Career Criminals in Society

Author: Matt DeLisi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235953

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3071

Career Criminals in Society examines the small but dangerous group of repeat offenders who are most damaging to society. The book encourages readers to think critically about the causes of criminal behavior and the potential of the criminal justice system to reduce crime. Author Matt DeLisi draws upon his own practitioner experience, interviewing criminal defendants to argue that career criminals can be combated only with a combination of prevention efforts and retributive criminal justice system policies.
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American Criminal Justice Policy

An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and Effectiveness

Author: Daniel P. Mears

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316101894

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6734

American Criminal Justice Policy examines many of the most prominent criminal justice policies on the American landscape and finds that they fall well short of achieving the accountability and effectiveness that policymakers have advocated and that the public expects. The policies include mass incarceration, sex offender laws, supermax prisons, faith-based prisoner reentry programs, transfer of juveniles to adult court, domestic violence mandatory arrest laws, drug courts, gun laws, community policing, private prisons, and others. Optimistically, Daniel P. Mears argues that this situation can be changed through systematic incorporation of evaluation research into policy development, monitoring, and assessment. To this end, the book provides a clear and accessible discussion of five types of evaluation - needs, theory, implementation or process, outcome and impact, and cost-efficiency. It identifies how these can be used both to hold the criminal justice system accountable and to increase the effectiveness of crime control and crime prevention efforts.
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Public Policy, Crime, and Criminal Justice

Author: Barry W. Hancock,Paul M. Sharp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 1450

Designed to provide readers with a “whole-system” view of policy, crime, and criminal justice, this unique anthology offers a collection of original works that explore the issues related to public policy and crime. . Organizes articles strategically--beginning with a general discussion of public policy to the causes of crime to the components of the criminal justice system to the implications for policy. For those in the Public Affairs, Criminology, Criminal Justice, Political Science, Police Studies, and Public Administration fields.
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Crime and Criminal Justice in America

Author: Joycelyn Pollock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351979868

Category: Social Science

Page: 546

View: 9733

Crime and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, addresses the major controversial issues in U.S. policing, courts, and the correctional system. This book features unique graphics and contemporary data and research, developed by Joycelyn Pollock, criminologist, and University Distinguished Professor of Criminal Justice, Texas State University. The text’s question-and-answer model promotes a critical thinking process for students new to criminal justice, encouraging student engagement and the application of learned skills through end-of-chapter exercises. Timely, comprehensive, and visually stimulating, Crime and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is the go-to text for introductory criminal justice students and educators.
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Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199315043

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 327

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
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California's Criminal Justice System

Author: Christine L. Gardiner,Pamela Fiber-Ostrow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611635096

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 948

California's Criminal Justice System, 2nd Edition, shares the history, purpose, structure and procedures of California's criminal justice system. It begins with conversations about the state of crime in California, the demographics of crime, and the practices of legislative actions and direct democracy in creating state laws. The book includes discussions of criminal justice policies as well as criminal justice institutions such as policing, courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. Each chapter is authored by an expert in the field and highlights some of the current issues, challenges, and controversies facing California's criminal justice system. The authors also highlight some of the current criminal justice policies and controversies within the state, including gun policy, sex policy, drug policy, capital punishment, realignment, gangs, and victims' rights. In addition, the authors include discussions on a variety of different employment opportunities related to criminal justice and the occupational outlook for these positions. This text is appropriate for undergraduate students in introductory courses on criminal justice, law and government and can be used either as a supplemental text or as a stand-alone resource for students. One drawback with many current books is that they pertain to the really non-existent ''American'' criminal justice system and ignore the local landscape. Each state has deliberately designed its own legislature, executive branch, law enforcement system, court and appellate review system, state supreme court, correctional system, and juvenile justice apparatus. Since many criminal justice students embark upon careers in their home states, they are better served by being exposed to their own state criminal justice system. Texts in this series are designed to be primary texts or as supplements to more general introduction to criminal justice texts.
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Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452202605

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 5387

Written by two award winning criminologists, the third edition of Race and Crime continues to examine the history of how racial and ethnic groups intersect with the U.S. criminal justice system, and investigates key contemporary issues relevant to understanding the current state of race/ethnicity and crime in the United States. This thought-provoking text provides students the latest research and data on White, Black, Hispanic, Asian-American and Native American intersections with the criminal justice system. The unique historical perspective is integrated throughout the text and provides students with a panoramic perspective on race and crime.
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Drugs, Crime, and Justice

