Principles of Paleontology

Author: Michael Foote,Arnold I. Miller,David M. Raup,Steven M. Stanley

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716706137

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 8691

When published in 1971, Principles of Paleontology (POP) by David Raup and Steven Stanley revolutionized both textbooks and teaching in paleontology by adopting an approach that focused on the process of studying biologic groups, rather than a systematic approach (the study of individual groups of organisms), or an historical approach (narrating events to date). For this highly anticipated revision of Raup and Stanley's one-term undergraduate text, two of Raup's former students--Michael Foote and Arnold Miller--use that defining core approach to present a thoroughly up-to-date portrait of a field that has undergone major transformations in the last two decades.

Principles of Invertebrate Paleontology

Author: William Henry Twenhofel,Robert Rakes Shrock

Publisher: N.A


Category: Invertebrates, Fossil

Page: 816

View: 4457

Protozoa; Porifera; Coelenterata; Ctenophora; Worm phyla; Annelida; Bryozoa; Polyzoa; Phoronida; Brachiopoda; Mollusca; Annelida; Onychophora; Arthopoda; Echinoderma; Hemichordata; Conodontophoridia.

A Manual of Palaeontology

For the Use of Students, with a General Introduction on the Principles of Palaeontology (Classic Reprint)

Author: Henry Alleyne Nicholson

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 9780265244517

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 1172

Excerpt from A Manual of Palaeontology: For the Use of Students, With a General Introduction on the Principles of Palaeontology It only remains to add that there is sometimes a further complication. If the rock be very porous and permeable by water, it may happen that the original shell is entirely dissolved away, leaving the interior cast loose, like the kernel of a nut, within the case formed by the exterior cast. Or it may happen that subsequent to the attainment of this state of things, the space thus left vacant between the interior and exterior cast the space, that is, formerly occupied by the shell itself - may be filled up by some foreign mineral deposited there by the infiltration of water. In this last case the splitting open of the rock would reveal an interior cast, an exterior cast, and finally a body which would have the exact form of the original shell, but which would be really a much later formation, and which would not exhibit under the microscope the minute structure ofshefl. In the third class of cases we have fossils which present with the greatest accuracy the external form, and even sometimes the in ternal minute structure, of the original organic body, but which, nevertheless, are not themselves truly organic, but have been formed by a replacement of the particles of the primitive organism by some mineral substance. The most elegant ex ample of this is afforded by fossil wood which has been silici fied or converted into flint. In this case we have a piece of fossil wood, which presents the rings of growth and fibrous structure of wood, and which under the microscope exhibits even the minutest vessels which characterise ligneous tissue. The whole, however, instead of being composed of the original carbonaceous matter of the wood, is now converted into pure flint. The only explanation which can be given of this by no means very rare phenomenon, is that the wood must have undergone a slow process of decay in water holding silica or flint in solution. As each particle of the wood was removed by decay, its place was taken by a particle of flint deposited from the surrounding water, till ultimately the entire wood was silicified. The replacing substance is by no means necessarily flint, but may be iron-pyrites, oxide of iron, sulphur, &c. And it is not uncommon to find many other fossils besides wood pre served in this way, such as shells, corals, or sponges. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Urban Paleontology

Evolution of Urban Forms

Author: Ming Tang,Dihua Yang

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1599429497

Category: Architecture

Page: 233

View: 3869

More than ten years ago, when I first read Mario Gandelsonas book The Urban Context, the beautiful abstract diagrams that the book presented -the street network of Chicago- fascinated me with the profound historical and cultural background that they suggested. Without knowing how this would direct me, I started to draw something related with the street network of Beijing. That is the beginning of this book. Among tons of the diagrams that I have created, most of them have not been incorporated into this book, while they have directed me into this fascinating research area which focuses on the "mineralized skeleton," rather than the "soft tissue" of urban forms. It was not until the recent five years when Yang and I came across some theories and approaches in paleontology that we started to integrate them into the street network study in Beijing and Savannah. Paleontology methods lay the foundation and provide a systematic and scientific platform for our research. Then urban paleontology, as a new framework for urban form study, unfolds itself more and more apparently in front of us. It explores the evolution of "urban species" based on their remains- "urban fossils," which describe distinct urban forms with imprints of their street networks. Just as how a biological fossil serves as a factual documentation of certain life forms, an urban fossil provides clues of the existence and transformation of urban forms. The study of urban paleontology inevitably directs us to further exploration in the fields of biology, anatomy, archeology, geology, and the application of computer aided design in the excavation of urban sites. Upon finishing this book, we realize that our work is too inadequate to possibly incorporate all the influence that other disciplines may have on architecture and urban design. What it has suggested is that architecture presents such a wide array of connections with other disciplines and becomes more and more towards an interdisciplinary study. We hope this book has illustrated the diversity of problems that invite further study and can serve as a start point for architects to conceive the total spectrum. -Ming Tang"

