Reading and Understanding Research

Author: Lawrence F. Locke,Stephen J. Silverman,Waneen Wyrick Spirduso

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343286

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 9689

Ideal for students, novice researchers, or professionals, this indispensable resource serves as a road map for readers who need to analyze and apply research findings. It helps them think critically about the credibility of what they are reading by showing them how to identify problems and develop constructive questions. Key Features Assumes no prior knowledge of research procedures Provides readers with a step-by-step format for decoding the complex language and formats used in reports and reviews Includes the most common formats for both quantitative and qualitative inquiry Offers both illustrative examples and powerful training exercises Gives specific attention to strategies for critically appraising reported research Presents completely updated references as well as an annotated bibliography Intended Audience This text is appropriate for both upper-level undergraduate and graduate students across the social sciences enrolled in introductory research courses as well as students in professional preparation programs.
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Statistics in Medicine

Author: Robert H. Riffenburgh

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123848652

Category: Science

Page: 738

View: 7798

Statistics in Medicine, Third Edition makes medical statistics easy to understand by students, practicing physicians, and researchers. The book begins with databases from clinical medicine and uses such data to give multiple worked-out illustrations of every method. The text opens with how to plan studies from conception to publication and what to do with your data, and follows with step-by-step instructions for biostatistical methods from the simplest levels (averages, bar charts) progressively to the more sophisticated methods now being seen in medical articles (multiple regression, noninferiority testing). Examples are given from almost every medical specialty and from dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, and health care management. A preliminary guide is given to tailor sections of the text to various lengths of biostatistical courses. User-friendly format includes medical examples, step-by-step methods, and check-yourself exercises appealing to readers with little or no statistical background, across medical and biomedical disciplines Facilitates stand-alone methods rather than a required sequence of reading and references to prior text Covers trial randomization, treatment ethics in medical research, imputation of missing data, evidence-based medical decisions, how to interpret medical articles, noninferiority testing, meta-analysis, screening number needed to treat, and epidemiology Fills the gap left in all other medical statistics books between the reader’s knowledge of how to go about research and the book’s coverage of how to analyze results of that research New in this Edition: New chapters on planning research, managing data and analysis, Bayesian statistics, measuring association and agreement, and questionnaires and surveys New sections on what tests and descriptive statistics to choose, false discovery rate, interim analysis, bootstrapping, Bland-Altman plots, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), and Deming regression Expanded coverage on probability, statistical methods and tests relatively new to medical research, ROC curves, experimental design, and survival analysis 35 Databases in Excel format used in the book and can be downloaded and transferred into whatever format is needed along with PowerPoint slides of figures, tables, and graphs from the book included on the companion site, http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123848642 Medical subject index offers additional search capabilities
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Reading Statistics and Research

Author: Schuyler W. Huck,William Henry Cormier,William G. Bounds

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 387

View: 7607

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Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis, Second Edition

Author: Simon P. Washington,Matthew G. Karlaftis,Fred L. Mannering

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142008285X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 3015

The complexity, diversity, and random nature of transportation problems necessitates a broad analytical toolbox. Describing tools commonly used in the field, Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis, Second Edition provides an understanding of a broad range of analytical tools required to solve transportation problems. It includes a wide breadth of examples and case studies covering applications in various aspects of transportation planning, engineering, safety, and economics. After a solid refresher on statistical fundamentals, the book focuses on continuous dependent variable models and count and discrete dependent variable models. Along with an entirely new section on other statistical methods, this edition offers a wealth of new material. New to the Second Edition A subsection on Tobit and censored regressions An explicit treatment of frequency domain time series analysis, including Fourier and wavelets analysis methods New chapter that presents logistic regression commonly used to model binary outcomes New chapter on ordered probability models New chapters on random-parameter models and Bayesian statistical modeling New examples and data sets Each chapter clearly presents fundamental concepts and principles and includes numerous references for those seeking additional technical details and applications. To reinforce a practical understanding of the modeling techniques, the data sets used in the text are offered on the book’s CRC Press web page. PowerPoint and Word presentations for each chapter are also available for download.
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The Cambridge Guide to Research in Language Teaching and Learning

Author: James Dean Brown,Christine Coombe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110748555X

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 328

View: 5046

This book provides an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of research methods in second-language teaching and learning, from experts in the field. The Cambridge Guide to Research in Language Teaching and Learning covers 36 core areas of second-language research, organised into four main sections: Primary Considerations; Getting Ready; Doing the Research; Research Contexts. Presenting in-depth but easy to understand theoretical overviews, along with practical advice, the volume is aimed at 'students of research', including pre-service and in-service language teachers who are interested in research methods, as well as those studying research methods in Bachelor, MA, or PhD graduate programs around the world.
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Ordered Data Analysis, Modeling and Health Research Methods

