Primary Explosives

Author: Robert Matyáš,Jiří Pachman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642284361

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 2492

This is the first comprehensive overview of this topic. It serves as a single source for information about the properties, preparation, and uses of all relevant primary explosives. The first chapter provides background such as the basics of initiation and differences between requirements on primary explosives used in detonators and igniters. The authors then clarify the influence of physical characteristics on explosive properties, focusing on those properties required for primary explosives. Furthermore, the issue of sensitivity is discussed. All the chapters on particular groups of primary explosives are structured in the same way, including introduction, physical and chemical properties, explosive properties, preparation and documented use. The authors thoroughly verified all data and information. A unique feature of this book are original microscopic images of some explosives.

Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon,Shmuel Zitrin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471965626

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 7805

An up-to-date handbook, with the latest advances including all the various methods and techniques for analyzing explosives. Explosive compounds and mixtures, residues--their recovery and clean-up procedures--chromatography, polarography, spectroscopy, environmental analysis and mass spectroscopy are among the topics covered.

The Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jacqueline Akhavan

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733309

Category: Education

Page: 193

View: 9293

A unique text which introduces difficult subjects in a readable manner, covering all aspects of explosive chemistry from history to manufacturing techniques and formulation.

Test Methods for Explosives

Author: Muhamed Suceska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207975

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 6020

It seems that there is no book that treats the measurement of the physical pa rameters of explosives as its only subject, although limited information is avail able in a number of books. Therefore, I have tried to bridge this gap in the lit erature with this book. A large number of various physical parameters have to be determined ex perimentally in order to test or characterise an explosive. Various physical principles have been applied for such measurements. Accordingly, a large number of different experimental methods exist, as well as various testing appa ratuses and procedures. On the other hand, great progress has been made recently in the study of detonation phenomena. New measuring techniques can assess extremely short processes to below nanoseconds scale. They make it possible to determine im portant parameters in detonation physics. I have made a great attempt to cover the available literature data on the subject. Because it would be a highly demanding task to include in a single volume all the methods that are in use by various testing agencies, I have tried to give primarily the principles for determination of individual physical pa rameters of explosives by different measuring methods as well as data treatment procedures.

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering

Author: Per-Anders Persson,Roger Holmberg,Jaimin Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849389788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 7898

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering covers the practical engineering aspects of many different kinds of rock blasting. It includes a thorough analysis of the cost of the entire process of tunneling by drilling and blasting in comparison with full-face boring. Also covered are the fundamental sciences of rock mass and material strength, the thermal decomposition, burning, shock initiation, and detonation behavior of commercial and military explosives, and systems for charging explosives into drillholes. Functional descriptions of all current detonators and initiation systems are provided. The book includes chapters on flyrock, toxic fumes, the safety of explosives, and even explosives applied in metal working as a fine art. Fundamental in its approach, the text is based on the practical industrial experience of its authors. It is supported by an abundance of tables, diagrams, and figures. This combined textbook and handbook provides students, practitioners, and researchers in mining, mechanical, building construction, geological, and petroleum engineering with a source from which to gain a thorough understanding of the constructive use of explosives.

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal,Robert Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470059357

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 6278

Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

Chemistry of High-Energy Materials

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110430479

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 9466

Chemistry of High-Energy Materials continues in this new and revised 3rd edition to provide fundamental scientific insights into primary and secondary explosives, propellants, rocket fuel and pyrotechnics. The contents of the previous edition were meticulously updated and recent research developments added to this graduate-level textbook. Applications in military and civil fields are discussed. Especially environmental issues caused by lead-based primary explosives, perchlorates in pyrotechnic formulations and modern signal flare compositions are discussed and current research presented. Further additions include the understanding of the mechanism and continuing development of laser ignition methods, techniques for the characterization of detonators and their output as well as principles and effects of underwater explosions. New in the 3rd Edition: • Revised and updated content, new study problems and questions. • Extended examination of the application of ionic liquids in the field and hydrodynamics. • Intended for advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as to all those working in defense technology. "This book makes a nice addition to the shelf of everyone involved with energetic materials. As such it is recommended as a very useful reference for both students and experienced readers." Ernst-Christian Koch on the 2nd Edition in: Propellants Explosive Pyrotechnics 16/2011 Upcoming titles by Thomas M. Klapötke: Energetic Materials Encyclopedia (January 2018) Thomas M. Klapötke CSci CChem FRSC was from 1995 until 1997 Ramsay Professor of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Since 1997 he has held the Chair of Inorganic Chemistry at LMU Munich.

Common Toxicologic Issues in Small Animals, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice - E-Book

Author: Safdar N. Khan,Stephen B. Hooser

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455743259

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 5021

A comprehensive review of toxicology for the small animal practitioner! Guest editors Safdar Khan and Stephen Hooser present articles on trends of animal poisoning cases in the USA, use of lipid emulsions, epidemiology of mushroom poisoning cases, toxicology of ADHD drugs, toxicology of human NSAIDS, diagnostic toxicology with emphasis on how to investigate or what to do in food-related outbreaks, toxicology of avermectins (ivermectins, moxidectin, doramectin, selamectin), rodenticides toxicosis, include difethiolone, toxicology of newer pesticides, toxicology of explosives, recently recognized nephrotoxic agents/toxicants, calcium channel blocker toxicosis, adverse effects, and more!

