Reinventing the Research University

Author: Luc Weber,James J. Duderstadt

Publisher: Economica Limited

ISBN: 9782717847680

Category: Education

Page: 254

View: 6304

The fourth Glion Colloquium, held in June 2003, brought together university leaders of major higher education institutions or organizations, along with guests from industry, to compare perspectives on the future of the research university in America and Europe. The papers contained in this book reflect both the consensus and differences in the perspectives of the participants on these issues. In Part I, papers by Frank Rhodes, Robert Zemsky and James Duderstadt, Luc Weber and Pavel Zgaga, as well as Howard Newby, set the stage. In Part II, Roger Downer, James Duderstadt, and Frans van Vught discuss the changing nature of education and scholarship. Part III continues with papers by Robert Zemsky, André Oosterlink, Nils Hasselmo, Marcel Crochet, and Wayne Johnson on the changing interaction between the research university and broader society. In Part IV, Luc Weber, Marye Anne Fox, Frank Rhodes, and Marcel Crochet discuss the challenges of financing and governing the contemporary research university. In the concluding chapter the editors endeavour to develop more specific suggestions concerning the issues and strategies that universities should consider as they approach a period of rapid change.
Release

Organizational Learning Contracts

New and Traditional Colleges

Author: Paul S. Goodman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199876355

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 1969

This book addresses a new concept, the organizational learning contract, a shared agreement among the faculty, staff, and students in an educational institution about what, how, where, and when learning should take place. Goodman, who has pioneered the concept in his work with new and traditional institutions, examines the consequences of strong and weak contracts while bridging theory with practice. In the first section, Goodman develops the concept of the organizational learning contract, builds measures, and looks at the consequences of strong versus weak contracts on student and institutional effectiveness indicators. The second section, which includes the perspectives of two leaders of start-up institutions who have created new organizational contracts, explores issues of design and change in introducing the concept into new and existing institutions.
Release

Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities

Public Service and Public Policy

Author: National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on the Future of the Colleges of Agriculture in the Land Grant University System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309054338

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 140

View: 3562

Since their inception in 1862, the U.S. land grant colleges have evolved to become the training ground for the nation's and the world's agriculturists. In this book, the committee examines the future of the colleges of agriculture in light of changing national priorities for the agricultural, food, and natural resource system. The effects of federal funding constraints also are examined, as are opportunities for growth presented by developments in science. The committee's preceding volume, Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile, is a compilation of the data that helped formulate the specific questions to be addressed. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Univerisities: Public Service and Public Policy is the deliberative report, rating conclusions and recommendations for institutional innovation and public policy. It addresses these and other questions: What education mission should colleges of agriculture adopt--and what strategies should they use--in light of significant changes in the agricultural complex? Research in agriculture is expected to respond to consumer demands, environmental concerns, world population growth, and increasing pressure on agricultural lands. Is the century-old structure of land grant university-based research up to the task? What is the role of extension in light of today's smaller farming communities and larger farming conglomerates? This volume is the culmination of a landmark evaluation of land grant colleges of agriculture, an American institution. This document will be of value to policymakers, administrators, and others involved in agricultural science and education.
Release

The Search for New Governance of Higher Education in Asia

Author: K. Mok

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230111556

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 7378

The present volume sets out in the wider context of globalization to critically examine how selected countries / societies in Asia have responded to the growing pressures of globalization for improving university performance in the global market place. In order to enhance the global competitiveness of their higher education systems, many governments in Asia have started comprehensive reforms and adopted new governance measures to enhance their universities. Incorporation and corporatization have been identified as important strategies to restructure and re-engineer university governance around the world. Contributors in this volume critically examine how the quest for world-class university status (as a global movement) has affected the way their universities are governed. Despite the popularity of management reforms and restructuring exercises in line with neoliberalism and managerialism worldwide, whether and how these reforms have actually transformed the heart of the public sector is still subject to debate. This book offers critical reflections on the governance change taking place in the Asian university systems and examines how far the restructuring of higher education governance through incorporation, privatization, and corporatization has really transformed the values and practices of those who work in the higher education sector.
Release

Reinventing the Curriculum

New Trends in Curriculum Policy and Practice

Author: Mark Priestley,Gert Biesta

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441137645

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 5118

An analysis of modern curricular policy trends, drawing upon Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence, and featuring inputs from acknowledged experts in the field.
Release

