Public Services and the European Union

Healthcare, Health Insurance and Education Services

Author: Laura Nistor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067048057

Category: Law

Page: 446

View: 5561

Politically sensitive and economically important, welfare services such as health care, health insurance and education have opened up a heated debate in the EU. The application of EU law to welfare services raises discontent from the part of the Member States who perceive their systems to be under threat. Resisting to the application of the EU law is sometimes seen as part of protecting those values. This book suggests that this resistance is largely unjustified. EU law is not damaging to welfare systems, but it provides adequate balancing mechanisms to ensure that all interests are protected. The approach taken in analysing the impact of EU law on welfare services is to look at the negative integration process and answer the questions related to the extent to which EU law applies to welfare services and the kinds of safeguards the Court offers for these services. The proportionality principle distinguishes itself as the central element in balancing national and Community interests. Being part of the broader integration process, negative harmonization creates legislative lacunae, and therefore, this book also looks at alternative solutions to the negative harmonization process, namely positive and soft law.
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Market Integration and Public Services in the European Union

Author: Marise Cremona

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199607737

Category: Law

Page: 255

View: 8195

This collection offers a timely analysis of the most pressing issues relating to the interaction between market integration and the provision of public services in the EU. Addressing both underlying systemic issues and case-studies of particular service sectors, the book confronts core tensions at the heart of the EU's social and economic policy.
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Civil Services in the EU of 27

Reform Outcomes and the Future of the Civil Service

Author: Christoph Demmke,Timo Moilanen

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631604663

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 3809

This volume compares and analyses the national civil services and the most important reform trends in the 27 Member States of the European Union. The authors first examine the reform processes concerning civil servants' legal status, organisational changes, recruitment policies, remuneration, decentralisation of human resource responsibilities, job security and ethics. They consider in what ways similarities and differences can be detected amongst the 27 Member States and whether and to what extent the national civil services move away from traditional bureaucratic structures. Finally, the authors discuss the main outcomes of the reform processes and the future of the classical civil service. This publication contrasts with the many popular and speculative statements that too often capture the headlines on the future of the civil service and the different human resource management reforms. Instead, it is a measured conclusion about emerging trends and developments in this important policy area. The authors argue that the reform of the public sector will not, as many have predicted, be characterised by clear changes and progress in the area. Instead, the outcomes of the reform reveal a more complex picture of piecemeal and paradoxical patterns of change.
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The European Union Democratic Deficit and the Public Sphere

An Evaluation of EU Media Policy

Author: David Ward

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586032814

Category: Law

Page: 150

View: 2351

An assessment of EU communications policy judged against democratic and normative criteria within the framework of the question of the need for a European-wide public sphere. It argues that the EU should proceed through the mass media, with a policy based on a public service philosophy.
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Public Services in EU Law

Author: Wolf Sauter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107066123

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 2651

Comprehensive analysis showing that utilities and welfare services are important building blocks for the EU social market economy.
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Public-Private Partnerships in the European Union

Author: Christopher Bovis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317813707

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 4304

Public procurement in the European Union represents almost twelve per cent of the EU's GDP and is continuing to increase, having been identified as a key objective in the EU's aim to become the most competitive economy in the world by 2010. This book provides a one-stop shop, multi-disciplinary approach to public procurement and will be of use to academics and policy-makers. Providing its readers with practical description and analysis of the relevant policies, law and jurisprudence, the book also explores possible future trends in public procurement regulation.
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States of Liberalization

Redefining the Public Sector in Integrated Europe

Author: Mitchell P. Smith

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791482834

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1715

Explores the limits of economic liberalization within the European Union.
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Public Service Employment Relations in Europe

Transformation, Modernization Or Inertia?

