Economic and Policy Perspectives
Author: Albertina Dias,Bror Salmelin,David Pereira,Miguel Sales Dias
View: 5723This book gathers a diverse range of novel research on modeling innovation policies for sustainable economic development, based on a selection of papers from a conference on modeling innovation systems and technologies (MIST). It aims at encouraging interdisciplinary and comparative approaches, bringing together researchers and professionals interested in sustainable economic, technological development and open innovation, as well as their dissemination and practical application. The respective contributions explore a variety of topics and cases, including regional innovation policy, the effects of open innovation on firms, innovation and sustainability in tourism, and the use of information and communication technologies. All chapters share a strong focus on new research and innovation methodologies, in keeping with the Experimentation and Application Research (EAR) and Open Innovation 2.0 principles.
Author: C. A. Brebbia,D. De Wrachien,S. Mambretti
Publisher: WIT Press
View: 7344The book contains papers presented at the fourth in a series of biennial International Conferences dealing with the Monitoring, Simulation, Prevention and Remediation of Dense and Debris Flow. The papers deal with erosion and slope instability, sediment transport, debris flow and debris flood data acquisition, debris flow phenomenology and laboratory tests, using the most advanced, state-of-the-art methodologies in monitoring, modelling, mechanics, hazard prediction and risk assessment of debris flow phenomena.
Environmental, Social and Cultural Aspects
Author: Douglas Paton,Saut Sagala, Ph.D.
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Category: Climate change mitigation
View: 1016Indonesia's history of disasters, and particularly the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, triggered numerous changes not only to Indonesian disaster management and its associated legislative frameworks, but also to its community-based initiatives. The citizens face many challenges from diverse, complex and evolving hazards, emanating from geological, terrestrial, hydro-meteorological hazards, and climate change. This book discusses several ways in which strategies utilizing environmental, livelihood, social, and cultural resources can be used to develop effective disaster risk reduction designed to sustain social, cultural and economic life in Indonesia. A key focus is understanding the capabilities, processes and relationships of everyday life, and developing them to ensure that disaster reduction strategies can be incorporated into mainstream community life in urban, rural, and island settings. The following topics are featured: disaster reduction and developing an Indonesian perspective; the adaptation by farmers in dealing with climate change; promoting adaptive capacity of coastal communities to climate change; community resilience to the Mount Merapi volcanic disaster; community vulnerability to health and water hazards in Semarang; the mobility and livelihood of small islands; the national climate change perspective into flood management practice; food security, carbon management and climate risk reduction; water management strategy for resilience; cultural heritage to increase community resilience; local wisdom and community resilience; cultural drivers of disaster risk reduction behavior and the case of Pulau Simeulue; rethinking resilience, culture and disasters; community disaster recovery after the 2010 Mount Merapi eruption; seizing opportunities for change towards sustainability during disaster recovery and the case of Aceh, Indonesia; and the overall disaster reduction in Indonesia and moving forward. The purpose of this text is to highlight the importance of strategies that encompass the local, regional, and national levels of analysis which seeks to ensure all stakeholders play important roles in the development and implementation of disaster risk reduction strategies. This book will serve as an outstanding resource for practitioners and academics to adopt an integrative approach to develop the functional beliefs, knowledge, relationships and actions that Indonesia and its citizens need to thrive and prosper in increasingly hazardous times.
Author: Sako Musterd,Zoltán Kovács
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 945Urban policy makers are increasingly striving to strengthen the economic competitiveness of their cities. Currently, they do that mainly in the field of the creative knowledge economy - arts, media, entertainment, creative business services, architecture, publishing, design; and ICT, R&D, finance, and law. This book is about the policies that help to realise such objectives: policies driven by classic location theory, cluster policies, ‘creative class’ policies aimed at attracting talent, as well as policies that connect to pathways, place and personal networks. The experiences and policy strategies of 13 city-regions across Europe have been investigated: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Budapest, Dublin, Helsinki, Leipzig, Milan, Munich, Poznan, Riga, Sofia and Toulouse. All have different histories and roles: capital cities and secondary cities; cities with different economies and industries; port-based cities and land-locked cities. And all 13 have different cultural, political and welfare state traditions. Through this wide set of contexts, Place-making and Policies for Competitive Citiescontributes to the debate about the development of creative knowledge cities, their economic growth and competitiveness and advocates the development of context-sensitive tailored approaches. Chapter authors from the 13 European cities rigorously evaluate, reformulate and test assumptions behind old and new policies. This solidly-grounded and policy-focused study on the urban policy of place-making highlights practices for different contexts in managing knowledge-intensive cities and, by drawing on the varied experiences from across Europe, it establishes the state-of-the-art for both academic and policy debates in a fast-moving field.
