Rehabilitating Lochner

Defending Individual Rights Against Progressive Reform

Author: David E. Bernstein

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226043533

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 1053

In this timely reevaluation of an infamous Supreme Court decision, David E. Bernstein provides a compelling survey of the history and background of Lochner v. New York. This 1905 decision invalidated state laws limiting work hours and became the leading case contending that novel economic regulations were unconstitutional. Sure to be controversial, Rehabilitating Lochner argues that the decision was well grounded in precedent—and that modern constitutional jurisprudence owes at least as much to the limited-government ideas of Lochner proponents as to the more expansive vision of its Progressive opponents. Tracing the influence of this decision through subsequent battles over segregation laws, sex discrimination, civil liberties, and more, Rehabilitating Lochner argues not only that the court acted reasonably in Lochner, but that Lochner and like-minded cases have been widely misunderstood and unfairly maligned ever since.
Release

Hitlers amerikanisches Vorbild

Wie die USA die Rassengesetze der Nationalsozialisten inspirierten

Author: James Q. Whitman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406721400

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 9836

Als in Deutschland die Nationalsozialisten triumphieren, ist in den USA die hohe Zeit der „Jim-Crow-Gesetze“, mit denen die Diskriminierung der Schwarzen geltendes Recht wird. Eine zufällige Parallele? Was kaum zu glauben klingt, das dokumentiert der Rechtshistoriker James Q. Whitman unwiderleglich: Der Rassismus in den USA lieferte den Nazis Anschauungsmaterial für die Diskriminierung der Juden. Der Empfang durch die New Yorker Anwaltskammer sei „warm“ und „besonders befriedigend“ gewesen, befand Ludwig Fischer. Der Jurist, der 1947 hingerichtet wurde, war Leiter einer Delegation, die sich auf eine „Studienreise“ in die USA begeben hatte. Die Reise im September 1935 war als Belohnung für ein Jahr „harter Arbeit“ gedacht, das die Ausarbeitung der „Nürnberger Rassengesetze“ und die Überwindung „überholter“ Rechtsstandpunkte allen Beteiligten abverlangt hatte. Nun aber war man in dem Land, von dem man so viel gelernt hatte und von dem man noch mehr lernen wollte: Wie man Rassengesetze nicht nur macht, sondern auch wirksam umsetzt.
Release

Licensed to Practice

The Supreme Court Defines the American Medical Profession

Author: James C. Mohr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411423

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 5148

Licensed to Practice begins with an 1891 shooting in Wheeling, West Virginia, that left one doctor dead and another on trial for his life. Formerly close friends, the doctors had fallen out over the issue of medical licensing. Historian James C. Mohr calls the murder "a sorry personal consequence of the far larger and historically significant battle among West Virginia’s physicians over the future of their profession." Through most of the nineteenth century, anyone could call themselves a doctor and could practice medicine on whatever basis they wished. But an 1889 U.S. Supreme Court case, Dent v. West Virginia, effectively transformed medical practice from an unregulated occupation to a legally recognized profession. The political and legal battles that led up to the decision were unusually bitter—especially among physicians themselves—and the outcome was far from a foregone conclusion. So-called Regular physicians wanted to impose their own standards on the wide-open medical marketplace in which they and such non-Regulars as Thomsonians, Botanics, Hydropaths, Homeopaths, and Eclectics competed. The Regulars achieved their goal by persuading the state legislature to make it a crime for anyone to practice without a license from the Board of Health, which they controlled. When the high court approved that arrangement—despite constitutional challenges—the licensing precedents established in West Virginia became the bedrock on which the modern American medical structure was built. And those precedents would have profound implications. Thus does Dent, a little-known Supreme Court case, influence how Americans receive health care more than a hundred years after the fact.
Release

The Progressives' Century

Political Reform, Constitutional Government, and the Modern American State

Author: Stephen Skowronek,Stephen M. Engel,Bruce Ackerman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300225091

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6036

A landmark work on how the Progressive Era redefined the playing field for conservatives and liberals alike. During the 1912 presidential campaign, Progressivism emerged as an alternative to what was then considered an outmoded system of government. A century later, a new generation of conservatives criticizes Progressivism as having abandoned America’s founding values and miring the government in institutional gridlock. In this paradigm-shifting book, renowned contributors examine a broad range of issues, including Progressives’ interpretation of the Constitution, their expansion and redistribution of individual rights, and reforms meant to shift power from political parties to ordinary citizens.
Release