Service-Learning Essentials

Questions, Answers, and Lessons Learned

Author: Barbara Jacoby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118944011

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 8682

Service-Learning Essentials is the resource youneed to help you develop high-quality service-learning experiencesfor college students. Written by one of the field's leading expertsand sponsored by Campus Compact, the book is the definitive work onthis high-impact educational practice. Service-learning has beenidentified by the Association of American Colleges and Universitiesas having been widely tested and shown to be beneficial to collegestudents from a wide variety of backgrounds. Organized in an accessible question-and-answer format, the bookresponds clearly and completely to the most common questions andconcerns about service-learning. Each chapter addresses issuesrelated to individual practice as well as to the collective work ofstarting and developing a service-learning center or program, withexamples drawn from a variety of disciplines, situations, andinstitutional types. The questions range from basic to advanced andthe answers cover both the fundamentals and complexities ofservice-learning. Topics include: Determining what service-learning opportunities institutionsshould offer How to engage students in critical reflection in academiccourses and in cocurricular experiences Best practices for developing and sustaining mutuallybeneficial campus-community partnerships Integrating service-learning into the curriculum in alldisciplines and at all levels, as well as various areas of studentlife outside the classroom Assessing service-learning programs and outcomes The dilemmas of service-learning in the context of power andprivilege The future of service-learning in online and rapidlyglobalizing environments Service-learning has virtually limitless potential to enablecolleges and universities to meet their goals for student learningwhile making unique contributions to addressing unmet local,national, and global needs. However, in order to realize thesebenefits, service-learning must be thoughtfully designed andcarefully implemented. This easy-to-use volume contains everythingfaculty, leaders, and staff members need to know aboutservice-learning to enhance communities, improve higher educationinstitutions, and educate the next generation of citizens,scholars, and leaders.
Release

Technologies and Protocols for the Future of Internet Design: Reinventing the Web

Reinventing the Web

Author: Prakash Vidyarthi, Deo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 146660204X

Category: Computers

Page: 350

View: 2064

The Internet has changed significantly from its beginnings as a simple network used to pass data from one computer to another. Containing essential tools for everyday information processing, the Internet is used by small and large organizations alike and continues to evolve with the changing information technology landscape. Technologies and Protocols for the Future of Internet Design: Reinventing the Web aims to provide relevant methods and theories in the area of the Internet design. It is written for the research community and professionals who wish to improve their understanding of future Internet technologies and gain knowledge of new tools and techniques in future Internet design.
Release

Reinventing the Middle School

Author: Thomas S. Dickinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136054707

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 9445

Many contemporary American middle schools are stuck in a state of "arrested development," failing to implement the original concept of middle schools to a varying, though equally corruptive degrees. The individual chapters of the book outline in detail how to counter this dangerous trend, offering guidance to those who seek immediate, significant, internal reforms before we lose the unique value of middle schools for our nation's adolescents.
Release

Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Undergraduate Science Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309173162

Category: Education

Page: 126

View: 8832

Today's undergraduate students--future leaders, policymakers, teachers, and citizens, as well as scientists and engineers--will need to make important decisions based on their understanding of scientific and technological concepts. However, many undergraduates in the United States do not study science, mathematics, engineering, or technology (SME&T) for more than one year, if at all. Additionally, many of the SME&T courses that students take are focused on one discipline and often do not give students an understanding about how disciplines are interconnected or relevant to students' lives and society. To address these issues, the National Research Council convened a series of symposia and forums of representatives from SME&T educational and industrial communities. Those discussions contributed to this book, which provides six vision statements and recommendations for how to improve SME&T education for all undergraduates. The book addresses pre-college preparation for students in SME&T and the joint roles and responsibilities of faculty and administrators in arts and sciences and in schools of education to better educate teachers of K-12 mathematics, science, and technology. It suggests how colleges can improve and evaluate lower-division undergraduate courses for all students, strengthen institutional infrastructures to encourage quality teaching, and better prepare graduate students who will become future SME&T faculty.
Release

Local Economic Development and the Environment

Finding Common Ground

Author: Susan M. Opp,Jeffery L. Osgood, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482209659