Firms, Cities, Territories
Author: Augusto Cusinato,Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos
Category: Business & Economics
View: 758This book introduces a radically spatialised approach to knowledge creation and innovation. Reflecting on an array of European urban and regional developments, it offers an updated notion of milieu as the conceptual and material space of knowledge and innovation in line with the interpretative turn in social sciences and humanities. In view of the unwillingness of mainstream economics to accommodate such a trend, the authors pursue a broadly understood hermeneutic approach that expands on the triad of knowledge-space-innovation. The book’s main findings are that space is an essential intermediary in the connection between knowledge and innovation, and that a renewed notion of milieu provides the knowledge-space-innovation triad with both an analytical basis and operational power. It also offers fresh insights into the significance and potential of the knowledge economy. A number of empirical European case studies on various scales (organisations, cities and territories) support the findings and suggest new policy directions.
Author: Jean Dubé,Di?go Legros
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 773This book provides an introduction to spatial analyses concerning disaggregated (or micro) spatial data. Particular emphasis is put on spatial data compilation and the structuring of the connections between the observations. Descriptive analysis methods of spatial data are presented in order to identify and measure the spatial, global and local dependency. The authors then focus on autoregressive spatial models, to control the problem of spatial dependency between the residues of a basic linear statistical model, thereby contravening one of the basic hypotheses of the ordinary least squares approach. This book is a popularized reference for students looking to work with spatialized data, but who do not have the advanced statistical theoretical basics.
Author: John Boardman,Jean Poesen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 7947Provides a unique and comprehensive assessment of soil erosion throughout Europe, an important aspect to control and manage if landscapes are to be sustained for the future. Written in two parts, Soil Erosion in Europe primarily focuses on current issues, area specific soil erosion rates, on and off-site impacts, government responses, soil conservation measures, and soil erosion risk maps. The first part overviews the erosion processes and the problems encountered within each European country, whilst the second section takes a cross-cutting theme approach. Based on an EU-funded project that has been running for four years with erosion scientists from 19 countries Reviews contemporary erosion processes and rates on arable and rangeland in Europe Looks at current issues, such as socio-economic drivers, controlling factors specific to the country and changes in land use
Theory and Practice through Mapping
Author: Sandra Lach Arlinghaus,Joseph J. Kerski
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 8997In terms of statistics, GIS offers many connections. With GIS, data are gathered, displayed, summarized, examined, and interpreted to discover patterns. Spatial Mathematics: Theory and Practice through Mapping uses GIS as a platform to teach mathematical concepts and skills through visualization of numbers. It examines theory and practice from disparate academic disciplines such as geography, mathematics, physics, and general social science. This approach allows students to grapple with biodiversity, crime, natural hazards, climate, energy, water, and other relevant real-world issues of the twenty-first century. Includes QR Codes Linked to Animated Maps, a Mapping Activity Site, or to an Interactive Webpage, Creating an Interactive Resource That Stays Relevant The book integrates competing philosophical views of the world: synthesis and analysis. These two approaches yield different results and employ different tools. This book considers both approaches to looking at real-world issues that have mathematics as a critical, but often unseen, component. This approach shows readers how to use mathematics to consider the broad problem at hand and to explore diverse realms in the worlds of geography and mathematics and in their interface. A truly interdisciplinary text, the book bridges the worlds of mathematics and geography and demonstrates how they are inextricably linked. It takes advantage of the convergence in citizen science, STEM education, and mapping that help readers become critical consumers of data—understanding its content, quality, limitations, and benefits. It provides thorough grounding in the analytical, statistical, and computational skills required for working in any field that uses geospatial technologies—not just surveyors and remote sensing analysts.