The American State from the Civil War to the New Deal

The Twilight of Constitutionalism and the Triumph of Progressivism

Author: Paul D. Moreno

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107032954

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 6879

The story of the breakdown of limited government in America and the rise of the federal state.
Release

Theodore and Woodrow

How Two American Presidents Destroyed Constitutional Freedom

Author: Andrew P. Napolitano

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1595554211

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 606

“Either the Constitution means what it says, or it doesn’t.” America’s founding fathers saw freedom as a part of our nature to be protected—not to be usurped by the federal government—and so enshrined separation of powers and guarantees of freedom in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. But a little over a hundred years after America’s founding, those God-given rights were laid siege by two presidents caring more about the advancement of progressive, redistributionist ideology than the principles on which America was founded. Theodore and Woodrow is Judge Andrew P. Napolitano’s shocking historical account of how a Republican and a Democratic president oversaw the greatest shift in power in American history, from a land built on the belief that authority should be left to the individuals and the states to a bloated, far-reaching federal bureaucracy, continuing to grow and consume power each day. With lessons rooted in history, Judge Napolitano shows the intellectually arrogant, anti-personal freedom, even racist progressive philosophy driving these men to poison the American system of government. And Americans still pay for their legacy—in the federal income, in state-prescribed compulsory education, in the Federal Reserve, in perpetual wars, and in the constant encroachment of a government that coddles special interests and discourages true competition in the marketplace. With his attention to detail, deep constitutional knowledge, and unwavering adherence to truth telling, Judge Napolitano moves through the history of these men and their times in office to show how American values and the Constitution were sadly set aside, leaving personal freedom as a shadow of its former self, in the grip of an insidious, Nanny state, progressive ideology.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency

Author: Jens Forssbaeck,Lars Oxelheim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394830

Category: Political Science

Page: 624

View: 2773

In recent years, the term 'transparency' has emerged as one of the most popular and keenly-touted concepts around. In the economic-political debate, the principle of transparency is often advocated as a prerequisite for accountability, legitimacy, policy efficiency, and good governance, as well as a universal remedy against corruption, corporate and political scandals, financial crises, and a host of other problems. But transparency is more than a mere catch-phrase. Increased transparency is a bearing ideal behind regulatory reform in many areas, including financial reporting and banking regulation. Individual governments as well as multilateral bodies have launched broad-based initiatives to enhance transparency in both economic and other policy domains. Parallel to these developments, the concept of transparency has seeped its way into academic research in a wide range of social science disciplines, including the economic sciences. This increased importance of transparency in economics and business studies has called for a reference work that surveys existing research on transparency and explores its meaning and significance in different areas. The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency is such a reference. Comprised of authoritative yet accessible contributions by leading scholars, this Handbook addresses questions such as: What is transparency? What is the rationale for transparency? What are the determinants and the effects of transparency? And is transparency always beneficial, or can it also be detrimental (if so, when)? The chapters are presented in three sections that correspond to three broad themes. The first section addresses transparency in different areas of economic policy. The second section covers institutional transparency and explores the role of transparency in market integration and regulation. Finally, the third section focuses on corporate transparency. Taken together, this volume offers an up-to-date account of existing work on and approaches to transparency in economic research, discusses open questions, and provides guidance for future research, all from a blend of disciplinary perspectives.
Release

The Case Against the Supreme Court

Author: Erwin Chemerinsky

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698176316

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 2039

A preeminent constitutional scholar offers a hard-hitting analysis of the Supreme Court over the last two hundred years Most Americans share the perception that the Supreme Court is objective, but Erwin Chemerinsky, one of the country’s leading constitutional lawyers, shows that this is nonsense and always has been. The Court is made up of fallible individuals who base decisions on their own biases. Today, the Roberts Court is promoting a conservative agenda under the guise of following a neutral methodology, but notorious decisions, such as Bush vs. Gore and Citizens United, are hardly recent exceptions. This devastating book details, case by case, how the Court has largely failed throughout American history at its most important tasks and at the most important times. Only someone of Chemerinsky’s stature and breadth of knowledge could take on this controversial topic. Powerfully arguing for term limits for justices and a reassessment of the institution as a whole, The Case Against the Supreme Court is a timely and important book that will be widely read and cited for decades to come. From the Hardcover edition.
Release

