Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 1769

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.
Release

Principles of Plasma Diagnostics

Author: I. H. Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521675741

Category: Medical

Page: 460

View: 1516

This book provides a systematic introduction to the physics behind measurements on plasmas. It develops from first principles the concepts needed to plan, execute, and interpret plasma diagnostics. The book is therefore accessible to graduate students and professionals with little specific plasma physics background, but is also a valuable reference for seasoned plasma physicists. Most of the examples are taken from laboratory plasma research, but the focus on principles makes the treatment useful to all experimental and theoretical plasma physicists, including those interested in space and astrophysical applications. This second edition is thoroughly revised and updated, with new sections and chapters covering recent developments in the field. Specific areas of added coverage include neutral-beam-based diagnostics, flow measurement with mach probes, equilibrium of strongly shaped plasmas and fusion product diagnostics.
Release

Lecture Notes on Principles of Plasma Processing

Author: Francis F. Chen,Jane P. Chang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461501814

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 6337

Plasma processing of semiconductors is an interdisciplinary field requiring knowledge of both plasma physics and chemical engineering. The two authors are experts in each of these fields, and their collaboration results in the merging of these fields with a common terminology. Basic plasma concepts are introduced painlessly to those who have studied undergraduate electromagnetics but have had no previous exposure to plasmas. Unnecessarily detailed derivations are omitted; yet the reader is led to understand in some depth those concepts, such as the structure of sheaths, that are important in the design and operation of plasma processing reactors. Physicists not accustomed to low-temperature plasmas are introduced to chemical kinetics, surface science, and molecular spectroscopy. The material has been condensed to suit a nine-week graduate course, but it is sufficient to bring the reader up to date on current problems such as copper interconnects, low-k and high-k dielectrics, and oxide damage. Students will appreciate the web-style layout with ample color illustrations opposite the text, with ample room for notes. This short book is ideal for new workers in the semiconductor industry who want to be brought up to speed with minimum effort. It is also suitable for Chemical Engineering students studying plasma processing of materials; Engineers, physicists, and technicians entering the semiconductor industry who want a quick overview of the use of plasmas in the industry.
Release

Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry

Practices and Techniques

Author: Howard Edward Taylor

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126838657

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 5375

Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry presents a concise A-Z description of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, written in layman's terms, for use in the solution of trace element analytical chemistry problems. Detailed discussion of sample introduction and data interpretation is provided. Practicing analytical chemists will be able to use this text to familiarize themselves with the principles, approaches, options, pitfalls, and advantages of ICP-MS technology. Key Features * Concise and straightforward descriptions of ICP-MS principles and instrumentation, ensuring rapid understanding of the technique and its advantages and limitations * Examples to clarify the operational characteristics of the technology * Drawings and illustrations to clarify principles, techniques, and methodology * Discussions of practical approaches to the solution of specific trace analysis problems with helpful tips on efficiently producing the most accurate and precise data * Easy-to-understand terms, so that new users of the technology will immediately benefit from the information provided * Comprehensive appendixes containing isotopic and interference data * An exhaustive compilation of literature citations for supplemental information
Release

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Author: P. D. Chaithanya Sudha

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 8131799506

Category:

Page: 668

View: 6225

Pharmaceutical Analysis is a compulsory subject offered to all the under graduate students of Pharmacy. This book on Pharmaceutical Analysis has been designed considering the syllabi requirements laid down by AICTE and other premier institutes/universities. The book covers both the Titrimetric and Instrumental aspects of Pharmaceutical analysis which is helpful for use in multiple semesters.
Release

Microwave Induced Plasma Analytical Spectrometry

Author: Krzysztof J. Jankowski,Edward Reszke

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730520

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 5789

This book is the most comprehensive publication on MWP technology and MWP-OES analytical spectrometry with an emphasis on practical issues.
Release