In Honor of H. N. Nagaraja's 60th Birthday

Author: Pankaj K. Choudhary,Chaitra H. Nagaraja,Hon Keung Tony Ng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319254332

Category: Mathematics

Page: 265

View: 9707

This volume presents an eclectic mix of original research articles in areas covering the analysis of ordered data, stochastic modeling and biostatistics. These areas were featured in a conference held at the University of Texas at Dallas from March 7 to 9, 2014 in honor of Professor H. N. Nagaraja’s 60th birthday and his distinguished contributions to statistics. The articles were written by leading experts who were invited to contribute to the volume from among the conference participants. The volume is intended for all researchers with an interest in order statistics, distribution theory, analysis of censored data, stochastic modeling, time series analysis, and statistical methods for the health sciences, including statistical genetics.
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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

An Introductory Guide

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 075912342X

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 4822

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.
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International Handbook of Research in Statistics Education

Author: Dani Ben-Zvi,Katie Makar,Joan Garfield

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319661957

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 7546

This handbook connects the practice of statistics to the teaching and learning of the subject with contributions from experts in several disciplines. Chapters present current challenges and methods of statistics education in the changing world for statistics and mathematics educators. Issues addressed include current and future challenges in professional development of teachers, use of technology tools, design of learning environments and appropriate student assessments. This handbook presents challenging and inspiring international research perspectives on the history and nature, current issues, and future directions of statistics education and statistics education research.
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Conducting and Reading Research in Health and Human Performance

Statistics, Research methods

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467231347

Category: Education

Page: 24

View: 5817

Facts101 is your complete guide to Conducting and Reading Research in Health and Human Performance. In this book, you will learn topics such as PART III: Chapter 11 - Chapter 17, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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Case Studies in Bayesian Statistics

Author: Constantine Gatsonis,James S. Hodges,Robert E. Kass,Nozer D. Singpurwalla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461227143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 646

The past few years have witnessed dramatic advances in computational methods for Bayesian inference. As a result, Bayesian approaches to solving a wide variety of problems in data analysis and decision-making have become feasible, and there is currently a growth spurt in the application of Bayesian methods. The purpose of this volume is to present several detailed examples of applications of Bayesian thinking, with an emphasis on the scientific or technological context of the problem being solved. The papers collected here were presented and discussed at a Workshop held at Carnegie-Mellon University, September 29 through October 1, 1991. There are five ma jor articles, each with two discussion pieces and a reply. These articles were invited by us following a public solicitation of abstracts. The problems they address are diverse, but all bear on policy decision-making. Though not part of our original design for the Workshop, that commonality of theme does emphasize the usefulness of Bayesian meth ods in this arena. Along with the invited papers were several additional commentaries of a general nature; the first comment was invited and the remainder grew out of the discussion at the Workshop. In addition there are nine contributed papers, selected from the thirty-four presented at the Workshop, on a variety of applications. This collection of case studies illustrates the ways in which Bayesian methods are being incorporated into statistical practice. The strengths (and limitations) of the approach become apparent through the examples.
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Data Collection and Analysis

Author: Roger Sapsford,Victor Jupp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 184860503X

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 569

In simple and non-technical terms, the Second Edition of Data Collection and Analysis illustrates a wide range of techniques and approaches used in social research projects. Always accessible and engaging, this comprehensive text covers both quantitative and qualitative approaches to data collection and analysis in social research, considering both the structure and logic of research projects and the ethics and politics of research. A wide range of examples illustrate the text and a set of exercises runs throughout the book to aid the reader in understanding and planning research projects. Building on the strengths of the First Edition, this new and expanded version includes: - The addition of chapter introductions, summaries and key terms to guide the reader through the text - Three brand new chapters focusing on: research and information on the Net; discourse research; ethnographic and discursive qualitative analysis - Up-to-date examples of research in action - New material on questionnaire design, composite measurement and techniques of quantitative and qualitative interviewing An invaluable guide for students from across the social sciences, this wide-ranging volume is also a key resource for practitioners in a variety of applied areas including nursing, social work, the criminal justice system, teaching and education.
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Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach

Author: Sherri L. Jackson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465385

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 5269

RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS: A CRITICAL THINKING APPROACH, 5th Edition, successfully illustrates the integration between statistics and research methods by demonstrating the ways to use statistics in analyzing data collected during research. Jackson's combined text adopts an inviting narrative style that speaks directly to students and draws them into the material, helping them overcome the initial apprehension they may feel at having to learn both subject areas at once. Focusing on the logic of the process and the methodology aspect of research, Jackson incorporates a student-friendly critical-thinking approach and presents examples and exercises to which students can relate. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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To Read Or Not to Read: A Question of National Consequence

Executive Summary

Author: Dana Gioia

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781422399965

Category:

