Productive Water Points in Dryland Areas

Guidelines on Integrated Planning for Rural Water Supply

Author: Chris Lovell

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN: 9781853395161

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 229

View: 1007

Lack of water is the limiting factor for many household and community-based activities for millions of people living in dryland areas. Rural water supply programmes tend to focus only on improved access to domestic supply and improved sanitation. Less attention has been paid to how communities prefer to use water to develop their own livelihoods. This is due partly to the difficulties of abstracting sufficient reliable groundwater in dryland areas, and partly due to a misunderstanding of why wells and boreholes fail, which leads to a general belief that abstraction should be limited to domestic supply to conserve the resource. When more water is available, not only are basic drinking and washing needs satisfied, but also other activities with a high economic value become feasible. This book shows how research in Southern Africa has shed light on why conventional wells and boreholes fail, on the potential of the groundwater resource to support production through improved siting and selection of more appropriate well designs, and on the positive impacts and some problems that can emerge at productive water points. The findings are presented in a practical manner to encourage planners and practitioners in rural water supply to consider developing productive water points in drought-prone areas.

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security

Author: M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,A. J. James

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128041382

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 5390

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security covers the technological, institutional, and policy choices for building rural water supply systems that are sustainable from physical, economic, and ecological points-of-view in developing countries. While there is abundant theoretical discourse on designing village water supply schemes as multiple use systems, there is too little understanding of the type of water needs in rural households, how they vary across socio-economic and climatic settings, the extent to which these needs are met by the existing single use water supply schemes, and what mechanisms exist to take care of unmet demands. The case studies presented in the book from different agro ecological regions quantify these benefits under different agro ecological settings, also examining the economic and environmental trade-offs in maximizing benefits. This book demonstrates how various physical and socio-economic processes alter the hydrology of tanks in rural settings, thereby affecting their performance, also including quantitative criteria that can be used to select tanks suitable for rehabilitation. Covers interdisciplinary topics deftly interwoven in the rural context of varying geo-climatic and socioeconomic situations of people in developing areas Presents methodologies for quantifying the multiple water use benefits from wetlands and case studies from different agro ecologies using these methodologies to help frame appropriate policies Provides analysis of the climatic and socioeconomic factors responsible for changes in hydrology of multiple use wetlands in order to help target multiple use water bodies for rehabilitation Includes implementable models for converting single use water supply systems into multiple use systems

Multiple-use water services to advance the millennium development goals

Author: van Koppen, Barbara, Moriarty, P., Boelee, Eline

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290906278

Category: Drinking water

Page: 44

View: 7549

This research report presents the findings of the first phase of the action-research project "Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity." Multipleuse water services, or "mus" in short, is a participatory, integrated and poverty-reduction focused approach in poor rural and peri-urban areas, which takes people's multiple water needs as a starting point for providing integrated services, moving beyond the conventional sectoral barriers of the domestic and productive sectors.

Integrated Natural Resource Management

Linking Productivity, the Environment and Development

Author: Bruce Morgan Campbell,Jeffrey Sayer

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997317

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 8633

This book, which contains 15 separately authored chapters, discusses both the principles and applications of an integrated approach to natural resource management. Such an approach must embrace the complexity of systems and redirect research towards the greater inclusion of issues such as participatory approaches, multi-scale analysis and an array of tools for system analysis, information management and impact assessment. Case studies, particularly from developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, are included. This book is of interest to a wide range of readers in many disciplines, including forestry, soil and management sciences, agriculture, and development studies.

Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa

IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology

Author: Segun Adelana,Alan MacDonald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203889495

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 5622

Groundwater is Africa’s most precious natural resource, providing reliable water supplies for many people. Further development of groundwater resources is fundamental to increasing access to safe water across the continent to meet coverage targets and reduce poverty. There is also an increasing interest in the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture as the climate becomes more variable. Sustainable development of the resource is not a trivial task and depends crucially on an understanding of the hydrogeology and people with the skills to make informed decisions on how groundwater can best be developed and managed in a sustainable fashion. Despite these obvious needs, however, little attention has been paid to the systematic gathering of information about groundwater resources in the past few decades, with the result that data are patchy, knowledge is limited and investment is poorly targeted. This book was written to start to bridge the knowledge gap. The 29 chapters are written by a combination of practitioners and researchers mainly from within Africa using experience from recent and ongoing projects. The chapters highlight the complexity and variety of issues surrounding the development and management of groundwater resources across Africa, and provide a snapshot of groundwater research and application in the early 21st century. Chapters range from strategic discussions of the role of groundwater in development and poverty reduction, to case studies on techniques used to develop groundwater, and modelling methods for managing groundwater systems.

