Prognostics

The Science of Making Predictions

Author: Kai Goebel,Indranil Roychoudhury

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781539074830

Category: Engineering systems

Page: 396

View: 7424

Prognostics is the science of making predictions of engineering systems. It is part of a suite of techniques that determine whether a system is behaving within nominal operational performance and - if it does not - that determine what is wrong and how long it will take until the system no longer fulfills certain functional requirements. This book presents the latest developments and research findings on the topic of prognostics by the Prognostics Center of Excellence at NASA Ames Research Center. The book is intended to provide a practitioner with an understanding of the foundational concepts as well as practical tools to perform prognostics and health management on different types of engineering systems and in particular to predict remaining useful life.
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Prognostics and Health Management of Electronics

Fundamentals, Machine Learning, and the Internet of Things

Author: Michael G. Pecht,Myeongsu Kang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119515351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 2249

An indispensable guide for engineers and data scientists in design, testing, operation, manufacturing, and maintenance A road map to the current challenges and available opportunities for the research and development of Prognostics and Health Management (PHM), this important work covers all areas of electronics and explains how to: assess methods for damage estimation of components and systems due to field loading conditions assess the cost and benefits of prognostic implementations develop novel methods for in situ monitoring of products and systems in actual life-cycle conditions enable condition-based (predictive) maintenance increase system availability through an extension of maintenance cycles and/or timely repair actions; obtain knowledge of load history for future design, qualification, and root cause analysis reduce the occurrence of no fault found (NFF) subtract life-cycle costs of equipment from reduction in inspection costs, downtime, and inventory Prognostics and Health Management of Electronics also explains how to understand statistical techniques and machine learning methods used for diagnostics and prognostics. Using this valuable resource, electrical engineers, data scientists, and design engineers will be able to fully grasp the synergy between IoT, machine learning, and risk assessment.
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Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine

Author: Nathan Cherny,Marie Fallon,Stein Kaasa,Russell K. Portenoy,David C. Currow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191509485

Category: Medical

Page: 1504

View: 2603

The definitive Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine, now in its fifth edition, has again been thoroughly updated to offer a truly global perspective in this field of extraordinary talent and thoughtfulness. Updated to include new sections devoted to assessment tools, care of patients with cancer, and the management of issues in the very young and the very old, this leading textbook covers all the new and emerging topics since its original publication in 1993. In addition, the multi-disciplinary nature of palliative care is emphasized throughout the book, covering areas from ethical and communication issues, the treatment of symptoms and the management of pain. This fifth edition of the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine is dedicated to the memory of Professor Geoffrey Hanks, pioneer in the field of palliative medicine, and co-editor of the previous four editions. Winner in the Medicine category of the British Medical Association Book Awards, this is a truly comprehensive text, no hospital, hospice, palliative care service, or medical library should be without this essential source of information.
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Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology for Society, Energy and Environment

Proceedings of the International Conference in Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology (ICETEST 2018), January 18-20, 2018, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Author: Rajesh Vanchipura,K.S. Jiji

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351124129

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1038

View: 4250

The International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology (ICETEST) was held at the Government Engineering College, Thrissur, Kerala, India, from 18th to 20th January 2018, with the theme, “Society, Energy and Environment”, covering related topics in the areas of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science and Architecture. Conflict between energy and environment has been of global significance in recent years. Academic research needs to support the industry and society through socially and environmentally sustainable outcomes. ICETEST 2018 was organized with this specific objective. The conference provided a platform for researchers from different domains, to discuss and disseminate their findings. Outstanding speakers, faculties, and scholars from different parts of the world presented their research outcomes in modern technologies using sustainable technologies.
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Die Berechnung der Zukunft

Warum die meisten Prognosen falsch sind und manche trotzdem zutreffen - Der New York Times Bestseller

Author: Nate Silver

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641112702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 656

