Principled Reasoning in Human Rights Adjudication

Author: Se-shauna Wheatle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782259821

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 4395

Implied constitutional principles form part of the landscape of the development of fundamental rights in common law jurisdictions, affecting issues ranging from the remuneration of judges to the appropriation of property by the state. Principled Reasoning in Human Rights Adjudication offers thematic analysis of the use of the implied constitutional principles of the rule of law and separation of powers in human rights cases. The book examines the functions played by those principles in rights adjudication in Australia, Canada, the Commonwealth Caribbean, and the United Kingdom. It argues that a complete understanding of implied constitutional principles requires thoroughgoing analysis of the sources and methods of implication and of the specific roles played by such principles in the adjudicative process. By disaggregating particular functions and placing those functions within their respective institutional contexts, this book develops an understanding of the features of cases in which implied constitutional principles are invoked and the work done by those principles.
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Human Rights in the UK and the Influence of Foreign Jurisprudence

Author: Hélène Tyrrell

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509904964

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 6824

Human Rights in the UK and the Influence of Foreign Jurisprudence represents the first major empirical study of the use of foreign jurisprudence at the UK Supreme Court. This book focuses on the patterns of use and non use of rulings from foreign domestic courts in human rights cases before the UK Supreme Court. Results are drawn from quantitative and qualitative research, presenting data from the first eight years of Supreme Court activity. The evidence includes interviews with active and former members of the senior judiciary, as well as a focus group including some of the Supreme Court Judicial Assistants. It is argued that foreign jurisprudence is more intimately woven into the fabric of judicial reasoning, and serves a wider range of functions, than the term 'persuasive authority' might imply. Foreign jurisprudence is used mainly as a heuristic device, providing judges with a fresh analytical lens. Foreign jurisprudence is also important when interpreting a common legislative scheme, supporting dialogue between the Supreme Court and supranational courts such as the European Court of Human Rights. The perspectives offered by foreign jurisprudence can also support a stronger conception of domestic human rights. In these ways, this book addresses a broader political question about the source of human rights in the UK.
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Principles of Human Rights Adjudication

Author: C. A. Gearty

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199270682

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 9677

"This book takes a fresh look at the place of the Human Rights Act in Britain's constitutional order.
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Proportionality and the Rule of Law

Rights, Justification, Reasoning

Author: Grant Huscroft,Bradley W. Miller,Gregoire Webber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107064074

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 9132

"To speak of human rights is to speak of proportionality. It is no exaggeration to claim that proportionality has overtaken rights as the orienting idea in contemporary human rights law and scholarship. Proportionality has been received into the constitutional doctrine of courts in continental Europe, the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, Israel, and South Africa, as well as the jurisprudence of treaty-based legal systems like the European Court of Human Rights, giving rise to claims of a global model, a received approach, or, simply, the best-practice standard of rights adjudication. Even in the United States, which is widely understood to have formally rejected proportionality, some argue that the various levels of scrutiny adopted by the US Supreme Court are analogous to the standard questions posed by proportionality. As proportionality scholars are well aware, some of the early literature on balancing and rights is American, with special reference to the First Amendment. Notwithstanding proportionality's popularity, there is no consensus on its methodology. Much less does the use of a proportionality doctrine guarantee consensus on substantive rights questions. What the principle of proportionality promises is a common analytical framework, a framework the significance of which is not in its ubiquity (a mere fact), but because its structure influences (some would say controls) how courts reason to conclusions in many of the great moral and political questions confronting political communities. As a framework, proportionality analysis is superficially straightforward, setting out four questions in evaluating whether the limitation of a right is justifiable. A serviceable - but by no means canonical"--
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Constitutional Adjudication in Africa

Author: Charles M Fombad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192538632

