Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 5490

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.
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Principles of Plasma Mechanics

Author: Bishwanath Chakraborty

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122414462

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page: 504

View: 1976

This Book Presents A Systematic Exposition Of The Fundamental Principles Involved In Plasma Mechanics. It Also Highlights Some Of The Recent Developments In The Area.The Book Emphasises The Following Topics: * Magnetization By Inverse Faraday Effect * Ionospheric Cross Modulation * Relativistic Vlasov Equations For Waves In Plasmas * Kinetic Theory Of Vlasov For Plasmoidal Equilibrium Structures * Formalism Of Transformation From Laboratory Frame To A Space Independent Frame For Study Of Dispersive Wave.With Its Comprehensive Approach And Detailed Treatment, The Book Would Serve As An Excellent Text For M.Sc. Physics Students As Well As Research Scholars.
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Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasma

Author: Vladimir N. Ochkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527627510

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 7248

Written by a distinguished plasma scientist and experienced author, this up-to-date work comprehensively covers current methods and new developments and techniques, including non-equilibrium atomic and molecular plasma states, as well as such new applications as gas lasers. Containing numerous appendices with reference data indispensable for plasma spectroscopy, such as statistical weights and partition sums and diatomic molecules. For plasmaphysicists, spectroscopists, materials scientists and physical chemists. Appendix H is only available online.
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Impulskettenzündung mit passiv gütegeschalteten Laserzündkerzen unter motorischen Bedingungen

Author: Sebastian Lorenz

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832542353

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 7675

In Motoren hat sich die konventionelle Zündkerze bewährt, die durch einen elektrisch erzeugten Funken die Verbrennung auslöst. Bei manchen technisch interessanten Bedingungen, als Beispiel seien hier nur magere Gemische genannt, ist eine solche Funkenzündung jedoch nicht möglich oder mit Nachteilen verbunden. Es lohnt daher, sich auch mit Alternativen zu beschäftigen. Für viele Anwendungen erscheint hierbei der Einsatz von Laserimpulsen interessant, zumal es diese grundsätzlich erlauben, an verschiedenen Orten und mehrfach kurz hintereinander zu zünden. Laserzündkerzen werden zwar derzeit bereits entwickelt; ein noch besseres Verständnis der Zündabläufe könnte jedoch deren Entwicklung wesentlich unterstützen und beschleunigen. In diesem Band werden neuartige experimentelle Ergebnisse zum Konzept einer Impulskettenzündung mit passiv gütegeschalteten Laserzündkerzen unter motorischen Bedingungen vorgestellt und ausgewertet. Man darf annehmen, dass zugleich Forscher wie auch Entwickler auf dem Gebiet der Laserzündung diese Arbeit mit Interesse aufnehmen werden
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Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy

Author: Takashi Fujimoto,Atsushi Iwamae

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540735878

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 1621

You’ll learn all the underlying science and how to perform all the latest analytical techniques that plasma polarization spectroscopy (PPS) offers with this new book. The authors report on recent results of laboratory experiments, keeping you current with all the latest developments and applications in the field. There is also a timely discussion centered on instrumentation that is crucial to your ability to perform successful PPS experiments.
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Lecture Notes on Principles of Plasma Processing

Author: Francis F. Chen,Jane P. Chang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461501814

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 4580

Plasma processing of semiconductors is an interdisciplinary field requiring knowledge of both plasma physics and chemical engineering. The two authors are experts in each of these fields, and their collaboration results in the merging of these fields with a common terminology. Basic plasma concepts are introduced painlessly to those who have studied undergraduate electromagnetics but have had no previous exposure to plasmas. Unnecessarily detailed derivations are omitted; yet the reader is led to understand in some depth those concepts, such as the structure of sheaths, that are important in the design and operation of plasma processing reactors. Physicists not accustomed to low-temperature plasmas are introduced to chemical kinetics, surface science, and molecular spectroscopy. The material has been condensed to suit a nine-week graduate course, but it is sufficient to bring the reader up to date on current problems such as copper interconnects, low-k and high-k dielectrics, and oxide damage. Students will appreciate the web-style layout with ample color illustrations opposite the text, with ample room for notes. This short book is ideal for new workers in the semiconductor industry who want to be brought up to speed with minimum effort. It is also suitable for Chemical Engineering students studying plasma processing of materials; Engineers, physicists, and technicians entering the semiconductor industry who want a quick overview of the use of plasmas in the industry.
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Principles of Plasma Diagnostics

Author: I. H. Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521675741

Category: Medical

Page: 460

View: 1565

This book provides a systematic introduction to the physics behind measurements on plasmas. It develops from first principles the concepts needed to plan, execute, and interpret plasma diagnostics. The book is therefore accessible to graduate students and professionals with little specific plasma physics background, but is also a valuable reference for seasoned plasma physicists. Most of the examples are taken from laboratory plasma research, but the focus on principles makes the treatment useful to all experimental and theoretical plasma physicists, including those interested in space and astrophysical applications. This second edition is thoroughly revised and updated, with new sections and chapters covering recent developments in the field. Specific areas of added coverage include neutral-beam-based diagnostics, flow measurement with mach probes, equilibrium of strongly shaped plasmas and fusion product diagnostics.
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Nuclear Fusion Research

Understanding Plasma-Surface Interactions

Author: Robert E. H. Clark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540230380