Author: Stephen Bach,Lorenzo Bordogna,Giuseppe Della Rocca,David Winchester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134630042

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1583

The book provides an up-to-date analysis of the restructuring of public service employment relations in six European countries: Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Denmark and the UK. Each of the chapters on national systems is organized around a set of themes and policy issues including: * the impact of fiscal crises, and increasing macro-economic integration within the European Union, on the scope and organization of public services * changes in the patterns and status of public service employment * the shift from centralized administration to new models of devolved management * changes in the organization and policies of public service trade unions * reforms in the structure, process and outcome of collective bargaining * patterns of conflict and cooperation between unions, managers and the state. Written and edited by some of the country's primary authorities on public sector industrial relations, this outstanding book on this high profile field is sure to be a valuable resource for those studying this important topic.
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State Aid and the European Economic Constitution

Author: Francesco de Cecco

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782250514

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 1491

Recent years have seen the rise of EU State aid law as a crucial component of the European economic constitution. To date, however, the literature has neglected the contribution of this area of EU law to the internal market. This book seeks to fill this gap in our understanding of the economic constitution by exploring the significance of State aid law in addressing questions that go to the core of the internal market project. It does so by examining the case law relating to three different activities that Member States engage in: market participation, market regulation, and funding for Services of General Economic Interest. Each of these areas offers insights into fundamental questions surrounding the economic constitution, such as the separation between the State and the market, the scope for Member States to engage in regulatory competition, and the tension between market and nonmarket concerns.
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Health Systems Governance in Europe

The Role of European Union Law and Policy

Author: Elias Mossialos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761387

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 762

View: 9248

There is a fundamental contradiction at the core of health policy in the EU that makes it difficult to draw a line between EU and Member State responsibilities. This book thus offers a comprehensive discussion of a number of current and emerging governance issues in EU health policy.
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Public Welfare Services and Social Exclusion

The Development of Consumer-Oriented Initiatives in the European Union

Author: Nicolas Deakin,Ann Davis,Neil Thomas

Publisher: Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 1558

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Privatisation in the European Union

Public Enterprises and Integration

Author: Judith Clifton,Francisco Comín,Daniel Díaz Fuentes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475737335

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 174

View: 9628

Judith Clifton, Francisco Comín and Daniel Díaz Fuentes in Privatisation in the European Union reject the two dominant explanations provided in literature, which include a simple 'Americanisation' of policy and a 'varied' privatisation experience without a common driving force. Using a systematic comparative analysis of privatisation experiences in each country from the 1980s to the beginning of the twenty first century, the authors show how the process of European integration and the need for internationally competitive industries have constituted key driving forces in the quest for privatisation across the EU. As privatisation slows down at the turn of the millennium, what future can citizens expect for public enterprises? Privatisation in the European Union is essential reading for researchers, students and policy-makers interested in privatisation, EU policy and the history of public enterprises.
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The European Union and Health Services

The Impact of the Single European Market on Member States

Author: Reinhard Busse,Matthias Wismar,Philip C. Berman

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586032098

Category: Medical

Page: 273

View: 5489

While most Member States Governments have assumed that they have full responsibility and control over their own health services it is becoming increasingly apparent that the Single European Market is having a substantial impact on health services. Recent rulings by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) have, in particular, established the freedom of citizens to choose health care goods and services across borders. To examine the actual relationship between the SEM and health services, this book: - identifies SEM regulations and directives as well as ECJ decisions which explicitly refer to health services and which therefore have a potential impact on the purchasing, supply and delivery of health services, - evaluates the impact of SEM regulations and ECJ decisions on the purchasing, supply and delivery of health services, - identifies outcomes, including both intended and unintended effects, of the SEM on Member States' health services and - develops future scenarios exploring key issues identified in the earlier analysis and evaluation.
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The European Union and the Culture Industries

Regulation and the Public Interest

Author: Mr David Ward

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496120

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 9480

This edited collection brings together leading academics in their respective fields to examine the European Union's impact on media and public policy. It provides an analysis of the broader areas of EU policy and links these together to give a greater appreciation of the nuances and scope of EU regulatory initiatives and their impact on the member states. Under a broad public interest perspective, the authors provide an assessment of the success of EU policy in protecting the public interest in the culture industries and respecting certain normative principles and balancing these with market dynamics.
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Higher Education Institutions in the EU: Between Competition and Public Service

Author: Andrea Gideon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 946265168X