Climbing the Water Ladder

Multiple-use Water Services for Poverty Reduction

Author: N.A

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9066870699

Category: Drinking water

Page: 215

View: 3062

In low- and middle-income countries, people need water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic use. But they also use it for livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and other small-scale enterprises. Multiple-use water services (MUS) are best suited to meeting people's needs. However, most water services are designed only for domestic water or only for agriculture, and fail to reflect its real-life use.

Public-private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Emergence, Influence and Legitimacy

Author: Philipp H. Pattberg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809313

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 1185

'The authors advance our understanding of the role of non-state actors in global governance. Not only do they empirically investigate the role of public–private – type 2 – partnerships systematically, they also critically consider their role in mitigating global governance deficits and their accountability in global governance.' – Peter M. Haas, University of Massachusetts Amherst, US The 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg is remembered mainly for the promotion of a novel form of global governance: the so-called 'partnerships for sustainable development'. This book provides a first authoritative assessment of partnerships for sustainable development, ten years after the Johannesburg Summit. The extensive research builds on a unique Global Sustainability Partnerships Database and a series of in-depth qualitative case studies. Key questions studied in this book include the overall effectiveness and influence of partnerships, their geographical, functional and organizational scope, and their legitimacy. This unique book systematically investigates the questions of emergence, influence and legitimacy, which will prove invaluable for scholars and students interested in global environmental governance and sustainability, public–private partnerships, sustainability at the UN level and environmental governance beyond international agreements and policies.

Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction Policies

Author: Frank Ellis,H. Ade Freeman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134296282

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 5074

This important new collection of contributions brings together current thinking on poverty reduction and rural livelihoods in developing countries. As well as leading economists in the field such as Frank Ellis and Chris Barrett, there are a number of contributors from developing countries themselves. The book examines both macroeconomic and microeconomic phenomena and contains wide range of case studies. Skilfully exposing the gap that exists between the rhetoric of poverty reduction strategies in capital cities and the practice of public sector delivery in rural areas, this key text will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in the fields of rural development, rural livelihoods, poverty reduction strategies and Sub-Saharan Africa development as well as advisors and practitioners in international organizations.

Scaling Up Multiple Use Water Services

Accountability in Public Water Sector Performance for Health and Wealth

Author: Barbara Van Koppen,Stef Smits,Cristina Rumbaitis Del Rio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853398292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 4531

Poor people in developing countries need water for many purposes: for drinking, bathing, irrigating vegetable gardens, and watering livestock. However, responsibility for water services is divided between different government agencies, the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and irrigation sub-sectors, with the result that people’s holistic needs are not met. Multiple use water services (MUS) is a participatory water services approach that takes account of poor people’s multiple water needs as a starting point of planning, and the approach has been implemented in at least 22 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Scaling up Multiple Use Water Services argues that by designing cost-effective multi-purpose infrastructure MUS can have a positive impact on people’s health and livelihoods. It analyses and explains the success factors of MUS, using a framework of accountability for public service delivery, and it also examines why there has been resistance against scaling up MUS. A stronger service delivery approach can overcome this resistance, by rewarding more livelihood outcomes, by fostering discretionary decision-making power of local-level staff and by allowing horizontal coordination.This book should be read by government and aid agency policy makers in the WASH and agriculture sectors, by development field workers, and by academics, researchers and students of international development.