View: 4685

Zuverlässige Vorhersagen sind doch möglich! Nate Silver ist der heimliche Gewinner der amerikanischen Präsidentschaftswahlen 2012: ein begnadeter Statistiker, als »Prognose-Popstar« und »Wundernerd« weltberühmt geworden. Er hat die Wahlergebnisse aller 50 amerikanischen Bundesstaaten absolut exakt vorausgesagt – doch damit nicht genug: Jetzt zeigt Nate Silver, wie seine Prognosen in Zukunft Terroranschläge, Umweltkatastrophen und Finanzkrisen verhindern sollen. Gelingt ihm die Abschaffung des Zufalls? Warum werden Wettervorhersagen immer besser, während die Terrorattacken vom 11.09.2001 niemand kommen sah? Warum erkennen Ökonomen eine globale Finanzkrise nicht einmal dann, wenn diese bereits begonnen hat? Das Problem ist nicht der Mangel an Informationen, sondern dass wir die verfügbaren Daten nicht richtig deuten. Zuverlässige Prognosen aber würden uns helfen, Zufälle und Ungewissheiten abzuwehren und unser Schicksal selbst zu bestimmen. Nate Silver zeigt, dass und wie das geht. Erstmals wendet er seine Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung nicht nur auf Wahlprognosen an, sondern auf die großen Probleme unserer Zeit: die Finanzmärkte, Ratingagenturen, Epidemien, Erdbeben, den Klimawandel, den Terrorismus. In all diesen Fällen gibt es zahlreiche Prognosen von Experten, die er überprüft – und erklärt, warum sie meist falsch sind. Gleichzeitig schildert er, wie es gelingen kann, im Rauschen der Daten die wesentlichen Informationen herauszufiltern. Ein unterhaltsamer und spannender Augenöffner!
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Ballad of the Stars

Stories of Science Fiction, Ultraimagination, and TRIZ

Author: Valentina Zhuravleva

Publisher: Technical Innovation Center, Inc.

ISBN: 9780964074064

Category: Fiction

Page: 303

View: 8537

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Scientific Procedures

A Contribution Concerning the Methodological Problems of Scientific Concepts and Scientific Explanation

Author: L. Tondl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401029164

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 8090

For a decade, we have admired the incisive and broadly informed works of Ladislav Tondl on the foundations of science. Now it is indeed a pleasure to include this book among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. We hope that it will help to deepen the collaborative scholar ship of scientists and philosophers in Czechoslovakia with the English reading scholars of the world. Professor Ladislav Tondl was born in 1924, and completed his higher education at the Charles University iIi Prague. His doctorate was granted by the Institute of Information Theory and Automation. He was a professor and scientific research worker at the Institute for the Theory and Methodology of Science, which was a component part of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Tondl's principal fields of interest are the methodology of the empirical and experimental sciences, logical semantics, and cybernetics. For many years, he collaborated with Professor Albert Perez and others at the Institute of Information Theory and Automation in Prague, and he has undertaken fruitful collaboration with logicians in the Soviet and Polish schools, and been influenced by the Finnish logicians as well, among them Jaakko Hintikka. We list below a selection of his main publications. Perhaps the most accessible in presenting his central conception of the relationship between modem information theory and the methodology of the sciences is his 1965 paper with Perez, 'On the Role of Information Theory in Certain Scientific Procedures'.
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Basic Science of Oncology, Fifth Edition

Author: Ian Tannock,Richard Hill,Robert Bristow,Lea Harrington

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071813497

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 783

NOW IN FULL COLOR! Discover the science of cancer--with this newly revised, essential introduction to cancer biology and genetics Here in one well-organized, reader-friendly volume, you'll find everything you must know about the biology underlying cancer and its treatment, supported by the latest peer-reviewed research. Written by preeminent oncology researchers and clinicians, the book highlights the full range of important oncology topics and takes you through the biological basis of current and future biological therapy as well as more traditional approaches to cancer treatment. Presented in full color, the Fifth Edition of The Basic Science of Oncology is thoroughly updated and refreshed to reflect the latest critical thinking in oncology. For graduate students, oncologists, residents, and fellows, there can be no more useful guide to the bedrock science and practice of oncology than this all-in-one reference. FEATURES: The most current, evidence-based oncology primer--one that encapsulates the science of cancer causation, cancer biology, and cancer therapy Key insights into molecular and genetic aspects of cancer familiarize you with cancer biology as applied to prognosis and personalized cancer medicine In-depth focus on the discovery, evaluation, and biology of anti-cancer drugs, immunotherapy, and molecularly-targeted agents Up-to-date coverage of the basic science of radiation therapy Specific chapters/sections on intratumor heterogeneity as it relates to potential new treatment strategies--including tumor microenvironment and metabolism, tumor stem cells, and genomic/proteomic heterogeneity NEW! Chapter Essentials synthesize chapter content in a convenient list NEW! Color diagrams and schematics summarize important data
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Diagnostics and Prognostics of Engineering Systems: Methods and Techniques