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 4636

Since the 1990 wave of constitutional reforms in Africa, the role of constitutional courts or courts exercising the power to interpret and apply constitutions have become a critical aspect to the on-going process of constitutional construction, reconstruction, and maintenance. These developments appear, at least from the texts of the revised or new constitutions, to have resulted in fundamental changes in the nature and role of courts exercising jurisdiction in constitutional matters. The chapters in this second volume of the Stellenbosch Handbooks in African Constitutional Law series are the first to undertake a critical and comparative examination of the interplay of the diverse forms of constitutional review models on the continent. Comparative analysis is particularly important given the fact that over the last two decades, constitutional courts in Africa have been asked to decide a litany of hotly-contested and often sensitive disputes of a social, political, and economic nature. As the list of areas in which these courts have intervened has grown, so too have their powers, actual or potential. By identifying and examining the different models of constitutional review adopted, these chapters consider the extent to which these courts are contributing to enhancing constitutionalism and respect for the rule of law on the continent. The chapters show how the long-standing negative image of African courts is slowly changing. The courts have in responded in different ways to the variety of constraints, incentives, and opportunities that have been provided by the constitutional reforms of the last two decades to act as the bulwark against authoritarianism, and this provides a rich field for analysis, filling an important gap in the literature of contemporary comparative constitutional adjudication.
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Reasoning Rights

Comparative Judicial Engagement

Author: Liora Lazarus,Christopher McCrudden,Nigel Bowles

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782252347

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 4240

This book is about judicial reasoning in human rights cases. The aim is to explore the question: how is it that notionally universal norms are reasoned by courts in such significantly different ways? What is the shape of this reasoning; which techniques are common across the transnational jurisprudence; and which are particular? The book, comprising contributions by a team of world-leading human rights scholars, moves beyond simply addressing the institutional questions concerning courts and human rights, which often dominate discussions of this kind, seeking instead a deeper examination of the similarities and divergence of reasonings by different courts when addressing comparable human rights questions. These differences, while partly influenced by institutional concerns, cannot be attributed to them alone. This book explores the diverse and rich underlying spectrum of human rights reasoning, as a distinctive and particular form of legal reasoning, evident in the case studies across the selected jurisdictions.
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Human Rights Today

60 Years of the Universal Declaration

Author: Miodrag A. Jovanović,Ivana Krstić

Publisher: Eleven International Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 8961

This three part book is a collection of updated papers, presented at the conference "Universal Declaration - 60 Years After," which was convened at the Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, in September 2008. Issues in human rights law are critically assessed by a distinguished group of academics, researchers, and practitioners. The first section addresses general issues of human rights theory and practice, such as the relation of human rights politics and the international rule of law, the human rights claim to universality, the constitutionalization of international law through human rights instruments, as well as problems of human rights culture and/or ideology. The second section examines the role of domestic and international courts for the effective protection of human rights, as well as the specific techniques for implementation of human rights law. The final section is dedicated to developments, such as the growing importance of various forms of minority protection for the general body of human rights norms, as well as the role that human dignity as a prime constitutional value plays in certain legal systems. It also addresses widely debated challenges for human rights law: its status in times of war and in the global fight against terrorism.
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Das Liebeskonzil

Author: Oskar Panizza

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 384302796X

Category: Drama

Page: 68

View: 5913

Oskar Panizza: Das Liebeskonzil Ein alter, kranker und böser Gott Vater erzürnt sich über die zügellosen Orgien, die die Menschen und auch der Papst selbst im 15. Jahrhundert feiern. Die zu einem Konzil einberufene, etwas gewöhnliche Maria und ein kränklicher Christus können den tobenden Alten von der Idee abbringen, die Menschen auszulöschen und regen stattdessen einen Pakt mit dem Teufel an, der den Menschen ein Strafe für ihre Lüsternheit schicken soll. Dieser erfindet dazu die Syphilis und erhält im Gegenzug ein neues Portal zur Unterwelt und das Recht zu sagen, was er denkt. Panizzas groteske Himmelstragödie kommt ihn teuer zu stehen, er wird zu einem Jahr Einzelhaft verurteilt und verlässt nach Absitzen seiner Strafe Deutschland als gebrochener Mann, um sich in der Schweiz niederzulassen. Von dort ausgewiesen geht er nach Paris und veröffentlicht 1899 »Parisjana. Deutsche Verse aus Paris«, die in Deutschland sofort beschlagnahmt werden und Panizza eine Anklage wegen Majestätsbeleidigung einbringen. Der gelernte Nervenarzt Oskar Panizza leidet unter der Wahnvorstellung, Kaiser Wilhelm II. verfolge ihn und verbringt seine letzten Lebensjahre entmündigt in geschlossenen Nervenheilanstalten, bis er 1921 stirbt. Erstdruck: Zürich (Verlagsmagazin) 1895. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Oskar Panizza: Das Liebeskonzil und andere Schriften. Herausgegeben und mit einem Nachwort von Hans Prescher. Neuwied und Berlin: Luchterhand, 1964. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Paul Cézanne, Die Orgie (Ausschnitt), um 1870. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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Judicial Reasoning under the UK Human Rights Act

