Principles of Geographical Information Systems

Author: Peter A. Burrough,Rachael McDonnell,Rachael A. McDonnell,Christopher D. Lloyd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198742843

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 901

Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.
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Textbook of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems

Author: Kali Charan Sahu

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126909094

Category:

Page: 512

View: 1941

Remote Sensing Technology In India Started In The 1960S. Space Technology Was Developed During The 1970S And 1980S To Use Satellites And Sensors In The Areas Of Communication To Exploit Meteorological And Ground Resources. Like Some Other Developing Countries, India Could Bypass The Intermediate Technology Stage And Leapfrog Into The High Technology Area.India S First Satellite In Irs Series Was Irs-1A, Launched In March 1988 By A Russian Vostok Launch Vehicle. Our Space Technology Has Attained Momentum And Made Tremendous Achievements By Launching The Oceansat-1 For Ocean Resources Monitoring; Resourcesat-1 For Agricultural Applications; And Cartosat-1 With A High Resolution Panchromatic Camera For Cartographic Applications. In India, The Remote Sensing Technology Along With Geographic Information System (Gis) Is Widely Being Used For More Than Two Decades For Inventorying, Mapping And Monitoring Of Earth Resources, And For Mitigation And Management Of Natural Disasters. In Days To Come It Will Become The Most Powerful Tool For Management And Distribution Of Information For Various Purposes.This Book Is Solely Written To Meet The Requirements Of Undergraduate Courses In B.E. (Civil Engineering), B.Tech (Geoinformatics), The Postgraduate Courses And M.Tech In Remote Sensing, Postgraduate Diploma In Remote Sensing And Gis, And M.E (Geoinformatics) Of Various Universities And Institutions. Topics Are Covered With Adequate Tables And Illustrations Essential To An Introductory Text. The Book Offers Key Concepts With The Use Of Simple And Limited Mathematics. Digital Image Processing, Which Forms The Backbone Of The Book, Is Dealt With Special Care. The Book Explains Fundamental Basis Of Gis Technology, Spatial Data Modeling, Attributes Data Management, Gis Data Analysis And Modeling. It Will Also Serve As An Ideal Reference Book For Researchers In This Field And Practical Users Of This Technology.
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Computing in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 2997

Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.
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Fundamentals of Geographical Information Systems, 4th Edition

Author: Michael N. DeMers

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118311477

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 9624

The Fourth Edition of this well-received text on the principles of geographic information systems (GIS) continues the author's style of "straight talk" in its presentation and is written to be accessible and easy to follow. Unlike most other GIS texts, this book covers GIS design and modeling, reflecting the belief that modeling and analysis are at the heart of GIS. This approach helps students understand and use GIS technology.
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Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 4465

The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS
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Fundamentals of GIS 2nd Edition Update with Integrated Lab Manual

Author: Michael N. DeMers

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471426097

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 3403

The Updated Second Edition of Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems includes thirteen laboratory exercises integrated into the text itself. The labs are linked to particular chapter where the concepts described in the reading can be practiced immediately in a laboratory setting. The second edition of this well-received text on principles of geographic information systems (GIS) continues the author\'s style of "straight talk" in its presentation. The writing is accessible and easy to follow. Unlike most other texts, this book covers GIS design and modeling, reflecting the belief that modeling and analysis are at the heart of GIS. This enables students to understand how to use a GIS and what it does.
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Visualization in geographical information systems

Author: Hilary M. Hearnshaw,David John Unwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471944355

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 8213

A practical, research-oriented introduction to the principles of scientific visualization applied to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Brings together the world's foremost practitioners to produce an integrated, up-to-the-minute manual concerned with techniques and their applications. Copiously illustrated in line, black and white and full color with many of the color images published for the first time.
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Geographical information systems

principles and applications. Applications

Author: David J. Maguire

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780470217894

Category: Science

Page: 447

View: 9775

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Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists

Modelling with GIS

Author: G. F. (Graeme Francis) Bonham-Carter,Graeme Bonham-Carter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080424200

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 4696

Introduction to GIS. Spatial data models. Spatial data structures. Spatial data input. Visualization and query of spatial data. Spatial data transformations. Tools for map analysis: single maps. Tools for map analysis: map pairs. Tools for map analysis: multiple maps.
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Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Author: Michael Goodchild,Max J. Egenhofer,Robin Fegeas,Cliff Kottman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792384366

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 8916

Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.
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Time-Integrative Geographic Information Systems

Management and Analysis of Spatio-Temporal Data

Author: Thomas Ott,Frank Swiaczny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540410164

Category: Computers

Page: 234

View: 5396

CD-ROM contains: Examples and code from text.
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The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health

Author: M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard M. Stern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585315604

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 3201

Health for all by the year 2000 is the blueprint for change agreed to by the Member States of the World Health Organization. In Europe, this blueprint is built on 38 regional targets, many of which have the underlying aim of uncovering new knowledge and of using existing knowledge more effectively. The targets related to a healthy environment have the ultimate goals of safeguarding human health against environmental hazards, and of enhancing the quality of life by providing clean and safe water, air, food, and working and living conditions. Allied to these goals is the need to reduce the sense of jeopardy that many people feel about what they perceive as 'the risks of everyday life'. These goals are an integral part of the European Charter on Environment and Health, adopted by 29 European Member States and the Commission of the European Communities in December 1989. The Charter stresses the shared responsibility of everyone to protect the environment, to be given adequate and accurate information, and to be involved in decision-making. It outUnes the principles for public policy as well as what needs to be done to transform them into action. In this, strong information systems have a vital role to play by helping to monitor the effectiveness of measures taken, of trends analysed, of priorities set and of decisions made.
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Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128047933

Category: Science

Page: 1474

View: 2725

Geographical Information Systems is a computer system used to capture, store, analyze and display information related to positions on the Earth’s surface. It has the ability to show multiple types of information on multiple geographical locations in a single map, enabling users to assess patterns and relationships between different information points, a crucial component for multiple aspects of modern life and industry. This 3-volumes reference provides an up-to date account of this growing discipline through in-depth reviews authored by leading experts in the field. Covers a rapidly expanding discipline, providing readers with a detailed overview of all aspects of geographic information systems, principles and applications Emphasizes the practical, socioeconomic applications of GIS Provides readers with a reliable, one-stop comprehensive guide, saving them time in searching for the information they need from different sources
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Geographical Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning

Author: Henk J. Scholten,John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401716773

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 1850

In August 1989, a Summer Institute was held at the Academie van Bouwkunst, the seventeenth century home of Amsterdam's School of Architecture, Town Planning and Landscape. The meeting brought together experts in Geographical Information Systems from throughout the world to address an international audience of planners. The contents of this book reflect many of the themes that were presented and discussed at the conference. The Summer Institute, let alone this volume, would not have been possible without the support of the International Association for the Development and Management of Existing and New Towns (INTNAIVN), the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISoCaRP), The National Physical Planning Agency of the Netherlands (RPD) and the Berlage Studio. We wish to acknowledge the assistance provided by these organisations and by the various sponsors: The Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment, the Municipality of Amsterdam, Logisterion b.v., ESRI, UNISYS, MABON b.v., SPSS, PRIME Computer Inc., PANDATA. The provision of hardware facilities by the various computer companies allowed immensely valuable 'hands on' experience to be gained by all the participants.
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Thinking about GIS

Geographic Information System Planning for Managers

Author: Roger F. Tomlinson

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589481585

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 521

Describes how to implement a successful geographic information system.
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Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 5905

Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.
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