Methods and Techniques

Author: Kadry, Seifedine

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 146662096X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 461

View: 7112

Industrial Prognostics predicts an industrial system’s lifespan using probability measurements to determine the way a machine operates. Prognostics are essential in determining being able to predict and stop failures before they occur. Therefore the development of dependable prognostic procedures for engineering systems is important to increase the system’s performance and reliability. Diagnostics and Prognostics of Engineering Systems: Methods and Techniques provides widespread coverage and discussions on the methods and techniques of diagnosis and prognosis systems. Including practical examples to display the method’s effectiveness in real-world applications as well as the latest trends and research, this reference source aims to introduce fundamental theory and practice for system diagnosis and prognosis.
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Supportive Oncology E-Book

Author: Mellar P. Davis,Petra Feyer,Petra Ortner,Camilla Zimmermann

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437735940

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 5411

Supportive Oncology, by Drs. Davis, Feyer, Ortner, and Zimmermann, is your practical guide to improving your patients‘ quality of life and overall outcomes by integrating palliative care principles into the scope of clinical oncologic practice at all points along their illness trajectories. A multidisciplinary editorial team, representing the dual perspectives of palliative medicine and oncology, offers expert guidance on how to effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counselling when appropriate. Integrate complementary palliative principles as early as possible after diagnosis with guidance from a multidisciplinary editorial team whose different perspectives and collaboration provide a well-balanced approach. Effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counseling when appropriate. Improve patients’ quality of life with the latest information on pain and symptom management including managing side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, rehabilitating and counselling long-term survivors, and managing tumor-related symptoms and other complications in the palliative care setting. Prescribe the most effective medications, manage toxicities, and deal with high symptom burdens.
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Advances in Statistical Methods for the Health Sciences

Applications to Cancer and AIDS Studies, Genome Sequence Analysis, and Survival Analysis

Author: Jean-Louis Auget,N. Balakrishnan,Mounir Mesbah,Geert Molenberghs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817645427

Category: Mathematics

Page: 540

View: 8289

Statistical methods have become an increasingly important and integral part of research in the health sciences. Many sophisticated methodologies have been developed for specific applications and problems. This self-contained comprehensive volume covers a wide range of topics pertaining to new statistical methods in the health sciences, including epidemiology, pharmacovigilance, quality of life, survival analysis, and genomics. The book will serve the health science community as well as practitioners, researchers, and graduate students in applied probability, statistics, and biostatistics.
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The Nature of Clinical Medicine

The Return of the Clinician

Author: Eric J. Cassell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199974888

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 4564

Clinical medicine, as a thinking discipline, is concerned not only with what clinicians do, but why. When physicians act in medicine they have some purpose or goal in mind. What they actually do and how they go about it is in the service of their purposes and their goals. Such goals cover a wide range of topics centering on patients, the doctor-patient relationship, the acts of doctoring patients, and the goals involved in being a physician among other physicians working within the institutions of medicine. The Nature of Clinical Medicine takes its direction from a catalog of goals of medicine that range from the expected diagnosis and treatment of diseases to wider concerns for patients, for physicians, and for medicine itself. The chapters are specific in teaching the kinds of knowledge that clinicians require in order to be able to achieve these goals. The central focus of the clinician and of this book is the patient. According to Eric Cassell, everything else, including the disease, is secondary. Using many examples from real-life medical practice, each chapter examines the different kinds of thought involved in caring for the patient. Cassell takes on a variety of difficult issues, from thinking about values to developing wisdom. The care of the dying, what thinking itself is, and finally, why would one want to do this exciting and rewarding but difficult work, come under discussion in this book.
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Applied Basic Science for Basic Surgical Training E-Book

Author: Andrew T Raftery

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070205058X

Category: Medical

Page: 660

View: 7272

This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It has been written to encompass the basic anatomy, physiology and pathology required by the syllabus of the UK Royal Colleges and the Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Project. For this Second Edition many of the chapters have been updated, especially the chapters on immunology, basic microbiology, the endocrine and locomotor systems and the breast. An attempt has been made throughout to indicate the clinical relevance of the facts and the reason for learning them. There are several new contributors to the author team, all of whom are experts in their field and many of them are, or have been, experienced examiners at the various UK Royal Colleges. Brings together three basic sciences in one book and presents them in an integrated format. Presents the sciences at the right level for surgical trainees. Written in a straightforward and readable style. Thoroughly revised to take account of latest changes in basic surgical training, especially the chapters on immunology, basic microbiology, the endocrine and locomotor systems and the breast
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A Dictionary of Science, Literature, & Art

