Public and Private in Thought and Practice

Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy

Author: Krishan Kumar

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226886244

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 4914

These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of debates. Commenting on controversies surrounding such issues as abortion rights, identity politics, and the requirements of democratization, many of these essays clarify crucial processes that have shaped the culture and institutions of modern societies. In contexts ranging from friendship, the family, and personal life to nationalism, democratic citizenship, the role of women in social and political life, and the contrasts between western and (post-)Communist societies, this book brings out the ways the various uses of the public/private distinction are simultaneously distinct and interconnected. Public and Private in Thought and Practice will be of interest to students and scholars in disciplines including politics, law, philosophy, history, sociology, and women's studies. Contributors include Jeff Weintraub, Allan Silver, Craig Calhoun, Daniela Gobetti, Jean L. Cohen, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Alan Wolfe, Krishan Kumar, David Brain, Karen Hansen, Marc Garcelon, and Oleg Kharkhordin.
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Informality

Social Theory and Contemporary Practice

Author: Barbara Misztal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134730276

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6610

For most of the twentieth century, modernity has been characterised by the formalisation of social relations as face to face interactions are replaced by impersonal bureaucracy and finance. As we enter the new millennium, however, it becomes increasingly clear that it is only by stepping outside these formal structures that trust and co-operation can be created and social change achieved. In a brilliant theoretical tour de force, illustrated with sustained case studies of changing societies in the former eastern Europe and of changing forms of interaction within so-called virtual communities, Barbara Misztal, argues that only the society that achieves an appropriate balance between the informality and formality of interaction will find itself in a position to move forward to further democratisation and an improved quality of life.
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The Problem of Trust

Author: Adam B. Seligman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691050201

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 3435

The problem of trust in social relationships was central to the emergence of the modern form of civil society and much discussed by social and political philosophers of the early modern period. Over the past few years, in response to the profound changes associated with postmodernity, trust has returned to the attention of political scientists, sociologists, economists, and public policy analysts. In this sequel to his widely admired book, The Idea of Civil Society, Adam Seligman analyzes trust as a fundamental issue of our present social relationships. Setting his discussion in historical and intellectual context, Seligman asks whether trust--which many contemporary critics, from Robert Putnam through Francis Fukuyama, identify as essential in creating a cohesive society--can continue to serve this vital role. Seligman traverses a wide range of examples, from the minutiae of everyday manners to central problems of political and economic life, showing throughout how civility and trust are being displaced in contemporary life by new "external' system constraints inimical to the development of trust. Disturbingly, Seligman shows that trust is losing its unifying power precisely because the individual, long assumed to be the ultimate repository of rights and values, is being reduced to a sum of group identities and an abstract matrix of rules. The irony for Seligman is that, in becoming postmodern, we seem to be moving backward to a premodern condition in which group sanctions rather than trust are the basis of group life.
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Russische und Ukrainische Geschichte Vom 16.-18. Jahrhundert

Author: Robert O. Crummey,Holm Sundhaussen,Ricarda Vulpius

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447044806

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7783

Der Sammelband mit 30 Beitragen zur Fruhen Neuzeit der ostslavischen Geschichte bundelt internationale Forschungsergebnisse, die - zum Teil unter Einbeziehung neuer Archivquellen - zeigen, dass die wichtigsten Phanomene der Moderne alle ihre Wurzeln in den hier behandelten Jahrhunderten haben. Dabei finden verfassungspolitische Themen ebenso ihre Berucksichtigung wie konfessionelle, ideengeschichtliche, wirtschaftliche, bildungs- oder aussenpolitische Fragen. Neue kulturgeschichtliche Ansatze finden ihren Niederschlag zum einen in geschlechterspezifischen Beitragen, zum anderen in Aufsatzen zur Erinnerungskultur (z.B. die national-ukrainische Geschichte des 17. Jahrhunderts im Spiegel der Publizistik Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts). Besonderes Augenmerk gilt der Auseinandersetzung mit dem fachlichen Vermachtnis des im Jahre 2000 verstorbenen Professor Hans-Joachim Torkes.
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Household Politics

