Populism in Latin America

Second Edition

Author: Michael L. Conniff

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817357092

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 2961

This updated edition of Populism in Latin America discusses new developments in populism as a political phenomenon and the emergence of new populist political figures in Mexico, Argentina, and Venezuela in particular.

Populist Seduction in Latin America, Second Edition

Author: Carlos De La Torre

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0896802795

Category: Political Science

Page: 259

View: 5630

"In this substantially expanded edition, Carolos de la Torre extends his insightful analysis of Latin American populism in general, and Ecuadorian populism in particular, to the current government of Rafael Correa. He skillfully demonstrates the ambiguities of populist experience, which combine political mass involvement and top-down control, and hover between authoriatarianism and democracy. An excellent book!"---Kurt Weyland, author of the Politics of Market Reform in Fragile Democracies --

Gender and Populism in Latin America

Passionate Politics

Author: Karen Kampwirth

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271037091

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 840

Analyzes populist movements in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela from a gender perspective. Considers the role of masculinity and femininity in populist leadership, the impact of populism on democracy and feminism, and women's critical roles as followers of these leaders. --From publisher description.

Populism in Venezuela

Author: Ryan Brading

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415522978

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3567

Populism in Venezuela analyses the emergence, formation, reproduction and resistance to a left-wing populist project in a major world oil producer. For readers who seek to understand the historical, economical and sociological contexts that gave rise to a 38 year-old mestizo-mulato Lieutenant Colonel who stormed the presidential palace in a bloody coup d'état in 1992, subsequently returned to the same palace in 1998, but this time, as a democratically elected President, and has been in power since, this book is the right place to start. In spite of opposition attempts to oust President Hugo Chávez and his political machinery from power, this 'socialism of the twenty-first century' hegemonic project has succeeded in creating an institutional structure designed to improve the lives of the previously excluded population. An in-depth fieldwork study of a Cuban healthcare programme named Barrio Adentro (deep in the slums) in Venezuela's poor and rural areas, and the nonviolence Manos Blancas (white hands) opposition student movement - provides a descriptive and analytical account of people's problems from both sides in a deeply polarised society. The concluding chapter of this book examines Chávez's intention to stay in power until 2031. An original resource for scholars, students and general readers; this book not only furthers our understanding populism in Venezuela but also provides a sound method to analyse populist practices in other contexts.

Forgotten Continent

The Battle for Latin America's Soul

Author: Michael Reid

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116168

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 737

Latin America has often been condemned to failure. Neither poor enough to evoke Africa’s moral crusade, nor as explosively booming as India and China, it has largely been overlooked by the West. Yet this vast continent, home to half a billion people, the world’s largest reserves of arable land, and 8.5 percent of global oil, is busily transforming its political and economic landscape. This book argues that rather than failing the test, Latin America’s efforts to build fairer and more prosperous societies make it one of the world’s most vigorous laboratories for capitalist democracy. In many countries—including Brazil, Chile and Mexico—democratic leaders are laying the foundations for faster economic growth and more inclusive politics, as well as tackling deep-rooted problems of poverty, inequality, and social injustice. They face a new challenge from Hugo Chávez’s oil-fuelled populism, and much is at stake. Failure will increase the flow of drugs and illegal immigrants to the United States and Europe, jeopardize stability in a region rich in oil and other strategic commodities, and threaten some of the world's most majestic natural environments. Drawing on Michael Reid’s many years of reporting from inside Latin America’s cities, presidential palaces, and shantytowns, the book provides a vivid, immediate, and informed account of a dynamic continent and its struggle to compete in a globalized world.