Drought risk management: a strategic approach

Author: Speed, Robert,Tickner, David,Lei Gang,Sayers, Paul,Wei Yu,Li Yuanyuan,Moncrieff, Catherine,Pegram, Guy,Li Jianqiang,Xu Xiangyu,Li Aihua,Qiu Bing

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 9231000942


Page: 215

View: 6545


The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture

Managing Systems at Risk

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136498877

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 9093

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture is FAO's first flagship publication on the global status of land and water resources. It is an 'advocacy' report, to be published every three to five years, and targeted at senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources, (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change. This is the first time that a global, baseline status report on land and water resources has been made. It is based on several global spatial databases (e.g. land suitability for agriculture, land use and management, land and water degradation and depletion) for which FAO is the world-recognized data source. Topical and emerging issues on land and water are dealt with in an integrated rather than sectoral manner. The implications of the status and trends are used to advocate remedial interventions which are tailored to major farming systems within different geographic regions.

Global Environmental Health

Research Gaps and Barriers for Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services: Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309141840

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 4613

The issues surrounding water services are some of the most critical challenges facing not only the United States, but also the global community today. The Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine of the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop in October 2007, summarized in this volume, to address objectives related to Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services. One of the objectives of the workshop was to think about the interdependence of environmental health and human health as connected through water. Organizations cannot discuss water without considering the interrelationship of sanitation and hygiene. It is the convergence of these strategies that promotes healthy outcomes for both individuals and the environment. A second objective of the workshop was to consider how planning, management, and interdisciplinary approaches-including technology, social behavioral issues, gender, health, environment, economic, and political aspects-can be integrated to arrive at sustainable solutions. Many organizations and agencies are trying to forge a path toward sustainable practices in water, but the various sectors utilizing and governing water services are not interconnected. More integration and a greater understanding of holistic approaches are needed.

Effective Demand for Rural Water Supply in South Africa: Technical and Financial Implications of Designing to Meet Demand

Author: Michael Webster

Publisher: WEDC, Loughborough University

ISBN: 0906055687

Category: Water-supply, Rural

Page: 142

View: 7256

This book investigates the effective demand for rural water supply in South Africa, considering the application of a demand-responsive approach in order to improve project sustainability. The study was conducted as an Individual Research Project at WEDC in 1998, part of the author's MSc programme in Technology and Management for Rural Development.

Water and Land Security in Drylands

Response to Climate Change

Author: Mohamed Ouessar,Donald Gabriels,Atsushi Tsunekawa,Steven Evett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319540211

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 7365

This book presents recent lessons learned in the context of research and development for various dryland ecosystems, focusing on water resources management, land and vegetation cover degradation and remediation, and socioeconomic aspects, as well as integrated approaches to ensuring water and land security in view of the current and predicted climate change. As water and land are the essential bases of food production, the management of these natural resources is becoming a cornerstone for the development of dryland populations. The book gathers the peer-reviewed, revised versions of the most outstanding papers on these topics presented at the ILDAC2015 Conference in Djerba, Tunisia.

Household Livelihoods in Semi-arid Regions: Options and Constraints

Author: B.M. Campbell,S. Jeffrey,W. Kozanayi,M. Luckert,M. Mutamba,C. Zindi

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: 9798764781

Category: Arid regions

Page: 153

View: 9726

The study sites. Methods. The wealth index and its variation. Human, financial, physical and natural capital - the essets available to households. Households productive activities - the generation of cash and subsistence gross income. Exploring household strategies. Net income and poverty. Temporal changes in livelihood strategies. Modelling livelihood change. Making a difference.

Climate Change and Human Health

Risks and Responses

Author: Anthony J. McMichael,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241562485

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 322

View: 9124

This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.

Environmental Flows in Water Resources Policies, Plans, and Projects

Findings and Recommendations

Author: Rafik Hirji,Richard Davis

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821380125

Category: Nature

Page: 189

View: 6212

This book advances the understanding and integration in operational terms of environmental flows (water allocation) into integrated water resources management (IWRM). Based on an in-depth analysis of 17 global water policy, plan, and project case studies, it addresses the highly contested complexities of environmentally responsible water resources development, broadens the global perspectives on "equitable sharing" and "sustainable use" of water resources, and expands the definitions of "benefits sharing" in high-risk water resources development. The book fills a major gap in knowledge on IWRM and forms an important contribution to the ongoing discourse on climate change adaptation in the water sector.