Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry

Author: N.K Mather

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323141196

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 759

Polymers as Aids in Organic Chemistry covers the broad classifications and application of polymers in organic chemistry. This book is organized into 15 chapters that focus on the transformation of polymers and their role in other reagents that must be easily separated from their final product. After a brief introduction to polymer chemistry, the book presents a tabulation of the various types of polymers that have been used and the methods for their characterization. It then discusses the use of polymers as supports in peptide, oligonucleotide, and oligosaccharide chemistry; in peptide sequencing; in monofunctionalized difunctional compounds preparation, as aids in asymmetric syntheses; and as trapping agents in the determination of reaction intermediates. The subsequent chapters describe the use of polymers as catalysts, with particular emphasis on transition metals immobilized in the polymer matrix and used as catalysts. The concluding chapters examine polymer-immobilized compounds, enzymes, and whole cells that have been used to carry out a large number of reaction, most of which impinge on the area of organic chemistry. Polymer scientists and researchers and organic chemists will find this book invaluable.
Release

Industrial Polymers, Specialty Polymers, and Their Applications

Author: Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420080599

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 9160

Derived from the fourth edition of the well-known Plastics Technology Handbook, Industrial Polymers, Specialty Polymers, and Their Applications covers a wide range of general and special types of polymers, along with a wealth of information about their applications. The book first focuses on commonly used industrial polymers, including polypropylenes, low- and high-density polyethylenes, and poly(vinyl chloride), as well as less widely used polymer types, such as acrylics, ether polymers, cellulosics, sulfide polymers, silicones, polysulfones, polyether ether ketones, and polybenzimidazoles. It then explores polymer derivatives and polymeric combinations that play special and often critical roles in diverse fields of human activities. The polymers covered include liquid crystal, electroactive, ionic, and shape memory polymers; hydrogels; and nanocomposites. The volume concludes with a comprehensive overview of new developments in the use of polymers in a variety of areas.
Release

Proceedings of the 48th Industrial Waste Conference Purdue University, May 1993

Author: Ronald F. Wukasch

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566700634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 896

View: 1301

Known and used throughout the world, the Purdue Industrial Waste Conference Proceedings books are the most highly regarded in the waste treatment field. New research, case histories, and operating data cover every conceivable facet of today's big problems in environmental control, treatment, regulation, and compliance. This volume representing the proceedings from the 48th conference provides unparalled information and data for your current waste problems.
Release

Solid-supported Combinatorial and Parallel Synthesis of Small-molecular-weight Compound Libraries

Author: Daniel Obrecht,José M. Villalgordo

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080432571

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 3706

This book gives an overview of the current state of the art of combinatorial organic synthesis. While the main focus is on multicomponent and multigeneration strategies using polymeric supports, there is also a Chapter on solution strategies using polymer-grafted reagents which allow minimisation of work-up procedures. Some of the most important strategies and tools are presented and summarised, with an explanation of the pivotal role of organic synthesis in the creation of diversity.
Release

Polymeric reagents and catalysts

Author: Warren T. Ford,American Chemical Society. Division of Polymer Chemistry

Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 1836

Examines recent advances in the use of polymeric reagents and catalysts with a special emphasis on new compounds, synthetic methods, and industrial processes. Brings these advances to the attention of those who are involved in organic synthesis and desire a more thorough understanding of polymers and polymeric reagents. Contains comprehensive chapters devoted to polymeric oxidizing agents, Wittig reagents, and synthesis of cross-linked polymeric templates for chiral recognition. Presents opportunities for invention and use of many new polymeric reagents and catalysts.
Release

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials

Advances and Key Technologies

Author: Sneha Mohan,Samuel Oluwatobi Oluwafemi,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Sabu Thomas

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081019769

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 8128

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials: Advances and Key Technologies discusses the latest advancements in the synthesis of various types of nanomaterials. The book's main objective is to provide a comprehensive review regarding the latest advances in synthesis protocols that includes up-to-date data records on the synthesis of all kinds of inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods. The synthesis of all important nanomaterials, such as carbon nanostructures, Core-shell Quantum dots, Metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures, nanofibers, and smart nanomaterials are discussed, making this a one-stop reference resource on research accomplishments in this area. Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to the book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students working in the field of polymer nanocomposites will benefit from its solutions for material problems. Provides an up-to-date data record on the synthesis of all kinds of organic and inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods Presents the latest advances in synthesis protocols Includes the latest techniques used in the physical and chemical characterization of nanomaterials Covers the characterization of all the important materials groups, such as carbon nanostructures, core-shell quantum dots, metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nano ferrites, polymer nanostructures and nanofibers
Release

Paper Chemistry

Author: J.C. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401164746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 7672