Conflict in Early Modern England

Author: Don Herzog

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300180780

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 7772

Contends that, though early modern English canonical sources and sermons often urge the subordination of women, this was not indicative of public life, and that husbands, wives and servants often struggled over authority in the household.
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The Goals of Private Law

Author: Andrew Robertson,Hang Wu Tang

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184731547X

Category: Law

Page: 526

View: 2218

This collection contributes to a fundamentally important set of debates about the nature of private law. The essays consider whether private law should be seen as having goals and, if so, whether those goals are particular to private as opposed to public law. They consider the legitimacy of the pursuit of community welfare goals in private law and the place of instrumentalist thinking in private law scholarship. They explore the relationship between the pursuit of policy goals and the other influences that shape private law, such as the formal values of certainty, consistency and coherence and the need to do justice to the parties to particular disputes. The collection analyses the role that particular policy goals do and should play in particular private law doctrines, and contributes to debate about the relationship between community welfare goals and considerations of interpersonal morality arising from the interactions between individuals. The contributors are drawn from across the common law world and offer a diverse range of perspectives on the controversies under consideration.
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The Secret History of Domesticity

Public, Private, and the Division of Knowledge

Author: Michael McKeon

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801885402

Category: History

Page: 904

View: 2476

Taking English culture as its representative sample, The Secret History of Domesticity asks how the modern notion of the public-private relation emerged in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Treating that relation as a crucial instance of the modern division of knowledge, Michael McKeon narrates its pre-history along with that of its essential component, domesticity. This narrative draws upon the entire spectrum of English people's experience. At the most "public" extreme are political developments like the formation of civil society over against the state, the rise of contractual thinking, and the devolution of absolutism from monarch to individual Subject. The middle range of experience takes in the influence of Protestant and scientific thought, the printed publication of the private, the conceptualization of virtual publics -- society, public opinion, the market -- and the capitalization of production, the decline of the domestic economy, and the increase in the sexual division of labor. The most "private" pole of experience involves the privatization of marriage, the family, and the household, and the complex entanglement of femininity, interiority, Subjectivity, and sexuality. McKeon accounts for how the relationship between public and private experience first became intelligible as a variable interaction of distinct modes of being -- not a static dichotomy, but a tool to think with. Richly illustrated with nearly 100 images, including paintings, engravings, woodcuts, and a representative selection of architectural floor plans for domestic interiors, this volume reads graphic forms to emphasize how susceptible the public-private relation was to concrete and spatial representation. McKeon is similarly attentive to how literary forms evoked a tangible sense of public-private relations -- among them figurative imagery, allegorical narration, parody, the author-character-reader dialectic, aesthetic distance, and free indirect discourse. He also finds a structural analogue for the emergence of the modern public-private relation in the conjunction of what contemporaries called the "secret history" and the domestic novel. A capacious and synthetic historical investigation, The Secret History of Domesticity exemplifies how the methods of literary interpretation and historical analysis can inform and enrich one another.
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Boys Don't Cry?

Rethinking Narratives of Masculinity and Emotion in the U.S.

Author: Milette Shamir,Jennifer Travis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231506341

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9752

We take for granted the idea that white, middle-class, straight masculinity connotes total control of emotions, emotional inexpressivity, and emotional isolation. That men repress their feelings as they seek their fortunes in the competitive worlds of business and politics seems to be a given. This collection of essays by prominent literary and cultural critics rethinks such commonly held views by addressing the history and politics of emotion in prevailing narratives about masculinity. How did the story of the emotionally stifled U.S. male come into being? What are its political stakes? Will the "release" of straight, white, middle-class masculine emotion remake existing forms of power or reinforce them? This collection forcefully challenges our most entrenched ideas about male emotion. Through readings of works by Thoreau, Lowell, and W. E. B. Du Bois, and of twentieth century authors such as Hemingway and Kerouac, this book questions the persistence of the emotionally alienated male in narratives of white middle-class masculinity and addresses the political and social implications of male emotional release.
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Korean Society