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 9773

It became clear in the early days of fusion research that the effects of the containment vessel (erosion of "impurities") degrade the overall fusion plasma performance. Progress in controlled nuclear fusion research over the last decade has led to magnetically confined plasmas that, in turn, are sufficiently powerful to damage the vessel structures over its lifetime. This book reviews current understanding and concepts to deal with this remaining critical design issue for fusion reactors. It reviews both progress and open questions, largely in terms of available and sought-after plasma-surface interaction data and atomic/molecular data related to these "plasma edge" issues.
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Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Author: Joseph R. Lakowicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387463124

Category: Science

Page: 954

View: 3419

The third edition of this established classic text reference builds upon the strengths of its very popular predecessors. Organized as a broadly useful textbook Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, 3rd edition maintains its emphasis on basics, while updating the examples to include recent results from the scientific literature. The third edition includes new chapters on single molecule detection, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, novel probes and radiative decay engineering. Includes a link to Springer Extras to download files reproducing all book artwork, for easy use in lecture slides. This is an essential volume for students, researchers, and industry professionals in biophysics, biochemistry, biotechnology, bioengineering, biology and medicine.
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Spectrophysics

Principles and Applications

Author: Anne Thorne,Ulf Litzén,Sveneric Johansson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540651178

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 4485

Spectrophysics covers those applications of spectroscopy that are directed at investigating the interactions or radiating atoms and molecules with their environment, with particular reference to the fields of astrophysics, plasma physics and atmospheric physics. Much of the material is normally found only in specialized texts.
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High Temperature Plasmas

Theory and Mathematical Tools for Laser and Fusion Plasmas

Author: Karl-Heinz Spatschek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527638121

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 4710

Filling the gap for a treatment of the subject as an advanced course in theoretical physics with a huge potential for future applications, this monograph discusses aspects of these applications and provides theoretical methods and tools for their investigation. Throughout this coherent and up-to-date work the main emphasis is on classical plasmas at high-temperatures, drawing on the experienced author's specialist background. As such, it covers the key areas of magnetic fusion plasma, laser-plasma-interaction and astrophysical plasmas, while also including nonlinear waves and phenomena. For master and PhD students as well as researchers interested in the theoretical foundations of plasma models.
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Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Author: David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470093005

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 4721

Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, this text provides a unique reference source for this important new analysis method. The authors use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. It is intended that the data tables will be located within the Education section of SpectroscopyNOW.com Provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles, instrumentation, methodology, and sampling procedures of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy. Presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method Presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method Provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method
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Applied Spectroscopy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Spectrum analysis

Page: N.A

View: 2046

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Invited Papers

Author: International Union of Pure and Applied Physics,International Union of Radio Science

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page: N.A

View: 8047

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Physics Briefs

Physikalische Berichte

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Physics

Page: N.A

View: 6649

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Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas

Author: José A. C. Broekaert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527606777

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7378

This completely revised second edition of the standard work has been expanded by some twenty percent to include more information on the latest developments and new apparatus. In particular, sections have been added on microplasmas and new types of spectrometers, while that on the rapidly expanding field of speciations with practical examples from life and environmental sciences have been included. Still in one handy volume, the book covers all the important modern aspects of atomic fluorescence, emission and absorption spectroscopy as well as plasma mass spectroscopy in a readily comprehensible and practice-oriented manner. A thorough explanation of the physical, theoretical and technical basics, example applications including the concrete execution of analysis and comprehensive cross-references to the latest literature allow even newcomers easy access to the methodologies described.
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Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Principles and Applications

Author: Costas Fotakis,D. Anglos,V. Zafiropulos,Savas Georgiou,Vivi Tornari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420012101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 3100

With the maturation of laser technology in diagnostic and conservation applications, conservation scientists, archeologists, art historians, researchers, and advanced science-oriented students now have the tools necessary for preserving the future of our past-our cultural heritage. Presenting recent developments in the field, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications addresses the basic concepts of laser applications and supplies case studies of analytical, structural diagnostic, and laser cleaning applications. The book provides a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental principles and applications of modern laser technology in the analysis of composition, diagnostics of structural integrity, and conservation of artworks and antiquities. Beginning with an introduction to the basic techniques used in art conservation and archeology, the book describes the fundamental aspects of laser-matter interactions, emphasizing laser diagnostics and laser processing applications. The next few chapters focus on laser-based spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of the composition of materials in art and archaeology, including laser-induced breakdown, Raman, and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The book proceeds to highlight nondestructive diagnostic techniques, laser processing applications, laser applications for the cleaning of paintings and stone, and methods for the removal of encrustations. It concludes with case studies for the conservation of materials like parchment, paper, metal, ivory, and wood, and includes conservation approaches for modern paintings. Bridging science with art, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage presents a systematic overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser techniques in artwork conservation and archeological science.
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Principles of Instrumental Analysis

Author: Douglas A. Skoog,F. James Holler,Timothy A. Nieman

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 849

View: 951

PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS places an emphasis on the theoretical basis of each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations.You'll also learn about elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and treatment of analytical datA. Visit the book companion website for tutorials on instrumental methods, Excel files of data analysis and simulations of analytical techniques to help you visualize important concepts in this course, and selected papers from the chemical literature to stimulate interest and provide background information for study.
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