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 3283

A clear and practical examination of complex issues, Local Economic Development and the Environment: Finding Common Ground provides a broad, academic look at the intersection of two important areas for local administrators. In addition to managing development in a strained economic climate, most administrators are also expected to be stewards of the environment. However, economic conditions often leave them with limited options for pursuing economic development and, at the same time, being environmentally mindful. Many find themselves without a clear understanding of the concepts, tools, and best practices available to accomplish this herculean task. Translating complex environmental and economic concepts into easily applicable practices, the book: Gives practitioners the information they need to communicate with consultants, constituents, and officials, and to avoid ideological obstacles Compares regulatory differences between states and other geographical differences Includes examples from across the country to highlight variations in environmental regulations and laws Provides technical, legal, and political insights into the process of pursuing local economic development projects that incorporate protection and awareness Contains case studies that demonstrate the concepts in action, allowing readers to fully grasp the complexities associated with sustainable economic development Discusses how local administrators can balance the economic and environmental needs of the future Bridging the gap between policy-making intention and outcome, this book connects readers with a larger body of research that not only underpins practical applications but also helps them avoid legal, technical, and political obstacles. It provides an arsenal of best practices and everyday, easy-to-use strategies for optimizing the difficult balance between economic development and environmental protection.
Release

Teaching in Social Work

An Educators' Guide to Theory and Practice

Author: Jeane W. Anastas

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152093X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9154

Drawing from her extensive classroom and field experience, Jeane W. Anastas merges the "practice wisdom" of today's social work educators with contemporary theories on instruction and learning. Built around a teacher- and student-in-situation framework, Teaching in Social Work examines the effect of social issues, professional norms and needs, and various educational settings on the interactions among educators, students, and the subjects they learn. The result is a singular volume that focuses specifically on teaching within the field of social work, identifying the factors that result in effective educational outcomes. Anastas draws on the theories and selected research findings of higher education and social work education literature. She illuminates the critical aspects of teaching and learning as an adult, the best uses of different modalities of instruction, and the issues of diversity that influence all aspects of teaching and learning. Her book includes guest-authored chapters on field learning and the latest advances in teaching technology. It also engages with ethics, teaching and learning assessments, and faculty work in full-time social work education.
Release

Reinventing the Workplace

Author: John Worthington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135140405

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 5573

At the beginning of the 1990s over 60 per cent of the working population was in 'white collar' employment and approximately two thirds of this number were direct users of information technology to enhance their working practices. The 'salaried clerk' working in a routine, repetitive nine to five job, has been succeeded by the flexible, independent, innovative 'knowledge worker'. The place of work, its location, use, character, quality and management are changing but can and will the property, management, and design professions reappraise themselves to meet the challenge? Reinventing the Workplace stems from a seminar held at the Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies, The University of York, on trends in workplace organization, design and utilization. The book articulates the organizational and technological developments that are influencing the procurement, layout, and management of the workplace, through case studies and reflections on practice by leading corporations and consultants in the field. It provides an invaluable background of the key issues for workplace users, their professional advisers, external consultants, and suppliers.
Release

Exemplary College Science Teaching

Author: Robert E. Yager

Publisher: NSTA Press

ISBN: 193894609X

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 9153

“Since K–12 students taught using the new [Next Generation Science Standards]will be arriving in college classrooms prepared in a different way from those in our classrooms currently, it would behoove college teachers to be prepared to alter their teaching methods ... or be perceived to be dinosaurs using the older teaching methods.” — From Exemplary College Science Teaching If you’re looking for inspiration to alter your teaching methods to match new standards and new times, this book is for you. As the first in the Exemplary Science series to focus exclusively on college science teaching, this book offers 16 examples of college teaching that builds on what students learned in high school. Understanding that college does not exist in a vacuum, the chapter authors demonstrate how to adapt the methods and frameworks under which secondary students have been working and make them their own for the college classroom, adding new technologies when appropriate and letting the students take an active role in their learning. Among the innovative topics and techniques the essays in this book explore are • Lecture-free college science teaching • Peer-led study groups as learning communities • Jigsaw techniques that enhance learning • Inquiry incorporated into large-group settings • Interactive video conferences for assessing student attitudes and behaviors The clichéd image of the professor droning on before a packed lecture hall is a thing of the past. The essays in this book explain why—and offer the promise of a better future.
Release

Attracting Science and Mathematics Ph.D.s to Secondary School Education

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel,Committee on Attracting Science and Mathematics Ph.D.s to Secondary School Teaching