Civil Society, Democracy and the State

Author: Charles K. Armstrong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113598638X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9719

While most analyses of Korean politics have looked to elites to explain political change, this new and revised edition of Korean Society examines the role of ordinary people in this dramatic transformation. Taking the innovative theme of 'civil society' - voluntary organizations outside the role of the state which have participated in the process of political and social democratization - the essays collected here examine Korea as one of the most dramatic cases in the world of ordinary citizens participating in the transformation of politics. Key topics discussed include: comparisons of Korean democratization to the experiences of post-authoritarian regimes elsewhere in the world comparisons of the theory of civil society as developed in Western Europe and America the legacy of Korea's Confucian past for contemporary politics and society close examinations of various civil society movements South Korea and North Korea. Conceptually innovative, up-to-date and timely, the new edition of this book will be an invaluable resource for students of contemporary Korea, Asian politics and the global struggle for democracy.
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Shanghai Homes

Palimpsests of Private Life

Author: Jie Li

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538170

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2289

In the dazzling global metropolis of Shanghai, what has it meant to call this city home? In this account—part microhistory, part memoir—Jie Li salvages intimate recollections by successive generations of inhabitants of two vibrant, culturally mixed Shanghai alleyways from the Republican, Maoist, and post-Mao eras. Exploring three dimensions of private life—territories, artifacts, and gossip—Li re-creates the sounds, smells, look, and feel of home over a tumultuous century. First built by British and Japanese companies in 1915 and 1927, the two homes at the center of this narrative were located in an industrial part of the former "International Settlement." Before their recent demolition, they were nestled in Shanghai's labyrinthine alleyways, which housed more than half of the city's population from the Sino-Japanese War to the Cultural Revolution. Through interviews with her own family members as well as their neighbors, classmates, and co-workers, Li weaves a complex social tapestry reflecting the lived experiences of ordinary people struggling to absorb and adapt to major historical change. These voices include workers, intellectuals, Communists, Nationalists, foreigners, compradors, wives, concubines, and children who all fought for a foothold and haven in this city, witnessing spectacles so full of farce and pathos they could only be whispered as secret histories.
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Defiant Publics

The Unprecedented Reach of the Global Citizen

Author: Daniel Drache

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745657494

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3843

Social activism and dissent have become global phenomena for our times. Ordinary people across the world are fighting back. This newly potent political force has defeated governments in India and Spain, and has brought down the EU draft constitution. Disaffected by the triumph of markets, public goods, public interest and public spaces are regaining political ground. Daniel Drache argues that, feeding off distrust and suspicion of governments, and assisted by the new cultural flows of people, ideas and information, this is a political phenomenon without historical precedent. No-one owns the new public, elites remain baffled by its power and impact. No-one can contain its innovative, inclusive and rapidly evolving organizational style. No-one can determine when the current cycle of dissent will peak. This lively and engaging book is a must-read for anyone interested in the role of protesters and publics in contemporary politics.
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Freundschaft und politische Macht