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti-Terrorism Purposes

Author: M. Krausa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402027168

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 8826

The fast detection of explosives from the vapor phase would be one way to enhance the protection of society against terrorist attacks. Up to now the problem of detection of explosives, especially the location of explosives whether at large areas e. g. station halls, theaters or hidden in cars, aircraft cargo, baggage or explosives hidden in crowds e. g. suicide bombers or bombs in bags has not been solved. Smelling of explosives like dogs do seems to be a valuable tool for a security chain. In general different strategies can be adopt to the basic problem of explosive detection: • bulk detection • vapor detection Normally meetings cover both aspects and applications of the detection. Even though both methods might fulfill special aspects of a general security chain the underlying scientific questions differ strongly. Because of that the discussions of the scientists and practitioners from the different main directions are sometimes only less specific. Therefore the NATO Advisory Panel in Security-Related Civil Science and Technology proposed a small series of NATO ARW's which focuses on the different scientific aspects of explosives detection methods. This book is based on material presented at the first NATO ARW of this series in Moscow which covered the topic: Vapor and trace detection of explosives. The second ARW was held in St. Petersburg and treated the topic Bulk detection methods. The third workshop was held in Warwick and focused on electronic noses which cover a somewhat different aspect of vapor detection.

Chemie der hochenergetischen Materialien

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110214873

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 8722

This reference work treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials and offers an overview of current research. Both civilian and military uses of high-energy compounds are presented.

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Author: John M. Chalmers,Howell G. M. Edwards,Michael D. Hargreaves

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470749067

Category: Law

Page: 618

View: 7291

This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.

GB 6944-2012: Translated English of Chinese Standard. GB6944-2012

Classification and code of dangerous goods




Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 26

View: 7678

This standard specifies the classification of dangerous goods, the procedure of risk degree of dangerous goods, and the code of dangerous goods. This standard is applicable to dangerous goods transport, storage, sales, and related activities.

Magnetocumulative Generators

Author: Larry L. Altgilbers,Mark D.J. Brown,Igor Grishnaev,Bucur M. Novac,Ivor R. Smith,Yuriy Tkach,Iaroslav Tkach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387987866

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 3877

This book discusses explosive pulsed power systems and their applications. It draws together in a single volume the current state of knowledge on the design, construction, testing, and application of magnetocumulative generators to produce high magnetic fields. It is intended for students and researchers in the fields of pulsed power, high power microwaves, high power lasers, railguns, lightning simulation, high-energy physics, and ultra-high magnetic field interaction with solids. The book begins with a thorough introduction to magnetocumulative generators, including the underlying theory of electromagnetic and shock waves and the explosives technology. It then turns to magnetic flux compression and a review of various basic and cascaded designs for magnetocumulative generators. The discussion of the ancillary components that ensure delivery of the output pulse to the load includes a description of novel switches, transformers, and transmission lines. The precise form these take depends on the characteristics of the load, and a subsequent chapter therefore discusses a number of possible loads and their effects. The discussion then focuses on an in-depth account of the design, construction, and testing of a particular helical generator developed at Loughborough University, including a description of the switches and conditioning circuits as well as the experimental techniques. The book concludes with a description of applications, in particular, as power sou

Industrial Crystallization of Melts

Author: C.M. Van 't Land

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203021132

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 2405

At the interface of chemical industry operations, equipment manufacturer input, and the scientific literature, Industrial Crystallization of Melts explores and explains melt crystallization and purification in the industrial arena. This comprehensive account details the orderly conversion of melts into solid, salable end materials and procedures for purification by remelting; summarizes key theoretical concepts relating to crystalline matter and instationary heat transfer; and surveys the equipment available for specific processes. It also offers over 100 tested equations, as well as clear-cut methods for handling organic melts that call for special crystallization provisions.

Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes

2nd volume

Author: T. Michael Gilliam

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803114432

Category: Fiction

Page: 501

View: 2890

Annotation Provides current information on the use of stabilization and solidification (S/S), as well as an international perspective on the role of S/S for treating waste residues. Thirty-nine papers by researchers working with S/S technologies from both the low-level radioactive and chemically hazardous waste communities are presented in sections on: regulatory and technical guidance; specialty wastes--organics, ashes, and resins; laboratory-scale leachability studies; laboratory-scale process development; test method development; and large-scale evaluation or demonstration. Member price, $62. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Initiation and Growth of Explosion in Liquids and Solids

Author: F. P. Bowden,A. D. Yoffe

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521312332

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 1837

This book describes the research of Bowden, Yoffe and their collaborators on explosive initiation. What Bowden and Yoffe showed was that explosives are ignited almost invariably by thermal processes and though other processes have been identified their work still holds.