Author: John C. Manning
Publisher: Waveland Press
View: 3096Less than 1% of the Earth’s water is available for human use, the average family uses 400 gallons of water daily, and expected population growth means an increase in water use. The study of hydrology—how water behaves as it moves through the water cycle—is vital to reducing strains on our water supply and infrastructure. Written for those who want to understand hydrologic principles without a background in mathematics, Manning’s basic water science text begins with the physical and chemical attributes that make water a unique substance and proceeds with a step-by-step discussion of the water cycle. Scientific principles are illustrated by real-world examples, while “investigations” sections offer practical suggestions for making measurements and/or interpretations of hydrological variables in the local environment and for applying principles discussed in the text. This well-structured, reader-friendly text benefits not only students in elementary hydrology courses, but also those studying broader areas of natural resources, ecology, geography, and urban planning.
Author: Paul F. Hudak
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 9517The Second Edition of Principles of Hydrogeology represents a substantial revision of the First Edition. It introduces the fundamental concepts of hydrogeology in a concise, yet informative style. The author covers the current trends in the ground water industry. The topics include: aquifers, monitoring wells, groundwater flow, well hydraulics, groundwater quality, and groundwater pollution. Students will quickly see the relevance of the subject with the illustrations and examples provided. Presented in an easy-to-read and understand format, Principles of Hydrogeology, Second Edition is the perfect primary text for ground water related courses. With its emphasis on the basics it provides an excellent introduction to ground water science. The author, a professional in the field and an experienced educator, bring his practical knowledge to this subject.
with special emphasis directed to Canadian conditions in the discussions, applications, and presentation of data
Author: Donald M. Gray
Publisher: Water Information Center Inc
View: 8846Introduction to hydrology; Precipitation; Energy, evaporation and evapotranspiration; Interception; Infiltration and the physics of flow of water through porous media; Groundwater hydrology; Runoff-Rainfall-General; Peak flow - Rainfall events; Peak flow - Snowmelt events; Basin yield; Sediment transportation; Statistical methodos - Fitting frequency curves, regression analyses; Hydrology of land use.
Author: Paul F. Hudak
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 8241Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition presents important concepts of groundwater hydrology with a strong emphasis on problem-solving and field applications of hydrogeology. With newly added and revised content, this volume maintains a broad and current scope of topics, from the history of hydrogeology to the latest trends in managing groundwater contamination, arranged in the most compact and easy-to-use format available. Topics of interest include the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle; the nature of water-bearing formations; drilling boreholes and constructing monitoring wells; aquifers, well hydraulics, and aquifer tests; groundwater chemistry and flow; groundwater pollution, contaminant transport, remediation, and management. The author also provides the most current sources of hydrogeologic information, including professional societies, groundwater organizations, government agencies, industry publications, and Internet sites that provide data, software, techniques, protocols, standards, and training opportunities. Concise and informative, environmental regulators as well as groundwater and hydrology professionals will find Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition a handy and irreplaceable source for looking up definitions, tools, and equations while working on groundwater problems.
Author: John D. Hewlett
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
View: 3163Students and professors of hydrology, ecology, land-use management, forest and range management, soil science, physical geography, soil and water conservation, and watershed management will welcome this revision of the 1969 edition of An Outline of Forest Hydrology by John D. Hewlett and Wade L. Nutter. The student pursuing a career in forest and wildland resources soon learns that no science is more fundamental to the art of land management than hydrology, but hydrology as a science traditionally has been subordinated to hydrology as technique. Older texts have focused on methods and applications to the exclusion of principle, occasionally leaving the hydrological effects of land use and vegetation to be interpreted from techniques rather than from knowledge of process. Soil, atmospheric, and vegetal phases of the hydrologic cycle of have neglected in many texts intended for the college student. Hewlett’s new book focuses on natural processes and is intended to guide further study and to serve as a base for class lectures. The subject matter is organized to introduce key ideas and principles and to provide consistent terminology and clear graphic material to aid the student in comprehending the complex literature of hydrology.
Author: David R. DeWalle,Albert Rango
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 2199Principles of Snow Hydrology describes the factors that control the accumulation, melting and runoff of water from seasonal snowpacks over the surface of the earth. The book addresses not only the basic principles governing snow in the hydrologic cycle, but also the latest applications of remote sensing, and techniques for modeling streamflow from snowmelt across large mixed land-use river basins. Individual chapters are devoted to climatology and distribution of snow, snowpack energy exchange, snow chemistry, ground-based measurements and remote sensing of snowpack characteristics, snowpack management, and modeling snowmelt runoff. Many chapters have review questions and problems with solutions available online. This book is a reference book for practicing water resources managers and a text for advanced hydrology and water resources courses which span fields such as engineering, earth sciences, meteorology, biogeochemistry, forestry and range management, and water resources planning.
Author: Wilfried Brutsaert,Wilfried (Cornell University Brutsaert, New York)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 4362This textbook introduces fundamental principles of hydrology for advanced students, scientists and professionals.
Author: Mysooru R. Yadupathi Putty
View: 5232This treatise on Hydrology is an attempt to bridge the gap that exists between principles and practice in the subject. it lays importance on principles and concepts and simultaneously furnishes guidelines on practical use of the subject, through a large number of worked problems. The problems worked out are based mostly on field data. The book covers courses on Hydrology at both the U.G. And P.G. levels. it also provides reliable reference material to students preparing for competitive examinations such as GATE and IES. it further forms a ready reference guide To The practising engineers. The highlight and most distinguishing feature of the book is the way practically important topics on Frequency analysis, Regression analysis and Watershed modelling are dealt with. The book is expected to be of great help To The students at the U.G. level and as well to provide impetus to teachers to take up B.E. projects in this subject of great importance.