Left Behind

Latin America and the False Promise of Populism

Author: Sebastian Edwards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226184803

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 4149

The political and economic history of Latin America has been marked by great hopes and even greater disappointments. Despite abundant resources—and a history of productivity and wealth—in recent decades the region has fallen further and further behind developed nations, surpassed even by other developing economies in Southeast Asia and elsewhere. In Left Behind, Sebastian Edwards explains why the nations of Latin America have failed to share in the fruits of globalization and forcefully highlights the dangers of the recent turn to economic populism in the region. He begins by detailing the many ways Latin American governments have stifled economic development over the years through excessive regulation, currency manipulation, and thoroughgoing corruption. He then turns to the neoliberal reforms of the early 1990s, which called for the elimination of deficits, lowering of trade barriers, and privatization of inefficient public enterprises—and which, Edwards argues, held the promise of freeing Latin America from the burdens of the past. Flawed implementation, however, meant the promised gains of globalization were never felt by the mass of citizens, and growing frustration with stalled progress has led to a resurgence of populism throughout the region, exemplified by the economic policies of Venezuela’sHugo Chávez. But such measures, Edwards warns, are a recipe for disaster; instead, he argues, the way forward for Latin America lies in further market reforms, more honestly pursued and fairly implemented. As an example of the promise of that approach, Edwards points to Latin America's giant, Brazil, which under the successful administration of President Luis Inácio da Silva (Lula) has finally begun to show signs of reaching its true economic potential. As the global financial crisis has reminded us, the risks posed by failing economies extend far beyond their national borders. Putting Latin America back on a path toward sustained growth is crucial not just for the region but for the world, and Left Behind offers a clear, concise blueprint for the way forward.

The Macroeconomics of Populism in Latin America

Author: Rudiger Dornbusch,Sebastian Edwards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226158488

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 3207

Again and again, Latin America has seen the populist scenario played to an unfortunate end. Upon gaining power, populist governments attempt to revive the economy through massive spending. After an initial recovery, inflation reemerges and the government responds with wage an price controls. Shortages, overvaluation, burgeoning deficits, and capital flight soon precipitate economic crisis, with a subsequent collapse of the populist regime. The lessons of this experience are especially valuable for countries in Eastern Europe, as they face major political and economic decisions. Economists and political scientists from the United States and Latin America detail in this volume how and why such programs go wrong and what leads policymakers to repeatedly adopt these policies despite a history of failure. Authors examine this pattern in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru—and show how Colombia managed to avoid it. Despite differences in how each country implemented its policies, the macroeconomic consequences were remarkably similar. Scholars of Latin America will find this work a valuable resource, offering a distinctive macroeconomic perspective on the continuing controversy over the dynamics of populism.

Dancing Jacobins

A Venezuelan Genealogy of Latin American Populism

Author: Rafael Sanchez

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0823263657

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7162

"This long-awaited book presents an insightful and at the same time rollicking account of the Latin American populist form the author terms 'monumental governmentality.' It combines a theatricalizing of political leaders to a sometimes absurdly gigantic and statesque extent with those leaders' antic efforts to effectuate their political power through a syncopated, winking, salsa-like personal style that appeals directly to the mass audience. Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is the prime example, and the central focus of the book. Theoretically, the book is a marvelously rich example of anthropological writing, which can be read with pleasure by those not Latin Americanists for its insights in practical and poltiical philosophy. Historically and in term of policy, it gives an excellent account of a Latin American political style that tends simply to be laughed at in the U.S.--but that persists and is effective nonethess"--From publisher's website.

The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America

Author: Raúl L. Madrid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521195594

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 1707

Explores why indigenous movements have recently won elections for the first time in the history of Latin America.

Latin American Populism in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Carlos de la Torre,Cynthia J. Arnson

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press / Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: 9781421410098

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 5105

By analyzing the discourse and policies of populist leaders and reviewing their impact in particular countries, these contributors provide a deeper understanding of populism’s democratizing promise as well as the authoritarian tendencies that threaten the foundation of liberal democracy.