George Gaylord Simpson

Paleontologist and Evolutionist

Author: Léo F. Laporte

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231505451

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7034

In 1978 the distinguished paleontologist George Gaylord Simpson published his autobiography, Concession to the Improbable, which gave the basic facts of his life but left more questions than it answered. Now Léo F. Laporte presents this absorbing intellectual study of Simpson's major areas of work. Focusing on Simpson's scientific contributions, Laporte provides chapters on Simpson's earliest paleontological research through his distinguished Alexander Agassiz professorship at Harvard and his extensive fieldwork for the American Museum of Natural History, where he developed the core themes set forth in his most prestigious work, Tempo and Mode in Evolution (Columbia University Press, 1944). Simpson was arguably the first evolutionary paleontologist to combine descriptive taxonomy with the modern approaches of genetics and statistical analysis. Despite his brilliance Simpson was a difficult person to know; Laporte addresses the nature of Simpson's interpersonal problems with colleagues during his life. An introductory overview provides the biographical context of Simpson's career and provides the framework for his major paleontological and evolutionary contributions.

Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic Mammals of North America

Biostratigraphy and Geochronology

Author: Michael O. Woodburne

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503784

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 7082

This book places into modern context the information by which North American mammalian paleontologists recognize, divide, calibrate, and discuss intervals of mammalian evolution known as North American Land Mammal Ages. It incorporates new information on the systematic biology of the fossil record and utilizes the many recent advances in geochronologic methods and their results. The book describes the increasingly highly resolved stratigraphy into which all available temporally significant data and applications are integrated. Extensive temporal coverage includes the Lancian part of the Late Cretaceous, and geographical coverage includes information from Mexico, an integral part of the North American fauna, past and present.

Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology

International Series of Monographs on Earth Sciences

Author: Vladimir Pokorný

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483222691

Category: Nature

Page: 668

View: 3624

Earth Sciences, Volume X: Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology highlights the morphological, phylogenetic and ecological analysis of microfossils. This book is composed of 10 chapters that survey the most important microfossil taxa, their variety of form, evolution, relationships, and distribution. The opening chapter provides an introduction to the historical development of micropalaeontology. The succeeding chapters present the procedures for the collection, preparation, and microstratigraphic analysis of microfossils. The remaining chapters discuss the morphological, ecological, and phylogenetic properties of Radiolaria, Thekamoebae, Foraminifera, Tintinnina, Incertae sedis, Chitinozoa, and Hystrichosphere microfossils. This book is intended as a textbook and as a manual for practicing micropalaeontologists.

Rereading the Fossil Record

The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Author: David Sepkoski

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226748588

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 5049

Rereading the Fossil Record presents the first-ever historical account of the origin, rise, and importance of paleobiology, from the mid-nineteenth century to the late 1980s. Drawing on a wealth of archival material, David Sepkoski shows how the movement was conceived and promoted by a small but influential group of paleontologists and examines the intellectual, disciplinary, and political dynamics involved in the ascendency of paleobiology. By tracing the role of computer technology, large databases, and quantitative analytical methods in the emergence of paleobiology, this book also offers insight into the growing prominence and centrality of data-driven approaches in recent science.

Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536909

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 2740

One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Fossils in Earth Sciences


Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120334329

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 3695

This compact and reader-friendly book introduces students to materials and studies that are gaining importance in the study of fossils. It covers all the important branches of palaeontology and provides up-to-date and detailed analysis of the principles of palaeontology, systematics, palaeocolgy, evolution, invertebrate and vertebrate palaeontology, palaeobotany, and micropalaeontology. The text takes a holistic approach to the subject with concrete examples. Primarily intended for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Geology or Earth Sciences, the book will also prove useful for Zoology and Botany undergraduates. Geologists, particularly those assigned with jobs on palaeontology, micropalaeontology, palaeobotany will benefit from the text. Finally, students and research scientists intending to work with Indian problems concerning palaeontology should find the book beneficial. KEY FEATURES  Provides up-to-date data, concepts and Indian examples of fossils  Furnishes important data for laboratory work and Indian stratigraphy  Gives pertinent information on Fossil Lagerstätten in a tabulated form