Although the title of this book is Paper Chemistry, it should be considered as a text about the chemistry of the formation of paper from aqueous suspensions of fibre and other additives, rather than as a book about the chemistry of the raw material itself. It is the subject of what papermakers call wet-end chemistry. There are many other excellent texts on the chemistry of cellulose and, apart from one chapter on the accessibility of cellulose, the subject is not addressed here. Neither does the book deal with the chemistry of pulp preparation (from wood, from other plant sources or from recycled fibres), for there are also many excellent texts on this subject. The formation of paper is a continuous filtration process in which cellulosic fibres are formed into a network which is then pressed and dried. The important chemistry involved in this process is firstly the retention of colloidal material during filtration and secondly the modification of fibre and sheet properties so as to widen the scope for the use of paper and board products. As is the fashion these days, each chapter is written by an internationally recognised expert in the field, and my thanks are extended to all of the contributors. for their hours of patient and unseen research during the preparation of their manuscripts.
Release

Water Treatment

Author: American Water Works Association

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 9781583212301

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 2442

This completely updated version discusses such topics as raw water quality, treatment options, treatment chemicals, and drinking water regulations. It includes detailed illustrations, photographs, supplemental reading lists, a glossary, and an index.
Release

Additives in Polymers

Industrial Analysis and Applications

Author: Jan C. J. Bart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470012056

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 836

View: 7608

This industrially relevant resource covers all established and emerging analytical methods for the deformulation of polymeric materials, with emphasis on the non-polymeric components. Each technique is evaluated on its technical and industrial merits. Emphasis is on understanding (principles and characteristics) and industrial applicability. Extensively illustrated throughout with over 200 figures, 400 tables, and 3,000 references.
Release

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition

Author: Michael Bolgar,Jack Hubball,Joseph Groeger,Susan Meronek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439860750

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 1378

Polymers have undoubtedly changed the world through many products that improve our lives. However, additives used to modify the overall characteristics of these materials may not be fully disclosed or understood. These additives may present possible environmental and health hazards. It is important to monitor consumer products for these compounds using high-quality reference materials and dependable analytical techniques. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition provides the necessary tools for chemists to obtain a more complete listing of additives present in a particular polymeric matrix. It is designed to serve as a valuable source for those monitoring a polymer/plastic material for regulatory or internal compliance. It also helps analysts to correctly identify the complex nature of the materials that have been added to the polymer/plastic. With 50 additional compounds, this second edition nearly doubles the number of additives in several categories, including processing aids, antistatic compounds, mould release products, and blowing agents. It includes a listing that can be cross-referenced by trade name, chemical name, CAS number, and even key mass unit ions from the GC/MS run. Addressing additives from an analytical viewpoint, this comprehensive handbook helps readers identify the additives in plastics. This information can be used to assess compliance with regulations issued by the FDA, US EPA, EU, and other agencies.
Release

New Trends in Ionic (Co)polymers and Hybrids

Author: Ecaterina Stela Dragan

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600216114

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 6316

Ionic polymers are present almost everywhere in the world, biological systems being the most important reservoir of ionic polymers such as nucleic acids, and many proteins, alginic acid and so on. Artificial ionic polymers derived from natural polymers such as chitin, cellulose or starch, by adequate chemical transformations, and a multitude of synthetic ionic polymers are generated in the laboratory. They can contain ionic or ionisable groups. Ionic polymers, either artificial or synthetic, have a multitude of applications such as: stabilisation or destabilisation of dispersions, thickening of solutions, oil recovery aids, water purification, corrosion inhibitors, soil conditioners, anti-static agents, additives in cosmetics and foods, surface modification, and so forth. Solid ionic hybrid materials found applications such as polymer electrolytes or substrates for the organic synthesis in solid phase. Many books and article reviews were dedicated to this wide class of polymers but the permanent diversification of their structures and applications ask for new and updated overviews on this field. Therefore, this book reports updated information from literature as well as original contributions in the field of ionic (co)polymers and hybrids, mainly on the applications of ionic polymers and hybrids such as: self-assembled multi-layers, ionic polymers containing azobenzene chromophore, phase separation processes, chelating ion exchangers, polymer electrolytes, functionalised solid surfaces and ionic hybrid hydrogels.
Release

Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles

Author: Eugenia Kumacheva,Piotr Garstecki

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119990284

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 4359

The manipulation of fluids in channels with dimensions in the range from tens to hundreds of micrometers – microfluidics – has recently emerged as a new field of science and technology. Microfluidics has applications spanning analytical chemistry, organic and inorganic synthesis, cell biology, optics and information technology. One particularly promising application is the microfluidic synthesis of polymer particles with precisely controlled dimensions, and a variety of shapes, morphologies and compositions. Written as a comprehensive introduction for scientists and engineers working in microfabrication and microfluidics, Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles covers topics such as: Applications and methods of generation of polymer particles Physics of microfluidic emulsification Formation of droplets in microfluidic systems High-throughput microfluidic systems for formation of droplets Microfluidic production of polymer particles and hydrogel particles Polymer capsules Synthesis of polymer particles with non-conventional shapes This book is intended for a broad audience, including students, researchers and engineers in industry, with interests in physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering or biotechnology.
Release