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309071763

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 4571

The National Research Council conducted a study to identify a set of incentives that state governments and local school districts can use to attract Ph.D. scientists and mathematicians to secondary school teaching positions. This project investigated the career ambitions of Ph.D.s in the physical and life sciences through focus groups and a national survey to determine the kinds of work conditions and compensation packages that would induce them to take positions teaching physics, chemistry, biology, and various electives in public high schools or positions developing secondary school science and mathematics curricula. The study conducted interviews with Ph.D.s who are already teaching in secondary schools to ascertain information from their experiences, with local school district administrators to assess what they are realistically willing to offer Ph.D. scientists to attract them, and with higher education administrators to explore programmatic changes they would need to institute to provide Ph.D.s with skills tailored to secondary school teaching. These investigations led to this report which describes the incentives local school districts could use in establishing pilot programs in this area.
Release

Improving Undergraduate Instruction in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Undergraduate Science Education,Steering Committee on Criteria and Benchmarks for Increased Learning from Undergraduate STEM Instruction

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309167956

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 349

Participants in this workshop were asked to explore three related questions: (1) how to create measures of undergraduate learning in STEM courses; (2) how such measures might be organized into a framework of criteria and benchmarks to assess instruction; and (3) how such a framework might be used at the institutional level to assess STEM courses and curricula to promote ongoing improvements. The following issues were highlighted: Effective science instruction identifies explicit, measurable learning objectives. Effective teaching assists students in reconciling their incomplete or erroneous preconceptions with new knowledge. Instruction that is limited to passive delivery of information requiring memorization of lecture and text contents is likely to be unsuccessful in eliciting desired learning outcomes. Models of effective instruction that promote conceptual understanding in students and the ability of the learner to apply knowledge in new situations are available. Institutions need better assessment tools for evaluating course design and effective instruction. Deans and department chairs often fail to recognize measures they have at their disposal to enhance incentives for improving education. Much is still to be learned from research into how to improve instruction in ways that enhance student learning.
Release

Reinventing the Library for Online Education

Author: Frederick Stielow

Publisher: American Library Association

ISBN: 0838912087

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 1641

Have changes such as cloud computing, search engines, the Semantic Web, and mobile applications rendered such long-standing academic library services and functions as special collections, interlibrary loans, physical processing, and even library buildings unnecessary? Can the academic library effectively reconceive itself as a virtual institution? Stielow, who led the library program of the online university American Public University System, argues most emphatically that it can. His comprehensive look at web-based academic libraries synthesizes the changes wrought by the Web revolution into a visionary new model, grounded in history as well as personal experience. He demonstrates how existing functions like cataloging, circulation, collection development, reference, and serials management can be transformed by entrepreneurship, human face/electronic communicator relations, web apps, and other innovations. Online education can ensure that libraries remain strong information and knowledge hubs, and his timely book Shows how the origins and history of the academic library have laid the foundation for our current period of flux Identifies practices rooted in print-based storage to consider for elimination, and legacy services ready to be adapted to virtual operations Discusses tools and concepts libraries will embrace in a networked world, including new opportunities for library relevance in bookstore/textbook operations, compliance, library/archival/museum functions, e-publishing, and tutorial services Offers a thorough examination of the virtual library infrastructure crucial for an online learning program, with a special look at the particular needs and responsibilities of online librarians Looks at the evolving relationship between higher education and copyright, and posits how educational technology will bring further changes Bursting with stimulating ideas and wisdom gleaned from first-hand experience, Stielow’s book presents a model for offering outstanding higher education library services in an increasingly online environment.
Release

Reinventing the Sexes

The Biomedical Construction of Femininity and Masculinity

Author: Marianne van den Wijngaard

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253115461

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 7042

"The book is accessible and well written, and the issues are thoughtfully analyzed." -- Choice An insightful examination of how traditional views of femininity and masculinity have influenced scientific research about sexual differences in the brain. The book chronicles the phallocentric underpinnings of research in the field and the subsequent contribution of feminist intellectual thought to the modification of scientific practice.
Release

Inventing and Reinventing the Goddess

Contemporary Iterations of Hindu Deities on the Move

Author: Sree Padma

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739190024

Category: Religion

Page: 326

View: 4336

The volume investigates two related processes: First, it underscores the manner in which the religious cultures of goddesses are reflexes of larger social processes occurring historically in local contexts. Second, it illustrates transformations in how these same goddesses are understood when they migrate from indigenous social and cultural contexts to destinations with their devotees.
Release