The Earth Around Us

Maintaining A Livable Planet

Author: Jill Schneiderman

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1466814438

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 1602

Soil contamination...public lands...surface and groundwater pollution...coastal warming. Have we reached the limits of this planet's ability to provide for us? If so, what can we do about it? These vital questions are addressed by Jill Schneiderman in The Earth Around Us, a unique collection of thirty-one essays by a diverse array of today's foremost scientist-writers. Sharing an ability to communicate science in a clear and engaging fashion, the contributors explore Earth's history and processes--especially in relation to today's environmental issues--and show how we, as members of a global community, can help maintain a livable planet. The narratives in this collection are organized into seven parts that describe: - Earth's time and history and the place of people in it - Views of nature and the ethics behind our conduct on Earth - Resources for the twenty-first century, such as public lands, healthy forests and soils, clean ground and surface waters, and fluctuating coastlines - Ill-informed local manipulations of landscapes across the United States - Innovative solutions to environmental problems that arise from knowledge of the interactions between living things and the Earth's air, water, and soil - Natural and human-induced global scale perturbations to the earth system - Our responsibility to people and all other organisms that live on Earth Never before has such a widely experienced group of prominent earth scientists been brought together to help readers understand how earth systems function to produce our physical and biological environment. Driven by the belief that earth science is, and should be, an integral part of everyday life, The Earth Around Us empowers all of us to play a more educated and active part in the search for a sustainable future for people and other living things on our planet.

Greenhouse of the Dinosaurs

Evolution, Extinction, and the Future of Our Planet

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231518323

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6258

Donald R. Prothero's science books combine leading research with first-person narratives of discovery, injecting warmth and familiarity into a profession that has much to offer nonspecialists. Bringing his trademark style and wit to an increasingly relevant subject of concern, Prothero links the climate changes that have occurred over the past 200 million years to their effects on plants and animals. In particular, he contrasts the extinctions that ended the Cretaceous period, which wiped out the dinosaurs, with those of the later Eocene and Oligocene epochs. Prothero begins with the "greenhouse of the dinosaurs," the global-warming episode that dominated the Age of Dinosaurs and the early Age of Mammals. He describes the remarkable creatures that once populated the earth and draws on his experiences collecting fossils in the Big Badlands of South Dakota to sketch their world. Prothero then discusses the growth of the first Antarctic glaciers, which marked the Eocene-Oligocene transition, and shares his own anecdotes of excavations and controversies among colleagues that have shaped our understanding of the contemporary and prehistoric world. The volume concludes with observations about Nisqually Glacier and other locations that show how global warming is happening much quicker than previously predicted, irrevocably changing the balance of the earth's thermostat. Engaging scientists and general readers alike, Greenhouse of the Dinosaurs connects events across thousands of millennia to make clear the human threat to natural climate change.

Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments

An Optical Identification Guide

Author: R.G. Rothwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400911335

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 7762

Over 60% of the Earth's surface is covered with deep marine sediments, however, until the early 1980s, no comprehensive text books appeared to support the rapid expansion in the study of these sediments. While the whole field of marine geology has expanded enormously and entirely new disciplines, such as paleoceanography, have been developed, there remains a lack of reference texts on study techniques that investigators in the marine community can turn to. Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments is an optical identifica tion guide that I believe will become a standard reference text for use in the microscope analysis of marine sediment& and sedimentary rocks. The systematic collection of sediment cores from the deep ocean floor began in earnest with the Swedish Deep Sea Expedition, 1947-1948. Much of the microscopic examination of the sediments collected in these piston cores (10 m+ long) was conducted on separated grain mounts or thin sections of impregnated sediments. By the late 1960s a simpler technique of examining a mounted smear of the cored silt and clay size sediment on a microscope slide had become standard practice in American oceanographic institutions. This semi quantitative technique became the standard tool used in core description aboard Glomar Challenger through the 15 years of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), 1968-1983. Visual percentage estimates of biogenic and mineral components were made using petrologic micro scopes.

Flood By Design

Receding Water Shapes the Earth's Surface

Author: Michael Oard

Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group

ISBN: 1614581657

Category: Religion

Page: 144

View: 3354

There are features on the earth's surface that science cannot explain with theories of changes over millions or even billions of years by the geographic processes that we see occurring commonly today. However, when you explore the evidence from a biblical worldview, the geological features marking the planet's surface make sense given the worldview catastrophic flood described in the book of Genesis. Join author Mike Oard as he explores what is termed as "the retreating stage of the flood" - the seven month-period when the waters receded and the landscapes which are familiar to us were formed by a myriad of processes like uplifts and sinking, erosion, and more, which answer important questions regarding: Unusual dispersals of rocks over hundred of miles How quickly mountains and valleys were carved Emergence of continents and the formation of ocean basins Percussions marks shaped by vast and violently moving water Why very gradual erosion and deposits of soil cannot explain surface formations The study of geomorphology and what it can reveal Flood by Design takes you into a fascinating aspect of the Genesis flood you may never have considered. Examine unusual rock formations and evidence that only the biblical flood model can fully explain. Filled with many photographs and easy-to-understand illustrations and charts, the books is a powerful source of research and answers for high school students and beyond.