or military drill, is its mainspring. McNeill focuses on the visceral and emotional sensations such movement arouses, particularly the euphoric fellow-feeling he calls "muscular bonding." These sensations, he suggests, endow groups with a capacity for cooperation, which in turn improves their chance of survival. A tour de force of imagination and scholarship, Keeping Together in Time reveals the muscular, rhythmic dimension of human solidarity. Its lessons will serve us well as we contemplate the future of the human community and of our various local communities. Table of Contents: Muscular Bonding Human Evolution Small Communities Religious Ceremonies Politics and War Conclusion Notes Index Reviews of this book: "In his imaginative and provocative book...William H. McNeill develops an unconventional notion that, he observes, is 'simplicity itself.' He maintains that people who move together to the same beat tend to bond and thus that communal dance and drill alter human feelings." DD--John Mueller, New York Times Book Review "Every now and then, a slender, graceful, unassuming little volume modestly proposes a radical rethinking of human history. Such a book is Keeping Together in Time...Important, witty, and thoroughly approachable, [it] could, perhaps, only be written by a scholar in retirement with a lifetime's interdisciplinary reading to ponder, the imagination to conceive unanswerable questions, and the courage, in this age of over-speculation, to speculate in areas where certainty is impossible. Its vision of dance as a shaper of evolution, a perpetually sustainable and sustaining resource, would crown anyone's career." DD--Penelope Reed Doob, Toronto Globe and Mail "McNeill is one of our greatest living historians...As usual with McNeill, Keeping Together in Time contains a wonderfully broad survey of practices in other times and places. There are the Greeks, who invented the flute-accompanied phalanx, and the Romans, who invented calling cadence while marching. There are the Shakers, who combined worship and dancing, and the Mormons, who carefully separated the functions but who prospered at least as much on the strength of their dancing as their Sunday morning worship." DD--David Warsh, Boston Sunday Globe "[A] wide-ranging and thought-provoking book...A mind-stretching exploration of the thesis that `keeping together in time'--army drill, village dances, and the like--consolidates group solidarity by making us feel good about ourselves and the group and thus was critical for social cohesion and group survival in the past." DD--Virginia Quarterly Review "[This book is] nothing less than a survey of the historical impact of shared rhythmic motion from the paleolithic to the present, an impact that [McNeill] finds surprisingly significant...McNeill moves beyond Durkheim in noting that in complex societies divided by social class muscular bonding may be the medium through which discontented and oppressed groups can gain the solidarity necessary for challenging the existing social order." DD--Robert N. Bellah, Commonweal "The title of this fascinating essay contains a pun that sums up its thesis" keeping together in time, or coordinated rhythmic movement and the shared feelings it evokes, has kept human groups together throughout history. Most of McNeill's pioneering study is devoted to the history of communal dancing...[This] volume will appeal equally to scholars and to the general reader." DD--Doyne Dawson, Military History "As with so many themes [like this one], whether in science or in symphonies, one wonders (in retrospect) why it has not been invented before...[T]he book is fascinating." DD--K. Kortmulder, Acta Biotheoretica (The Netherlands) "This scholarly and creative exploration of the largely unresearched phenomenon of shared euphoria aroused by unison movement moves across the disciplines of dance, history, sociology, and psychology...Highly recommended." DD--Choice

Bessere Welten

Kosmopolitismus in den Geschichtswissenschaften

Author: Bernhard Gißibl,Isabella Löhr

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593506130

Category: History

Page: 405

View: 6401

Kosmopolitismus, ein Kernbegriff der europäischen Aufklärung, gehört zu den akademischen Modebegriffen der vergangenen Jahre. Dieses Buch lotet erstmals das heuristische Potenzial des Kosmopolitischen für die Geschichtswissenschaften aus. Im Zentrum stehen das konfliktbeladene Aushandeln von Zugehörigkeiten, Ansprüchen und Rechten, die Begegnung mit dem Anderen sowie die normative Reflexion dieser Begegnungen in einer prinzipiell von Ungleichheit und Machtasymmetrien geprägten Welt. Der Band plädiert für Kosmopolitismus als Analyseperspektive, die das konzeptionelle Instrumentarium von transnationaler und Globalgeschichte ergänzt.

International Affairs

Author: United States. Dept. of State. External Research Division

Publisher: N.A


Category: International relations

Page: N.A

View: 7846

Beginning in 1954, Apr. issue lists studies in progress; Oct. issue, completed studies.

The Religious Origins of the French Revolution

From Calvin to the Civil Constitution, 1560-1791

Author: Dale K. Van Kley

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300080858

Category: Religion

Page: 390

View: 2554

Although the French Revolution is associated with efforts to dechristianize the French state and citizens, it actually had long-term religious--even Christian--origins, claims Dale Van Kley in this controversial new book. Looking back at the two and a half centuries that preceded the revolution, Van Kley explores the diverse, often warring religious strands that influenced political events up to the revolution. Van Kley draws on a wealth of primary sources to show that French royal absolutism was first a product and then a casualty of religious conflict. On the one hand, the religious civil wars of the sixteenth century between the Calvinist and Catholic internationals gave rise to Bourbon divine-right absolutism in the seventeenth century. On the other hand, Jansenist-related religious conflicts in the eighteenth century helped to "desacralize" the monarchy and along with it the French Catholic clergy, which was closely identified with Bourbon absolutism. The religious conflicts of the eighteenth century also made a more direct contribution to the revolution, for they left a legacy of protopolitical and ideological parties (such as the Patriot party, a successor to the Jansenist party), whose rhetoric affected the content of revolutionary as well as counterrevolutionary political culture. Even in its dechristianizing phase, says Van Kley, revolutionary political culture was considerably more indebted to varieties of French Catholicism than it realized.

Lexikon zur Überseegeschichte

Author: Hermann Hiery

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783515100007


Page: 936

View: 5623

Das "Lexikon zur Uberseegeschichte" ist das Standardwerk zur aussereuropaischen Geschichte in deutscher Sprache. Verfasst von den massgeblichen deutschen Experten - Historikern, Ethnologen, Linguisten, Religionswissenschaftler - zu aussereuropaischen Kulturen und Volkern und ihrer Geschichte enthalt es rund 2000 Stichworter (Abidjan bis Zyklische Zeitvorstellung) zu allen Bereichen Afrikas, Amerikas, Asiens, Australiens und der Sudsee. Auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung werden auch komplexe historische und politische Zusammenhange ubersichtlich und verstandlich dargestellt. Die ausfuhrlichen Lebensbeschreibungen wichtiger Frauen und Manner enthalten zusatzliche Informationen, die in keinem anderen Lexikon zu finden sind. Dazu kommt ein Anhang uber Geld und Geldwirtschaft sowie Masse und Gewichte weltweit. Auf 900 Druckseiten ist das "Lexikon zur Uberseegeschichte" ein einzigartiges Werk, das im deutschen Sprachraum, ja daruber hinaus, nichts Vergleichbares kennt. Wer sich in Zukunft uber die Geschichte aussereuropaischer Kulturen informieren will, besitzt im "Lexikon zur Uberseegeschichte" ein zuverlassiges Hilfsmittel.


Hefte 16 bis 21 / hrsg. von Klaus Bochmann ... Unter Mitw. von Ruedi Graf und Gerhard Kuck

Author: Antonio Gramsci

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783867541008


Page: 269

View: 9212