Author: David Newsome
Category: Business & Economics
View: 2212Geotourism is tourism surroounding geological attractions and destinations. This unique text uses a wealth of case studies to discuss the issues involved in the management and care of such attractions, covering topics such as sustainability, impacts and environmental issues. Geotourism: Sustainability, impacts and management leads the reader logically through the process, covering both the theories involved and the practicalities of managing such 'environmentally precious' attractions.
Gaining Understanding Through Theory and Scientific Visualization
Author: Daniel A. Griffith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 3564Scientific visualization may be defined as the transformation of numerical scientific data into informative graphical displays. The text introduces a nonverbal model to subdisciplines that until now has mostly employed mathematical or verbal-conceptual models. The focus is on how scientific visualization can help revolutionize the manner in which the tendencies for (dis)similar numerical values to cluster together in location on a map are explored and analyzed. In doing so, the concept known as spatial autocorrelation - which characterizes these tendencies - is further demystified.
Author: Charles Edward Spearman
Publisher: Palala Press
View: 5251This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Author: Alfredus Klotz
Publisher: Forgotten Books
Category: Foreign Language Study
View: 7971Excerpt from Quaestiones Plinianae Geographicae II. Qu ratio inter Pliuium et Kalem interoedut 48 - 88 Male Plinio inter supplemento udhihituu 48. Heine mtorie mha 51. Neo ohorogruphie Auguefi ihihih upud Helen neo Agrippa. 52. Difierentise inter Plinium et Helm 69 (insula 75. Oureue invemu temer: oommuuie erige 81. Heine motor quis fuerit 83. Plinio uotuu 88. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Principles and Practice
Author: Simon Roodhouse
Publisher: Intellect Books
View: 6907Kinship is at the heart of European society, sharing with the state responsibility for welfare and social reproduction. But the workings of kinship and their connection to state policies remain controversial. Received theories have had to be revised in the light of social and demographic change and accumulating evidence of long-standing cultural differences. --
Author: Stuart Elden
Publisher: A&C Black
View: 6945Henri Lefebvre has been celebrated as one of the most influential social theorists of the twentieth century. Understanding Henri Lefebvre places Lefebvre in his historical and intellectual context and analyzes the extraordinary range of his work, across politics, philosophy, history, literature and culture. Particular emphasis is given to Lefebvre's trilogy of inspirational thinkersHegel, Marx and Nietzsche; his links to contemporaries such as Heidegger, Axelos and the Situationalists; and his critiques of existentialism and structuralism. Analysis of his writings on cities are balanced with those on rural communities, the production of space connected to ideas of time and history, and everyday life linked to the festival and cultural revolution. Understanding Henri Lefebvre offers the most wide-ranging and reliable account of this central theorist available.
Author: Joseph Sirgy,Rhonda Phillips,Don Rahtz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
View: 2331Community quality-of-life (QOL) indicators continue to gain attention and interest in their use as many communities and regions design and apply them. Evolving from early use as data systems, indicators are increasingly being integrated into overall planning and other public policy activities. Their use is found not only in monitoring and evaluation applications, but also in the context of increasing citizen partici- tion in guiding communities towards achieving desired goals. Indeed, the emphasis in many indicator applications now includes linking actions to outcomes – making sure that the indicators are integrated, useful and effective in helping communities address QOL issues. The use of QOL indicators to consider a full spectrum of c- munity and regional well-being is exciting and the focus on integration is certain to bring new and innovative applications to the forefront. This is the third book in a series covering best practices in community QOL indicators. Each volume presents individual cases (chapters) of communities at the local or regional levels that have designed and implemented community indicators programs. In Volume I, we present eight chapters from a variety of contexts – from the county level in the U. S. , to the large megalopolis of Sao Paulo, to looking at a cross section of communities throughout Europe. Also included are three chapters from Canada, a leader in applying community indicator systems.