Author: Helen Fenwick,Gavin Phillipson,Roger Masterman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466763

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6254

Judicial Reasoning under the UK Human Rights Act is a collection of essays written by leading experts in the field, which examines judicial decision-making under the UK's de facto Bill of Rights. The book focuses both on changes in areas of substantive law and the techniques of judicial reasoning adopted to implement the Act. The contributors therefore consider first general Convention and Human Rights Act concepts – statutory interpretation, horizontal effect, judicial review, deference, the reception of Strasbourg case-law – since they arise across all areas of substantive law. They then proceed to examine not only the use of such concepts in particular fields of law (privacy, family law, clashing rights, discrimination and criminal procedure), but also the modes of reasoning by which judges seek to bridge the divide between familiar common law and statutory doctrines and those in the Convention.
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The Development of Human Rights Law by the Judges of the International Court of Justice

Author: Shiv Bedi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313434

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 3993

The jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice generally demonstrates that no rule of international law can be interpreted and applied without regard to its innate values and the basic principles of human rights. Through its case-law the ICJ has made immense contributions to the development of human rights law, and in so doing continues to provide solutions to mounting international problems, such as terrorism and unilateral use of force. Part I of the book argues that the legislative spirit of contemporary international law lies in the doctrine of human rights and that the spirit of human rights doctrine lies in the principle of human dignity. Furthermore it argues that the processes of international legislation and international adjudication are inseparable, and that there is no norm of international law which does not intertwine the fundamental principle of human dignity with human rights doctrine. Hence human rights law is more a school of law than merely a normative branch of international law, and the ICJ's willingness to engage in the development of human rights law depends upon which judicial ideology its judges subscribe to.In order to evaluate how this human rights spirit is manifested, or occasionally not manifested, through the vast jurisprudence of the ICJ, Parts II and III critically examine the Court's principal contentious and advisory cases in which it has treated human rights questions. The legal reasoning of the Court and the opinions appended to its decisions by its individual judges are analysed in light of the principle of human dignity and the doctrine of human rights.
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In Whose Name?

A Public Law Theory of International Adjudication

Author: Armin von Bogdandy,Ingo Venzke

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026956

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 8723

The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.
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Legal Reasoning in Environmental Law

A Study of Structure, Form and Language

Author: Douglas Fisher

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781008973

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 4360

ŠI am afraid that an endorsement of this kind, however condense and packed with praise, cannot do justice to Doug Fisher�s latest book. A respected and seasoned environmental law scholar, Fisher skilfully reminds us that law is about language and that
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Human rights

their limitations and proliferation

Author: Peter Wahlgren

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 3020

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Philosopher Kings?