Populism and the Mirror of Democracy

Author: Francisco Panizza

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859845233

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 7919

Populism raises awkward questions about modern forms of democracy. It often represents the ugly face of the people. It is neither the highest form of democracy nor its enemy. It is, rather, a mirror in which democracy may contemplate itself, warts and all, in a discovery of itself and what it lacks.This definitive collection, edited by one of the worlds pre-eminent authorities on populism, Francisco Panizza, combines theoretical essays with a number of specially commissioned case studies on populist politics in the US, Britain, Canada, Western Europe, Palestine, Latin America and South Africa. A broadly shared understanding of the nature of populism gives the book a coherence rarely found in collective works and enhances the richness of the case studies.

History of Modern Latin America

1800 to the Present

Author: Teresa A. Meade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118772504

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 1810

Now available in a fully-revised and updated second edition, A History of Modern Latin America offers a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the rich cultural and political history of this vibrant region from the onset of independence to the present day. Includes coverage of the recent opening of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba as well as a new chapter exploring economic growth and environmental sustainability Balances accounts of the lives of prominent figures with those of ordinary people from a diverse array of social, racial, and ethnic backgrounds Features first-hand accounts, documents, and excerpts from fiction interspersed throughout the narrative to provide tangible examples of historical ideas Examines gender and its influence on political and economic change and the important role of popular culture, including music, art, sports, and movies, in the formation of Latin American cultural identity? Includes all-new study questions and topics for discussion at the end of each chapter, plus comprehensive updates to the suggested readings

Struggle for the Spirit

Religious Transformation and Popular Culture in Brazil and Latin America

Author: David Lehmann

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617848

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1237

For 500 years Catholicism has been the dominant religious force throughout Latin America. Its hegemony was based on a complex relationship with popular culture; the colorful and the macabre, the syncretic and the purist, the indigenous and the cosmopolitan, the popular and the erudite have combined to form a uniquely creative and reflexive cultural complex. But in the second half of the twentieth century, just as the Church sought to reform itself by proclaiming its "preferential option for the poor", some of the most charismatic forms of Protestantism, carried along by an open and aggressive hostility to the traditions of popular culture, began to establish themselves at the heart of the popular sectors themselves - in the large urban slums, among Indian groups and, increasingly, throughout other strata of Latin American societies. Today around a fifth of the population of countries like Brazil and Chile Protestant, mostly Pentecostal. Is this a new Reformation? A cultural revolution? Or merely another confirmation of the illusion of liberation? Drawing on detailed research in Brazil and extensive knowledge of Latin America as a whole, Lehmann explores the predicament of the Catholic Church in the face of the apparently irresistible rise of Pentecostalism, examines the structure and practices of the religious organizations and assesses the broader political implications of these developments. This well informed and carefully researched study sheds new light on one of the most remarkable cultural transformations of our time.

Latin American Democracy

Emerging Reality or Endangered Species?

Author: Richard L. Millett,Jennifer S. Holmes,Orlando J. Pérez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317908422

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9775

More than thirty years have passed since Latin America began the arduous task of transitioning from military-led rule to democracy. In this time, more countries have moved toward the institutional bases of democracy than at any time in the region’s history. Nearly all countries have held free, competitive elections and most have had peaceful alternations in power between opposing political forces. Despite these advances, however, Latin American countries continue to face serious domestic and international challenges to the consolidation of stable democratic governance. The challenges range from weak political institutions, corruption, legacies of militarism, transnational crime, and globalization among others. In the second edition of Latin American Democracy contributors – both academics and practitioners, North Americans, Latin Americans, and Spaniards—explore and assess the state of democratic consolidation in Latin America by focusing on the specific issues and challenges confronting democratic governance in the region. This thoroughly updated revision provides new chapters on: the environment, decentralization, the economy, indigenous groups, and the role of China in the region.