Comprising the History, Description, and Scientific Principles of Every Branch of Human Knowledge; with the Derivation and Definition of All the Terms in General Use

Author: William Thomas Brande

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 1423

View: 5488

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Schizophrenia

Author: John S. Strauss,William T. Carpenter Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489903275

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 2970

When Ifirst read this manuscript, Iexclaimed to a colleague: "This is the most important and clinically relevant book on schizophrenia since Bleuler!" Time has not altered my initial enthusiastic evaluation. Drs. Strauss and Carpenter are among the most distinguished researchers in the field ofschizophrenia,butthey are also clinicians ofgreat experience, breadth, sensitivity, and flexibility. It is from this expertise, as well as theirwide familiarity with the world literature, thattheyhavebeenable to distill the essence of an exceedingly practical and comprehensive approach to the understanding, evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of schizophrenia. They begin by unequivocally stating the inadequacy and futility of approaching schizophrenia via a single model. Standingalone, neither a biomedical, a social, nor a psychological model can adequately account for the complexities of this illness with regard to etiology, phenomenol ogy, course, or optimum treatment. While the advent of psychophar macologicalinterventionhas made a profound impact on both individual treatment and the responsive support systems, and is an important aspect ofmosttreatmentplans, to view schizophrenia as a phenothiazine deficiency disease is not only bad science but bad therapeutics. Their conceptualization of an "interactive developmental systems model" provides a framework upon which to build a broad medical approach to schizophrenia. This model relates variables drawn from different systems, interactive with one another, and contributing to a pathogenetic process across time. Within this bio-social-psychological matrix, one can then organize information relative to vulnerability, the manifest illness per se, the course of the disorder, and the multiplicity of factors relative to treatment planning.
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The Power of International Theory

Reforging the Link to Foreign Policy-Making through Scientific Enquiry

Author: Fred Chernoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135992401

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8286

This new study challenges how we think about international relations, presenting an analysis of current trends and insights into new directions. It shows how the discipline of international relations was created with a purpose of helping policy-makers to build a more peaceful and just world. However, many of the current trends, post-positivism, constructivism, reflectivism, and post-modernism share a conception of international theory that is inherently incapable of offering significant guidance to policy-makers. The Power of International Theory critically examines these approaches and offers a novel conventional-causal alternative that allows the reforging of a link between IR theory and policy-making. While recognizing the criticisms of earlier forms of positivism and behaviouralism, the book defends holistic testing of empirical principles, methodological pluralism, criteria for choosing the best theory, a notion of 'causality,' and a limited form of prediction, all of which are needed to guide policy-makers. This is an essential book for all students and scholars of international relations.
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Ovarian Cancer: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464900604

Category: Medical

Page: 274

View: 4437

Ovarian Cancer: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ovarian Cancer. The editors have built Ovarian Cancer: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ovarian Cancer in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Ovarian Cancer: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology

Author: Gerardo Chowell,James M. Hayman,Luís M. A. Bettencourt,Carlos Castillo-Chavez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048123135

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 6461

Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology compiles t- oretical and practical contributions of experts in the analysis of infectious disease epidemics in a single volume. Recent collections have focused in the analyses and simulation of deterministic and stochastic models whose aim is to identify and rank epidemiological and social mechanisms responsible for disease transmission. The contributions in this volume focus on the connections between models and disease data with emphasis on the application of mathematical and statistical approaches that quantify model and data uncertainty. The book is aimed at public health experts, applied mathematicians and sci- tists in the life and social sciences, particularly graduate or advanced undergraduate students, who are interested not only in building and connecting models to data but also in applying and developing methods that quantify uncertainty in the context of infectious diseases. Chowell and Brauer open this volume with an overview of the classical disease transmission models of Kermack-McKendrick including extensions that account for increased levels of epidemiological heterogeneity. Their theoretical tour is followed by the introduction of a simple methodology for the estimation of, the basic reproduction number,R . The use of this methodology 0 is illustrated, using regional data for 1918–1919 and 1968 in uenza pandemics.
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