The Adjudication of Conflicting Human Rights and Social Values

Author: George C. Christie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199712387

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 3522

Philosopher Kings? The Adjudication of Conflicting Human Rights and Social Values, by George C. Christie, examines the attempts by courts to sort out conflicts involving freedom of expression, including religious expression, on the one hand, and rights to privacy and other important social values on the other. It approaches the subject from a comparative perspective, using principally cases decided by European and United States courts. A significant part of this book analyzes conflicts between freedom of expression and the right to privacy. In a world in which, freedom of expression and privacy are said to be of equal value, the book explores whether it is possible to develop, through case-by-case adjudication, a legal regime which can give clear direction as to what expression is or is not permitted. Otherwise, if such a regime proves impossible, in the guise of recognizing the equal value of expression and privacy, privacy may become de facto the preferred value.
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Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights

Author: Paul Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136218963

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 6248

Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights is the first book-length study of the Court’s jurisprudence in respect of sexual orientation. It offers a socio-legal analysis of the substantial number of decisions and judgments of the Strasbourg organs on the wide range of complaints brought by gay men and lesbians under the European Convention on Human Rights. Providing a systematic analysis of Strasbourg case law since 1955 and examining decades of decisions that have hitherto remained obscure, the book considers the evolution of the Court’s interpretation of the Convention and how this has fashioned lesbian and gay rights in Europe. Going beyond doctrinal analysis by employing a nuanced sociological consideration of Strasbourg jurisprudence, Paul Johnson shows how the Court is a site at which homosexuality is both socially constructed and regulated. He argues that although the Convention is conceived as a ‘living instrument’ to be interpreted ‘in the light of present-day conditions’ the Court’s judgments have frequently forged and advanced new social conditions in respect of homosexuality. Johnson argues that the Court’s jurisprudence has an extra-legal importance because it provides an authoritative and powerful discursive resource that can be mobilized by lesbians and gay men to challenge homophobic and heteronormative social relations in contemporary societies. As such, the book considers how the Court’s interpretation of the Convention might be evolved in the future to better protect lesbian and gay rights and lives.
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Festschrift für Dimitris Th. Tsatsos

zum 70. Geburtstag am 5. Mai 2003

Author: Peter Häberle,Martin Morlok,Wassilios Skouris

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Constitutional law

Page: 744

View: 7087

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The Ultimate Rule of Law

Author: David M. Beatty

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199269808

Category: Law

Page: 193

View: 9854

The Ultimate Rule of Law examines judgments of leading courts around the world on issues such as religious freedom, sex discrimination, and social and economic rights. Beatty develops a radical alternative to the conventional view that in deciding these cases judges engage in an essentially interpretative, and thus subjective act, relying ultimately on their personal beliefs and political opinions. Beatty's analysis shows that it is possible to apply an impartial and objective method of judicial review, based on the principle of proportionality, which acts as an ultimate rule of law and is fully compatible with the ideals of democracy and popular sovereignty.Readership: Scholars, practitioners, and students.
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Pluralism in International Criminal Law

Author: Elies van Sliedregt,Sergey Vasiliev

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019100829X

Category: Law

Page: 410

View: 2524

Despite the growth in international criminal courts and tribunals, the majority of cases concerning international criminal law are prosecuted at the domestic level. This means that both international and domestic courts have to contend with a plethora of relevant, but often contradictory, judgments by international institutions and by other domestic courts. This book provides a detailed investigation into the impact this pluralism has had on international criminal law and procedure, and examines the key problems which arise from it. The work identifies the various interpretations of the concept of pluralism and discusses how it manifests in a broad range of aspects of international criminal law and practice. These include substantive jurisdiction, the definition of crimes, modes of individual criminal responsibility for international crimes, sentencing, fair trial rights, law of evidence, truth-finding, and challenges faced by both international and domestic courts in gathering, testing and evaluating evidence. Authored by leading practitioners and academics in the field, the book employs pluralism as a methodological tool to advance the debate beyond the classic view of 'legal pluralism' leading to a problematic fragmentation of the international legal order. It argues instead that pluralism is a fundamental and indispensable feature of international criminal law which permeates it on several levels: through multiple legal regimes and enforcement fora, diversified sources and interpretations of concepts, and numerous identities underpinning the law and practice. The book addresses the virtues and dangers of pluralism, reflecting on the need for, and prospects of, harmonization of international criminal law around a common grammar. It ultimately brings together the theories of legal pluralism, the comparative law discourse on legal transplants, harmonization, and convergence, and the international legal debate on fragmentation to show where pluralism and divergence will need to be accepted as regular, and even beneficial, features of international criminal justice.
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