Contemporary Perspectives, Third Edition

Author: Larry K. Gaines,Janine Kremling

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478613181

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 9456

The twenty-six articles in this edited volume provide perspective on the interrelated issues surrounding the use of drugs in society. Although drugs have long been a social problem, the importance of the issue—and the involvement of the criminal justice system—have varied across time. Public concern has typically centered on illegal drugs, but the drug issue today is even more complex given the impact of prescription drugs. Exaggeration has been a constant theme in the history of public policy on drugs, usually playing on public fear to demonize specific drugs and users. Some drugs are more dangerous than others. The variations in effects impact enforcement, prevention, and treatment. If we are going to criminalize drugs and drug usage, policies and penalties should be based on the relative dangerousness of a drug or class of drugs. Policies can reduce harm, create harm, or both. Our current drug policies attempt to reduce harm through law enforcement. We arrest anyone involved in drug activities under the premise of protecting society. These same policies, however, result in the incarceration of large numbers of people; they are expensive; they overburden the criminal justice system; and they have lasting consequences for those caught up in the drug war no matter how minor their offenses. Drug policies should be weighed carefully, implementing those that result in the least amount of harm to society. The editors have collected timely articles that provide perspective and a foundation for an informed approach to addressing problems associated with drug use.
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Criminal Justice

Author: Jay S. Albanese

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205422029

Category: Law

Page: 580

View: 5703

Criminal Justice, 4/E Jay S. Albanese, "Virginia"" Commonwealth University" ISBN-10: 0205499090 Albanese's Criminal Justice, 4th edition is a thorough introduction to the field of criminal justice. In addition the major concepts, this text focuses on critical thinking as well as the media's influence on both criminal justice and the public's perception of criminal justice. Albanese gives new attention to up-to-the-minute laws and policies related to crime, search and seizure, and operations of the criminal justice system. The text examines cutting-edge issues of technology, including crimes facilitated by the Internet and identity theft. An experienced author, scholar, and past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Jay Albanese has received high marks for his appealing narrative style and comprehensive style.
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Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Jacinta M. Gau

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506391761

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 8096

An Introduction to Statistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice, Third Edition demonstrates how statistics is relevant to your life and future career by illustrating the logical connections between basic statistical concepts and their real-world implications in criminology and criminal justice. Written for students with a limited mathematical background, author Jacinta Gau eases any anxiety around statistics by simplifying the overarching goal of each statistical technique and providing step-by-step instructions for working through the formulas and numbers. You will use real data from the field to build a foundational knowledge of statistics, rather than merely memorizing key terms or formulas. New to the Third Edition NEW Thinking Critically feature encourages you to apply the concepts from the chapter to real-life scenarios, with open-ended questions that are designed to inspire you to think about the nuances of science, statistics, and their application to criminal justice. Additional illustrations and examples in every chapter keep you engaged with the content and offer ample opportunities for you to practice the techniques. New and updated data sets from a wide range of relevant sources, such as the NCVS and UCR, BJS, LEMAS, the Census of Jails, and much more have been incorporated to give you insights into the state of criminal justice research today. New research on critical topics encourages you to discuss changes happening in the field such as the Census of Jails, inmate-on-staff assaults in prisons, and homicide rates. Practicing Statistics Whiteboard Videos, available in SAGE edge, walk you through statistical calculations to reinforce key concepts.
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Demystifying crime and criminal justice

Author: Robert M. Bohm,Jeffery T. Walker

Publisher: Roxbury Pub Co

ISBN: 9781933220161

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 1406

Bohm and Walkers thought-provoking edited volume addresses many of the American publics misconceptions about crime and criminal justice. Many of these understanding are inaccurate and based on myths. Each of the readers 27 articles demystifies or debunks one of these current myths, setting the record straight.DEMYSTIFYING CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is organized to follow a logical progression through the criminal justice process. Part One addresses myths about crime; Part Two examines myths about law enforcement; Part Three investigates myths about the administration of justice; and Part Four focuses on myths about punishment and corrections.A unique feature of the book is that every chapter follows the same format. Each chapter opens with a brief section introducing a myth or a set of myths about a particular topic. Next follows the Kernel of Truth section, which identifies accurate aspects of the myth or myths. Since these are believable and accepted, they usually contain at least a kernel of truth. In the third section, The Truth or Facts, the authors debunk the myth or myths by providing evidence, followed by Interests Served by the Myth, which illuminates how the interests of specific individuals or groups are promoted by the creation and perpetuation of the myth or myths. Finally, Policy Implications of Belief in the Myth, highlights some of the practical and often undesirable consequences of belief in the myth or myths.Written in clear, accessible language, DEMYSTIFYING CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE engages readers with straightforward analysis and cutting-edge information and research. Designed to stimulate critical thinking and class discussions, this mindset-challenging anthology will give students a depth of understanding about crime and criminal justice that few other books offer.
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Criminal Justice Policy and Planning

Planned Change

Author: Wayne N. Welsh,Philip W. Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317271556

