Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 9500

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.
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Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasma

Author: Vladimir N. Ochkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527627510

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 9497

Written by a distinguished plasma scientist and experienced author, this up-to-date work comprehensively covers current methods and new developments and techniques, including non-equilibrium atomic and molecular plasma states, as well as such new applications as gas lasers. Containing numerous appendices with reference data indispensable for plasma spectroscopy, such as statistical weights and partition sums and diatomic molecules. For plasmaphysicists, spectroscopists, materials scientists and physical chemists. Appendix H is only available online.
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Lecture Notes on Principles of Plasma Processing

Author: Francis F. Chen,Jane P. Chang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461501814

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 3226

Plasma processing of semiconductors is an interdisciplinary field requiring knowledge of both plasma physics and chemical engineering. The two authors are experts in each of these fields, and their collaboration results in the merging of these fields with a common terminology. Basic plasma concepts are introduced painlessly to those who have studied undergraduate electromagnetics but have had no previous exposure to plasmas. Unnecessarily detailed derivations are omitted; yet the reader is led to understand in some depth those concepts, such as the structure of sheaths, that are important in the design and operation of plasma processing reactors. Physicists not accustomed to low-temperature plasmas are introduced to chemical kinetics, surface science, and molecular spectroscopy. The material has been condensed to suit a nine-week graduate course, but it is sufficient to bring the reader up to date on current problems such as copper interconnects, low-k and high-k dielectrics, and oxide damage. Students will appreciate the web-style layout with ample color illustrations opposite the text, with ample room for notes. This short book is ideal for new workers in the semiconductor industry who want to be brought up to speed with minimum effort. It is also suitable for Chemical Engineering students studying plasma processing of materials; Engineers, physicists, and technicians entering the semiconductor industry who want a quick overview of the use of plasmas in the industry.
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Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy

Author: Takashi Fujimoto,Atsushi Iwamae

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540735878

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2010

You’ll learn all the underlying science and how to perform all the latest analytical techniques that plasma polarization spectroscopy (PPS) offers with this new book. The authors report on recent results of laboratory experiments, keeping you current with all the latest developments and applications in the field. There is also a timely discussion centered on instrumentation that is crucial to your ability to perform successful PPS experiments.
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Impulskettenzündung mit passiv gütegeschalteten Laserzündkerzen unter motorischen Bedingungen

Author: Sebastian Lorenz

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832542353

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 6068

In Motoren hat sich die konventionelle Zündkerze bewährt, die durch einen elektrisch erzeugten Funken die Verbrennung auslöst. Bei manchen technisch interessanten Bedingungen, als Beispiel seien hier nur magere Gemische genannt, ist eine solche Funkenzündung jedoch nicht möglich oder mit Nachteilen verbunden. Es lohnt daher, sich auch mit Alternativen zu beschäftigen. Für viele Anwendungen erscheint hierbei der Einsatz von Laserimpulsen interessant, zumal es diese grundsätzlich erlauben, an verschiedenen Orten und mehrfach kurz hintereinander zu zünden. Laserzündkerzen werden zwar derzeit bereits entwickelt; ein noch besseres Verständnis der Zündabläufe könnte jedoch deren Entwicklung wesentlich unterstützen und beschleunigen. In diesem Band werden neuartige experimentelle Ergebnisse zum Konzept einer Impulskettenzündung mit passiv gütegeschalteten Laserzündkerzen unter motorischen Bedingungen vorgestellt und ausgewertet. Man darf annehmen, dass zugleich Forscher wie auch Entwickler auf dem Gebiet der Laserzündung diese Arbeit mit Interesse aufnehmen werden
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Principles of Plasma Diagnostics

Author: I. H. Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521675741

Category: Medical

Page: 460

View: 6369

This book provides a systematic introduction to the physics behind measurements on plasmas. It develops from first principles the concepts needed to plan, execute, and interpret plasma diagnostics. The book is therefore accessible to graduate students and professionals with little specific plasma physics background, but is also a valuable reference for seasoned plasma physicists. Most of the examples are taken from laboratory plasma research, but the focus on principles makes the treatment useful to all experimental and theoretical plasma physicists, including those interested in space and astrophysical applications. This second edition is thoroughly revised and updated, with new sections and chapters covering recent developments in the field. Specific areas of added coverage include neutral-beam-based diagnostics, flow measurement with mach probes, equilibrium of strongly shaped plasmas and fusion product diagnostics.
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Nuclear Fusion Research

Understanding Plasma-Surface Interactions

Author: Robert E. H. Clark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540230380

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 4358

It became clear in the early days of fusion research that the effects of the containment vessel (erosion of "impurities") degrade the overall fusion plasma performance. Progress in controlled nuclear fusion research over the last decade has led to magnetically confined plasmas that, in turn, are sufficiently powerful to damage the vessel structures over its lifetime. This book reviews current understanding and concepts to deal with this remaining critical design issue for fusion reactors. It reviews both progress and open questions, largely in terms of available and sought-after plasma-surface interaction data and atomic/molecular data related to these "plasma edge" issues.
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Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Author: Joseph R. Lakowicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387463124

Category: Science

Page: 954

View: 2571

The third edition of this established classic text reference builds upon the strengths of its very popular predecessors. Organized as a broadly useful textbook Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, 3rd edition maintains its emphasis on basics, while updating the examples to include recent results from the scientific literature. The third edition includes new chapters on single molecule detection, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, novel probes and radiative decay engineering. Includes a link to Springer Extras to download files reproducing all book artwork, for easy use in lecture slides. This is an essential volume for students, researchers, and industry professionals in biophysics, biochemistry, biotechnology, bioengineering, biology and medicine.
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Spectrophysics