Ideas and Power in Latin America

Author: Enrique Krauze

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062309293

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 4512

In Redeemers, acclaimed historian Enrique Krauze presents the major ideas that have formed the modern Latin American political mind during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries—and looks closely at how these ideas were expressed in the lives of influential revolutionaries, thinkers, poets, and novelists. Here are the Cuban José Martí; the Argentines Che Guevara and Evita Perón; political thinkers like Mexico’s José Vasconcelos; and the writers José Enrique Rodó, Mario Vargas Llosa, Octavio Paz, and Gabriel García Márquez. Redeemers also highlights Mexico’s Samuel Ruiz and Subcomandante Marcos, as well as Venezuela’s president Hugo Chávez, and their influence on contemporary Latin America. In his brilliant, deeply researched history, Enrique Krauze uses the range of these extraordinary lives to illuminate the struggle that has defined Latin American history: an ever-precarious balance between the ideal of democracy and the temptation of political messianism.

Latin American Economic Development

Author: Javier A. Reyes,W. Charles Sawyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317535707

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 9488

Latin America is one of the most intriguing parts of the world. The region’s illustrious history, culture, and geography are famous internationally, but in terms of economics, Latin America has been generally associated with problems. For many, the combination of a resource rich region and poor economic conditions has been a puzzle. This extensively revised and updated second edition of Latin American Economic Development continues to provide the most up to date exploration of why the continent can be considered to have underperformed, how the various Latin American economies function, and the future prospects for the region. The book addresses the economic problems of Latin America theme by theme. Changes and new features in this new edition include: Expanded coverage of how institutions affect economic growth in Latin America Many new boxes and questions for review and discussion New material on how climate change affects the region Updated material to reflect the ongoing macroeconomic stability of the past decade A new chapter on the political economy of Latin America The book provides a comprehensive text for undergraduate economics courses on Latin America, and is also suitable for use by students in other disciplines looking for a wide-ranging guide to the region. This book will continue to be an invaluable resource for undergraduates looking at Latin American economics, growth, and development.


Author: Paul A. Taggart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780335200467

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 6602

Populism is a widely used concept but is rarely fully understood. For a term which appears so frequently in both popular and specialist writing, the social sciences have given it remarkably little attention. In this lively and engaging book, Paul Taggart surveys the field and concludes that populism has suffered from being considered usually in relation to particular contexts and has therefore become a rather fractured and elusive concept in general terms. To remedy this, the author introduces several themes which illuminate populism across different historical and contemporary cases. He provides a new definition of populism, a survey of other definitions and perspectives, and a guide to populist politics around the world, including the United States, Russia, Latin America, Western Europe and Canada. The second part of the book focuses on the problems of populism and how it relates to democracy, particularly to representative politics. Written in an accessible style, this book is essential reading for those with an interest in politics and sociology who are studying political ideas, ideologies and social movements.

Latin America

A Social History of the Colonial Period

Author: Jonathan C. Brown

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780030553875

Category: History

Page: 473

View: 3893

In [this book, the author] presents Latin American history from the "bottom up" with emphasis on indigenous peoples, African slaves, and mixed-race workers and peasants. According to [the author], colonialism was a process of accommodation and conflict between numerous ethnic groups and the European settlers who took control of the land and the people. The cultural diversity and racial mixture unique to the colonial experience find ample expression in ... many historical documents that depict the contributions of ordinary people. -Back cover.

A History of Modern Latin America

Author: Lawrence A. Clayton,Michael L. Conniff

Publisher: Lawrence Clayton

ISBN: 9780534621582

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 9192

Written specifically for students unfamiliar with Latin American history, this comprehensive narrative presents a variety of interpretations and theories from the last half of the century. The authors present main theories and analyses of the area's history, balancing economic, social and cultural views while expertly weaving in the history of minorities, women, the environment, culture, literature, and art. Primary documents begin each chapter, offering short glimpses into moments in history and setting the theme for the chapter to follow. Maps, images, bibliographies, discussion questions, and other pedagogical elements are strategically placed throughout to help students engage in research assignments, papers, and so on.

The Economics of Contemporary Latin America

Author: Beatriz Armendáriz,Felipe Larraín B.

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533154

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 2022

The Complexity of Robot Motion Planning makes original contributions both to robotics and to the analysis of algorithms.