The Impact Of Chemical Sequencing On Filtration Performance

Author: D. Gregory,W. Bellamy

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 184339863X

Category: Science

Page: 64

View: 4088

The primary objective of this research was to understand the impact of chemical sequencing and coagulation pH/zeta potential on filtration performance. The secondary goal was to determine effective coagulation processes in terms of pH, zeta potential, and coagulant dose for treating challenging (i.e., runoff-type) raw waters. The following are highlights from this project: Use of high coagulation pH (approximately 7.5) provided more consistent filtration performance over a wider range of coagulation conditions than lower pH levels. Because higher pH significantly increases the optimum zeta potential range for filtration, a practical implication of this result is that use of a high coagulation pH process may be the most effective short-term treatment strategy for rapidly changing, runoff-type waters containing low alkalinity and high NOM levels. The photometric dispersion analyzer (PDA) appears to be a useful alternative to jar tests for determining optimum coagulant doses and quickly evaluating different coagulation scenarios.
Release

Chemistry and Properties of Crosslinked Polymers

Author: Labana

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 032313937X

Category: Science

Page: 594

View: 4072

Chemistry and Properties of Crosslinked Polymers provides a description of the structure property relationship, chemistry, and methods of characterization of crosslinked polymers. The book presents papers that discuss experimental techniques to study polymer network structure; deduction of information on network structure from theoretical considerations; interpenetrating polymer networks; crosslinked polymers for high temperature applications; a novel class of polyurethanes; crosslinking agents; and the influence of crosslinking agents on thermal and mechanical properties. The text will be of value to materials scientists and engineers, chemists, and researchers in the field of polymer science.
Release

Polymer Syntheses

Author: Stanley Sandler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323145272

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 7998

Polymer Syntheses, Volume I presents detailed laboratory instructions for the preparation of polymers by different functional group classes. This book provides the laboratory procedures for the preparation of polymers containing phosphorus in various oxidation states. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of some selected preparative methods for carrying out the major methods of polymerization in the laboratory. This text then examines the synthesis of phosphonitrilic polymers. Other chapters consider the synthesis of peroxide and hydroperoxide free radical initiators. This book discusses as well the principles involved in the preparation of emulsion polymers, which are applicable to the preparation of polymers of a wide variety of vinyl monomers and many copolymerizations. The final chapter deals with the chemistry of organometallic and organometalloid peroxides. This book is a valuable resource for chemists involved in the designing of phosphorus polymers to meet fire retardant requirements of various products.
Release

Polymers for Biomedicine

Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

Author: Carmen Scholz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118967887

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 1336

Highlighting dynamic developments in polymer synthesis, this book focuses on the chemical techniques to synthesize and characterize biomedically relevant polymers and macromolecules. • Aids researchers developing polymers and materials for biomedical applications • Describes biopolymers from a synthetic perspective, which other similar books do not do • Covers areas that include: cationically-charged macromolecules, pseudo-peptides, polydrugs and prodrugs, controlled radical polymerization, self-assembly, polycondensates, and polymers for surface modification
Release

Industrial inorganic chemistry

Author: Werner Büchner

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527266296

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 4721

Inorganic chemistry is of great economic and industrial importance. It provides not only metals, fertilizers, construction materials, pigments and glass, but also countless raw materials for the organic chemicals industry. Many modern industrial products (video-cassettes, optical fibers or chips for micro- electronics) would be inconceivable without the application of industrial inorganic chemistry. This book offers a comprehensive description of all these areas: Details on manufacturing processes, important economic aspects, ecological consequences, energy and raw material consumption and many other facts and figures are compiled for easy reference. The book is intended for students, university lecturers, chemists and engineers in industry, businessmen and lawyers. They will find reliable, detailed information that is difficult to obtain from other sources, as well as extensive references and a guide to further reading. The particular value of this book lies in its clear descriptions and its emphasis on the interrelationship between industrial and economic factors.
Release

Inorganic and organometallic polymers II

advanced materials and intermediates : developed from a symposium sponsored by the Division of Polymer Chemistry, Inc., at the 205th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Denver, Colorado, March 28-April 2, 1993

Author: American Chemical Society. Division of Polymer Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting

Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3996

Reviews recent advances in inorganic and organometallic polymers, including new polymerization processes, new polymer systems and many specialty applications. Discusses thermal, electrical, optical, surface, and biological properties of many systems and presents applications as resist materials, gas permeable membranes, high temperature thermosets, corrosion resistant coatings, and ceramic precursors. Reviews new synthetic routes to and modification of polyphosphazenes, polysilanes, and sol-gel hybrids. Reports on novel inorganic polymers consisting of sulfur-nitrogen, metallocene-silane, and boron-carbon backbones. Examines structure-property relationships of many systems including polyphosphazenes and heterometallic oxopolymers such as the aluminoxanes.
Release

Proceedings

Author: American Water Works Association. Research Division

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 102

View: 8969

Release