Hitlers Imperium

Europa unter der Herrschaft des Nationalsozialismus

Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406592713

Category: Europa

Page: 666

View: 649

Release

Kritik des Interventionismus

Untersuchungen zur Wirtschaftspolitik und Wirtschaftsideologie der Gegenwart

Author: Ludwig Von Mises

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3981600800

Category:

Page: 208

View: 4074

Release

Common law

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428121519

Category: Common law

Page: 423

View: 454

Release

Die Wut der arabischen Welt

warum der jahrhundertelange Konflikt zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen weiter eskaliert

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593373430

Category: Islam

Page: 192

View: 3551

Release

Lawless

The Obama Administration's Unprecedented Assault on the Constitution and the Rule of Law

Author: David E. Bernstein

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594038341

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 7040

In Lawless, George Mason University law professor David E. Bernstein provides a lively, scholarly account of how the Obama administration has undermined the Constitution and the rule of law. Lawless documents how President Barack Obama has presided over one constitutional debacle after another—Obamacare; unauthorized wars in the Middle East; attempts to strip property owners, college students, religious groups, and conservative political activists of their rights; and many more. Violating his own promises to respect the Constitution’s separation of powers, Obama brazenly ignores Congress when it won’t rubber-stamp his initiatives. “We can’t wait,” he intones when amending Obamacare on the fly or signing a memo legalizing millions of illegal immigrants, as if Congress doing its job as a coequal branch of government somehow permits the president to rule like a dictator, free from the Constitution’s checks and balances. President Obama has also presided over the bold and rampant lawlessness of his underlings. Harry Truman famously said, “The buck stops here.” When confronted with allegations that his administration’s actions are illegal, Obama responds, “So sue me.” Lawless shows how President Obama has betrayed not only the Constitution but also his own stated principles. In the process, he has done serious and potentially permanent damage to our constitutional system. As America swings into election season, it will have to grapple with finding a president who can repair Obama’s lawless legacy.
Release

Praktische Induktion

Author: Elijah Millgram

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897852235

Category: Induction (Logic)

Page: 192

View: 2338

Release

Recht und Moral

Author: Hans Jörg Sandkühler (Hg.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787331107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 5830

Zwischen Rechtsverständnissen, nach denen es nur juridische, nicht aber moralische Rechte geben kann, und einem individualethischen Ansatz, nach dem Personen moralische Rechte haben, gibt es einen anhaltenden Streit. Im Kontext mit der Bestimmung des Verhältnisses von Recht und Moral gibt es darüber hinaus ein zweites Spannungsfeld: die Frage, ob das Recht einer Begründung durch Moral bedarf, wenn es nicht nur auf Legalität, sondern auch auf Legitimität Anspruch erheben will. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes sind - kontrovers - Differenzierungen zwischen Recht, Moral und Ethik und den Fragen gewidmet, wie sich Moral und Recht zueinander verhalten und ob moralische Ansprüche als Rechte verstanden werden können. Weitere Themen sind Gründe für die Transformation moralischer Ansprüche in positives Recht, der moralische Inhalt und die positiv-rechtliche Form der Menschen- und Grundrechte und philosophische Wege zu Ethik und Recht am Beispiel der gegenwärtigen arabisch-islamischen Philosophie. Inhalt: Hans Jörg Sandkühler: Moral und Recht? Recht oder Moral? Zur Einführung -.- Dietmar von der Pfordten: Zur Differenzierung von Recht, Moral und Ethik -.- Georg Mohr: Gibt es moralische Rechte? -.- Dagmar Borchers: Moralische Rechte - wie steht der Utilitarismus heute dazu? -.- Sarhan Dhouib: Philosophische Wege zu Ethik und Recht. Beispiele aus derarabisch-islamischen Philosophie der Gegenwart -.- Georg Lohmann: Die moralische und die juridische Dimension der Menschenrechte -.- Heiner Bielefeldt: Menschenwürde: der Grund der Menschenrechte -.- Herlinde Pauer-Studer: Verletzung von Menschenrechten.
Release