Spectral Line Broadening by Plasmas

Author: Hans Griem

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323150942

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 9087

Spectral Line Broadening by Plasmas deals with spectral line broadening by plasmas and covers topics ranging from quasi-static approximation and impact approximation to intermediate approximations and correlation effects. Experimental results for hydrogen lines, lines with forbidden components, and ionized helium lines are presented. Applications such as density and temperature measurements are also considered. Comprised of four chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the effects of electric fields from electrons and ions (both acting as point charges) on spectral line shapes. The next chapter surveys theoretical work, paying particular attention to quasi-static, impact, and intermediate approximations as well as correlation effects. Stark broadening experiments are then discussed, with special emphasis on experiments capable of checking the accuracy or validity limits of the various approximations. The final chapter is devoted to applications in laboratory plasma physics and astronomy, focusing on density and temperature measurements and opacity calculations as well as the analysis of stellar atmospheres, amplitudes and spectra of plasma waves, and radio frequency lines. This book should appeal to students, practitioners, and researchers in pure and applied physics.
Release

Introduction to Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans-Joachim Kunze

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642022332

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 7549

Although based on lectures given for graduate students and postgraduates starting in plasma physics, this concise introduction to the fundamental processes and tools is as well directed at established researchers who are newcomers to spectroscopy and seek quick access to the diagnostics of plasmas ranging from low- to high-density technical systems at low temperatures, as well as from low- to high-density hot plasmas. Basic ideas and fundamental concepts are introduced as well as typical instrumentation from the X-ray to the infrared spectral regions. Examples, techniques and methods illustrate the possibilities. This book directly addresses the experimentalist who actually has to carry out the experiments and their interpretation. For that reason about half of the book is devoted to experimental problems, the instrumentation, components, detectors and calibration.
Release

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Author: David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118567366

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 2394

Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, the Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy provides a unique reference source that will be of value for many years to come for this important new analysis method. The authors, with a total of over 60 years of experience in the LIBS method, use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. In this second edition, chapters on the use of statistical analysis and advances in detection of weapons of mass destruction have been added. Tables of data related to analysis with LIBS have been updated. The Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition: provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy, including recently available data leading to better characterization of the LIBS plasma; presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method; describes LIBS instrumentation ranging from basic set-ups to more advanced configurations; presents a comprehensive discussion of the different types of components (laser, spectrometers, detectors) that can be used for LIBS apparatuses along with suggestions for their use, as well as an up-to-date treatment of the newest advances and capabilities of LIBS instruments; presents the analytical capabilities of the method in terms of detection limits, accuracy, and precision of measurements for a variety of different sample types; discusses methods of sampling different media such as gases, liquids, and solids; presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method, with new emphasis on sampling of biologically and physically dangerous materials; provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature along with the latest detection limits and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method; provides annotated examples of LIBS spectra which can serve as references for the general reader and will be especially useful for those starting out in the field.
Release

An Introduction to the Atomic and Radiation Physics of Plasmas

Author: G. J. Tallents

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108419542

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2685

The physics of emission, absorption and interaction of light in astrophysics and in laboratory plasmas is developed from first principles and applied across various fields, from quantum mechanics, electricity and magnetism, to statistical physics. This text links undergraduate level atomic and radiation physics with the advanced material required for postgraduate study and research.
Release

Introduction to Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

Author: G.L. Moore

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044459907X

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 1835

Today, atomic emission spectroscopy is a well-established analytical technique of widespread application - a technique that no-one involved or interested in chemical analysis can afford to ignore. The present book was written to meet the need for an extensive introduction to this technique. It is written in an easy-to-understand way, and is mainly aimed at tertiary-level students at universities and colleges, and at newcomers to the field. The book prepares the reader for the study of more advanced texts and the increasing number of research papers published in this area. It will not only be of great use to the analytical chemist, but will appeal to specialists in other fields of chemistry who need an understanding of analytical techniques. The book introduces the analytical techniques of atomic emission spectroscopy, outlining the principles, history and applications. It discusses spectrography, excitation sources, inductively coupled plasmas, instrumentation, nebulization, sample dissolution and introduction, accuracy and precision, internal standardization, plasma optimization, line selection and interferences, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Understanding of the material is aided by 128 illustrations, including 11 photographs. References follow each chapter, and an extensive index completes this useful work.
Release

Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry and its Applications

Author: Steve J. Hill

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405135948

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 8409

The first edition of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry and its Applications was written as a handbook for users who wanted a better understanding of the theory augmented by a practical insight of how best to approach a range of applications, and to provide a useful starting point for users trying an approach or technique new to them. These objectives have been retained in the second edition but a slight shift in emphasis gives the volume an overall perspective that is more forward looking. Structured into 11 chapters, the current edition is a thorough revision of the original, covering the principles of inductively coupled plasmas, instrumentation, methodology and applications within environmental analysis, earth science, food science and clinical medicine. Each chapter, written by internationally recognised leaders in their specific subject areas, provides enough detail to be useful to both the new and experienced users. Full account is taken of recent developments, such as high resolution instruments, novel detection systems and electrospray techniques. Written for all analytical scientists but particularly those involved in atomic spectroscopy and in environmental, geochemical, clinical or food analysis, this timely and informative book will be an essential reference in their use of inductively coupled plasmas to achieve their own scientific goals.
Release

Magnetic Reconnection in Plasmas

Author: Dieter Biskamp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020367

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 5361

This book, first published in 2000, is a comprehensive introduction to this major topic in plasma physics; for graduates and researchers.
Release

Spectrophysics

Author: Anne Thorne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400911939

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 4359

This book describes the methods of experimental spectroscopy and their use in the study of physical phenomena. The applications of optical spectroscopy may be grouped under three broad headings: chemical analysis, elucidation of atomic and molecular structure, and investigations of the interactions of radiating atoms and molecules with their environment. I have used the word 'Spectro physics' for the third of these by analogy with spectrochemistry for the first and in preference to 'quantitative spectroscopy'. A number of textbooks treat atomic and molecular structure at varying levels of profundity, but elementary spectrophysics is not, so far as I am aware, covered in anyone existing book. There is moreover a lack of up-to-date books on experimental techniques that treat in a fairly elementary fashion interfero metric, Fourier transform and radiofrequency methods as well as prism and grating spectroscopy. In view of the importance of spectrophysics in astrophys ics and plasma physics as well as in atomic and molecular spectroscopy there seemed a place for a book describing both the experimental methods and their spectrophysical applications.
Release

Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasma

Author: Vladimir N. Ochkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527627510

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 397

Written by a distinguished plasma scientist and experienced author, this up-to-date work comprehensively covers current methods and new developments and techniques, including non-equilibrium atomic and molecular plasma states, as well as such new applications as gas lasers. Containing numerous appendices with reference data indispensable for plasma spectroscopy, such as statistical weights and partition sums and diatomic molecules. For plasmaphysicists, spectroscopists, materials scientists and physical chemists. Appendix H is only available online.
Release

Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas

Author: Jorge Loureiro,Jayr Amorim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319092537

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 4348

This is a comprehensive textbook designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate students. Both authors rely on more than 20 years of teaching experience in renowned Physics Engineering courses to write this book addressing the students’ needs. Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas derives in a full self-consistent way the electron kinetic theory used to describe low temperature plasmas created in the laboratory with an electrical discharge, and presents the main optical spectroscopic diagnostics used to characterize such plasmas. The chapters with the theoretical contents make use of a deductive approach in which the electron kinetic theory applied to plasmas with basis on the electron Boltzmann equation is derived from the basic concepts of Statistical and Plasma Physics. On the other hand, the main optical spectroscopy diagnostics used to characterize experimentally such plasmas are presented and justified from the point of view of the Atomic and Molecular Physics. Low temperature plasmas (LTP) are partially ionized gases with a broad use in many technological applications such as microelectronics, light sources, lasers, biology and medicine. LTPs lead to the production of atomic and molecular excited states, chemically reactive radicals, and activated surface sites, which are in the origin, among others, of the deposition of thin films, advanced nanotechnology products, solar cells, highly efficient combustion motors, and treatment of cancer cells.
Release

Fast Electrical and Optical Measurements

Volume 1 - Current and Voltage Measurements Volume 2 - Optical Measurements

Author: D.J. Thompson,Lawrence H. Luessen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401704457