Author: George M. Hornberger,Patricia L. Wiberg,Jeffrey P. Raffensperger,Paolo D'Odorico
Publisher: JHU Press
View: 6098Among the many diverse aspects of environmental science, none is more critical to the future of society and nature than water. Understanding the role of water on Earth and making good decisions regarding water conservation and hydrological hazards depends on learning the fundamentals of physical hydrology. This textbook, now in an expanded second edition, provides the clearest opportunity for students to absorb those fundamentals. Written at an introductory level, Elements of Physical Hydrology covers virtually every aspect of this subject, including: • The hydrological cycle• Water budgets at catchment to global scales • Spatial and temporal aspects of precipitation• Evapotranspiration• Fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation• Laminar and turbulent flows• Open channel flow • Flood movement through reservoirs and channels • Flood frequency analysis• Groundwater flow• Aquifer characterization• Land subsidence• Soil moisture dynamics• Flow in the unsaturated zone• Hydrologic controls on vegetation • Biotic controls on hydrological processes• Runoff generation from surface and subsurface sources• Catchment models• The water-food-energy nexus• The globalization of water• Impacts of changing climate Layering one topic upon the next, Elements of Physical Hydrology succeeds in moving from simple, easy-to-grasp explanations through equations and models in a manner that will leave students new to the topic eager to apply their knowledge. Professionals in related disciplines will also find this book ideal for self-study. Thoughtfully illustrated, carefully written, and covering a broad spectrum of topics, this classic text clarifies a subject that is often misunderstood and oversimplified.
Author: Christopher M. Palmer
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 6633This second edition features new and expanded coverage of contaminant hydrogeologic investigations. It presents a practical approach to completing investigations for environmental compliance, emphasizing the use of geologic principles in assessment to move sites toward cleanup. Stressing the basics of collecting data that can withstand regulatory scrutiny and achieve remediation, Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology, Second Edition demonstrates how to solve a client's site contamination problem while maximizing cost effectiveness. It focuses on small- and medium-sized firms, for which speed, accuracy, and cost are all crucial factors in the site assessment and closure process. Based on "real world" problems, the book takes you step-by-step through the investigation and includes client-consultant-regulator interaction, budgets, ethics, and data extrapolation for solving problems. It introduces concepts such as field logistics, drilling techniques, sampling protocols, contaminant movement, and remediation. Regulatory personnel, hydrogeological consultants, drilling contractors, remediation contractors, university instructors, and students will benefit from the wealth of information provided in this new edition.
Principles and Practice
Author: Kevin M. Hiscock,Victor F. Bense
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 5782Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides acomprehensive introduction to the study of hydrogeology to enablethe reader to appreciate the significance of groundwater in meetingcurrent and future water resource challenges. This new edition hasbeen thoroughly updated to reflect advances in the field since2004. The book presents a systematic approach to understandinggroundwater. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical andchemical principles of hydrogeology, and later chapters featuregroundwater investigation techniques in the context of catchmentprocesses, as well as chapters on groundwater quality andcontaminant hydrogeology. Unique features of the book are chapterson the applications of environmental isotopes and noble gases inthe interpretation of aquifer evolution, and on regionalcharacteristics such as topography, compaction and variable fluiddensity in the explanation of geological processes affecting past,present and future groundwater flow regimes. The last chapterdiscusses groundwater resources and environmental management, andexamines the role of groundwater in integrated river basinmanagement, including an assessment of possible adaptationresponses to the impacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes and a set of colour plates drawn fromthe authors’ teaching and research experience are used toexplain special topics and to illustrate international case studiesranging from transboundary aquifers and submarine groundwaterdischarge to the over-pressuring of groundwater in sedimentarybasins. The appendices provide conversion tables and usefulreference material, and include review questions and exercises,with answers, to help develop the reader’s knowledge andproblem-solving skills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate andgraduate students primarily in earth sciences, environmentalsciences and physical geography with an interest in hydrogeology orgroundwater science. The book will also find use amongpractitioners in hydrogeology, soil science, civil engineering andplanning who are involved in environmental and resource protectionissues requiring an understanding of groundwater. Additional resources can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/hiscock/hydrogeology"www.wiley.com/go/hiscock/hydrogeology/a
Principles and Processes
Author: M. Robinson,R. C. Ward
Publisher: IWA Publishing
View: 7311The book comprises nine chapters, with seven core chapters dealing in detail with the basic principles and processes of the main hydrological components of the water cycle: precipitation, interception, evaporation, soil water, groundwater, streamflow and water quality. It takes a broadly non-mathematical approach, although some numeracy is assumed particularly in the treatment of evaporation and soil water. The introductory and concluding chapters show the relations and interactions between these components, and also put the importance of water into a wider human context – its significant role in human history, its key role today, and potential role in future in the light of climate change and increasing global population pressures. The book is thoroughly up-to-date, contains over 100 diagrams and photographs to explain and amplify the concepts described, and contains over 750 references for further study.
Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability
Author: Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic
View: 3247Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability
A Science for Engineers
Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 7273This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.
Principles, Analysis and Design
Author: H. M. Raghunath
Publisher: New Age International
View: 8541An attempt is made to place before students (degree and post-degree) and professionals in the fields of Civil and Agricultural Engineering, Geology and Earth Sciences, this important branch of Hydroscience, i.e., Hydrology. It deals with all phases of the Hydrologic cycle and related opics in a lucid style and in metric system. There is a departure from empiricism, with emphasis on collection of hydrological data, processing and analysis of data, and hydrological design on sound principles and matured judgement. Large number of hydrological design problems are worked out at the end of each article, to illustrate the principles involved and the design procedure. Problems for assignment are given at the end of each chapter, along with objective type and intelligence questions.