Quantum Physics

An Introduction

Author: J Manners

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750307208

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 410

Quantum Physics: An Introduction guides you through the profound revolution in scientific thinking that overthrew classical physics in favor of quantum physics. The book discusses the basic ideas of quantum physics and explains its power in predicting the behavior of matter on the atomic scale, including the emission of light by atoms (spectra) and the operation of lasers. It also elucidates why the interpretation of quantum physics is still the subject of intense debate among scientists.
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Quantum Physics

Illusion or Reality?

Author: Alastair Rae

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107394481

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 358

Quantum physics is believed to be the fundamental theory underlying our understanding of the physical universe. However, it is based on concepts and principles that have always been difficult to understand and controversial in their interpretation. This book aims to explain these issues using a minimum of technical language and mathematics. After a brief introduction to the ideas of quantum physics, the problems of interpretation are identified and explained. The rest of the book surveys, describes and criticises a range of suggestions that have been made with the aim of resolving these problems; these include the traditional, or 'Copenhagen' interpretation, the possible role of the conscious mind in measurement and the postulate of parallel universes. This new edition has been revised throughout to take into account developments in this field over the past fifteen years, including the idea of 'consistent histories' to which a completely new chapter is devoted.
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Chaos and quantum physics

Author: Marie-Joya Giannoni,André Voros,Jean Zinn-Justin

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: 9780444892775

Category: Science

Page: 795

View: 1441

In the last decade the understanding of the relations between classical and quantum mechanics has advanced tremendously and the following broad themes are dealt with in this book:- bull; random matrices: a resurgence of an old theory brought in from nuclear physics, now the standard for analysing "signatures" of classical chaos in quantum systems; bull; the complex quantum behaviour of driven Hamiltonian systems and localization phenomena; bull; chaos in scattering systems and the properties of S -matrices; bull; spectra of quantum systems whose classical analogues are the geodesic flows on negatively curved compact manifolds; bull; the wealth of properties of wave functions for classically chaotic systems; bull; the rise and growth of the concept of chaos in all sectors of "physics of microscopic media": nuclear, atomic, molecular, solid-state physics.
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Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists

Fundamental Principles and Applications for Biologists, Chemists, Computer Scientists, and Nanotechnologists

Author: Paul Sanghera

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470922699

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 805

Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is a self-contained, comprehensive review of this complex branch of science. The book demystifies difficult concepts and views the subject through non-physics fields such as computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. It explains key concepts and phenomena in the language of non-physics majors and with simple math, assuming no prior knowledge of the topic. This cohesive book begins with the wavefunction to develop the basic principles of quantum mechanics such as the uncertainty principle and wave-particle duality. Comprehensive coverage of quantum theory is presented, supported by experimental results and explained through applications and examples without the use of abstract and complex mathematical tools or formalisms. From there, the book: Takes the mystery out of the Schrodinger equation, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, by applying it to atoms Shows how quantum mechanics explains the periodic table of elements Introduces the quantum mechanical concept of spin and spin quantum number, along with Pauli's Exclusion Principle regarding the occupation of quantum states Addresses quantum states of molecules in terms of rotation and vibration of diatomic molecules Explores the interface between classical statistical mechanics and quantum statistical mechanics Discusses quantum mechanics as a common thread through different fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology Each chapter features real-world applications of one or more quantum mechanics principles. "Study Checkpoints" and problems with solutions are presented throughout to make difficult concepts easy to understand. In addition, pictures, tables, and diagrams with full explanations are used to present data and further explain difficult concepts. This book is designed as a complete course in quantum mechanics for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in non-physics majors. It also applies to courses such as modern physics, physical chemistry and nanotechnology. The material is also accessible to scientists, engineers, and technologists working in the fields of computer science, biology, chemistry, engineering, and nanotechnology.
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Quantum Mechanics

With 128 Worked Examples and Problems

Author: Walter Greiner,Professor at the Institute of Theoretical Physics Walter Greiner,Berndt Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540580805

Category: Computers

Page: 496

View: 8362

From the reviews: "[…] A student who works through the examples will be in an excellent position to calculate the consequences of symmetry in atomic, nuclear and particles systems." American Journal of Physics
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Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics

Author: M. Ferrero,Alwyn van der Merwe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792336709