Freunde, Gönner, Getreue Margaret Thatchers und Tony Blairs

Author: Judith Gurr

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3899718933

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 7335

English summary: Friends and friendships are important structural parameters of human social life. Until recently, these two categories have been regarded as marginal, purely private phenomena and have thus been neglected in political science. Broadening this one-sided point of view, the author, Judith Gurr, systematically investigates friendship's role as a central political category. According to Aristotle's typology, political friendships are regarded as friendships of convenience based on the concept of philia. Serving as useful political and social capital by facilitating acquisition, accumulation and sustainment of power, they represent elemental instruments of power to political leaders and elites. Concerning modern political systems, this leads to the following important questions: What is the role of friendship in contemporary political systems? In what ways do political friendships affect the political processes and interactions in today's politics? The author elucidates these questions by investigating the interpersonal relationships of Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair with their friends, clients and patrons. German description: Freundschaften strukturieren das menschliche Zusammenleben massgeblich. In der politikwissenschaftlichen Forschung allerdings werden diese sozialen Kategorien bislang nicht genugend beachtet. Sie galten lange Zeit als marginale, weil scheinbar rein private Phanomene. Judith Gurr arbeitet systematisch heraus, dass Freundschaft auch eine zentrale Kategorie der Politik ist. Politische Freundschaften sind in der aristotelischen Typologie auf dem philia-Konzept beruhende Zweckfreundschaften: Als elementare Machtinstrumente politischer Fuhrungspersonen und -gruppen sind sie nutzliche Machterwerbs-, Machtsteigerungs- und Machterhaltungspraktiken, politisches und soziales Kapital. Damit verbinden sich wichtige Fragen: Welche Funktionen hat Freundschaft fur die Politik heutiger Gesellschaften? Wie kann sich Freundschaft im politischen Machtspiel der Moderne auswirken? Die Autorin untersucht diese Fragen am Beispiel des Verhaltnisses von Margaret Thatcher und Tony Blair zu ihren Freunden, Gonnern und Getreuen. german description: Freundschaften strukturieren das menschliche Zusammenleben massgeblich. In der politikwissenschaftlichen Forschung allerdings werden diese sozialen Kategorien bislang nicht genugend beachtet. Sie galten lange Zeit als marginale, weil scheinbar rein private Phanomene. Judith Gurr arbeitet systematisch heraus, dass Freundschaft auch eine zentrale Kategorie der Politik ist. Politische Freundschaften sind in der aristotelischen Typologie auf dem philia-Konzept beruhende Zweckfreundschaften: Als elementare Machtinstrumente politischer Fuhrungspersonen und -gruppen sind sie nutzliche Machterwerbs-, Machtsteigerungs- und Machterhaltungspraktiken, politisches und soziales Kapital. Damit verbinden sich wichtige Fragen: Welche Funktionen hat Freundschaft fur die Politik heutiger Gesellschaften? Wie kann sich Freundschaft im politischen Machtspiel der Moderne auswirken? Die Autorin untersucht diese Fragen am Beispiel des Verhaltnisses von Margaret Thatcher und Tony Blair zu ihren Freunden, Gonnern und Getreuen.
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The Scope of Tolerance

Studies on the Costs of Free Expression and Freedom of the Press

Author: Raphael Cohen-Almagor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134247346

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6984

One of the dangers in any political system is that the principles that underlie and characterize it may, through their application, bring about its destruction. Liberal democracy is no exception. Moreover, because democracy is relatively a young phenomenon, it lacks experience in dealing with pitfalls involved in the working of the system - the ‘catch’ of democracy. This is an interdisciplinary study concerned with the limits of tolerance, this ‘democratic catch’, and the costs of freedom of expression. Rights are costly, and someone must pay for them. We can and should ask about the justification for bearing the costs, weighing them against the harms inflicted upon society as a result of a wide scope of tolerance. While recognizing that we have the need to express ourselves, we should also inquire about the justifications for tolerating the damaging speech and whether these are weighty enough. This book combines theory and practice, examining issues of contention from philosophical, legal and media perspectives and covers such issues as: media invasion into one’s privacy offensive speech incitement hate speech holocaust denial media coverage of terrorism. This book is essential reading for anyone who has research interests in political theory, extremism, and free speech.
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Living the Revolution

Urban Communes and Soviet Socialism, 1917-1932

Author: Andy Willimott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198725825

Category:

Page: 256

View: 9257

Living the Revolution offers insight into the world of the early Soviet activists. At the heart of this book are a cast of fiery-eyed, bed-headed youths determined to be the change they wanted to see in the world. First banding together in the wake of the October Revolution, seizing hold of urban apartments, youthful enthusiasts tried to offer practical examples of socialist living. Calling themselves 'urban communes', they embraced total equality and shared everything from money to underwear. They actively sought to overturn the traditional family unit, reinvent domesticity, and promote a new collective vision of human interaction. A trend was set: a revolutionary meme that would, in the coming years, allow thousands of would-be revolutionaries and aspiring party members to experiment with the possibilities of socialism. The first definitive account of the urban communes, and the activists that formed them, this volume utilizes newly uncovered archival materials to chart the rise and fall of this revolutionary impulse. Laced with personal detail, it illuminates the thoughts and aspirations of individual activists as the idea of the urban commune grew from an experimental form of living, limited to a handful of participants in Petrograd and Moscow, into a cultural phenomenon that saw tens of thousands of youths form their own domestic units of socialist living by the end of the 1920s. Living the Revolution is a tale of revolutionary aspiration, appropriation, and participation at the ground level. Never officially sanctioned by the party, the urban communes challenge our traditional understanding of the early Soviet state, presenting Soviet ideology as something that could both frame and fire the imagination.
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Pursuing Privacy in Cold War America

Author: Deborah Nelson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505884

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 4171

Pursuing Privacy in Cold War America explores the relationship between confessional poetry and constitutional privacy doctrine, both of which emerged at the end of the 1950s. While the public declarations of the Supreme Court and the private declamations of the lyric poet may seem unrelated, both express the upheavals in American notions of privacy that marked the Cold War era. Nelson situates the poetry and legal decisions as part of a far wider anxiety about privacy that erupted across the social, cultural, and political spectrum during this period. She explores the panic over the "death of privacy" aroused by broad changes in postwar culture: the growth of suburbia, the advent of television, the popularity of psychoanalysis, the arrival of computer databases, and the spectacles of confession associated with McCarthyism. Examining this interchange between poetry and law at its most intense moments of reflection in the 1960s, '70s, and '80s, Deborah Nelson produces a rhetorical analysis of a privacy concept integral to postwar America's self-definition and to bedrock contradictions in Cold War ideology. Nelson argues that the desire to stabilize privacy in a constitutional right and the movement toward confession in postwar American poetry were not simply manifestations of the anxiety about privacy. Supreme Court justices and confessional poets such as Anne Sexton, Robert Lowell, W. D. Snodgrass, and Sylvia Plath were redefining the nature of privacy itself. Close reading of the poetry alongside the Supreme Court's shifting definitions of privacy in landmark decisions reveals a broader and deeper cultural metaphor at work.
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The Jury and Democracy

How Jury Deliberation Promotes Civic Engagement and Political Participation

Author: John Gastil,E. Pierre Deess,Philip J. Weiser,Cindy Simmons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199888531

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5344

Alexis de Tocqueville, John Stuart Mill, and the U.S. Supreme Court have all alleged that jury service promotes civic and political engagement, yet none could prove it. Finally, The Jury and Democracy provides compelling systematic evidence to support this view. Drawing from in-depth interviews, thousands of juror surveys, and court and voting records from across the United States, the authors show that serving on a jury can trigger changes in how citizens view themselves, their peers, and their government--and can even significantly increase electoral turnout among infrequent voters. Jury service also sparks long-term shifts in media use, political action, and community involvement. In an era when involved Americans are searching for ways to inspire their fellow citizens, The Jury and Democracy offers a plausible and realistic path for turning passive spectators into active political participants.
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Privatizing Water