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 864

Unlike other textbooks on the subject, Criminal Justice Policy and Planning: Planned Change, Fifth Edition, presents a comprehensive and structured account of the process of administering planned change in the criminal justice system. Welsh and Harris detail a simple yet sophisticated seven-stage model, which offers students and practitioners a full account of program and policy development from beginning to end. The authors thoughtfully discuss the steps: analyzing a problem; setting goals and objectives; designing the program or policy; action planning; implementing and monitoring; evaluating outcomes; and reassessing and reviewing. Within these steps, students focus on performing essential procedures, such as conducting a systems analysis, specifying an impact model, identifying target populations, making cost projections, collecting monitoring data, and performing evaluations. In reviewing these steps and procedures, students can develop a full appreciation for the challenges inherent in the process and understand the tools that they require to meet those challenges. To provide for a greater understanding of the material, the text uses a wide array of real-life case studies and examples of programs and policies. Examples include policies such as Restorative Justice, Justice Reinvestment, Stop-and-Frisk, and the Brady Act, and programs such as drug courts, community-based violence prevention, and halfway houses. By examining the successes and failures of various innovations, the authors demonstrate both the ability of rational planning to make successful improvements and the tendency of unplanned change to result in undesirable outcomes. The result is a powerful argument for the use of logic, deliberation, and collaboration in criminal justice innovations.
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Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Author: Harry R. Dammer,Jay S. Albanese

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 128506786X

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1671

Offering a comprehensive analysis, bestselling COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, 5e compares the various criminal justice systems throughout the world using six model countries: China, England, France, Germany, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. The book illustrates the different types of law and justice systems while exploring the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system. It examines important aspects of each type of justice system--common law, civil law, socialist law, and sacred (Islamic) law--to highlight the similarities and differences of each. Completely up to date, it provides expanded coverage of such high-profile topics as human trafficking, Internet pornography, identity theft, transnational policing, terrorism and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over

Author: Caterina Gouvis Roman,Heather Ahn-Redding,Rita James Simon

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739120880

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 2960

Focusing specifically on cannabis, cocaine, and heroin, the contributors to this volume present a brief history and analysis of the current laws and policies regarding illicit drugs—widely considered to be a growing international health threat—in 25 different countries. Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over provides a wide breadth of valuable data and analysis for both scholars and students of this seemingly intractable social, legal, and political problem.
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Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice

Author: Philip Reichel,Jay Albanese

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321967

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 1225

Transnational crime and justice will characterize the 21st century in same way that traditional street crimes dominated the 20th century. In the Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, Philip Reichel and Jay Albanese bring together top scholars from around the world to offer perspectives on the laws, crimes, and criminal justice responses to transnational crime. This concise, reader-friendly handbook is organized logically around four major themes: the problem of transnational crime; analysis of specific transnational crimes; approaches to its control; and regional geographical analyses. Each comprehensive chapter is designed to be explored as a stand-alone topic, making this handbook an important textbook and reference tool for students and practitioners alike.
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Crime

Readings

Author: Robert D. Crutchfield,Charis E. Kubrin,George S. Bridges

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141294967X

Category: Social Science

Page: 507

View: 8760

Designed for undergraduate criminology courses, this book actively involves students in the literature of the discipline, presents the field in a format that is accessible, understandable, and enjoyable, and is edited by well-known scholars who are experienced researchers and teachers. The readings in this anthology have been very carefully edited and pruned by the Editors so that undergraduate students can easily read them without getting bogged down or confused and lost in the technical, methodological details.
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The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412950325

Category: Social Science

Page: 479

View: 1069

Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.
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Youth in Conflict with the Law, 3rd edition

Author: Paul Maxim,Paul C. Whitehead

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1773380303

Category: Law

Page: 322

View: 9855

Employing a historical perspective, this well-regarded author team examines the relationship between police and youth offenders according to the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) and addresses the challenges officers face when dealing with young persons, the way police are perceived by young persons, and the strategies police use to positively interact with youth offenders. Procedures for arresting, questioning, detaining, processing, and sentencing young persons are clearly explained. Ideal for college police foundations students in Canada, Youth in Conflict with the Law walks readers through the various legislations established to protect young persons. This book encourages students to consider the problem of youth crime within social contexts, and, ultimately, to recognize the factors that lead youth to enter into conflict with the law.
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The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 960

View: 6016

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.
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Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy

Author: Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763766658

Category: Law

Page: 502

View: 3478

Ideal for allied health and pre-nursing students, Alcamos Fundamentals of Microbiology, Body Systems Edition, retains the engaging, student-friendly style and active learning approach for which award-winning author and educator Jeffrey Pommerville is known. It presents diseases, complete with new content on recent discoveries, in a manner that is directly applicable to students and organized by body system. A captivating art program, learning design format, and numerous case studies draw students into the text and make them eager to learn more about the fascinating world of microbiology.
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