Author: Anne P. Thorne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400911939

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 4031

This book describes the methods of experimental spectroscopy and their use in the study of physical phenomena. The applications of optical spectroscopy may be grouped under three broad headings: chemical analysis, elucidation of atomic and molecular structure, and investigations of the interactions of radiating atoms and molecules with their environment. I have used the word 'Spectro physics' for the third of these by analogy with spectrochemistry for the first and in preference to 'quantitative spectroscopy'. A number of textbooks treat atomic and molecular structure at varying levels of profundity, but elementary spectrophysics is not, so far as I am aware, covered in anyone existing book. There is moreover a lack of up-to-date books on experimental techniques that treat in a fairly elementary fashion interfero metric, Fourier transform and radiofrequency methods as well as prism and grating spectroscopy. In view of the importance of spectrophysics in astrophys ics and plasma physics as well as in atomic and molecular spectroscopy there seemed a place for a book describing both the experimental methods and their spectrophysical applications.
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High Temperature Plasmas

Theory and Mathematical Tools for Laser and Fusion Plasmas

Author: Karl-Heinz Spatschek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527638121

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 6579

Filling the gap for a treatment of the subject as an advanced course in theoretical physics with a huge potential for future applications, this monograph discusses aspects of these applications and provides theoretical methods and tools for their investigation. Throughout this coherent and up-to-date work the main emphasis is on classical plasmas at high-temperatures, drawing on the experienced author's specialist background. As such, it covers the key areas of magnetic fusion plasma, laser-plasma-interaction and astrophysical plasmas, while also including nonlinear waves and phenomena. For master and PhD students as well as researchers interested in the theoretical foundations of plasma models.
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Applied Spectroscopy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Spectrum analysis

Page: N.A

View: 8067

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Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry and its Applications

Author: Steve J. Hill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172584

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 7865

The first edition of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry andits Applications was written as a handbook for users who wanted abetter understanding of the theory augmented by a practical insightof how best to approach a range of applications, and to provide auseful starting point for users trying an approach or technique newto them. These objectives have been retained in the second editionbut a slight shift in emphasis gives the volume an overallperspective that is more forward looking. Structured into 11 chapters, the current edition is a thoroughrevision of the original, covering the principles of inductivelycoupled plasmas, instrumentation, methodology and applicationswithin environmental analysis, earth science, food science andclinical medicine. Each chapter, written by internationallyrecognised leaders in their specific subject areas, provides enoughdetail to be useful to both the new and experienced users. Fullaccount is taken of recent developments, such as high resolutioninstruments, novel detection systems and electrospraytechniques. Written for all analytical scientists but particularly thoseinvolved in atomic spectroscopy and in environmental, geochemical,clinical or food analysis, this timely and informative book will bean essential reference in their use of inductively coupled plasmasto achieve their own scientific goals.
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Invited Papers

Author: International Union of Pure and Applied Physics,International Union of Radio Science

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page: N.A

View: 6304

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Principles of Instrumental Analysis

Author: Douglas A. Skoog,F. James Holler,Stanley R. Crouch

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305577213

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 8113

PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS is the standard for courses on the principles and applications of modern analytical instruments. In the 7th edition, authors Skoog, Holler, and Crouch infuse their popular text with updated techniques and several new Instrumental Analysis in Action case studies. Updated material enhances the book's proven approach, which places an emphasis on the fundamental principles of operation for each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations. The text also introduces students to elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and the treatment of analytical data. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas

Author: José A. C. Broekaert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527606777

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4910

This completely revised second edition of the standard work has been expanded by some twenty percent to include more information on the latest developments and new apparatus. In particular, sections have been added on microplasmas and new types of spectrometers, while that on the rapidly expanding field of speciations with practical examples from life and environmental sciences have been included. Still in one handy volume, the book covers all the important modern aspects of atomic fluorescence, emission and absorption spectroscopy as well as plasma mass spectroscopy in a readily comprehensible and practice-oriented manner. A thorough explanation of the physical, theoretical and technical basics, example applications including the concrete execution of analysis and comprehensive cross-references to the latest literature allow even newcomers easy access to the methodologies described.
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Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry

Practices and Techniques

Author: Howard E. Taylor,HOWARD M. TAYLOR

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126838657

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 5941

It also includes information on processing and interpreting results to obtain high-quality data.".
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Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Principles and Applications

Author: Costas Fotakis,D. Anglos,V. Zafiropulos,Savas Georgiou,Vivi Tornari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420012101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 398

With the maturation of laser technology in diagnostic and conservation applications, conservation scientists, archeologists, art historians, researchers, and advanced science-oriented students now have the tools necessary for preserving the future of our past-our cultural heritage. Presenting recent developments in the field, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications addresses the basic concepts of laser applications and supplies case studies of analytical, structural diagnostic, and laser cleaning applications. The book provides a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental principles and applications of modern laser technology in the analysis of composition, diagnostics of structural integrity, and conservation of artworks and antiquities. Beginning with an introduction to the basic techniques used in art conservation and archeology, the book describes the fundamental aspects of laser-matter interactions, emphasizing laser diagnostics and laser processing applications. The next few chapters focus on laser-based spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of the composition of materials in art and archaeology, including laser-induced breakdown, Raman, and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The book proceeds to highlight nondestructive diagnostic techniques, laser processing applications, laser applications for the cleaning of paintings and stone, and methods for the removal of encrustations. It concludes with case studies for the conservation of materials like parchment, paper, metal, ivory, and wood, and includes conservation approaches for modern paintings. Bridging science with art, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage presents a systematic overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser techniques in artwork conservation and archeological science.
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