Governance Failure and the World's Urban Water Crisis

Author: Karen Bakker

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801467004

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9656

Water supply privatization was emblematic of the neoliberal turn in development policy in the 1990s. Proponents argued that the private sector could provide better services at lower costs than governments; opponents questioned the risks involved in delegating control over a life-sustaining resource to for-profit companies. Private-sector activity was most concentrated-and contested-in large cities in developing countries, where the widespread lack of access to networked water supplies was characterized as a global crisis. In Privatizing Water, Karen Bakker focuses on three questions: Why did privatization emerge as a preferred alternative for managing urban water supply? Can privatization fulfill its proponents' expectations, particularly with respect to water supply to the urban poor? And, given the apparent shortcomings of both privatization and conventional approaches to government provision, what are the alternatives? In answering these questions, Bakker engages with broader debates over the role of the private sector in development, the role of urban communities in the provision of "public" services, and the governance of public goods. She introduces the concept of "governance failure" as a means of exploring the limitations facing both private companies and governments. Critically examining a range of issues-including the transnational struggle over the human right to water, the "commons" as a water-supply-management strategy, and the environmental dimensions of water privatization-Privatizing Water is a balanced exploration of a critical issue that affects billions of people around the world.
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City and Gender

Intercultural Discourse on Gender, Urbanism and Architecture

Author: Ulla Terlinden

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322975630

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 6658

The book brings together the international discourses on gender, urbanism and architecture. Contributors are architects, social scientists and scholars from city and regionalplanning from the U.S., Turkey, Israel, Chile, UK, Lesotho and Germany. Das Buch führt die internationalen Diskurse über Gender, Urbanismus und Architektur zusammen. Die Beiträge stammen von Architektinnen, Soziologinnen und Planerinnen aus den USA, Türkei, Israel, Chile, Großbritannien, Lesotho und Deutschland.
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Religion in Public and Private Life (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Clarke E. Cochran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650301

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 7534

Religious crosses the spheres of both the private life and the public institution. In a liberal democracy, public and private interests and goals prove to be inseparable. Clarke Cochran’s interdisciplinary study brings political theory and the sociology of religion together in a fresh interpretation of liberal culture. First published in 1990, this analysis begins with a reassessment of the nature of the "public" and the "private" in relation to the political. The controversy over religion and politics is examined in light of such contested issues of political life as sexuality, abortion, and the changing nature of the family. Clarifying a number of debates central to contemporary society, this timely reissue will be of particular value to students with an interest in the relationship between religious, society, and politics.
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Private Virtue and Public Policy

Catholic Thought and National Life

Author: James Finn

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412831932

Category: Political Science

Page: 141

View: 7017

Private virtue is a major factor in forming public policies, including those that affect the material well-being of citizens. This is a central thesis of Catholic social thought, but it is not a parochial view. As this affluent nation grapples with resistant social issues of all kinds-drugs, homelessness, poverty, the consequences of sexual permissiveness, inadequate education, and the breakdown of families-it is becoming increasingly evident that the need for private virtue is a central fact of our political and social life. In this respect, Catholic social thought and the American experience are mutually supportive. This volume examines the implications of this statement. In a sense, it is the next step in the dialogue and debate initiated by the Catholic bishops in the United States over a period of years in the mid-eighties. The pastoral letter that resulted from their deliberatons asked how the economic life of the United States could best serve the material and spiritual well-being of people, both those in the United States and those in other countries. It also proposed some answers. Even before the bishops released their statement, the Lay Commission on Catholic Social teaching and the U.S. Economy joined the debate with its own lay letter, which both overlaps and differs in significant respects from the bishops' statement. This volume, which is initiated by the Lay Commission, takes the debate even further. Various experts discuss the relationship between public policies and private, virtue and examine specific aspects of economic life. Among these are: the meaning of "economic rights," what to do about Third World debt, economic justice and the family, and certain macroeconomic issues. Their view is independent, authoritative, clearly articulated, and inevitably they will be controversial. They also enrich and further the ongoing dialogue on how best to make the economy serve the people, and in particular the most deprived. Contributors include William E. Simon and Michael Novak, chairman and vice-chairman of the Lay Commission, J. Brian Benestad, Allan Carlson, J. Peter Grace, Howard J. Wiarda, John P. Cullity, James Q. Wilson, and the editor of this volume James Finn.
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