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1058

View: 9567

An Advanced Study Institute on Fast Electrical and Optical Diagnostic Principles and Techniques was held at II Ciocco, Castelvecchio Pascoli, Italy, 10-24 July 1983. This publication is the Proceedings from that Institute. The Institute was attended by ninety-seven participants representing the United States, West Germany, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy, and France. The objective of the Institute was to provide a broad but comprehensive presentation of the various measurement and analy sis techniques that can be employed to investigate fast physical events, nominally in the sub-microsecond regime. This requires both an understanding of the basic principles underlying the diagnostic employed and its limitations, and a knowledge of the practical techniques available to obtain reliable and repeatable data. This Institute was thus structured to begin tutorially, followed by more practical techniques, demonstrations, and discussions. The Institute was divided into the following major sections: (1) Overview of Applications and Needs; (2) Voltage and Current Measurements; (3) Data Acquisition; (4) Grounding and Shield ing; (5) Fast Photography; (6) Refractive Index Measurements; (7) X-ray Diagnostics; (8) Spectroscopy; and (9) Active Opti cal Techniques. This Proceeding has been divided into two separate volumes. Volume 1, Current and Voltage Measurements, includes Sections (1) through (4) above; Volume 2, Optical Meas urements, includes Sections (5) through (9).
Release

Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy

Author: Halina Abramczyk

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080455259

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9449

Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is a well-written, easy-to-read guide to understanding the fundamentals of lasers, experimental methods of modern laser spectroscopy and applications. It provides a solid grounding in the fundamentals of many aspects of laser physics, nonlinear optics, and molecular spectroscopy. In addition, by comprehensively combining theory and experimental techniques it explicates a variety of issues that are essential to understanding broad areas of physical, chemical and biological science. Topics include key laser types - gas, solid state, and semiconductor - as well as the rapidly evolving field of ultrashort laser phenomena for femtochemistry applications. The examples used are well researched and clearly presented. Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is strongly recommended to newcomers as well as researchers in physics, engineering, chemistry and biology. * A comprehensive course that combines theory and practice * Includes a systematic and comprehensive description for key laser types * Written for students and professionals looking to gain a thorough understanding of modern laser spectroscopy
Release

Modern Methods in Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Plasmas

Author: Yuri Ralchenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319275143

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 1903

This book provides a compact yet comprehensive overview of recent developments in collisional-radiative (CR) modeling of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It describes advances across the entire field, from basic considerations of model completeness to validation and verification of CR models to calculation of plasma kinetic characteristics and spectra in diverse plasmas. Various approaches to CR modeling are presented, together with numerous examples of applications. A number of important topics, such as atomic models for CR modeling, atomic data and its availability and quality, radiation transport, non-Maxwellian effects on plasma emission, ionization potential lowering, and verification and validation of CR models, are thoroughly addressed. Strong emphasis is placed on the most recent developments in the field, such as XFEL spectroscopy. Written by leading international research scientists from a number of key laboratories, the book offers a timely summary of the most recent progress in this area. It will be a useful and practical guide for students and experienced researchers working in plasma spectroscopy, spectra simulations, and related fields.
Release

Physics of the Plasma Universe

Author: Anthony L. Peratt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461478197

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 2813

Today many scientists recognize plasma as the key element to understanding new observations in near-Earth, interplanetary, interstellar, and intergalactic space; in stars, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, and throughout the observable universe. Physics of the Plasma Universe, 2nd Edition is an update of observations made across the entire cosmic electromagnetic spectrum over the two decades since the publication of the first edition. It addresses paradigm changing discoveries made by telescopes, planetary probes, satellites, and radio and space telescopes. The contents are the result of the author's 37 years research at Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the U.S. Department of Energy. This book covers topics such as the large-scale structure and the filamentary universe; the formation of magnetic fields and galaxies, active galactic nuclei and quasars, the origin and abundance of light elements, star formation and the evolution of solar systems, and cosmic rays. Chapters 8 and 9 are based on the research of Professor Gerrit Verschuur, and reinvestigation of the manifestation of interstellar neutral hydrogen filaments from radio astronomical observations are given. Using data from the Green Bank 100-m telescope (GBT) of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), detailed information is presented for a non-cosmological origin for the cosmic microwave background quadruple moment. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. The supercomputer and experimental work was carried out within university, National laboratory, Department of Energy, and supporting NASA facilities.
Release