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 6295

This book investigates the impact of EU law and policy on the Member States’ higher education institution (HEI) sectors with a particular emphasis on the exposure of research in universities to EU competition law. It illustrates how the gradual application of EU economic law to HEIs which were predominantly identified as being within the public sector creates tensions between the economic and the social spheres in the EU. Given the reluctance of the Member States to openly develop an EU level HEI policy, these tensions appear as unintended consequences of the traditional application of the EU Treaty provisions in areas such as Union Citizenship, the free movement provisions and competition policy to the HEI sector. These developments may endanger the traditional non-economic mission of European HEIs. In this respect, the effects of Union Citizenship and free movement law on HEIs have received some attention but the impact of EU competition law constitutes a largely unexplored area of research and this book redresses that imbalance. The aim of the research is to show that intended and unintended consequences of the EU economic constitution(s) are enhanced by a parallel tendency of Member States to commercialise formerly public sectors such as the HEI sector. The book investigates the potential tensions through doctrinal analysis and a qualitative study focussing on the exposure of HEI research to EU competition law as an under-researched example of exposure to economic constraints. It concludes that such exposure may compromise the wider aims that research intensive universities pursue in the public interest. Andrea Gideon is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for Law & Business (National University of Singapore) for which she has suspended her position as Lecturer in Law at the University of Liverpool. In her current project she is investigating the application of competition law to public services in ASEAN. Her previous research concerned tensions between the economic and the social in the EU with a focus on EU competition law in which research area she earned her PhD at the University of Leeds in 2014.
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The Future of European Social Democracy

Building the Good Society

Author: H. Meyer,J. Rutherford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355048

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 8955

European social democracy is in crisis. In the last decade it has ceased to be about either society or democracy. The authors explore its values, how it can be revived and what kind of political economy it requires to thrive. This book includes a foreword by the two leaders of the 'Building the Good Society' project, Andrea Nahles and Jon Cruddas.
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Public Employment Services and European Law

Author: Mark Robert Freedland

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199233489

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 9557

Employment services are at the centre of a complex web of rules deriving from the EU, national public law and from private agreements. This book examines the law and regulation of public services through case studies of the public employment services in EU member states.
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The Availability of Spatial and Environmental Data in the European Union

At the Crossroads Between Public and Economic Interests

Author: Katleen Janssen

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041132872

Category: Law

Page: 617

View: 1516

Because the original and essential value of spatial data ' data that refer to specific geographical locations or areas ' lies in environmental decision-making, such data mostly originate in the public sector and are made available to people,
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Public Service Broadcasting in Transition

A Documentary Reader

Author: Monroe Edwin Price,Marc Raboy

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041122125

Category: Law

Page: 201

View: 9948

Few will deny that public service broadcasting?broadcasting that is controlled neither by the state nor by private media corporations?is an essential ingredient in modern democracy. But, as a number of initiatives in transition economies have shown, the inception and development of a strong public broadcasting system is a Herculean task that is easily sidetracked by politics or ideology, or stalled by lack of funding. Especially when state budgets are stretched, the expense is hard to justify. This collection of documents, comments, and cases brings all the major issues in public service broadcasting policy into focus and sets the problems to be addressed in sharp relief. It draws on white papers from NGOs and broadcasters, legislation from a wide range of countries (and a model law), accounts of public broadcasting efforts in transition states, analyses of evolving policy in established systems, government regulatory guidelines, and a great deal more. Among the matters touched upon are the following: the principles of public service broadcasting and their cultural and economic justification; limiting state interference; the place of public broadcasting in a multi-channel, ?market-driven? world; the appropriate mix of public and private revenues; objectivity and impartiality in broadcasting; how institutional structures can shape programming strategies; the use of competition law to adjust relations between public and private broadcasting; EU accession standards for public service broadcasting; and the impact of digital broadcasting. Broadcast professionals, students and teachers in communications and related fields, government officials interested in strengthening public service broadcasting and keeping pace with rapid developments?all will benefit enormously from this thoughtful and informative book. It will allow them to think well beyond the standard formulae about the function of public service broadcasting and its role in society.
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