Page: 20

View: 6868

Executive Summary for a report which gathers & collates the best national data available to provide a reliable & comprehensive overview of American reading today. This report relies on large, nat. studies conducted on a regular basis by U.S. fed. agencies, supplemented by academic, foundation, & business surveys. Although there has been measurable progress in recent years in reading ability at the elementary school level, all progress appears to halt as children enter their teenage years. There is a general decline in reading among teenage & adult Americans. Both reading ability & the habit of regular reading have greatly declined among college grad. The declines have demonstrable social, economic, cultural, & civic implications. Charts & tables.
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Communication Research Statistics

Author: John C. Reinard

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506320481

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 600

View: 6705

While most books on statistics seem to be written as though targeting other statistics professors, John Reinard's Communication Research Statistics is especially impressive because it is clearly intended for the student reader, filled with unusually clear explanations and with illustrations on the use of SPSS. I enjoyed reading this lucid, student-friendly book and expect students will benefit enormously from its content and presentation. Well done!" --John C. Pollock, The College of New Jersey Written in an accessible style using straightforward and direct language, Communication Research Statistics guides students through the statistics actually used in most empirical research undertaken in communication studies. This introductory textbook is the only work in communication that includes details on statistical analysis of data with a full set of data analysis instructions based on SPSS 12 and Excel XP.
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Principles and Practice of Research

Strategies for Surgical Investigators

Author: H. Troidl,W.O. Spitzer,B. McPeek,david mulder,Martin F. Bach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642969429

Category: Medical

Page: 381

View: 6257

emerging on the surgical scene to challenge or For some readers, the title of this book will im thodoxy. Although these innovations are often mediately raise the question, what exactly is greeted with great optimism, a factual basis for meant by surgical research? In the very broadest that enthusiasm is sometimes far from secure sense the term can be taken to include all en and much further work is frequently required to deavors, however elementary or limited in discover whether we are dealing with genuine scope, to advance surgical knowledge. Ideally, advances or not. it refers to well-organized attempts to establish The most exciting and attractive scenario for on a proper scientific basis, i. e. , to place beyond surgical research is unquestionably one that de reasonable doubt, the truth or otherwise of any picts a successful attempt by a researcher to es concepts, old or new, within the ambit of sur gery, and, of course, anaesthesia. tablish the accuracy of some bold innovation for which he himself is responsible. Joseph Lister, The methods used to achieve that end vary demonstrating by clinical trial that wound sup enormously, depending on the issue being in vestigated.
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100 Questions (and Answers) About Research Methods

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412992036

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 743

How do I create a good research hypothesis? How do I know when my literature review is finished? What is the difference between a sample and a population? What is power and why is it important? In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand the process of research. This invaluable guide answers the essential questions that students ask about research methods in a concise and accessible way.
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Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics-Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education

A Joint ICMI/IASE Study: The 18th ICMI Study

Author: Carmen Batanero,Gail Burrill,Chris Reading

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400711310

Category: Education

Page: 425

View: 8015

Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics-Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education results from the Joint ICMI/IASE Study Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics: Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education. Oriented to analyse the teaching of statistics in school and to recommend improvements in the training of mathematics teachers to encourage success in preparing statistically literate students, the volume provides a picture of the current situation in both the teaching of school statistics and the pre-service education of mathematics teachers. A primary goal of Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics-Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education is to describe the essential elements of statistics, teacher’s professional knowledge and their learning experiences. Moreover, a research agenda that invites new research, while building from current knowledge, is developed. Recommendations about strategies and materials, available to train prospective teachers in university and in-service teachers who have not been adequately prepared, are also accessible to the reader.
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Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences

Author: Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317674413

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 9088

Whilst the ‘health sciences’ are a broad and diverse area, and includes public health, primary care, health psychology, psychiatry and epidemiology, the research methods and data analysis skills required to analyse them are very similar. Moreover, the ability to appraise and conduct research is emphasised within the health sciences – and students are expected increasingly to do both. Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences presents a balanced blend of quantitative research methods, and the most widely used techniques for collecting and analysing data in the health sciences. Highly practical in nature, the book guides you, step-by-step, through the research process, and covers both the consumption and the production of research and data analysis. Divided into the three strands that run throughout quantitative health science research – critical numbers, critical appraisal of existing research, and conducting new research – this accessible textbook introduces: Descriptive statistics Measures of association for categorical and continuous outcomes Confounding, effect modification, mediation and causal inference Critical appraisal Searching the literature Randomised controlled trials Cohort studies Case-control studies Research ethics and data management Dissemination and publication Linear regression for continuous outcomes Logistic regression for categorical outcomes. A dedicated companion website offers additional teaching and learning resources for students and lecturers, including screenshots, R programming code, and extensive self-assessment material linked to the book’s exercises and activities. Clear and accessible with a comprehensive coverage to equip the reader with an understanding of the research process and the practical skills they need to collect and analyse data, it is essential reading for all undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health and medical sciences.
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Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 7357

Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.
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