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 9503

For many physicists quantum theory contains strong conceptual difficulties, while for others the apparent conclusions about the reality of our physical world and the ways in which we discover that reality remain philosophically unacceptable. This book focuses on recent theoretical and experimental developments in the foundations of quantum physics, including topics such as the puzzles and paradoxes which appear when general relativity and quantum mechanics are combined; the emergence of classical properties from quantum mechanics; stochastic electrodynamics; EPR experiments and Bell's Theorem; the consistent histories approach and the problem of datum uniqueness in quantum mechanics; non-local measurements and teleportation of quantum states; quantum non-demolition measurements in optics and matter wave properties observed by neutron, electron and atomic interferometry. Audience: This volume is intended for graduate students of physics and those interested in the foundations of quantum theory.
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Quantum Physics For Dummies

Author: Steven Holzner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118460863

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 7779

Quantum Physics For Dummies, Revised Edition helps makequantum physics understandable and accessible. From what quantumphysics can do for the world to understanding hydrogen atoms,readers will get complete coverage of the subject, along withnumerous examples to help them tackle the tough equations.Compatible with classroom text books and courses, QuantumPhysics For Dummies, Revised Edition lets students study attheir own paces and helps them prepare for graduate or professionalexams. Coverage includes: The Schrodinger Equation and its Applications The Foundations of Quantum Physics Vector Notation Spin Scattering Theory, Angular Momentum, and more Your plain-English guide to understanding and working withthe micro world Quantum physics — also called quantum mechanics or quantumfield theory — can be daunting for even the most dedicatedstudent or enthusiast of science, math, or physics. This friendly,concise guide makes this challenging subject understandable andaccessible, from atoms to particles to gases and beyond. Plus, it'spacked with fully explained examples to help you tackle the trickyequations like a pro! Compatible with any classroom course — study at your ownpace and prepare for graduate or professional exams Your journey begins here — understand what quantumphysics is and what kinds of problems it can solve Know the basic math — from state vectors to quantummatrix manipulations, get the foundation you need to proceed Put quantum physics to work — make sense ofSchrödinger's equation and handle particles bound in squarewells and harmonic oscillators Solve problems in three dimensions — use the fulloperators to handle wave functions and eigenvectors to find thenatural wave functions of a system Discover the latest research — learn the cutting-edgequantum physics theories that aim to explain the universeitself
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Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Physics

An Overview from Modern Perspectives

Author: Dipankar Home

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306456602

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 1861

Provides an overview of the present status of the foundational issues of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with a focus on the need to go beyond the standard interpretation. Emphasizes conceptual issues and careful explanations of how a number of these problems have become amenable to precise quanti
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Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics?

Author: Avshalom C. Elitzur,Shahar Dolev,Nancy Kolenda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540266690

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 315

Each contribution is an article in itself, and great effort has been made by the authors to be lucid and not too technical. A few brief highlights of the round-table discussions are given between the chapters. Topics include: Quantum non-locality, the measurement problem, quantum insights into relativity, cosmology and thermodynamics, and possible bearings of quantum mechanics to biology and consciousness. Authors include Yakir Aharanov and Anton Zeilinger, plus Nobel laureates Anthony J. Leggett (2003) and Gerardus ‘t Hooft (1999). Foreword written by Sir Roger Penrose, best-selling author (The Emperor's New Mind) and world-renowned mathematical physicist.
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Quantum Physics

A Text for Graduate Students

Author: Roger G. Newton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387227415

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 3055

Develops quantum theory from its basic assumptions, beginning with statics, followed by dynamics and details of applications and the needed computational techniques. Most of the book deals with particle systems, as that is where most of the applications lie; the treatment of quantum field theory is confined to fundamental ideas and their consequences.
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Quantum Physics

A Functional Integral Point of View

Author: James Glimm,Arthur Jaffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461247284

Category: Science

Page: 535

View: 6992

Describes fifteen years' work which has led to the construc- tion of solutions to non-linear relativistic local field e- quations in 2 and 3 space-time dimensions. Gives proof of the existence theorem in 2 dimensions and describes many properties of the solutions.
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Quantum Physics

What Everyone Needs to Know

Author: Michael Raymer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190250712

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9798

"In question & answer format, discusses the history, science, applications, and relevant current issues of quantum physics in an accessible way for the non-scientist"--
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Quantum Physics: A First Encounter

Interference, Entanglement, and Reality

Author: Valerio Scarani

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606979

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 6855

Quantum physics is often perceived as a weird and abstract theory, which physicists must use in order to make correct predictions. But many recent experiments have shown that the weirdness of the theory simply mirrors the weirdness of phenomena: it is Nature itself, and not only our description of it, that behaves in an astonishing way. This book selects those, among these typical quantum phenomena, whose rigorous description requires neither the formalism, nor an important background in physics. The first part of the book deals with the phenomenon of single-particle interference, covering the historical questions of wave-particle duality, objective randomness and the boundary between the quantum and the classical world, but also the recent idea of quantum cryptography. The second part introduces the modern theme of entanglement, by presenting two-particle interference phenomena and discussing Bell's inequalities. A concise review of the main interpretations of quantum physics is provided.
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Quantum Physics, Chaos Theory, and Cosmology

Author: Mikio Namiki

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9781563965449

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 5767

General relativity and quantum theory were born early in the 20th Century, and revolutionized the study of physics. The papers in this book -- contributed by such well-known figures as J. A. Wheeler, K. Thorne, and I. Prigogine -- investigate the uncharted territory at the boundary between relativity and quantum theory, where researchers are working hard to find some common ground for these two pillars of modern science. Also taken up by these imaginative researchers is the emergent field of quantum chaos. Rounding out the presentation are discussions of the latest experimental results that help guide the search for quantum gravity and quantum chaos. The unifying principle for the book lies in the cosmological implications arising from this research, which is conducted at the outer limits of physics.
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QUANTUM MECHANICS

Author: R. K. SRIVASTAVA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120332737

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 9129

Quantum Mechanics has wide applications in experimental physics and theoretical physics, and this book aims at presenting the fundamentals of quantum mechanics in a clear and concise manner. Primarily intended as a textbook for the postgraduate students of physics, it provides a discussion of the physical concepts to introduce the readers to quantum mechanics. The text begins with the formulation of Schrödinger wave mechanics. Then it moves on to give insights into Heisenberg matrix formulation, Dirac notations, Pauli theory of spin and semi-classical theory of radiation. It concludes with the relativistic theory of a single particle and elements of second quantisation including the interaction of radiation with matter. Key Features  Comprehensive and lucid discussion on the fundamentals of quantum mechanics.  Chapter-end exercises enable to test the conceptual understanding and analytical skills of the students.
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Operational Quantum Physics

Author: Paul Busch,Marian Grabowski,Pekka J. Lahti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540593586

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 1405

Operational Quantum Physics offers a systematic presentation of quantum mechanics which makes exhaustive use of the full probabilistic structure of this theory. Accordingly the notion of an observable as a positive operator valued (POV) measure is explained in great detail, and the ensuing quantum measurement theory is developed and applied both to a resolution of long-standing conceptual and interpretational puzzles in the foundations of quantum mechanics, and to an analysis of various recent fundamental experiments. The book, or different parts of it, may be of interest to advanced students or researchers in quantum physics, to philosophers of physics, and to mathematicians working in operator valued measures.
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Quantum Physics

Author: Michel Le Bellac

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139450794

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4172

Quantum physics allows us to understand the nature of the physical phenomena which govern the behavior of solids, semi-conductors, lasers, atoms, nuclei, subnuclear particles and light. In Quantum Physics, Le Bellac provides a thoroughly modern approach to this fundamental theory. Throughout the book, Le Bellac teaches the fundamentals of quantum physics using an original approach which relies primarily on an algebraic treatment and on the systematic use of symmetry principles. In addition to the standard topics such as one-dimensional potentials, angular momentum and scattering theory, the reader is introduced to more recent developments at an early stage. These include a detailed account of entangled states and their applications, the optical Bloch equations, the theory of laser cooling and of magneto-optical traps, vacuum Rabi oscillations and an introduction to open quantum systems. This is a textbook for a modern course on quantum physics, written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
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Mathematical Methods of Quantum Physics: 2nd Jagna International Workshop

Essays in Honor of Professor Hiroshi Ezawa

Author: C C Bernido,M V Carpio-Bernido,K Nakamura,K. Watanabe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056992118

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 9817

Articles are presented, covering a wide range of topics in the mathematical methods of quantum physics. These include infinite dimensional analysis based on white noise, operator algebra methods, Feynman path integrals, quantum mechanics on non-simply connected spaces, recent results in supersymmetric theories, stochastic and quantum dynamics, Yang-Baxter systems, statistical physics, thermo field dynamics, and quantum field theory. The essays are based on lectures contributed for the Second Jagna International Workshop held in honour of Prof. Hiroshi Ezawa, a distinguished physicist, educator, and former president of the Physical Society of Japan.
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